New Ohio State App Helps Users Identify, Prevent and Control Bed Bugs

New Ohio State App Helps Users Identify, Prevent and Control Bed Bugs

A close-up look at adult bed bugs, their eggs and fecal spotting. Photo: CFAESA close-up look at adult bed bugs, their eggs and fecal spotting. Photo: CFAES

COLUMBUS, Ohio – Not sure if the dark speck that crawled across your desk at work was a bed bug?

Wondering if the tiny insect you saw on the seat next to you at the movie theater or on the bus was a bed bug?

How about that fleck you thought you saw on the corner of the mattress the last time you stayed in a hotel?

A researcher at The Ohio State University has created a free new app to help you figure it out.

Created by Susan Jones, a professor of entomology with Ohio State’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES), the Bed Bug Field Guide app comes complete with photos, descriptions and enough information for consumers to know, definitively, what bed bugs look like, where to find them, how to get rid of them and, most importantly, how to ward off an infestation in the first place.

Jones is an authority on bed bugs having studied these pests for more than a decade. She is a founding member of the Central Ohio Bed Bug Task Force.

“Bed bugs can be found in homes, in the workplace, in schools, hotels, theaters, vehicles, in the soles of your shoes, nearly anywhere,” Jones said. “And, because they’re expensive to get rid of and many people are using ineffective chemicals trying to kill them, bed bugs aren’t going anywhere.”

Ohio has four major metropolitan areas ranked on this year’s list of top 50 cities with bed bug infestations, according to Orkin, a nationwide pest control company. Columbus ranks No. 5. Cincinnati comes in at No. 8. Cleveland-Akron-Canton holds the 13th spot, and Dayton ranks No. 32, according to the list.

That’s because bed bugs, which are strictly indoor pests, can reproduce quickly, travel easily and survive starvation for many months, occasionally even a year, Jones said. Additionally, Ohio’s many large cities are in close proximity and are linked by major interstate highways, so bed bugs are easily spread far and wide, she said.

“The bed bug problem is not going away, so we wanted to create an app to get factual, relevant information into the hands of as many people as possible in an easy-to-use format,” Jones said. “There’s so much misinformation out there, so we wanted to provide the most factual information that we can about bed bugs.”

With that in mind, Jones worked over the past year creating and writing the bed bug app. The app was funded through a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency via US EPA Region V pass-through funding to the Ohio Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Health, and developed by EduTechnologic LLC.

In addition to photos, the app contains multiple chapters on all things bed bugs:

If you think you have bed bugs but aren’t sure, Chapter One: How to Identify Bed Bugs, can help you decide.

Chapter Four: Preventing Bed Bugs explains how to avoid getting bed bugs in the first place. (Hint: Make sure that a bed bug inspection of second-hand items is part of your normal routine.) Chapter Three: Inspecting for Bed Bugs tells you how to do so.

Want to get rid of bed bugs? Chapter Seven: Treating for Bed Bugs explains how. (Hint: It’s not easy or cheap, but hiring a professional is preferable to do-it-yourself approaches, which tend to fail.)

“Bed bugs are a complicated insect — there’s not an easy way to get rid of them, and they can be found anywhere in your home, from the floor to ceiling,” Jones said. “Bed bugs are a difficult do-it-yourself project and aren’t going to be controlled with a single insecticide treatment.”

Chapter Nine: Advice for Residential Visits explains how you can safely visit people who have bed bugs in their homes and not bring the bugs home with you.

“This information is relevant for social workers and first responders who go into infested homes or people with relatives who have bed bugs,” Jones said.

Chapter 11: What Not to Do for Bed Bugs dispels many myths about bed bugs.

“There is a difference between finding a single bed bug and an actual infestation,” Jones said. “People freak out if they see an insect they think may be a bed bug, and there’s often a general panic when there is a bed bug sighting at work or other public place.

“But that’s not a rational response. Chapter 10: Bed Bugs in Workplaces, Schools, Vehicles can help you with that.”

In Chapter 8: Tips for Travelers, Jones offers these tips to reduce the likelihood of returning home with hitchhiking bed bugs:

  • Check for bed bugs at hotels and refuse to stay in a room showing signs of bed bugs.
  • Store luggage on a luggage rack after you’ve made sure it has no telltale signs of bed bugs. You can also store it in the bathtub to prevent hitchhikers.
  • If you purchase secondhand clothing, keep it tightly bagged until you can wash and dry it.

And if you have an infestation, she offers these tips to help alleviate the problem:

  • Treat as soon as you discover bed bugs, before their population increases or spreads to other homes.
  • Don’t throw away your furniture unless absolutely necessary; it can almost always be treated.
  • If you have no choice but to discard furniture, make sure to wrap it securely in plastic sheeting before moving it outdoors. Prior to wrapping it, be sure to damage or destroy the item, and also label it “Bed Bugs” so that others don’t reuse it.
  • Don’t give away or share items with others until you have treated your infestation.
  • Decontaminate your clothing and other washable items by washing them and then drying them for 30 minutes on medium to high heat.
  • Items that can’t be washed but can survive the clothes dryer, such as shoes or stuffed animals, can be decontaminated in the dryer for 30 minutes on medium to high heat.
  • Check your shoes before leaving your house so you don’t track bed bugs around.
  • Don’t store your backpack, briefcase or similar items near your bed, and leave them in a sealed plastic bag or plastic tote when you go to work or school.
  • At school, make sure children don’t intermingle their coats, backpacks, etc. These items should stay in individual cubbies, bins or other spaces.

The app, which is available for Android and iOS devices, can be downloaded free by searching for “BED BUG FIELD GUIDE” in the App Store and Google Play Store. The app will frequently be updated with new information.

FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT:
Tracy Turner
614-688-1067
SOURCE(S):

Susan Jones
614-292-2752
jones.1800@osu.edu

The Tick App

April 22nd, Earth day, The Tick App – 2019 will be available in GooglePlay and iTunes!

Who are we? 

This study is conducted by researchers from Columbia University and the University of Wisconsin – Madison, members of the CDC Regional Centers for Excellence in Vector-Borne diseases. Funding for this study is provided by the Centers for Disease Control.

What is the study about?

In two words, Lyme disease. Lyme disease can be transmitted to humans after a tick bite. This study is designed to help us understand more about how  people’s practices and activities impact their exposure to ticks. This research is being done because Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease (infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, etc) in the United States. The information provided will help us design integrated control strategies to prevent diseases transmitted by ticks.

Why is my participation important and how is the app useful to me?

If you live in a high-risk area, sharing your experience and perspective with us will help us learn about the risk factors for tick borne disease and design better methods that prevent tick bites and tick-borne disease. We really appreciate your input!

We are also including information that will help you identify the different tick species, ways to prevent tick exposure and other information that will help you understand more about ticks and the diseases they transmit.

How can you help us?

Once you download the app and register for an account, you will be asked to take one enrollment survey that will help us capture your baseline risk of exposure to ticks.

You will then receive a weekly to monthly message to start your tick diary during the high risk months (May to September). The tick diary, or activity report, should take less than a minute to complete. It asks if you or a household member encountered a tick and what you did that day. When you start the tick diary, you will receive a daily reminder until you complete 15 reports.

Also, you can help us by reporting any tick through a quick form built in the app.

If I don’t want to use the app, how can I participate?

You can sign-up in our website and the surveys will be sent to your email. The informational material can also be found in this website

 

West Nile Virus Update

West Nile Virus (WNV)

 

As of today, 9/17/2018, ODH is reporting 23 human West Nile virus (WNV) cases, including 2 fatalities, and 6 asymptomatic WNV viremic blood donors in Ohio.  Additionally, 17 equine cases have been reported from 11 counties.  WNV activity in mosquitoes remains high at this time and virus activity has been reported from 64 Ohio counties so far this year.  The graph below shows where we are this year with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (red dashed line), and 2016, a relatively normal WNV activity year (green dotted line):

La Crosse Virus (LAC)

 

ODH is also reporting 17 La Crosse (LAC) virus cases and 2 unspecified California virus cases.  Cases include 12 females and 7 males, ages 3-17, from 13 Ohio counties.  The rainfall we’ve had this summer has continuously filled tree holes and containers with water, creating ideal conditions for tree hole mosquitoes (vectors of LAC virus) to breed.  For more information about LAC and other arbovirus cases and surveillance data in Ohio, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.

Surveillance season is beginning to wind down, but with continued warm temperatures and active infected mosquitoes, the risk of new infections will continue until we have a hard freeze.  In fact, we have several suspect cases under investigation and we continue to receive new reports each week.  With this in mind, please continue your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction.  For more information, please check out our website at ohio.gov/mosquito or you can call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029.

West Nile Virus: Case Update

As of 8/20,2018, ODH is reporting 5 human West Nile virus (WNV) cases, including 1 fatality, and 2 asymptomatic WNV viremic blood donors in Ohio.  Additionally, ODH received a report today from the Ohio Department of Agriculture of an equine case in an unvaccinated horse.  WNV activity in mosquitoes continues to rise and we have now seen indications of virus activity in 52 Ohio counties so far this year.

The graph below shows where we are this year with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (red dotted line), and 2016, a relatively normal WNV activity year (green dashed line):

In addition to WNV, ODH is also reporting 6 LAC cases and 2 unspecified California virus cases.  The rainfall we’ve had this summer has continuously filled tree holes and containers with water, creating ideal conditions for tree hole mosquitoes (vectors of LAC virus) to breed. For more information about arbovirus cases and surveillance data, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate, updated earlier today.

There are quite a few weeks left in this  mosquito season and cases can occur into October, so it is very important to continue your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction. Also, please call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029 if you have any questions.

A New Tick Species Found in the United States

You probably have heard about this new tick invasive in the U.S. First detected in late 2017 in NJ. Recent reports are that it is spreading rapidly. See news clips as below:

“For the first time in 50 years, a new tick species has arrived in the United States — one that in its Asian home range carries fearsome diseases.

The Asian long-horned tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, is spreading rapidly along the Eastern Seaboard. It has been found in seven states and in the heavily populated suburbs of New York City.

For now, the new arrivals are considered a greater threat to livestock.

Known in Australia as bush ticks and in New Zealand as cattle ticks, long-horned ticks can multiply rapidly and suck so much blood from a young animal that it dies.

The longhorn tick is known to carry several diseases that infect hogs and cattle in Asia. So far, ticks examined in the U.S. do not carry any diseases that can infect humans, but the USDA says the insects frequently form large infestations that cause great stress on warm-blooded host animals, reducing its growth and production. A severe infestation can kill the animal due to blood loss.

 

Officials said female longhorn ticks reproduce asexually and a single tick can reproduce and lay 2,000 eggs after feeding on a host. Cattle, pets, small mammals, birds and humans are all potential hosts.

 

In 2017, officials discovered the first longhorn tick population in the United States feeding on large numbers of sheep in Mercer County, New Jersey. It has also been found in Arkansas, New York, West Virginia and Virginia. Tests by the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa, have confirmed the presence of an Asian — or longhorn — tick on a wild deer in Centre County on Tuesday. It is the first confirmed sighting of the parasite in Pennsylvania.”

https://www.businessinsider.com/ticks-from-asia-that-self-clone-found-in-us-2018-2

https://www.techtimes.com/articles/227497/20180513/new-exotic-tick-species-is-spreading-in-the-us.htm

http://www.dailyitem.com/news/new-tick-species-found-in-pennsylvania/article_aed805f0-9657-11e8-ac16-4397609178cb.html

West Nile Virus Activity Continues to Increase

West Nile virus activity continues to increase and the statewide mosquito infection rate as of week 27 (week of July 4) is trending with infection rates we saw in 2012, our last epidemic year when we recorded 122 human cases.  No human cases have been reported this year yet; however, 2 asymptomatic viremic blood donors were reported this past week, so there is evidence human infections have occurred. If you haven’t already, please be sure to increase your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction.

Here is a graph that shows where we are this year as of week 27 with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, an epidemic WNV year (blue line), and 2016, a relatively average WNV year (orange line):

For more information, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.  The data on this website was last updated on 7/16/18 and will be updated each Monday thru mosquito season. Please call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029 if you have any questions.

Minimum Infection Rate: West Nile Virus

West Nile virus activity has been increasing, and it has now been detected in mosquitoes in 14 counties as of noon on 7/9/18.  Of the 4,832 pooled mosquito samples (141,835 mosquitoes total) tested so far, 110 samples have tested positive from Athens (1), Delaware (1), Franklin (43), Hamilton (1), Hancock (1), Licking (4), Lucas (25), Portage (12), Richland (3), Ross (1), Stark (1), Summit (15), Tuscarawas (1) and Wood (1) counties.  This is up from 26 positive samples reported in the last message.  No human cases have been reported so far.

Here is a graph that shows where we are this year as of week 25 with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (blue line), and 2016, a relatively low WNV activity year (orange line):

 

For more information, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.  The data on this website was last updated on 7/9/18 and will be updated each Monday thru mosquito season.

Ohio Arbovirus Surveillance Updates

Beginning this year, the Ohio arbovirus surveillance update can be found on the ODH website at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate .  The table will be updated each Monday through mosquito season.

Ohio Mosquito-borne Disease SurveillanceFight the Bite! Avoid, Plan, Stop
June 18, 2018

Mosquito season is here.  The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) Zoonotic Disease Program, in partnership with ODH Laboratory, local public health partners and sanitary district partners, collects and tests mosquitoes from many communities in Ohio as part of statewide mosquito-borne disease surveillance.  This surveillance also includes monitoring for human and veterinary cases as well.

Full Update:   http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate