West Nile Virus Update

West Nile Virus (WNV)

 

As of today, 9/17/2018, ODH is reporting 23 human West Nile virus (WNV) cases, including 2 fatalities, and 6 asymptomatic WNV viremic blood donors in Ohio.  Additionally, 17 equine cases have been reported from 11 counties.  WNV activity in mosquitoes remains high at this time and virus activity has been reported from 64 Ohio counties so far this year.  The graph below shows where we are this year with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (red dashed line), and 2016, a relatively normal WNV activity year (green dotted line):

La Crosse Virus (LAC)

 

ODH is also reporting 17 La Crosse (LAC) virus cases and 2 unspecified California virus cases.  Cases include 12 females and 7 males, ages 3-17, from 13 Ohio counties.  The rainfall we’ve had this summer has continuously filled tree holes and containers with water, creating ideal conditions for tree hole mosquitoes (vectors of LAC virus) to breed.  For more information about LAC and other arbovirus cases and surveillance data in Ohio, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.

Surveillance season is beginning to wind down, but with continued warm temperatures and active infected mosquitoes, the risk of new infections will continue until we have a hard freeze.  In fact, we have several suspect cases under investigation and we continue to receive new reports each week.  With this in mind, please continue your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction.  For more information, please check out our website at ohio.gov/mosquito or you can call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029.

West Nile Virus: Case Update

As of 8/20,2018, ODH is reporting 5 human West Nile virus (WNV) cases, including 1 fatality, and 2 asymptomatic WNV viremic blood donors in Ohio.  Additionally, ODH received a report today from the Ohio Department of Agriculture of an equine case in an unvaccinated horse.  WNV activity in mosquitoes continues to rise and we have now seen indications of virus activity in 52 Ohio counties so far this year.

The graph below shows where we are this year with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (red dotted line), and 2016, a relatively normal WNV activity year (green dashed line):

In addition to WNV, ODH is also reporting 6 LAC cases and 2 unspecified California virus cases.  The rainfall we’ve had this summer has continuously filled tree holes and containers with water, creating ideal conditions for tree hole mosquitoes (vectors of LAC virus) to breed. For more information about arbovirus cases and surveillance data, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate, updated earlier today.

There are quite a few weeks left in this  mosquito season and cases can occur into October, so it is very important to continue your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction. Also, please call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029 if you have any questions.

A New Tick Species Found in the United States

You probably have heard about this new tick invasive in the U.S. First detected in late 2017 in NJ. Recent reports are that it is spreading rapidly. See news clips as below:

“For the first time in 50 years, a new tick species has arrived in the United States — one that in its Asian home range carries fearsome diseases.

The Asian long-horned tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, is spreading rapidly along the Eastern Seaboard. It has been found in seven states and in the heavily populated suburbs of New York City.

For now, the new arrivals are considered a greater threat to livestock.

Known in Australia as bush ticks and in New Zealand as cattle ticks, long-horned ticks can multiply rapidly and suck so much blood from a young animal that it dies.

The longhorn tick is known to carry several diseases that infect hogs and cattle in Asia. So far, ticks examined in the U.S. do not carry any diseases that can infect humans, but the USDA says the insects frequently form large infestations that cause great stress on warm-blooded host animals, reducing its growth and production. A severe infestation can kill the animal due to blood loss.

 

Officials said female longhorn ticks reproduce asexually and a single tick can reproduce and lay 2,000 eggs after feeding on a host. Cattle, pets, small mammals, birds and humans are all potential hosts.

 

In 2017, officials discovered the first longhorn tick population in the United States feeding on large numbers of sheep in Mercer County, New Jersey. It has also been found in Arkansas, New York, West Virginia and Virginia. Tests by the National Veterinary Services Laboratory in Ames, Iowa, have confirmed the presence of an Asian — or longhorn — tick on a wild deer in Centre County on Tuesday. It is the first confirmed sighting of the parasite in Pennsylvania.”

https://www.businessinsider.com/ticks-from-asia-that-self-clone-found-in-us-2018-2

https://www.techtimes.com/articles/227497/20180513/new-exotic-tick-species-is-spreading-in-the-us.htm

http://www.dailyitem.com/news/new-tick-species-found-in-pennsylvania/article_aed805f0-9657-11e8-ac16-4397609178cb.html

West Nile Virus Activity Continues to Increase

West Nile virus activity continues to increase and the statewide mosquito infection rate as of week 27 (week of July 4) is trending with infection rates we saw in 2012, our last epidemic year when we recorded 122 human cases.  No human cases have been reported this year yet; however, 2 asymptomatic viremic blood donors were reported this past week, so there is evidence human infections have occurred. If you haven’t already, please be sure to increase your community and public education efforts focusing on personal protection and source reduction.

Here is a graph that shows where we are this year as of week 27 with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, an epidemic WNV year (blue line), and 2016, a relatively average WNV year (orange line):

For more information, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.  The data on this website was last updated on 7/16/18 and will be updated each Monday thru mosquito season. Please call the Zoonotic Disease Program (ZDP) at (614) 752-1029 if you have any questions.

Minimum Infection Rate: West Nile Virus

West Nile virus activity has been increasing, and it has now been detected in mosquitoes in 14 counties as of noon on 7/9/18.  Of the 4,832 pooled mosquito samples (141,835 mosquitoes total) tested so far, 110 samples have tested positive from Athens (1), Delaware (1), Franklin (43), Hamilton (1), Hancock (1), Licking (4), Lucas (25), Portage (12), Richland (3), Ross (1), Stark (1), Summit (15), Tuscarawas (1) and Wood (1) counties.  This is up from 26 positive samples reported in the last message.  No human cases have been reported so far.

Here is a graph that shows where we are this year as of week 25 with infection rates in mosquitoes compared to 2012, a high WNV activity year (blue line), and 2016, a relatively low WNV activity year (orange line):

 

For more information, see the current Ohio arbovirus surveillance update at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate.  The data on this website was last updated on 7/9/18 and will be updated each Monday thru mosquito season.

Ohio Arbovirus Surveillance Updates

Beginning this year, the Ohio arbovirus surveillance update can be found on the ODH website at http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate .  The table will be updated each Monday through mosquito season.

Ohio Mosquito-borne Disease SurveillanceFight the Bite! Avoid, Plan, Stop
June 18, 2018

Mosquito season is here.  The Ohio Department of Health (ODH) Zoonotic Disease Program, in partnership with ODH Laboratory, local public health partners and sanitary district partners, collects and tests mosquitoes from many communities in Ohio as part of statewide mosquito-borne disease surveillance.  This surveillance also includes monitoring for human and veterinary cases as well.

Full Update:   http://www.odh.ohio.gov/arboupdate

 

 

East Asian Tick Discovered in New Jersey

(TRENTON) – New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture Douglas H. Fisher today announced the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa has confirmed the finding of an exotic East Asian tick, also known as the longhorned tick or bush tick, on a farm in Hunterdon County on November 9. Initial identification was made by the Monmouth County Tick-borne Diseases Lab, located at Rutgers University and the Hunterdon County Division of Health. This tick is not known to be present in the U.S., although there are records of at least a dozen previous collections of this species in the country on animals and materials presented for entry at U.S. ports.

Click to read full article at NJ.Gov

Photo Credit: NJ.Gov

Update on Lyme Disease Surveillance 2008-2015

Courtesy of the CDC  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Nov 10th, 2017

Amy M. Schwartz, MPH1; Alison F. Hinckley, PhD1; Paul S. Mead, MD1; Sarah A. Hook, MA1; Kiersten J. Kugeler, PhD1 (View author affiliations)

Abstract

Problem/Condition: Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vectorborne disease in the United States but is geographically focal. The majority of Lyme disease cases occur in the Northeast, mid-Atlantic, and upper Midwest regions. Lyme disease can cause varied clinical manifestations, including erythema migrans, arthritis, facial palsy, and carditis. Lyme disease occurs most commonly among children and older adults, with a slight predominance among males.

Reporting Period: 2008–2015.

Click HERE for full article