Sidedressing Corn With Manure, an Update

You may recall that in December in this publication we shared a brief summary of the results that OSU Extension Manure Nutrient Management Field Specialist Glen Arnold has experienced while utilizing liquid beef manure as a nitrogen source while sidedressing emerged corn. This week below, Ty Higgins of the Ohio AgNet visits with Arnold and also OSU County Extension Educator Sam Custer and gets an update on the work they are doing this summer as they utilize manure as a primary source of nitrogen sidedress for corn in Darke County Ohio.

Application of Manure to Double Crop Soybeans

Glen Arnold, OSU Extension Manure Nutrient Management Field Specialist

Wheat fields will be harvested in Ohio over the next 10 days and many farmers will plant double-crop soybeans. In recent years there has been more interest from livestock producers in applying manure to newly planted soybeans to provide moisture to help get the crop emerged.

Both swine and cattle manure can be used to add moisture to newly planted soybeans. It’s important that the soybeans were properly covered with soil when planted to keep a barrier between the salt and nitrogen in the manure and the germinating soybean seed. It’s also important that Continue reading

What is Your Pasture Score?

Clif Little, OSU Extension Guernsey County

It is difficult to objectively evaluate what we see every day.  We have all heard the old saying “can’t see the forest for the trees”.  Important decisions such as livestock feed inventory, forage stand replanting, fertility needs, weed control, etc., all hinge on what we see in the pasture. That is why an objective evaluation of a pasture is a valuable tool.  Dennis Cosgrove, Dan Undersander of the University of Wisconsin-Extension and James Cropper with USDA/NRCS have developed a tool known as the, “Guide to Pasture Condition Scoring.”  The scorecard can help Continue reading

Has China’s Great Wall Fallen?

John F. Grimes, OSU Extension Beef Coordinator

Most of you have heard of the Great Wall of China.  The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, rammed earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of various nomadic groups.  This historical construction took centuries to build and currently stands in various stages from highly preserved to major disrepair. One archaeological survey found that the entire wall with all of its branches measure out to be 13,171 miles.

Many believe there has been a mythical Great Wall of China that has prevented the U.S beef industry from exporting our beef and beef products to that country.  This mythical wall was built in December, 2003 when a single cow was diagnosed with Mad Cow Disease in the state of Washington.  Shortly thereafter, China enacted a ban on the importing of U.S. beef to China.  Until the ban took effect, the U.S. was China’s largest supplier of imported beef at Continue reading

Kentucky Beef Cattle Market Update

– Dr. Kenny Burdine, Livestock Marketing Specialist, University of Kentucky

Summer is here and feeder cattle markets keep rolling. At the time of this writing (June 13, 2017), CME© August Feeder Cattle Futures were right around $150 with fall contracts in the mid-upper $140’s. While CME© Feeder cattle futures have pulled back a little in early June, the local cash markets have hardly missed a beat. The market improvement that has been seen since last fall has been quite impressive and probably has not gotten the attention it deserved because of how sharply prices dropped from spring to fall of 2016.

As always, there is a pretty long list of factors impacting our feeder cattle markets. While fed cattle prices have been volatile, they have Continue reading

Weekly Livestock Comments for June 16, 2017

– Andrew P. Griffith, University of Tennessee

FED CATTLE: Fed cattle traded $5 lower on a live basis compared to last week. Prices on a live basis were mainly $128 to $132 with some at $134 while dressed trade ranged from $205 to $217 with most near $210. The 5-area weighted average prices thru Thursday were $130.23 live, down $4.91 from last week and $210.15 dressed, down $9.19 from a week ago. A year ago prices were $121.03 live and $195.03 dressed. It appears the finished cattle market has begun its price descent from its spring high just as the market moves into summer. Finished cattle prices were strong throughout the spring months and it appears cattle prices will carry significant momentum into the summer market. Prices have started to Continue reading

Extending the Grazing Season – Preparing for the Summer Slump

– Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Penn State University Extension Forage Specialist

The late spring rains and unseasonable cool temperatures have afforded our pastures exceptional growth into June in Pennsylvania, when it is common to see pasture growth begin to slow about this time of year when temperatures escalate and rainfall diminishes. However, with summer quickly approaching, it is important to remember that it is very likely that soon pasture growth will decline and the “summer slump” will be here.

Most often in the mid-Atlantic region, pastures are comprised of cool season perennial forages – including, but not limited to, orchardgrass, bromegrass, fescues, timothy, ryegrass, birdsfoot trefoil, red and white clover. Commonly, these forages thrive in the cooler temperatures and shorter days, causing grazing livestock producers to be faced with slow-growing, unproductive pastures during the hot summer months.

One of the best and easiest ways to reduce the negative effects of the summer slump is to Continue reading

Sorghum x Sudangrass, a Real “Slump Buster”

Mike Estadt, OSU Extension Educator, Pickaway County

Major League Baseball players are infamous for trying strange practices to get out of hitting slumps. Not shaving, not showering, and trying to keep the routine they used when the bat was finding the ball. Grazers in part of Ohio typically have a period of time called the “summer slump”, usually in late July and early August when hot and dry weather force cool season grasses into partial dormancy. Quite often we become like baseball players trying the same routine.

Estadt1

Initial grazing at 45 day after emergence

Sometimes we as grass managers need to Continue reading

Oats, an Annual Forage to Consider

Stan Smith, OSU Extension PA, Fairfield County

In order to optimize utilization, oats have been strip grazed throughout the winter.

With the wheat crop coming off early this year across Ohio, those who may need additional forage will soon have an excellent opportunity for acres to be available where annual forages can be planted and grazed or harvested yet this year. For those wanting acres available for multiple grazings or cuttings later this summer, a summer annual such as sorghum sudangrass may be the logical choice. However, if the forage need is not for mid summer, but rather a single grazing or cutting in late summer or fall, based on our experience in Fairfield County with oats planted after wheat harvest over the past 15 years, oats are a low cost yet high quality feed alternative. In fact, if planted most any time in July or August, there’s an opportunity to ‘create’ anywhere from two to five tons of forage on a dry matter basis while investing little more than the cost of 80-100 pounds of oats and 40 pounds of nitrogen.

Over the years we’ve found it’s NOT important to rush to get oats planted as soon as possible after wheat harvest. In fact our experience has been that we get a greater yield and higher quality feed if we wait until Continue reading

Lots of Dynamics in Global Beef Export Markets

– Derrell S. Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension Livestock Marketing Specialist

It’s a unique time in global beef markets with a wide range of issues providing challenges and opportunities among many of the major beef exporting countries. USDA-FAS (Foreign Agricultural Service) estimates published in April project the top five beef exporting countries in 2017, in order, as India, Brazil, Australia, the U.S. and New Zealand. These five countries were projected to export a total of 6.83 million metric tons of beef, about 71 percent of the total among major world beef exporters. Recent and ongoing developments may modify these forecasts.

India is currently projected to be the top beef exporting country with a 2017 forecast total of 1.85 million metric tons of mostly carabeef (water buffalo) exports. Beef exports from India have grown sharply in Continue reading