Reference

| Dictionaries | Dictionaries of MCL | Periodicals and Publishing | Literary Compendiums |
| Bibliographies of Primary Materials | Bibliographies of Secondary Studies | Biography/Interviews | Pen Names and Foreign Names | Translations into Chinese | Locating Materials |


Dictionaries

Beifang tuyu cidian 北方土语词典 (Dictionary of the northern dialect). Shanghai: Chunming, 1951.

CEDICT (Chinese English Dictionary) Project.

Chinese Character Dictionary (Chinalanguage.com)

Chinese Characters: A Genealogy and Dictionary (prepared by Rick Harbaugh)

Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage. Ed. Lin Yutang.

A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms (William Edward Soothill)

Dictionary of the Politics of the People’s Republic of China. Eds. Colin MacKerras, Donald H. McMiller and Andrew Watson. London and New York: Routledge 1998.

Guoyu cidian 国语词典 (Dictionary of the national language). 6 vols. Taipei: Taiwan Shangwu, 1981. [originally published in 1936; excellent for early Republican literature; now in an online, searchable version made available by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan]

Handian 汉典 (zdic.net)

HanYing Zhongguo xin liyu 汉英中国新俚语 (Chinese-English dictionary of modern Chinese slang). Hongkong: Haifeng, 1995.

Hanyu wailaici cidian 汉语外来词词典 (Dictionary of loan words in Chinese). Gao Mingkai, ed. Shanghai: Shanghai cishu, 1984.

ICIBA

Kangxi cidian 康熙辞典 (Kangxi dictionary).

MDBG Chinese-English Dictionary

Mutant Mandarin: A Guide to New Chinese Slang. Zhou Yimin and James J. Wang. San Francisco: China Books and Periodicals, 1995.

A New Practical Chinese-English Dictionary. Liang Shih-ch’iu, ed. Taipei: Yuandong, 1972.

NCIKU

Outrageous Chinese: A Guide to Chinese Street Language. James J. Wang. San Francisco: China Books and Periodicals, 1994.

Oxford Chinese Dictionary. Oxford University Press, 2010.

RiHua wailaiyu cidian 日华外来语词典 (Dictionary of Chinese Japanese loanwords). Chen Shanlong, ed. Taipei: Hongrutang, 1989.

Xiandai Hanyu cidian 现代汉语词典 (Modern Chinese dictionary). Beijing: Shangwu, 1978. [good for contemporary PRC usage]

Xiandai Hanyu cidian 现代汉语词典 (The Contemporary Chinese Dictionary). Beijng: Waiyu jiaoxue yu yanjiu, 2002. [an excellent dictionary that includes definitions and examples in both Chinese and English]

Xiandai Hanyu wailaici yanjiu 现代汉语外来词研究 (Study of borrowed terms in modern Chinese). Gao Mingkai and Liu Zhengtan. Bejing, 1958.

Xinhua zidian Online (Zai xian Xinhua zidian 在线新华字典)

Zhongguo minjian fangyan cidian 中国民间方言词典 (Chinese folk and dialect dictionary). Ed. Duan Kailian. Haikou: Nanhai, 1994. [excellent dialect dictionary; includes citations from liteary works demonstrating usage]

Zhongguo suyu da cidian 中国俗语大辞典 (Dictionary of Chinese colloquial expressions). Shanghai: Shanghai cishu.

Zhongwen da cidian 中文大辞典 (Encyclopedic dictionary of Chinese). Taipei: Chinese Culture University.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue xiangtu yuhui da cidian 中国现代文学乡土语汇大辞典(Encyclopedia of dialectical expressions in modern Chinese literature). Zhou Jin, ed. Taipei: Zhiyan, 1987.


Dictionaries of Modern Chinese Literature

Dictionary of Oriental Literature. Ed. J. Prusek. 3 vols. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1974; NY: Basic Books, 1974.

Ershi shiji Zhongguo wenxue dadian 二十世纪中国文学大典 (The encyclopedia of twentieth-century Chinese literature). 3 vols. Ed. Chen Mingshu 陈鸣树. Shanghai: Shanghai jiaoyu, 1994-96. [arranged by year in chronological order; each year has sections on literary works, criticism, writers activities, events, cultural records, and social background]

Historical Dictionary of Modern Chinese Literature. Ed. Li-hua Ying. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2010.

[Annotation: presents a broad perspective on the development and history of literature in modern China. It offers a chronology, introduction, bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on authors, literary and historical developments, trends, genres, and concepts that played a central role in the evolution of modern Chinese literature.]

Jianming Zhongguo xin wenxue cidian 简明中国新文学词典 (A concise dictionary of modern Chinese literature). Jiangxi renmin, 1988.

Taiwan xin wenxue cidian 台湾新文学词典 (Dictionary of Taiwan modern literature). Chengdu: Sichuan renmin, 1989.

Zhongguo dangdai wenxue cidian 中国当代文学词典 (Dictionary of contemporary Chinese literature). Wuhan: Wuhan, 1996.

Zhongguo dangdai wenxue zuopin cidian 中国当代文学作平词典 (Dictionary of contemporary Chinese literary works). Beijing: Beijing daxue, 1990.

Zhongguo jindai wenxu da cidian, 1840-1919 中国近代文学大辞典 1840-1919 (Encyclopedia of early modern Chinese literature, 1840-1919). Ed. Sun Wenguang 孙文光. Hefei: Huangshan shushi, 1995.

Zhongguo wenxue da cidian 中国文学大辞典 (Encyclopedia of Chinese literature). Ed. Ma Liangchuan and Li Futian. 8 vols. Tianjin: 1991. [the most comprehensive general encyclopedia of Chinese literature]

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue cidian 中国现代文学词典 (Dictionary of modern Chinese literature). Jilin jiaoyu, 1990. [useful general reference tool]

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue shiliao shuyu da cidian 中国现代文学史料术语大辞典(Encyclopedia of historical materials and technical terms from modern Chinese literature). Zhou Jin, ed. 5 vols. Tapei: Zhiyan, 1988. [very useful descriptions of journals and primary sources]


Periodicals and Publishing

China Yearbook (Zhongguo nianjian). [contains important factual data about publishing of books and journals]

The Chinese Students’ Monthly, 1906-1931: A Grand Table of Contents. Washington: Center for Research Materials, 1974.

Kangzhan wenyi baokan pianmu huibian 抗战文艺报刊篇目汇编 (Catalogue of tables of contents of War of Resistance literary journals). 2 vols. Chengdu: Sichuan sheng shehui kexueyuan, 1984, 1986.

Research Guide to the May Fourth Movement. Ed. Chow Tse-tsung. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963.

van Crevel, Maghiel. “Unofficial Poetry Journals from the People’s Republic of China: A Research Note and an Annotated Bibliography.” MCLC Resource Center Publication (February 2007).

—–. “Avant-Garde Poetry from the People’s of Republic of China: A Bibliography of Single-Author and Multiple-Author Collections.” MCLC Resource Center Publication (September 2008).

—–. “Avant-Garde Poetry from the People’s Republic of China: A Bibliography of Scholarly and Critical Books in Chinese.” MCLC Resource Center Publications (September 2008).

Wusi shiqi qikan jieshao 五四时期期刊介绍 (Introduction to journals of the May Fourth). 3 vols. Beijing: Renmin wenxue, 1959.

Xiaoshuo yuebao suoyin, 1921-1931 小说月报索引 (Index to Short Story Monthly, 1921-1931). 1984.

Zhongguo jindai qikan pianmu huilu 中国近代期刊篇目汇录 (Catalogue and list of late Qing-early Republican journals). 6 vols. Shanghai renmin, 1980. [lists journals (and their contents!) from 1870-1917]

Zhongguo xiandai chuban shiliao 中国现代出版史料 (Historical materials on publishing in modern China). Zhang Jinglu, ed. 6 vols and supplement. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1954-57.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue qikan mulu 1902-1949 中国现代文学期刊目录 (Catalogue of modern Chinese literary journals). Shanghai wenyi, 1961. [lists publication dates of journals published during this period and whether or not they are included in either the Shanghai tushuguan or the Shanghai branch of the Writers Association collection]

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue qikan mulu huibian 中国现代文学期刊目录汇编 (Catalogue and list of modern Chinese literary journals). 2 vols. Tianjin: Tianjin renmin, 1984. [lists works published in important journals of the Republican period; bias toward leftist journals]


Literary Compendia

Ershi shiji Hanyu shixuan 二十世纪汉语诗选 (Selected poems in Chinese from the 20th century). 5 vols. Ed. Jiang Gengyu. Shanghai: Shanghai jiaoyu, 1999.

Ershi shiji Zhongguo xiaoshuo lilun ziliao 二十世纪中国小说理论资料 (Materials on the theory of fiction in twentieth-century China). 7 vols. Beijing: Beijing daxue, 1989-.

van Crevel, Maghiel. “Avant-Garde Poetry from the People’s of Republic of China: A Bibliography of Single-Author and Multiple-Author Collections.” MCLC Resource Center Publication (September 2008).

Zhongguo dangdai wenxue zuopin jingxuan (1949-1999) 中国当代文学作品精选 (Selected masterpieces of contemporary Chinese literature). 12 vols. Ed. Li Guowen. Beijing: Shiyue wenyi, 1999.

Zhongguo jiefang qu wenxue shuxi 中国解放区文学书系 (Compendium of literature from the Chinese liberated areas). 22 vols. Ed. Hu Cai. Chongqing: Chongqing chubanshe, 1992.

Zhongguo jindai wenxue daxi, 1840-1919 中国近代文学大系 (Compendium of [early] modern Chinese literature, 1840-1919). 30 vols. Shanghai: Shanghai shudian, 1990-.

Zhongguo jindai xiaoshuo daxi, 1840-1919 中国近代小说大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese fiction). 80 vols. Nanchang: Baihua zhou wenyi, 1990s.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue buyi shuxi 中国现代文学补遗书系 (A supplemental compendium of modern Chinese literature). multi-volumed. Kong Fanjin, ed. Shandong: Mingtian, 1990. [“non-canonical” works of modern Chinese literature]

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi 中国新文学大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). Zhao Jiabi, ed. 10 vols. HK: Xianggang wenxue yanjiu, 1935; Shanghai: Liangyou, 1980 reprint of 1935 edition. [contains works from 1917-27]

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi xubian 中国新文学大系续编 (Supplement to the compendium of modern Chinese literature). 10 vols. HK: Xianggang wenxue yanjiu, 1968.

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi 1927-37 中国新文学大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). 20 vols. Shanghai: Shanghai wenyi,1987.

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi 1937-1949 中国新文学大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). 20 vols. Shanghai: Shanghai wenyi, 1990.

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi 1949-1976 中国新文学大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). 20 vols. Shanghai: Shanghai wenyi, 1997.

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi 1976-2000 中国新文学大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). 30 vols. Eds. Wang Meng and Wang Yuanhua. Shanghai: Shanghai wenyi, 2008-2009.

Zhonghua xiandai wenxue daxi: Taiwan 1970-1989 中華現代文學大系: 台灣 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). Ed. Yu Guangzhong. 15 vols. Taibei: Jiuge, 1989.

Zhonghua xiandai wenxue daxi: Taiwan 1989-2003 中華現代文學大系: 台灣 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). Ed. Yu Guangzhong. 12 vols. Taibei: Jiuge, 2003-10.


Bibliographies of Primary Materials

Bibliography of English Translations and Critiques of Contemporary Chinese Fiction, 1945-1992. Eds. Kam Louie and Louise Edwards. Taipei: Center for Chinese Studies, 1993.

Catalog of Chinese Underground Literatures. Compiled by T.C. Chang, C.F. Chen, and Y.T. Lin. 2. vols. Taibei: Institute of Current China Studies, 1982.

Contemporary Chinese Novels and Short Stories, 1949-1974. Ed. Tsai Meishi. Cambridge: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1979.

Controversies in Modern Chinese Intellectual History: An Analytic Bibliography of Periodical Articles, Mainly of the May Fourth and Post-May Fourth Era. Lo Chun-jo, ed. Cambridge: East Asian Research Center, Harvard, 1964.

[Annotation: brief synopses of important May Fourth articles, including those pertaining to literary issues and literary criticism]

The Cultural Revolution: A Bibliography, 1966-1996. Compiled by Yongyi Song and Dajin Sun. Cambridge: Harvard-Yenching Library Bibliographic Series, 1998.

Gateway Service Center for Chinese Academic Journal Articles (University of Pittsburgh) [order, free of charge, copies of journal articles from Chinese language academic journals]

Galik, Marian. Preliminary Research-Guide: German Impact on Modern Chinese Intellectual History. Munich: Seminar für Ostasiatische Kultur- und Sprachwissenschaft, 1971.

Guide to Modern Chinese Poems in English Translation, 1917-1993. Eds. Phyllis T. Wang and Cathy Ch’iu. Taipei: Center for Chinese Studies, 1997.

Index of the Chinese Cultural Revolution Database. Ed. Song Yongyi. HK: University Service Center fro China Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2002. [cd/web database]

An Index to Chinese Literature (1951-1976). Hans Hinrup, ed. London: Curzon Press, 1978. [index to the PRC translation journal Chinese Literature]

Minguo shiqi zong shumu 民国时期总书目 (General catalogue of the Republican period). 17 vols. Ed. Hu Yuzhi. Beijing: Shumu wenxian, 1986-95. [each volume covers a different topic such as law, economics, social science, military affairs, education, etc; vol. 7 (in two parts) is devoted to Chinese Literature, World Literature, and Literary Theory]

Nietzsche in China (1904-1992): An Annotated Bibliography. Ed. Chiu-yee Cheung. Canberra: Australian National University, 1992.

Pino, Angel and Isabelle Rabut. “Panorama des traductions francaises d’oeuvres litteraires chinoises modernes parues au cours des quatre dernieres annees (1994-1997).” Perspectives Chinoises 45 (Jan/Feb 1998): 36-49.

Xinbian zengbu Qingmo Minchu xiaoshuo mulu 新编增补清末民初小说目录 (Newly-edited and enlarged catalogue of late Qing early Republican period fiction). Ed. Tarumoto Teruo. Jinan, Shandong: Qilu shushe, 2002. [this catalogue is now the preeminent reference work for late Qing fiction, surpassing that of A Ying]

Quanguo wenxue zuopin mulu diaocha 1949-53 全国文学作品目录调查 (National literary works catalogue survey, 1949-53). Beijing: Zhonghua quanguo wenxue gongzuozhe xiehui, 1953. [link to electronic copy on the University of Pittsburgh digital library]

Readers Guide to China’s Literary Gazette, 1949-1966. Compiled and edited by Phylis Wang and Donald Gibbs. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies, Center for Chinese Studies, University of California, 1991.

A Selective Bibliography of Collections and Criticism of Modern Chinese Poetry (1919-). Mark Tam, ed. Seattle: University of Washington, 1970.

A Selective Guide to Chinese Literature 1900-1949. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1988. 4 vols: Novel, Short Story, Poetry, Drama. [contains brief descriptions of plot and literary style of the most important works in all four genres]

1500 Modern Chinese Novels and Plays. Schyns, Joseph, ed. Beijing, 1948.

[Annotation: very useful, but highly moralistic, bibliographic study; contains biographies; description of contents of 1500 works; and a useful bibliography of translations]

van Crevel, Maghiel. “Unofficial Poetry Journals from the People’s Republic of China: A Research Note and an Annotated Bibliography.” MCLC Resource Center Publication (February 2007).

—–. “Avant-Garde Poetry from the People’s of Republic of China: A Bibliography of Single-Author and Multiple-Author Collections.” MCLC Resource Center Publication (September 2008).

Wan Qing xiaoshuo congchao 晚清小说丛抄 (Catalogue of late Qing fiction). Ed. A Ying. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1960.

Xianggang wenxue shumu 香港文学书目 (A bibliography of Hong Kong Literature). Eds. Wong Shuk Han, Sandy Yeung, and Anita Yu. HK: Youth Literary Bookstore, 1996.

Zhongguo jindai xiaoshuo mulu 中国近代小说目录 (Catalogue of modern Chinese fiction). Eds. Wang Jiquan and Xia Shengyuan. Nanchang: Baihua zhou wenyi, 1998.

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi 中国新文学大系 (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). Ed. Zhao Jiabi. Shanghai: Liangyou tushu, 1935.

[Annotation: The 10th and final volume of this essential literary compendium includes “historical materials” (史料), including essay on early modern literary history by Zhou Zuoren, Hu Shi, and Chen Zizhan; materials related to literary associations and societies, such as manifestos; short biographies of over 142 important writers, a catalogue of important publications in literary histories, poetry, fiction, drama, essays, etc; a catalogue of published translations from foreign languages; a list of important literary journals, and tables of contents for the most important among them]

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zong shumu 中国现代文学总书目 (Bibliography of modern Chinese literature). Eds. Jia Zhifang and Yu Yuangui. Fujian jiaoyu, 1993. [lists in chronological order publication of works of modern Chinese literature arranged into five generic categories: poetry, essay, fiction, drama, and translations; has both author and title indices]

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zuopin shuming da cidian 中国现代文学作品书名大辞典(Encyclopedia of titles and works of modern Chinese literature). 3 vols. Taipei: Zhiyan, 1986. [lists hundreds of titles of all genres of modern literature, includes bibliographic info and descriptions and annotations; not comprehensive, especially for post-1949 literature]

Zhongguo xiandai xiaoshuo bianmu 中国现代小说编目 (A catalogue of modern Chinese fiction). Zhou Jin, ed. Taipei: Chengwen, 1980.Zhongguo xiandai zuojia zhuyi shumu 中国现代作家著yi(A catalogue modern Chinese writers, their works and translations). 2 vols. Beijing: Shumu wenxuan, 1982. [list of publications by 50 most important modern writers from 1919-1981; good information on editions]

Zhongguo xiandai zuojia zhuyi shumu 中国现代作家著译书目 (A catalogue modern Chinese writers, their works and translations). 2 vols. Beijing: Shumu wenxuan, 1982. [list of publications by 50 most important modern writers from 1919-1981; good information on editions]


Bibliographies of Secondary Studies

General

Bibliography of English Translations and Critiques of Contemporary Chinese Fiction, 1945-1992. Eds. Kam Louie and Louise Edwards. Taipei: Center for Chinese Studies, 1993.

“Bibliography of Literature of the Sino-Japanese War (1937-45).” Compiled by Kirk A. Denton. Modern Chinese Literature 5, 2 (1989): 325-32.

Bibliography of Studies of Chinese Literature

(East Asian Languages and Literatures, University of Pennsylvania): This bibliography started as an adjunct to the Columbia History of Chinese Literature (Mair 2002). The database was initiated by Victor H. Mair and designed by Bert M. Scruggs. Vasu Renganathan designed and installed the first Internet version in September 2001. Jay Treat, Chia Scruggs, Eli Alberts and Laura Geller also made contributions to the original project.

Chinese Academic Journals Bibliographic Database (East View Publications, in conjunction with Qinghua University) (searchable datatbase of 5800 journals from 1994 to the present, including the following literature journals, including most of the key literary studies journals; one can do a general searchs of all literary journals or searches of specific journals or even specific issues of journals)

Chinese Drama: an annotated bibiliography of commentary, criticism, and plays in English translation. Manual Lopez, ed. Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1991.

Cole, James. Twentieth Century China: An Annotated Bibliography of Reference Works in Chinese, Japanese, and Western Languages. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1999.

The Cultural Revolution: A Bibliography, 1966-1996. Compiled by Yongyi Song and Dajin Sun. Cambridge: Harvard-Yenching Library Bibliographic Series, 1998.

Gateway Service Center for Chinese Academic Journal Articles (University of Pittsburgh) [order, free of charge, copies of journal articles from Chinese language academic journals]

Gibbs, Donald and Yun-chen Li, eds. A Bibliography of Studies and Translations of Modern Chinese Literature 1918-1942. Cambridge: East Asian Research Center, Harvard U., 1975.

A Guide to Chinese Literature. Ed. Wilt Idema and Lloyd Haft. Ann Arbor: Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 1997. [contains a 50-page overview of modern Chinese literature and a very useful bibliography]

Hsu, K.Y. “Bibliographical Control of Modern Chinese Literature.” Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 13, 2 (1978): 150-152.

ILIB [Chinese service that gives access to articles in a wide range of academic journals; subscription required]

Index of the Chinese Cultural Revolution Database. Ed. Song Yongyi. HK: University Service Center fro China Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2002.

Index to Chinese Periodical Literature (National Central Library, Taiwan)

Kyoto Daigaku Jinbun Kagaku Kenkyusho Kanshu bunrui mokuroku (Classified catalogue of Chinese books in the Science and Humanities Research Center of Kyoto University). 2 vols. Kyoto.

Li T’ien-yi, ed. Chinese Fiction: A Bibliography of Books and Articles in Chinese and English. New Haven: Far Eastern Publications, Yale, 1968.

Riben Qingmo xiaoshuo yanjiu wenxian mulu (Catalogue of Japanese scholarship on late Qing fiction). Ed. Tarumoto Teruo.

Shangwu yinshuguan yanjiu wenxian yilan (Overview of scholarly materials on the Commercial Press). Ed. Tarumoto Teruo. [includes both Japanese and Chinese sources]

Waiwen qikan hanxue lunping huimu (Current contents of foreign periodicals in Chinese studies). Taipei: 1984-.

Wenxue lunwen suoyin (Index to essays on literature). 3 vols. Beiping: Zhonghua tushuguan xiehui, 1932-36. Reprint: Taibei, 1970.

van Crevel, Maghiel. “Avant-Garde Poetry from the People’s Republic of China: A Bibliography of Scholarly and Critical Books in Chinese.” MCLC Resource Center Publications (September 2008).

Yang, Winston, and Nathan Mao. Modern Chinese Fiction. A Guide to its Study and Appreciation: Essays and Bibliographies. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981.

Zhongguo ershi shiji wenxue yanjiu lunzhe tiyao (Abstracts of twentieth century Chinese literary research treatises). Ed. Qiao Mo. Beijing: Beijing daxue, 1994. [detailed synopses of major 20th c. books and essays on Chinese literature, both traditional and modern; extremely useful]

Zhongguo wenxue shiliao quanbian–xiandai juan (Complete edition of historical materials on Chinese literature–modern volume). Beijing: Zhishi chanquan, 2010.

[Abstract: Huge set of reprinted reference works for the study of modern Chinese literature. Many of the individual volumes are “research materials” (yanjiu ziliao) devoted to individual writers, but it also includes Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zong shumu (General bibliography of modern Chinese literature) (see vols 52-56) and Zhongguo xiandai wenxue qikan mulu huibian (Catalogue and list of modern Chinese literary journals) (see vol. 57).]

Zhongguo xiandai dangdai wenxue yanjiu lunwen suoyin (Index to articles on modern and contemporary Chinese literary studies). Tianjin: Nankai daxue, 1984.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zuojia zuopin pinglun ziliao suoyin (Index to criticism on and works of modern Chinese literature). Fuzhou: Renmin jiaoyu, 1961. Supplement, 1962; reprint Tokyo: 1967. [covers material published in the PRC from 1949-59].

Zhongguo xiandai zuojia yanjiu ziliao suoyin (Index to research materials on modern Chinese writers). Jinan: Shandong shifan xueyuan, 1960.

Current Western Studies

Bibliography of Asian Studies (AAS)

Doctoral Dissertations on Asia. Frank Shulman, ed. Ann Arbor: Association of Asian Studies. 1977-

Modern Language Association International Bibliography [On line data-base]

Modern Language Association International Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Modern Languages and Literatures.

ProQuest Digital Dissertations (UMI) [contains citations and abstracts of dissertations; one can also purchase copies of dissertations through this service]

Current Chinese Studies

Chinese Academic Journals Bibliographic Database (Qinghua University) (searchable datatbase of 5800 journals from 1994 to the present, including the following literature journals, including most of the key literary studies journals; one can do a general searchs of all literary journals or searches of specific journals or even specific issues of journals)

Quanguo baokan suoyin (Index to newspapers and journals nationwide). Shanghai: Shanghai tushuguan, 1987- . [Shanghai Library online version; you must be registered]

Wenxue lunwen suoyin (Index to essays on literature). 3 vols. Beiping: Zhonghua tushuguan xiehui, 1932-36. Reprint: Taibei, 1970.

Wenyi lilun (Literary theory). Beijing: Zhongguo renmin daxue shubao ziliao zhongxin, 198?-. [contains reprints of important articles previously published in other journals]

Zhonghua minguo qikan lunwen suoyin (Index to essays in Republic of China journals). Taipei: National Taiwan Central University Library, 1970-.

Zhongwen qikan lunwen fenlei suoyin (Classified index to essays in Chinese periodicals). Taipei: National Taiwan University Library, 1960-

Zhongguo xiandai, dangdai wenxue yanjiu (Research on modern and contemporary Chinese literature). Beijing: Zhongguo renmin daxue shubao ziliao zhongxin, 1980-. [contains reprints of important articles previously published in other journals]

Japanese Studies

Fairbank, John K. ed. Japanese Studies on Modern China: A Bibliographic Guide to Historical and Social Science Research of the 19th and 20th Centuries. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard UP.

Gendai Chugoku bungaku kenkyu bunken mokuroku (Bibliography for the study of modern Chinese in Japan). Iida Kichiro, ed. Tokyo: Chugoku bunka kenkyukai, 1959.

Japanese Studies of Modern Chinese Fiction. Kung Wen-kai, ed. Seattle: Far Eastern Library, 1972.

Maruyama Noboru. “Contemporary Chinese Literature in Japan.” Acta Asiatica 72 (1997): 1-26.

Okamura, Shigeru. “Recent Publications on Chinese Literature: III. Japan.” CLEAR 2 (1980): 137-44.

Sun Lichuan and Wang Shunhong, eds. Riben yanjiu Zhongguo xian dangdai wenxue lunzhu suoyin, 1919-1989 (An index of Japanese scholarly writings on modern and contemporary Chinese literature, 1919-1949). Beijing: Beijing daxue, 1991. [contains a general section on literary history, a section on literary movements, debates, societies, and schools; the final section lists studies to particular writers]

Wong, Yoon Wah. “The Study of Modern Chinese Literature in Japan Today.” In Wong, Essays on Chinese Literature. Singapore: Singapore University Press, 1988, 109-25.

European Studies

Dolezelova-Velingerova, Milena. “European Studies of Modern Chinese Literature.” In Europe Studies China: Papers from an Internation Conference on the History of European Sinology. London: Han-shang Tang Books, 1995. 368-91.

Revue Bibliographique de Sinologie. New Series: Paris, 1983-.

Etudes Chinoises. Paris: Bulletin de l’association francaise d’etudes chinoises, 1983-. [this journal publishes an annual bibliography of French sinology]

Walravens, Hartmutt. “Recent Publications on Chinese Literature: III. Europe.” CLEAR 2 (1980): 237-48.

Soviet Studies

“A Recent Survey of Soviet Studies on Chinese Literature.” CLEAR 2 (1980): 101-106.


Biography and Interviews

Minguo renwu zhuanji shiliao huibian (The collected biographies and historical materials of people in the republican era). 18 vols. Taipei: Academia Historica, 1999.

Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women. Eds. Dr Lily Xiao Hong Lee and Dr A. D. Stefanowska. 4 vols. The Twentieth Century, forthcoming, 2001.

Boorman, Howard, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Republican China. 3 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967.

Dilliard, Annie. Encounters with Chinese Writers. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1984.

Guangdong dangdai zuojia zhuanlue (Biographical sketches of contemporary Cantonese writers). Chen Heng, ed. Guangzhou: Zhongshan daxue, 1991.

Ho, Clara Wing-chung, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women: The Qing Period, 1644-1911. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1998.

Hu, Zhihui, Yang Li, eds. A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Chinese Writers. New World Press, 1994. [perhaps the most comprehensive work of its kind in English]

Leung, Laifong, ed. Morning Sun: Interviews with Chinese Writers of the Lost Generation. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

Martin, Helmut and Jeffrey Kinkley, eds. Modern Chinese Writers: Self-Portrayals. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1992.

Minguo renwu xiaozhuan (Short biographies of Republican figures). 7 vols. Liu Shaotang, ed. Taipei: Zhuanji wenxue, 1984.

Moran, Thomas, ed. Dictionary of Literary Biography: Chinese Fiction Writers, 1900-1949. Detroit: Gale, 2006.

Moran, Thomas and Ye Xu, eds. Dictionary of Literary Biography: Chinese Fiction Writers, 1950-2000. Detroit: Gale, 2013.

Quanguo geji zhengxie wenshi ziliao pianmu suoyin, 1960-1992 (Index to Literary and Historical Materials Published by People Political Consultative Conference Nationwide and At All Levels). 5 vols. Beijing: Zhongguo wenshi, 1992. [good for “memoirs” about writers; in five volumes, with 2 devoted to People and half of another to literature]

Sanshi niandai zai Shanghai de Zuolian zuojia (Writers in the Shanghai League of Left-wing Writers in the thirties). 2 vols. Shanghai: Shanghai shehui kexue yuan, 1988. [narrative biographies of scores of writers from the League]

Sieber, Patricia. “Critical Biographies.” In Patricia Sieber, ed., Red Is Not the Only Color: Contemporary Chinese Fiction on Love and Sex between Women, Collected Stories. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001, 183-96. [includes biographies of Chen Ran, Chen Xue, He An, Hong Ling, Liang Hanyi, Wang Anyi, Wong Bikwan (Huang Biyun), and Zhang Mei].

Taiwan wenxuejia cidian (Dictionary of Taiwan writers). Ed. Wang Jin. Nanning: Guangxi renmin, 1991.

Xianggang wenxue zuojia zhuanlue (Brief biographies of Hong Kong writers). Ed. Liu Yichang. HK: Public Library of Urban Council, 1997.

Xianggang zuojia zhuanlue (Biographies of Hong Kong writers). Ed. Wang Jiancong. Nanning: Guangxi renmin, 1989.

Xinhai geming yilai renwu zhuanji ziliao suoyin (Index to biographical materials on figures since the 1911 revolution). Shanghai: Shanghai cishu, 1990. [excellent source for biographical materials of historical and literary figures]

Zhongguo xiandai liubia zuojia xiaozhuan (Short biographies of 600 modern Chinese writers). Li Liming, ed. Hongkong: Bowen, 1978.

Zhongguo xiandai liubai zuojia xiaozhuan ziliao suoyin (Index to biographical materials on modern Chinese writers). 1960.

Zhongguo xiandai zuojia yanjiu ziliao suoyin (Index to research materials on modern Chinese writers). Jinan: Shandong renmin, 1960.

Zhongguo wenxuejia cidian, xiandai fence (Dictionary of writers-modern period). Hongkong: Wenhua ziliao gongyingshe, 1979.


Pen Names and Foreign Names

Caihai, wenxue fence (Literature supplement of the Cihai). Shanghai: Cishu, 1979. [vol. 9 supplement to Cihai]

Lu Xun quanji (Complete works of Lu Xun). 16 vols. Beijing: Renmin wenxue, 1981. [vol. 16 of the 1981 edition contains indices to Lu Xun’s works; the indices are especially useful because the set is so heavily annotated]

Modern Chinese Authors: A List of Pseudonyms. Austin Shu, ed. Taipei: Chinese Materials and Research Aids Service Center, 1971.

Amendments and Additions to the List of Pen-Names of Modern Chinese Authors. Eds. Raoul Findesion, et al. Online version published by MCLC Resource Center, 2001. [an addendum to Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zuozhe biming lu, listed below]

Twentieth-century Chinese Writers and their Pen Names. 2 vols. Taipei: Center for Chinese Studies, 1989.

Waiguo ming zuojia da cidian (Dictionary of famous foreign writers). Guilin: Lijiang, 1989.

Waiguo renmin cidian (Dictionary of foreign names). Shanghai: Shanghai cishu, 1988.

Waiguo wenxue zuojia cidian (Dictionary of foreign literary writers). Jilin jiaoyu, 1990.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zuojia benming biming suoyin (An index of the names and pennames of modern Chinese writers). Ed. Zhou Jin. Taibei: Chengwen, 1980.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zuozhe biming lu (A list of pseudonyms of modern Chinese authors). Eds. Xu Naixiang and Qin Hong. Changsha: Hunan wenyi, 1988. [the most comphrehensive]


Translation of Foreign Works into Chinese

Chan, Sin-wai. A Chronology of Translation in China and the West: From the Legendary Period to 2004. HK: Chinese University Press, 2008.

[Abstract: This book is a study of the major events and publications in the world of translation in China and the West from its beginning in the legendary period to 2004, with special references to works published in Chinese and English. It covers a total of 72 countries/places and 1,000 works. All the events and activities in the field have been grouped into 22 areas or categories for easy referencing. This book is a valuable reference tool for all scholars working in the field of translation.]

Chen Yugang, et al. eds., Zhongguo fanyi wenxue shigao (Draft history of translated literature in Chinese). Beijing: Zhongguo duiwai fanyi, 1989.

Eber, Irene. “Western Literature in Chinese Translation, 1949-1979.” Asian and African Studies 3, 1 (1994): 34-54.

Fan, Shouyi. “Translation of English Fiction and Drama in Modern China: Social Context, Literary Trends and Impact.” Meta XLIV, 1 (1999).

—–. “Highlights of Translation Studies in China Since the Mid Nineteenth Century.” Meta XLIV, 1 (1999).

Gamsa, Mark. “The Translation of Russian Literature in Republican China.” IIAS Newsletter 35 (Nov. 2004): 9.

—–. The Chinese Translation of Russian Literature: Three Studies. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

German Impact on Modern Chinese Intellectual History: A Bibliography of Chinese Publications. Wolfgang Bauer and Shen-chang Hwang, eds. Weisbaden: Franz Steiner, 1982. [comprehensive list of Chinese translations of German writings and monographs and articles on German thought and literature]

Huang, Guiyou. Whitmanism, Imagism, and Modernism in China and America. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1997, 37–91.

Jin bainian lai Zhong yi Xi shu mulu 近百年來中譯西書目錄 (Catalogue of Chinese translations of Western works over the last 100 years). Taipei: Zhonghua wenhua, no date.

Kong, Shuyu. “Translating Foreign Literature: From Elitism to Populism.” In Consuming Literature: Best Sellers and the Commercializaiton of Literary Production in Contemporary China. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2005, 120-42.

Li, Xilao. “Walt Whitman in China.” Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 3 (Spring 1986): 1–8

Ma Tailai. “Lin Qinnan suo yi xiaoshuo mulu” (Catalogue of fiction translated by Lin Shu). Chuban yuekan 24 (1967):73-79.

Ma, Zuyi. Zhongguo fanyi shi (A history of translation in China). Hankou: Hubei jiaoyu, 1999.

—–, ed. Zhongguo fanyi tongshi (A comprehensive history of translation in China). 5 vols. Wuhan: Hubei jiaoyu, 2006.

Pu Shao. “Zhong yi Su’E xiaoshuo bianmu” (Chinese translations of Soviet fiction). Xiandai wenxue 1, 2 (1935).

Rabut, Isabelle, ed. Les belles Infidele dans l’empire du milieu: Problematiques de pratiques de la traduction dans le monde Chinois moderne. Paris: You Feng, 2010. [articles on Zhou Zuoren, Yang Jiang, Ba Jin, Han Shaogong, etc.]

Tan Ruqian, ed. Zhongguo yi Riben shu zonghe mulu (Comphrehensive list of Chinese translations of Japanese Books). Hong Kong: Zhongwen daxue, 1980.

Theory and Practice of Translation in China.” Special issue of Meta XLIV, 1 (1999).

1949-1979 fanyi chuban waiguo gudian wenxue zhuzuo mulu 1949-1979 (Catalogue of translation and publication of foreign classical literary works from 1949-79). Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1980.

WanQing zhuyao xiaoshuo qikan yizuo yanjiu (1901-1911) (Research on translations in the major fiction journals of the late Qing period, 1901-1911). Shanghai: Shanghai shudian, 2007.

Zhao Jingshen. “E’guo wenxue Han yi bianmu” (Bibliography of Chinese translations of Russian literature). Zhen mei shan 2, 6 (1928): 26-38.

Zhong yi waiwen tushu mulu (Library catalogue of Chinese translations of Western literature). Ed. Guoli Zhongyang Tushuguan. Taibei: Zhonghua congshu bianshen weiyuanhui, 1972.

Zhongguo xiandai chuban shiliao (Historical materials on publishing in modern China). Zhang Jinglu, ed. 6 vols and supplement. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1954-57.

Zhongguo xiandai fanyi wenxue shi, 1898-1949 (History of modern Chinese literary translation, 1898-1949). Eds. Xie Tianzhen and Zha Mingjian. Shanghai: Shanghai waiyu jiaoyu, 2004.

Zhongguo xin wenxue daxi (Compendium of modern Chinese literature). Ed. Zhao Jiabi. Shanghai: Liangyou tushu, 1935. [vol. 10 has a catalogue of translations from foreign languages with bibliographic information]

Zou, Zhenhuan. Yingxiang Zhongguo jindai shehui de yibai zhong yi zuo (One hundred translated works that have influenced modern Chinese society). Beijing: Zhongguo duiwai fanyi, 1996. [this book is summarized by Thomas Kampen]


Locating Materials Outside Your Library

Through Library Catalogues

Published catalogues: University of Chicago (Far Eastern Library), Library of Congress, University of Michigan (Asia Library), Harvard University (Harvard-Yenching Library), Cornell University (Wason Collection), University of California-Berkeley (East Asiatic Library).

On-line Catalogues: most of the world’s best libraries have on-line catalogues that can be accessed through WWW. For On-Line catalogues go to Catalogs

How to Find Journals

Chinese Periodicals in the Fung Ping Shan Library of the University of Hongkong. HK: University of HK, 1975.

Chinese Periodicals in the Library of Congress. 2 vols. Washington: LOC, 1988.

Chinese Serials Database (Australian National University)

Inventaire des periodiques chinois dan les bibliotheques francaises. Paris: Centre de Recherches et Documentation sur la Chine Contemporaraine de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes, 1984.

National Taiwan University List of Serials in Chinese, Japanese and Korean Languages. Taipei: National Taiwan University Library, 1985.

Quanguo Zhongwen qikan lianhe mulu 1833-1949 (A union catalogue of Chinese journals throughout the nation). Beijing: Beijing tushuguan, 1961.

Shanghai tushuguan guancang Zhongwen baozhi fukan mulu (A catalogue of Chinese newspapers and supplements housed in the Shanghai library). Shanghai tushuguan, 1985. [the Shanghai Municipal Library has an excellent collection of journals, though getting at them from the US is not easily done]

Sinological Serials in European Libraries Project (SSELP). University of Heidelberg, Germany.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue qikan mulu huibian (Catalogue and list of modern Chinese literary journals). 2 vols. Tianjin: Tianjin renmin, 1984. [vol. II contains an index that lists which PRC libraries have which issues of which journal; this may be one of the best sources for locating copies of obscure journals in Chinese libraries]