West Nile Virus: Case Update

As of 8/20,2018, ODH is reporting 5 human West Nile virus (WNV) cases, including 1 fatality, and 2 asymptomatic WNV viremic blood donors in Ohio.  Additionally, ODH received a report today from the Ohio Department of Agriculture of an equine case in an unvaccinated horse.  WNV activity in mosquitoes continues to rise and we have now seen indications of virus activity in 52 Ohio counties so far this year.

The graph below shows where we are this year with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (red dotted line), and 2016, a relatively normal WNV activity year (green dashed line):

In addition to WNV, ODH is also reporting 6 LAC cases and 2 unspecified California virus cases.  The rainfall we’ve had this summer has continuously filled tree holes and containers with water, creating ideal conditions for tree hole mosquitoes (vectors of LAC virus) to breed. For more information about arbovirus cases and surveillance data, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate, updated earlier today.

There are quite a few weeks left in this  mosquito season and cases can occur into October, so it is very important to continue your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction. Also, please call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029 if you have any questions.

West Nile Virus Activity Continues to Increase

West Nile virus activity continues to increase and the statewide mosquito infection rate as of week 27 (week of July 4) is trending with infection rates we saw in 2012, our last epidemic year when we recorded 122 human cases.  No human cases have been reported this year yet; however, 2 asymptomatic viremic blood donors were reported this past week, so there is evidence human infections have occurred. If you haven’t already, please be sure to increase your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction.

Here is a graph that shows where we are this year as of week 27 with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, an epidemic WNV year (blue line), and 2016, a relatively average WNV year (orange line):

For more information, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.  The data on this website was last updated on 7/16/18 and will be updated each Monday thru mosquito season. Please call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029 if you have any questions.

Minimum Infection Rate: West Nile Virus

West Nile virus activity has been increasing, and it has now been detected in mosquitoes in 14 counties as of noon on 7/9/18.  Of the 4,832 pooled mosquito samples (141,835 mosquitoes total) tested so far, 110 samples have tested positive from Athens (1), Delaware (1), Franklin (43), Hamilton (1), Hancock (1), Licking (4), Lucas (25), Portage (12), Richland (3), Ross (1), Stark (1), Summit (15), Tuscarawas (1) and Wood (1) counties.  This is up from 26 positive samples reported in the last message.  No human cases have been reported so far.

Here is a graph that shows where we are this year as of week 25 with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (blue line), and 2016, a relatively low WNV activity year (orange line):

 

For more information, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.  The data on this website was last updated on 7/9/18 and will be updated each Monday thru mosquito season.

Ohio Arbovirus Surveillance Updates

Beginning this year, the Ohio arbovirus surveillance update can be found on the ODH website at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate .  The table will be updated each Monday through mosquito season.

Ohio Mosquito-borne Disease SurveillanceFight the Bite! Avoid, Plan, Stop
June 18, 2018

Mosquito season is here.  The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) Zoonotic Disease Program, in partnership with ODH Laboratory, local public health partners and sanitary district partners, collects and tests mosquitoes from many communities in Ohio as part of statewide mosquito-borne disease surveillance.  This surveillance also includes monitoring for human and veterinary cases as well.

Full Update:   http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate

 

 

West Nile Update 10/3/17

West Nile virus and other domestic arboviral activity — United States, 2017
Provisional data reported to ArboNET
Tuesday, October 3, 2017

 

West Nile virus (WNV) activity in 2017
As of October 3rd, 1,015 counties from 47 states and the District of Columbia have reported
WNV activity to ArboNET for 2017, including 45 states and the District of Columbia with
reported WNV human infections (i.e., disease cases or viremic blood donors) and two additional
states with reported WNV activity in non-human species only (i.e., veterinary cases, mosquito
pools, dead birds, or sentinel animals)

Click to read full article –> 2017-10-03 Arboviral activity update-1nll3ev

Courtesy of Arbonet

Ohio Arbovirus Report for September 1st 2017

Click for printable PDF of report –>  Summary table – 9 1 17-pc8ucs

 

West Nile virus and other domestic arboviral activity — United States, 2017
Provisional data reported to ArboNET
Tuesday, August 29, 2017

This update from the CDC Arboviral Disease Branch includes provisional data reported to ArboNET for January 1 – August 29, 2017 for West Nile virus and selected other nationally notifiable domestic arboviruses. Additional resources for ArboNET and arboviral diseases are provided on page 9.
West Nile virus (WNV) activity in 2017
As of August 29th, 740 counties from 45 states and the District of Columbia have reported WNV activity to ArboNET for 2017, including 35 states with reported WNV human infections (i.e., disease cases or viremic blood donors) and 10 additional states and the District of Columbia with reported WNV activity in non-human species only (i.e., veterinary cases, mosquito pools, dead birds, or sentinel animals)

Click HERE for full West Nile Virus Report –> 2017-08-29 Arboviral activity update-xa8qnu

 

All reports courtesy of the Ohio Department of Health

Zika Virus May be Useful in Treating Brain Tumors

Source: US National Library of Medicine 9/7/2017

 

Thu, 07 Sep 2017 05:33:00 EST

 

“Zika virus used to treat aggressive brain cancer,” BBC News reports. Animal and laboratory research suggests a modified version of the virus could possibly be used to target and destroy cancerous cells.

The Zika virus was first discovered in 1947. It hit the headlines in 2016 when an epidemic of the virus began quickly spreading through parts of South and Central America.

The virus, spread by mosquitoes, rarely causes serious problems in adults. But it can lead to birth defects, specifically microcephaly (a small, not fully developed head), if a woman contracts the virus when pregnant.

The virus has the ability to cross from the blood into the brain, so researchers wanted to see if it could be used to treat a very aggressive type of brain cancer called glioblastoma.

Click HERE to read full article