Source: Glen Arnold, OSU Extension
Poultry litter is an excellent source of plant nutrients and readily available in most parts of the state. Poultry litter can be from laying hens, pullets, broilers, finished turkeys, turkey hens, or poults. Most of the poultry litter in the state comes from laying hens and turkey finishers. Typical nutrient ranges in poultry litter can be from 45 to 57 pounds of nitrogen, 45 to 70 pounds of P2O5, and 45 to 55 pounds of K2O per ton. The typical application rate is two tons per acre which fits nicely with the P2O5 needs of a two-year corn/soybean rotation.
Like all manures, the moisture content of the poultry litter greatly influences the amount of nutrients per ton. Handlers of poultry litter have manure analysis sheets indicating the nutrient content.
Poultry manure for permitted operations needs to follow the Natural Resource Conservation Service 590 standards when being stockpiled prior to spreading. These include:
– 500 feet from neighbors
– 300 feet from streams, grassed waterways, wells, ponds, or tile inlets
– not on occasionally or frequently flooded soils
– stored for not more than eight months
– not located on slopes greater than six percent
– located on soils that are deep to bedrock (greater than 40 inches to bedrock)
Farmers who want to apply the poultry litter delivered to their fields are required by Ohio law to have a fertilizer license, Certified Livestock Manager certificate, or be a Certified Crop Advisor. Check with your local Soil and Water Conservation District for proper setbacks from steams, ditches and wells when applying poultry litter.
Source: Glen Arnold, Field Specialist, OSU Extension (edited)
This winter there have been a few questions about fertilizer license and spreading poultry manure. According to Senate Bill 1 (SB 1), passed a few years ago, any farmer handling, receiving, or applying poultry litter (or any other manure) from a PERMITTED farm in Ohio must have either a fertilizer license or a Certified Livestock Manager certificate or be a Certified Crop Advisor. If you have nay questions, call the Knox County Extension Office at 740-397-0401.
Evin Bachelor, Law Fellow, Agricultural and Resource Law Program
If You Are Involved in Agriculture – You Need to Read This!!
Lake Erie once again made headlines when the Ohio Supreme Court recently decided that a “Lake Erie Bill of Rights” (LEBOR) initiative could be placed on the Toledo ballot on February 26, 2019. The decision raised alarm in Ohio’s agricultural community and fears that, if passed, the measure will result in litigation for farmers in the Lake Erie watershed.
The OSU Extension Agricultural and Resource Law Program took a close look at LEBOR. Specifically, we wanted to know:
- What does Toledo’s Lake Erie Bill of Rights petition mean?
- What does the petition language say?
- What happened in the legal challenges to keep the petition off the ballot?
- Have similar efforts been successful, and if not, why not?
- Who has rights in Lake Erie?
- What rights do business entities have?
We examine all of these questions, plus a number of frequently asked questions, in a new format called “In the Weeds.” While many of our readers know of our blog posts and law bulletins, explaining this issue required something different. Using “In the Weeds” is a way for us to dig into a current legal issue more in depth.
For answers to the questions above and more, CLICK HERE to view the new “In the Weeds: The Lake Erie Bill of Rights Ballot Initiative.”
Governor John Kasich signed an executive order on July 11, 2018 directing the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) to “consider whether it is appropriate to seek the consent of the Ohio Soil and Water Commission (OSWC) to designate” certain watersheds “as watersheds in distress due to increased nutrient levels resulting from phosphorous attached to soil sediment.” Since that time, ODA has submitted a proposed rule dealing with Watersheds in Distress. Amendments were made to the proposed rule after evaluating the first set of public comments, and ODA is now resubmitting the rules package.
- Make the proposed rule mirror the existing standards in the Revised Code that govern the application of manure and fertilizer on frozen, snow-covered and rain-soaked ground in the Western Basin. These standards were enacted in Senate Bill 1 of the 131st General Assembly;
- Remove the manure application prohibition window for Grand Lake Saint Marys;
- Give the Director more flexibility in establishing the deadline for the submission and approval of nutrient management plans;
- Allow farmers to attest to the completion of their nutrient management plans by the deadline, while maintaining Ohio Department of Agriculture oversight to verify the completion and incorporation of a nutrient management plan.
A draft of the newly amended proposed rules is available here.
As we move closer to fall harvest and begin to plan for fall manure applications I thought this article “Timing Manure Application to Avoid Neighbor Nuisances” by Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska might be of some interest. The biggest complaint I hear from neighbors near livestock facilities is the manure smell during and after spreading. In “today’s world” ( see whats going on in North Carolina) anything we can do to maintain good neighbor relations will be a benefit to our operations! As farmers we need to do our part to be a good neighbor as well. This article provides some useful insight and options to consider when making manure applications throughout the year.
Recent actions by the Ohio legislature and Governor Kasich will affect the management of agricultural nutrients in Ohio. The Ohio General Assembly has passed “Clean Lake 2020” legislation that will provide funding for reducing phosphorous in Lake Erie. Governor Kasich signed the Clean Lake 2020 bill on July 10, in tandem with issuing Executive Order 2018—09K, “Taking Steps to Protect Lake Erie.” The two actions aim to address the impact of agricultural nutrients on water quality in Lake Erie.
By Glen Arnold, CCA
The Ohio Pork Council, Brookside Labs, Menke Consulting Inc., and OSU Extension are teaming up to encourage pork producers to learn
more about livestock manure and soil sampling by offering discounts on manure sample analysis and soil sample analysis through the end of 2018.
Soil sample bags and manure containers have been mailed to approximately 18 county Extension offices in central and western Ohio. Sample
containers are also available by stopping in at Brookside Labs. For pork producers to participate they need to follow these steps.
1. Online Survey: All participating pork producers must complete an online survey. If they are unable to complete an online survey they are
encouraged to work with their local Soil and Water Office or OSU Extension to complete the survey. The survey is here: http://www.ohiopork.org/soilsample
2. Unique Identifying Code (UIC): Within 24 hours of completing the survey, participants will receive an email from Remington Road Group
containing a soil sample worksheet with a unique identifying code that qualifies them for the discount with Brookside Labs.
3. Appropriate paperwork will also be available online for the participants to print and complete to attach with their manure and soil
4. All soil samples must include a swine manure sample to qualify.
5. Samples and accompanying worksheets will be delivered by the pork producer to Brookside Laboratories in New Bremen (200 White
Mountain Drive) M-F between the hours of 8:00 am and 4:00 pm. Appropriate fee will accompany samples when delivered to Brookside (check or
credit card). Checks should be made out to “Brookside Laboratories, Inc.”
6. Soil and manure test results will be sent to the producer directly from Brookside to the customer’s address. Sample identification on the reports
will be a code number that will link the customer to soil tests. Only Brookside Labs will have record of the customer’s identification. The discounted cost of a soil sample analysis will be $3.00/sample. The discounted cost of a manure sample analysis will be $20/sample.
By participating, pork producers agree to allow the Ohio Pork Council to utilize the information provided at their discretion in an aggregated format (no personal or individual farm information).Tom Menke is serving as a point of contact for individuals who need assistance sampling, interpreting
results or questions. For the greatest accuracy, manure samples should be collected when manure storages have been properly agitated and the manure is being land applied. For more information please contact the Ohio Pork Council at 614-882-5887.
Since spring has arrived, both large and small livestock owners with pen-pack manure are looking to apply the manure as soon as field conditions allow. Across the state I have seen stockpiles of pen-pack manure outside of sheep, horse, cattle, and dairy buildings. The nutrients and organic matter in pen-pack manure are an excellent addition to farm fields.
While the nutrients and organic matter in pen-pack manure are an excellent addition to farm fields, we always want to keep water quality in mind when handing manure.
eFields represents an Ohio State University program dedicated to advancing production agriculture through the use of field-scale research. This program utilizes modern technologies and information to conduct on-farm studies with an educational and demonstration component used to help farmers and their advisors understand how new practices and techniques can improve farm efficiency and profitability. The program is also dedicated to delivering timely and relevant, data-driven, actionable information. Current projects are focused on precision nutrient management strategies and technologies to improve efficiency of fertilizer placement, enable on-farm evaluation, automate machine functionality, enhance placement of pesticides and seed, and to develop analytical tools for digital agriculture.
The results from Knox County Seeding Trials are included on page 86. The entire report can be downloaded at https://fabe.osu.edu/programs/eFields