Apartemen

Pertimbangan dalam Mencari Apartemen
Mencari tempat tinggal adalah satu hal yang cukup menyita banyak perhatian bagi anda yang tinggal di Kota Columbus. Tentu saja, kecenderungan setiap orang dalam mencari tempat tinggal berbeda-beda. Mereka yang sudah bekerja dan berkeluarga mungkin mencari tempat yang tenang dan tidak harus berlokasi dekat dengan wilayah kampus yang notabene cukup berisik dan ramai. Para mahasiswa dan peneliti biasanya mencari tempat yang cukup dekat dengan wilayah kampus, bisa dijangkau dengan bis kota ataupun layanan bis dari kampus, dekat dengan groceries, dan cukup ramai. Para orangtua yang memiliki anak usia sekolah yang ingin menyekolahkan anaknya di sekolah negeri yang bermutu tinggi, biasanya mencari apartemen atau rumah di lokasi-lokasi sub-urban dengan mutu sekolah yang baik.

Jangka Waktu Sewa Apartemen
OSU Morrill TowerPerlu diperhatikan, kebanyakan pemilik apartemen (landlord) meminta penyewa (tenant) untuk menyewa unit milik mereka selama MINIMAL 1 TAHUN. Hanya pada kondisi tertentu mereka memperbolehkan jangka waktu sewa dibawah 1 tahun. Untuk itu, pemilihan apartemen menjadi hal yang sangat penting, karena bila anda salah memilih, anda baru bisa pindah setelah 1 tahun!

Fasilitas Akomodasi di Dalam Kampus
Untuk para mahasiswa tahun pertama dan undergraduate, universitas menyediakan mereka untuk tinggal di dorm. Silakan lihat halaman web ini untuk informasi dorm di The Ohio State University.

OSU Buckeye Village

Akomodasi untuk Keluarga
Para mahasiswa Ohio State University yang berkeluarga, biasanya cenderung tinggal di Buckeye Village, yaitu kompleks apartemen mahasiswa OSU yang telah berkeluarga. Ada cukup banyak keuntungan tinggal disini, diantaranya fasilitas transportas yang selalu tersedia hingga dalam kampus (dengan bis kampus – CABS), fasilitas sekolah untuk anak yang mutunya cukup baik (Cranbrook Public School) dan bernuansa internasional, juga harga sewanya yang relatif murah. Perlu diingat bahwa antrian untuk mendapatkan tempat di Buckeye Village ini cukup panjang. Bila anda memutuskan untuk tinggal disini, mulailah memasukkan aplikasi untuk pindah kira-kira 5-6 bulan sebelumnya.

Apartemen di Sekitar Kampus
Diluar apartemen yang disediakan oleh universitas, banyak pula apartemen di luar yang bermutu baik, murah, dan menyediakan berbagai fasilitas. Kembali bahwa pemilihan apartemen sangat tergantung dengan anda sendiri. Untuk langkah pertama mencari apartemen di luar akomodasi kampus yang berada di sekitar wilayah kampus, silakan kunjungi halaman web kantor akomodasi luar kampus OSU. Apartemen-apartemen yang ditawarkan biasanya berlokasi di seputar kampus Ohio State University dan jaraknya cukup dekat dengan kelas-kelas maupun pusat aktivitas kampus lainnya.

Apartemen di Luar Wilayah Kampus
Diluar layanan OSU ini, anda dapat juga mencari sendiri apartemen di wilayah City of Coumbus, Upper Arlington, Grandview Heights, Dublin, dari beberapa website berikut:
University Village
F&W Properties (untuk apartemen di sekitar historic Olde Towne East, King-Lincoln District, Woodland Park, German Village dan Marble Cliff/Grandview.)
Kohr Royer Griffith
Oxford Realty (untuk apartemen di sekitar Indianola Ave dan High Street dan 12th Ave dan Norwich Ave.
Roger C Perry
Metro Rentals (untuk apartemen di wilayah OSU, Upper Arlington dan Grandview)
Plaza Properties
Fox and Hounds Apartments
Pella Company (berdasarkan peta wilayah sekitar kampus, atau berdasarkan daftar)
Wood Companies (untuk apartemen di sekitar Italian and Victorian Villages dan High Street)
Renters Real Estate
Myers Realty
Scott in Columbus Company
Wallace F Ackley Company (untuk apartemen di wilayah Upper Arlington dan Grandview)

Apartemen untuk Jangka Waktu Singkat
Bagi anda yang mencari tempat tinggal untuk waktu yang lebih singkat (< 1 tahun), sebaiknya mencari iklan-iklan apartemen yang mengandung kata sublet atau short term. Beberapa tempat seperti Ohio Stater (di High Street) atau Riverwatch Tower (di W Lane Ave), yang sangat dekat dengan kampus menyediakan tempat dengan jangka waktu sewa yang lebih singkat. Selain itu, anda juga bisa mencari melalui website craigslist, yang seringkali mengiklankan tempat-tempat tinggal untuk sublet maupun orang-orang yang mencari roommate.

Tips untuk Keamanan dan Kenyamanan Anda
Salah satu tips dalam mencari apartemen adalah memastikan kondisi keamanan wilayah yang akan anda tempati, mengingat anda akan tinggal dalam waktu yang cukup lama. Untuk mengetahui seberapa dekat lokasi apartemen yang anda akan tempati dengan berbagai fasilitas umum dan pertokoan, silakan akses website WalkScore. Sementara untuk memastikan keamanan lingkungan, silakan akses web crime reports.

Pendidikan

Registrasi Ulang di Sekolah (Check-In)
Karena kebanyakan warga negara Indonesia yang datang ke Columbus adalah pelajar, maka langkah pertama yang biasa dilakukan setelah mendapatkan tempat tinggal sementara adalah mendaftarkan diri kembali ke sekolah yang dituju.
Untuk pelajar di Ohio State University, CSCC dan CCAD, silakan lihat kembali halaman-halaman web berikut mengenai pendaftaran ulang dan proses orientasi
Pre-Arrival (Ohio State U)
Check-In and Orientation (Ohio State U)
Orientation (CSCC)
Orientation (CCAD)

Institusi Pendidikan Tinggi Negeri (Public Colleges)
The Ohio State University
Ohio State University menduduki peringkat ke-19 terbaik sebagai institusi pendidikan negeri secara nasional pada US News and World Report tahun 2009, dan peringkat ke-56 secara keseluruhan (negeri dan swasta). Beberapa program yang menduduki peringkat ke-5 atau lebih tinggi diantaranya adalah: Veterinary Program, Pharmacy Program, Social Phsycology, Dispute Resolution, Vocational Education, Elementary Education, Secondary Teacher Education dan Administration/Supervision.

Columbus State Community College (CSCC)
Columbus State Community College adalah satu-satunya college yang dikelola oleh pemerintah di wilayah Kota Columbus. Menawarkan dua jenis degree yakni Associate of Arts (AA) dan Associate of Sciences (AS) untuk puluhan jenis major atau jurusan/program studi, sekolah ini cukup diminati karena bisa menjembatani mahasiswa untuk masuk ke tingkat pendidikan yang lebih tinggi di Universitas.

Institusi Pendidikan Tinggi Swasta (Private Colleges)
Columbus College for Art and Design (CCAD)
Fortis College
Franklin University
DeVry University
Ohio Business College
Ohio Institute of Health Careers
Bradford School

Religious School
Bexley Hall Episcopal Seminary
Mount Carmel College of Nursing
Ohio Dominican University
Pontifical College Josephinum
Trinity Lutheran Seminary

Suburban Schools
Bexley Capital University
Otterbein University (Westerville)
Ohio Wesleyan University (Delaware)

Tiba di Columbus

Berikut disampaikan hal-hal terpenting yang harus dilakukan saat tiba di Columbus.
Saat pertama tiba di Kota Columbus adalah saat yang paling penting, untuk itu perlu dipersiapkan dengan baik. Bila anda memiliki saudara, teman atau kenalan di Columbus, dan sudah mengontak mereka sebelumnya untuk memberitahukan kedatangan anda, itu jauh lebih baik dan mudah.
JAMES-MAIN
Kontak awal ini sangat penting karena transportasi umum dari Airport Columbus (CMH) tidak semudah kota-kota besar lainnya di amerika yang sudah dilengkapi dengan jalur khusus subway, train, atau bus reguler. Sampai saat ini, ada beberapa rute bus yang melayani rute dari Airport termasuk Airport Connect yang khusus melayani rute dari airport ke downtown. Sementara rute bus 52 TERBATAS hanya saat peralihan kuartal (quarter break) dari Ohio State University saja.

Alternatif lain yang jauh lebih baik adalahmengontak salah satu teman di Columbus untuk dijemput. Dibandingkan menggunakan bis yang hampir 1 jam, perjalanan dari airport ke downtown hanya membutuhkan waktu sekitar 15 menit dengan mobil pribadi. Anda juga bisa menggunakan jasa taxi, yang biayanya sekitar $30-40 untuk satu kali perjalanan ke arah downtown/university.
Bila anda belum memiliki tempat tinggal, silakan berkoordinasi dengan teman-teman di Columbus untuk tempat menginap. Biasanya selalu ada tempat untuk menginap sementara di salah satu tempat tinggal teman-teman di Columbus, paling tidak untuk beberapa hari atau hingga anda mendapatkan apartemen. Kalaupun anda merasa sungkan, anda bisa mencari tempat yang cukup terjangkau seperti Inntown Suites, yang menawarkan sewa untuk 1 minggu penuh.

Visa

Warga Negara Indonesia masuk ke wilayah hukum Amerika Serikat untuk berbagai macam tujuan. Tujuan yang paling umum adalah menempuh studi lanjutan, diikuti dengan kunjungan akademik dalam jangka waktu singkat (3 bulan hingga 12 bulan), kunjungan wisata dan bisnis, hingga bekerja dalam waktu sementara (hingga menetap). Untuk semua keperluan tersebut, Warga Negara Indonesia membutuhkan visa yang dikeluarkan oleh kedutaan besar AS di Jakarta maupun konsulat jenderal AS di Surabaya. Secara prinsip, proses pembuatan visa adalah sebagai berikut:
1. Pengeluaran dokumen dari institusi di AS:
Dokumen yang dimaksud dapat berupa:
– surat undangan (mis: untuk menghadiri konferensi maupun kunjungan bisnis singkat lainnya)
– certificate of eligibility (untuk visa pelajar berupa I-20 dan DS-2019 untuk peserta program pertukaran pelajar/peneliti)
– petitions (untuk pekerja keagamaan)
– labor certification (untuk pekerja sementara)
khusus untuk visa kunjungan wisata, tidak diperlukan surat/dokumen ini
2. Pengisian formulir dan pendaftaran online
Setelah dokumen #1 diterima, anda dapat memulai proses pengisian formulir DS-160 dan beberapa formulir lainnya serta mendaftar secara online untuk mendapatkan jadwal wawancara. Silakan mengacu kepada panduan pengisian formulir DS-160 berikut ini.
3. Wawancara
Bagian terakhir dari proses aplikasi visa adalah wawancara. Pada dasarnya kedutaan besar AS ingin memastikan bahwa anda hanya akan masuk AS untuk jangka waktu tertentu dan akan kembali ke negara asal segera setelah program pendidikan, kunjungan, atau tujuan-tujuan lainnya diselesaikan.
Perlu diperhatikan bahwa pembayaran aplikasi visa dilakukan pada saat wawancara, sementara pembayaran SEVIS fee HARUS dilakukan SEBELUM wawancara (bisa lewat online atau bank tertentu di Indonesia).
Bila visa anda disetujui, anda pun siap untuk memasuki negara AS. Ingatlah untuk selalu membawa dokumen #1 (I-20, DS-2019, dll) sesaat sebelum memasuki “port of entry” manapun di AS.
Anda dapat juga membaca halaman informasi aplikasi visa maupun halaman aplikasi visa Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat (dalam bahasa Indonesia)

Visa:

  • Siswa boleh melamar visa ke kedutaan Amerika paling lama 120 hari sebelum program dimulai (120 hari atau kurang dari 120 hari), seperti tanggal yang tertulis dalam dokumen I20 ataupun DS2019.
  • Siswa (dan keluarga) boleh mulai masuk ke Amerika Serikat 30 hari sebelum (atau kurang dari 30 hari) sebelum program dimulai
  • Waktu tunggu visa antara 3 hari hingga tak terhingga

Visa F2

Pemegang visa F1 boleh membawa keluarga (suami/istri dan anak) sebagai dependent dan mereka harus melamar visa F2. Pengajuan lamaran bisa bersamaan dengan siswa ataupun kemudian. Beberapa syaratnya antara lain:

  • Passport yang masih berlaku minimal 6 bulan
  • Bukti dukungan dana selama di Amerika Serikat
  • Dokumen I-20 dari universitas tempat siswa belajar
  • Bukti hubungan keluarga dengan siswa (misalnya akta nikah/akta kelahiran, kartu keluarga)

Perbedaan antara visa F1-F2 dan J1-J2

Beberapa penyandang dana beasiswa mensyaratkan siswa untuk mempergunakan visa tertentu (seperti misalnya Fulbright dan Fulbright-Dikti mensyaratkan siswa menggunakan visa J1), akan tetapi beberapa penyandang dana lain memungkinkan siswa memilih jenis visa sesuai kebutuhan mereka. Beberapa perbedaan antara jenis-jenis visa tersebut antara lain:

  • Visa F1 dan F2 biasanya berlaku selama masa studi (dengan kata lain tidak perlu memperpanjang, maksimal 5 tahun), sedangkan visa J1 dan J2 biasanya berlaku 1 semester, 1 tahun atau 2 tahun, sehingga selama masa studi perlu memperpanjang visa tersebut dengan melampirkan dokumen yang diperlukan
  • F2 dependent tidak diperkenankan untuk bekerja sama sekali, sedangkan J2 dependent masih ada kemungkinan untuk memperoleh ijin kerja dengan mengajukan permohon kepada pihak terkait
  • F2 dependent tidak diperkenankan untuk mengambil kelas setara college atau yang di atasnya (sekolah Tk s/d SMA diperbolehkan), sedangkan J2 dependent diperkenankan untuk mengambil kelas setara college tanpa harus mengubah visa menjadi J1
  • Informasi lebih lengkap mengenai proses permohonan visa masuk ke USA yang dapat dilihat di link berikut (dalam Bahasa Inggris)
    Visa Kunjungan/Turis (B Visa)
    Visa Studi (F Visa)
    Visa Program Pertukaran Pelajar/Peneliti (J Visa)
    Visa Kerja Sementara (D, O, P, H Visa)
    Visa Pekerja Keagamaan (R Visa)

Transportasi

Pola Infrastruktur Jalan
Infrastruktur jalan di Kota Columbus dibuat mengikuti sistem grid yang berkembang dari daerah pusat kota (downtown) dan didasarkan pada persimpangan 2 jalan utama yaitu High Street dan Broad Street. High Street membagi Kota Columbus menjadi bagian barat dan timur, sementara Broad Street membagi Kota Columbus menjadi bagian utara dan selatan. Selebihnya, hampir seluruh jalan utama di kota ini dibuat bersimpangan dengan kedua jalan utama tadi dengan membentuk pola grid yang bernomor dan berurutan, sesuai dengan jaraknya dari kedua jalan utama tadi. Jalan dengan nomor yang berurutan biasanya terpisah sejauh 1.25 mile (2.01 km) satu sama lain. Sistem penomoran rumah (persil tanah) juga teratur dengan pola nomor-nomor genap selalu berada pada sisi utara atau timur dari jalan, sedangkan nomor-nomor ganjil selalu berada pada sisi selatan atau barat dari jalan. Tentunya, ada banyak pengecualian dari sistem ini, terutama untuk wilayah-wilayah yang letaknya jauh dari pusat kota, dimana sistem pengaturan jalannya sedikit berbeda.

Jalan Bebas HambatanColumbus Highways
Kota Columbus pada dasarnya dibelah menjadi empat bagian oleh dua jalan bebas hambatan yang menghubungkan kota-kota besar di Amerika Serikat (Interstate Highway), yaitu I-70 yang membentang dari ujung barat ke ujung timur, dan I-71 yang membentang dari selatan ke utara. Kedua jalan bebas hambatan ini bertemu di pusat Kota Columbus, dimana puncak kemacetan terjadi pada jam-jam sibuk pagi dan sore hari. Di samping kedua jalan bebas hambatan utama ini, Kota Columbus juga memiliki jalan bebas hambatan yang dikelola oleh provinsi (State Road 315) yang membentang dari selatan ke utara, US Highway 33 yang membentang dari barat laut ke tenggara, US Highway 23 (kepanjangan dari High Street di downtown) yang membentang dari selatan ke utara, jalan bebas hambatan lingkar luar (Interstate Highway Outerbelt 270) dan jalan bebas hambatan baru yang menuju ke airport (Interstate 670) yang membentang dari timur laut ke barat dan menyatu dengan jalan bebas hambatan (Interstate) I-70. Secara umum, seluruh wilayah di provinsi Ohio dapat dijangkau dengan perjalanan darat (mobil) hingga 2 jam.

Transportasi Udara
Saat ini, Kota Columbus memiliki satu bandar udara internasional yaitu John Glenn atau Port Columbus International Airport (kode: CMH) yang terletak di sebelah timur-timur laut dari kota, dan satu bandara kargo yang melayani transportasi kargo internasional, yaitu, Rickenbacker International Airport serta 2 bandara kecil untuk keperluan transportasi udara lokal, yaitu OSU Don Scott Airport dan Bolton Field.

Kereta Api
Saat ini, Kota Columbus TIDAK memiliki layanan kereta api penumpang. Pada jaman dahulu, kota ini memiliki sistem kereta api penumpang, namun sejak tahun 1979 sistem kereta api ini hanya melayani pengangkutan barang dan logistik pembangkitan listrik (batubara).

Bis Kota
BUSDengan tidak adanya kereta api maupun sistem transportasi cepat di bawah tanah (subway), bis menjadi pilihan transportasi umum satu-satunya di kota ini. Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) menjadi instansi yang mengelola sistem transportasi umum ini.
Perlu diingat bahwa kebanyakan mahasiswa dan pelajar dapat menumpang bis yang dioperasikan COTA dengan gratis. Setiap kuartal atau semester, mahasiswa membayar sejumlah kecil fee kepada COTA sebagai konsekuensi dari layanan gratis ini. Mahasiswa atau pelajar hanya perlu menggesek kartu mahasiswa/pelajarnya kepada pengendara bis untuk dapat menggunakan layanan bis ini.
Perlu diingat bahwa TIDAK SEMUA WILAYAH di Kota Columbus dilayani oleh bis kota. Silakan mengacu pada peta layanan bis kota dari COTA berikut ini untuk melihat apakah wilayah anda dilayani oleh angkutan bis kota (dalam bentuk file PDF). Anda juga dapat mengacu pada website COTA berikut untuk melihat jadwal detail setiap jalur (route).
COTAPeta Layanan bis kota seluruh wilayah Columbus
Peta Layanan bis kota wilayah pusat kota Columbus (Downtown)
Peta Layanan bis kota wilayah kampus Ohio State University

Tarif dasar layanan bis kota yang disediakan oleh COTA adalah $2.00 untuk satu kali jalan. Pada prinsipnya, penumpang memasuki bis dan membayar ongkos terlebih dahulu kemudian operator bis akan memberikan transfer card yang dapat digunakan untuk rute bis yang lainnya hingga batas waktu tertentu (2 jam). Bagi anda yang ingin mendatangi lebih banyak tempat dan menghabiskan waktu lebih lama, disarankan untuk membeli day pass seharga $4.50 yang berlaku 24 jam sejak waktu pembelian tiket. Selain day pass COTA juga menyediakan layanan weeklypass dan monthly pass. Informasi selengkapnya dapat dilihat di bagian fares dari website COTA.

Sepeda
BIKESSepeda adalah alternatif transportasi lain yang sangat terjangkau dan saat ini sedang berkembang cukup pesat di Kota Columbus. Meskipun saat ini BELUM ada lajur khusus sepeda di hampir semua jalan-jalan Kota Columbus, pemerintah provinsi Ohio melalui departemen transportasi berupaya mengakomodasi kepentingan pengendara sepeda dengan menyediakan rencana khusus pembangunan jalur sepeda.
Salah satu fasilitas yang membantu adalah layanan bagi pengendara sepeda dari penyedia layanan bis kota (COTA). Anda dapat menaruh sepeda di tempat khusus di bis kota untuk menempuh perjalanan yang jauh, dan menaiki sepeda untuk meneruskan perjalanan ke tempat yang tidak dilayani oleh bis kota.
Bila anda ingin mengendarai sepeda, saat ini masih harus berbagi lajur jalan dengan mobil, yang pada kondisi tertentu menjadi kurang aman. Masalah lebih besar terjadi pada musim salju, karena kondisi jalan yang begitu licin dan menyulitkan pengendara sepeda.
Aturan-aturan umum dalam mengendarai sepeda di Kota Columbus (disarikan dari “Rules of the Road for Bicyclists – Ohio Department of Public Service)
– Patuhi SEMUA aturan lalulintas, termasuk berhenti pada lampu merah dan tanda stop
– Berkendaralah sesuai dengan lalulintas, JANGAN mendahului kendaraan lain melalui sebelah kanan
– Selalu waspada dan konsentrasi penuh ke jalan
– Pakailah HELM yang sesuai untuk sepeda, bahkan untuk perjalanan yang pendek
– JANGAN mengendarai sepeda pada trotoar (sidewalk), hanya anak-anak yang diperbolehkan berkendara disini
– Pastikan sepeda anda laik jalan
– Gunakan tanda-tanda yang tepat menggunakan tangan untuk berbelok atau mengurangi kecepatan hingga berhenti
– Usahakan selalu mengendarai sepeda sendiri (tidak beriringan)
– Berkendaralah dengan gerakan-gerakan yang dapat diprediksi
– Usahakan agar anda TERLIHAT: gunakan pakaian berwarna terang, lampu depan dan belakang, khususnya pada hari hujan atau cuaca buruk
Keterangan lebih lengkap mengenai bersepeda di Kota Columbus dapat diperoleh di website Columbus Cycles.
Sepeda bisa dibeli dengan harga bervariasi antara $20-80 (bekas) dan $80-200 (baru). Walmart menyediakan sepeda baru dengan harga terjangkau, sementara forum jual beli craigslist memberi kesempatan anda untuk bertransaksi dengan warga lokal untuk mendapatkan sepeda (juga banyak barang lain).

Living in Columbus, Ohio

Tulisan dalam bagian ini sebagian besar disumbangkan oleh Y. Budi Sulistioadi, alumnus The Ohio State University

Latar belakang dan situasi umum kota Columbus
Kota Columbus, yang pada awalnya berpusat pada pertemuan Sungai Scioto dan Sungai Olentangy, didirikan pada tahun 1812, dinamai berdasarkan nama penjelajah Christopher Columbus. Kota ini menjadi ibukota provinsi Ohio pada tahun 1816, dan kini telah berkembang menjadi kota terbesar di provinsi Ohio (dengan mempertimbangkan wilayah Delaware County dan Faifield County), terbesar ke-3 di daerah midwest dan terbesar ke-15 di seluruh negeri Amerika Serikat. Meskipun demikian, bagian metropolitan dari kota ini lebih kecil dibandingkan Cleveland maupun Cincinnati, yang juga terdapat di provinsi yang sama. Basis kegiatan ekonomi kota ini sangat beragam, mulai dari pendidikan, pemerintahan, asuransi, perbankan, mode, pertahanan, pangan, pakaian, logistik, baja, energi, penelitian medis, perawatan kesehatan, perhotelan, ritel dan teknologi. Columbus adalah pusat aktivitas bagi pusat riset dan pengembangan swasta terbesar di dunia – Battelle Memorial Institute, pusat informasi sains kimia terbesar dunia – Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), pusat kepemilikan pesawat jet terbesar di dunia NetJets dan tentunya pusat pendidikan terbesar ketiga di seluruh Amerika – The Ohio State University.
Populasi kota ini pada tahun 2010 adalah 787.033. Meskipun demikian, kepadatan penduduknya tidak demikian tinggi karena wilayah kotanya yang cukup luas, sehingga konsentrasi penduduk tidak hanya ditemukan di pusat kota (Columbus Metro) saja, tapi juga di berbagai wilayah di sekitarnya.
Lebih jauh mengenai sejarah kota Columbus di provinsi Ohio (Columbus, OH) dapat dilihat di website pusat sejarah Ohio.

Tingkat kriminalitas adalah salah satu hal penting untuk dipertimbangkan dan diketahui oleh semua pendatang di kota Columbus. Menurut laporan CQ Press tahun 2009, Kota Columbus berada pada urutan ke-38 dari daftar kota-kota yang paling berbahaya di Amerika Serikat. Meskipun demikian, Kota Columbus belum pernah menduduki peringkat yang lebih tinggi daripada 25. Laporan CQ Press menjelaskan dengan lebih detil kota-kota dengan tingkat kriminalitas tertinggi di Amerika Serikat.
Selain itu, silakan kunjungi website Crime Reports dengan memasukkan kode pos tempat tinggal saat ini atau yang akan dituju untuk mengetahui tingkat keamanan sekitar anda!

Visa

Tiba di Columbus

Konsuler

Pendidikan

Apartemen

Utilities

Transportasi

Perbankan

Telekomunikasi

Ibadah

Sehari-hari

Keluarga

Kendaraan

Asuransi

Kesehatan

Melahirkan

Belanja Online

Kerja Sampingan

Pajak

 

City Guide

TRANSIT CITIES

Chicago, ORD, All Carriers

Multiple Hotels adjacent to the airport

Subway to City Center 75 Mins $3 or Taxi 40 Mins $60

Destinations: Miracle Mile. Aquarium. Museums. Hancock Tower top floor bar/rest.

New York, JFK, All Carriers except United; Newark, EWR, United. (120 mins between JFK-EWR. 30 mins between domestic LaGuardia (LGA) Airport and JFK.

Multiple Hotels adjacent to the airport

Subway to City Center (combines rail and subway service with changes).

90 mins $10.

Taxi 45 mins $60.

Destinations in Manhattan: Broadway. Midtown. Ferry Tour around Manhattan. Museums. All Professional Sports.

Tokyo, NRT, Terminal 1: American Air, Japan Air, Delta. Terminal 2: United, All Nippon Air (ANA). Terminal 3 contains deep discount carriers. Tokyo is also served by Haneda (HND) airport. 90 mins between airports.

Multiple Hotels adjacent to the Airport.

Train to City Center: 75 mins $30 roundtrip. Connect to subway. Or Bus to downtown. Note, last train from airport 19:00. Last train from City Center 20:00.

Taxi $200 one way.

Destinations: Tuna Market, Bars and Restaurants, Karaoke, Temples

Hong Kong (HKG). All US Carriers. Cathay Pacific.

Hotels adjacent to the airport.

90 mins by train to city center. $7 Taxi 60 mins $50

Use Agoda.com for hotels, but note neighbourhood locations.

Destinations: Harbor Ferry, Dim Sum including 3star Michelin Dim Sum at the Four Seasons Hotel, Tai-O Fishing Village, Kowloon Shopping, Disney World Hong Kong,

Doha, Qatar (DOH). American, Qatar.

Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. (AUH). Etihad.

Dubai, United Arab Emirates. (DXB). Emirates.

For all 3, sleeping pods airside. At airport hotels are limited and usually in town. No train service. Taxis 30 mins $30 to town.

Destinations: Shopping, markets, gold shopping, desert excursions.

Singapore, SIN. Singapore Air, Delta.

In Airport Hotels. If you are transiting SIN overnight you do not need to clear customs to stay in a hotel. There are bunk beds, and standard hotel rooms on the air side. Google Singapore In Airport Hotels to learn more. Crowne Plaza Hotel also operates in T3 on the landside after clearing customs.

60 mins by train to city center $5. Taxi 45 mins. $50.

Destinations: Boat tour, Chicken Rice, Marina Casino, Museums, Lions Head fountain. Western Shopping. Traditional markets. Singapore Sling at Raffles.

Regarded as the finest transit airport in the world, you can skip the city and enjoy a 24 hour food court, gym, movie theatre, and butterfly garden. There are 3 terminals with airside trains connecting the terminals, but the terminals are big, really really big, so allow lots of time to get to the gate. Between terminal trains do not operate overnight.

Kuala Lumpur, KUL. T1 Malaysian Air. T2. Air Asia.

Hotels adjacent to airport. There is also a hotel in T2, airside.

Train to City Center $20. 45 mins.

Destinations: Excellent discount deals for Asian travel on Air Asia. Petronas Towers. Hawker food. Traders Hotel Sky Bar at sunset. Hookahs at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel after sunset. In July, see the Saudi tourists!

INDONESIAN CITIES

Island of Java

Jakarta, West Java. Timezone WIB. Population, Local Language and Culture: 10 Million. Now a melting pot. Originally the Betawi people.

Jakarta Airport (CGK) International and Domestic. See more detailed transit notes above in Planning Travel for Detailed Transit Details.

No trains. Buses & Taxis Available. Taxis Non-Peak, 30 mins, $15 Bluebird, $25 Silverbird. Peak, 90 mins. Add $10 to taxi fare. To town peak hours 06:00-09:30+15:30-22:00. From Town peak hours 15:30-20:00.

In Airport Hotels. T1 Landside. T2, Landside. Also, 5 mins from airport.

Jakarta Halim (HLP) Airport. Limited domestic routes. No Airport Hotels.

Taxis Non-Peak, 15 mins, $10 Bluebird, $15 Silverbird. Peak, 60 mins. Add $10 to taxi fare. To town peak hours 06:00-09:00+17:00-19:00. From Town peak hours 16:00-20:00.

City Center Hotels

Many options to google. Ritz Carlton (there are 2), $300+, Mandarin Oriental $150+, Borobodur Hotel $80, Holiday Inn Express multiple locations $60.

Destinations: The big mosque and small church located next to the big mosque. MONAS. National Museum. Malls: Grand Indonesia adjacent to Plaza Indonesia, Pacific Place, Casablanca. Bars: Shangri-La Hotel Bats. Murphy’s Bar. Loewe’s (pronounced Louies), Skybar & Resturants, 50th Floor BCA Bank Building (reservations for dining a must). The sleepy Jimbaran Outdoor Bar Waterfall Bar at Ayana Hotel. MCI Culinary School to learn to cook. Multiple dance clubs that change – try Alexis for loud music and young people.

Traditional crafts: $5-$200 crafts from all over Indonesia at Passaraya Blok M, Jalan Iskandarsyah II Blok 2, Blok M, Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta. $100 – $1,000 crafts at Alun Alun Grand Indonesia Shopping Town, Grand Indonesia Mall.

Partners: UNJ, UT, SEAMOLEC

Transiting Jakarta and have 12 hours? Here are 5 things you can do:

Hour 1 and 2 – arrive – go upstairs to terminal 2, checkin and leave your luggage. Alternatively leAve bags unclaimed at domestic arrivals. Alternatively, take with u in your taxi. Take bluebird to city center (130,000 – 30 mins between 21:00 and 06:00; 1 hour between 10:00 and 2:00; 2 hours between 06:00 – 10:00 and 14:00 – 21:00. Saturday and Sunday is faster except for severe traffic delays in City Center Friday and Saturday evenings 17:00 – 22:00. Or take Silverbird with driver who speaks conversational English at 250,000. Waiting time is aprox 60.000/hour in Bluebird and 90.000/hour in Silverbird. Take a picture of the license plate, taxi driver license and get the cell number of your driver. Call the driver to make sure phone rings.

Hour 3 + 4- visit MONAS – a 40 story monument and display. Best to arrive 9:00 – 11:00.

Hour 5 – visit the Big Mosque to beat the drum and rest in the little church adjacent.

Hour 6 – enjoy one of the 4 restaurants at Hotel Borobodur, near the mosque.

Hour 7 -9 – go to the National Museum – 20 cents admission

Hour 10 – see and be seen at Skybar out door patio bar or indoor dining, floor 57, BCA Bank Tower – great sunset views

Hour 11 – return to airport – tell driver

Bandara Terminal Dua, internasional

(Airport, terminal 2, international)

Unless you’re departing on Air Asia (terminal 3) or Lion (terminal 1)

Hour 12 – having completed checkin already proceed directly to Immigration (less than 20 mins waiting) and to your gate (boarding starts 45 mins before departure and ends 25 mins before departure)

Estimated taxi costs:

Bluebird 130,000 + 600.000 waiting + 130.000

Alternatively – take the taxi to Borobodur Hotel direct from the airport and store bags here pretending you will check in later and get business card of hotel to show taxi driver – proceed on foot to most sites. National Museum is a very short taxi or trike ride. Backtrack to Borobodur to claim bags. Then take another taxi to BCA sky bar Building where u will require a taxi from Borobodur Hotel and have them wait at Skybar. Skip Skybar Friday and Saturday 16:00 – 21:00 as this bar is located in the entertainment hub and traffic stands still. Confirm all destinations, hours of opening, costs, addresses and telephone numbers using the Lonely Planet Indonesia Guide or the www. Write down all addreses to give to the driver and use your cell to call the destination if the driver is lost. NEVER leave money, passports, plane tickets or cell tel in a waiting taxi.

Bogor. Population, Local Language and Culture: 1Million, Sunda and some Java people.

90mins south of Jakarta by train or road. Collaborator: Bogor Agricultural Institute. Note heavy traffic on weekends as Jakartans sample the restaurants of Bogor.

Bandung, West Java. Timezone WIB. Population, Local Language and Culture: 2 Million, Sunda people.

Airport: BDO. Domestic Service (NO service to Jakarta) and KUL+SIN.

Taxi to Bandung City Center 20 mins, $5.

Service to Jakarta by travel car $8, private driver $70, Silver Bird $100. 2.5 hours-4 hours. Note, there is no peak time. Even 03:00 am can be a peak time.

Service to Jakarta by train. 3 hours. Take the Express Executive Class. $10.

Hotels: Padma. Stunning views.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: UPI

Destinations: Restaurants. Parks. At altitude. Evening temperatures below 20C/70F. BEWARE: Severe local traffic Friday 12:00 – Sunday 18:00 due to Jakarta tourists.

Semarang, Central Java. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 2 Million, Javan

Airport: Domestic Service and KUL+SIN.

Time, Cost to City Center: 20 mins $5

Rail: Jakarta/Surabaya overnight. Take express executive class.

By road to Yogya=3 hours. Bus $8. Private driver $70. Insist on Jalan Tol from Salatiga to Semarang Jl Tol exit.

Hotels: Crowne Plaza, coming soon Tentrem. Also Hotel Ciputra, Novotel, Holiday Inn Express. UNNES Guest House. Mall: Paragon.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: UNNES

Destinations: Simpang Lima, downtown market, Chinatown. Wayang kulit shadow puppet show long form version in Javanese (22:00 – 04:00). S3 restaurant complex across from Hotel Grand Candi. OnOn Pub. Sakapatat Bar. Nearby Candi Gedong Songo.

Yogyakarta, Special District of Yogyakarta located in Central Java. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 3 Million, Java People

Airport: JOG.

Time, Cost to City Center: Airport is located adjacent to city center and is scheduled to move to a more distant location around 2019. 5mins-15mins $5 depending on destination.

By Road to Semarang – see Semarang City Guide.

Train: Jakarta/Solo/Surabaya. Executive Express.

Hotels: Tentrem (best). Ambarukmo (adjacent to mall). Phoenix Hotel (Historic). Sheraton (dated, but near airport), Platinum Adsicupto Hotel (adjacent to airport entrance), Melia near Malioboro Street.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: UNY, USD.

Destinations: Malioboro Street Shopping including Batik + Java style on-the-ground eating. Prawirotaman restaurants. Bars: Sakapatat, Agenda, Oxen Free. Restaurants: Gajah Wong, Parsley. Borobudur (Buddhist Temple), one of seven wonders of the world, and Prambanan (Hindu Temple of the same time period). Palace. Waterworks. Tourist version 1 hour of Wayang Kulit shadow puppets.

Surabaya, East Java. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 7 Million, Javanese.

SUB has 2 terminals on separate sides of the airport, so you need a taxi to get between them, or you can take the irregularly scheduled shuttle. All international arrivals and all Garuda flights are at the new terminal 2. All domestic flights except Garuda are at Terminal 1. Tell your taxi driver the airline and if it is international or domestic.

Time, Cost to City Center: 30 mins. $15. Say ‘Jalan Tol’ which means take the Toll Route. In the old T1 go to the taxi stands outside bag claim. Probably a blue bird there. In new T2 go to the machines that let you select your destination and bring the ticket outside to the taxi starter.

Hotels: Adjacent to Airport. Alana Hotel is next to UNESA. There is also a Marriott farther away from UNESA and the historic Majahapit.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: UNESA

Destinations: Malls – Ciputra World, Pakuwon, Tunjungan Plaza 1-5, Grand City.

Historic monuments, including Tugu Pahlawan. Museums: Transportation, History. Local tour bus with guide. Holycow steak house. Citilies, 21st floor, Java Paragon Hotel. Mazeltov Beer House.

Malang, East Java. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 2 Million, Java People

Airport: MLG (NO service to Surabaya).

By road to Surabaya: 2 – 3 hours. Travel car: $8. Private Car $50.

Train: Local service to Surabaya. 3 hours. $8.

Time, Cost to City Center: 30 mins $10.

Hotels: Ibis adjacent to the Mall and U Negeri Malang. Hotel Tugu has a ghost and small museum + pool.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: U Negeri Malang

Destinations: Mt. Bromo (active volcano).  Leave the hotel at midnight or shortly after and return the next morning so you can see the boiling lava in the cauldron at night and watch the sunrise.  Shop in the small shops on the city square. Toko Oeno restaurant.

ISLAND OF SUMATRA

Medan, North Sumatra. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 2 Million, Batak, Medanese,

Airport: MES. International service to SIN, KUL.

Time, Cost to City Center: 45 mins. $15.

Hotels: Marriot.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: UniMed.

Destinations: Lake Tobo

Padang, Central Sumatra. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 1 Million, Minangkabau. A matrilineal society, the ‘people of the bull’ commemorate their culture by designing buildings in the shape of bull horns.

Airport: PDG

Time and Cost to City Center: 45 mins. $10.

Hotels: Hotel Mercure. Pangeran Beach Hotel.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: U Negeri Padang

Destinations: Padang food served in small bowls dim sum style. Hands instead of cutlery. Off shore islands. Surfing. Burial rituals of the aboriginal people. Nearby: Bukitingi canyon and traditional market. Conservative area. Women should cover areas from their neck to their knees, including when swimming. In the surfing area off shore western swim wear is acceptable.

Pekanbaru, Central Sumatra. Timezone WIB. Local Language and Culture: 1 Million

Airport: PKU. International Service to SIN, KUL.

Time, Cost to City Center: 15 mins. $10.

Hotels: Aryaduta

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: IAIN Pekanbaru

Destinations: Traditional market

ISLAND OF BALI

Timezone WIT. Local Language and Culture: 1Million Denpasar City, 4 Million Bali Island. Balinese Hindu.

Airport: DPS

Time, Cost to City Center: See DPS transit information in the Travel Section above.

Hotels: There are over 500 hotels on Bali. The most elite is Bulgari down to the cheapest kost. See Agoda.com for all 500.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: Ganesha University, Singarajah and Bali Boarding School, grades 10-12.

Destinations:

Bali is the shape of a large diamond. At the bottom point is the airport. Imagine a much smaller diamond turned upside down and the point would also touch at the airport. Neighbourhoods from the airport going to the northwest: Kuta (a beach popular with Java people and Beachwalk Mall. Try Sheraton Hotel $350 or Harrison Hotel $80), Legian (dance clubs and bars, try SkyGarden Bar near the Bali Bombing Memorial), Seminyak (high end hotels, try the W Hotel). Neighborhoods from the airport going due North: Denpasar City. Three hours beyond this is Singarajah (Try Lovina Hotel and Spa $100). Neighborhoods from the airport going Northeast: Sanur (Mercure Hotel, muddy lagoon like beach). To the far Northeast is Ubud (in the forest). To the southwest of airport is Jimbaran (try Intercontinental Hotel for beach and sunsets). To the southeast of the airport is Nusa Dua (Western resort style beach hotels and morning sun, try Regis ($300), Mulia ($200) or Indonesian owned Ayodya Resort for comparable amenities at a lower price ($120).

In Balinese, there is no word for ‘art’. It is just something you do to live. Each community has its own art. For example, one community may be filled with painters and another sculptors and so on. Talk to a driver and tell them what you want to see. We can recommend a driver. Seeing originally created jewelry being made by the artist is possible. Silver is most common (mined in Indonesia) and there is also some gold.

Lombok, the island east of Bali is a 40 minute flight and less touristy than Bali (try Sheraton Hotel).

There are also 3 very small islands (Gili Air, Gili Meno) off the west coast of Bali accessed by small boats from west Lombok. One of the 3 islands (Gili Trawangan) can be accessed by high speed boat from Bali. GT is the most touristy.

Tanah Lot, a temple on the west coast of Bali is the most popular and very touristy but there are thousands of temples to visit. Visitors will be provided with a sari to cover from the waist down.

ISLAND OF BORNEO (KALIMANTAN)

Samarinda, East Kalimantan. Timezone WIT. Local Language and Culture: less than 1M. Melting pot including Bugis and Dayak.

Airport: Samarinda-SRI. Balikpapan Airport – BPN

Samarinda Airport is located in the middle of the city and can accommodate only small planes, mostly from Balikpapan. Renovation is planned.

Time, Cost to City Center: 5 mins, $3. From Balikpapan, 15 mins $5 to BPN city center. 3 hours, $20 to Samarinda.

Hotels: Swiss-Bel or Mesra

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: Mulawarman U

Destinations: Explore nature.

ISLAND OF SULAWESI
Makassar, South Sulawesi. Timezone WIT. Local Language and Culture: 2 Million. Makarese, Bugis, Dayak and more. Makassar is also named Ujung Pandang, the name used at airports.

Airport: UPG

Time, Cost to City Center: 30 mins, $20.

Hotels: Aryaduta

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: U Negeri Makassar

Destinations: market, Fort Rotterdam

Gorontalo, Gorontalo Province in north/central Sulawesi. Timezone WIT. Local Language and Culture: Less than 1M. Gorontalese

Airport: GTO

Time, Cost to City Center: 50 mins. Usually by driver. Taxis available.

Hotels: Maqna

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: U Negeri Gorontalo

Destinations: Nature encounters. Enjoy a sleepy small Indonesian town where chickens roam the streets.

Manado, North Sulawesi. Timezone WIT. Local Language and Culture: Less than 1M. Manadonese Christians.

Airport: MDC

Time, Cost to City Center: 25 mins $10. By driver to the main campus, 2 hours.

Hotels: Novotel at the Airport if you’re going to main campus. If you’re spending time in town, Aryaduta Hotel.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: U Negeri Manado. Note the Graduate School is located in the city, but the main campus is located 2 hours up the mountain next to a lake.

Destinations: Underwater marine park with world class diving, easily accessible by ferry from downtown Manado.

OTHER AREAS

Jayapura, Papua. Timezone WETA. Local Language and Culture: 250,000 people. Papuan Christians but many people in the city are Javanese.

Airport:  DJJ

Time, Cost to City Center: 45 mins. By driver. Taxis available.

Hotels: Aston.

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: No partner, but Cendawarsih U is the big institution in town.

Destinations: This is where Indonesians go when they want to get away. The mountains that jut out of the ocean have an ethereal quality. A jumping off point to Papua New Guinea or central Papua Indonesia, travellers should exercise caution because of a sometimes-violent separatist movement in rural areas.

Raja Ampat Marine Underwater diving area can be accessed by air from here although Manado Marine Park in Sulawesi is more accessible.

Merauke, Papua. Timezone WETA. Local Language and Culture: 200,000 people. Papuan Christians and immigrants from Java working for government.

Airport: MKQ

Time, Cost to City Center: 5 mins. $3.

Hotels: SwissBel

Partner/Collaborating Institutions: No partner, but Musamus U is the big institution in town.

Destinations: Nature interactions. Beach. Papua New Guinea is 30 miles/50kms. Merauke is a sleepy town located on a river delta with broad flat beaches. All flights arrive and leave within 1 hour of each other, leaving the other 23 hours of the day quite isolated. Here, and the town of Ambon in the spice islands are about the 2 places you can fly into on commercial aircraft and still have a very very quiet existence. The great American novel can be written here.

First Impressions

ARRIVAL AT DESTINATION CITY

Individual travelers can expect to be greeted by your hosts and to have transportation to your accommodations. It can also be helpful to make a quick trip to the grocery and to learn when your hosts will pick you up again – gather cell tel and what’s app contact info for at least 2 people. Your hosts are HAPPY to see you, so ask for anything you need.

You’re likely to experience culture shock on arrival, and if you remain 3 weeks or more may experience reverse culture shock on your return. It’s a very real thing. Being sure to talk to other foreigners and locals and other socializing will be a good support to help you fight feelings of loneliness or anger. In talking to others AVOID saying ‘In America we…’ or ‘In Indonesia you…”. Both are large countries, and it’s likely an indigenous person in Alaska has more in common with someone in rural Papua than a New Yorker. Likewise, a New Yorker may have more in common with someone from Jakarta. Your frame of reference does not speak for the entire American Experience. Instead try, ‘I never tasted something like that before…’ or ‘How do you make it’ or ‘A surprise to me was…’ Non-judgmental ways of engaging others as you try to make sense of new experiences is something we all understand.

Jet lag solutions.

  • Try arriving in the evening. Wear an eye mask and ear plugs.
  • If that doesn’t work, try a dramamine (original drowsy formula) or an alcoholic drink. That will work to get you to sleep and using the mask and plugs should keep you asleep.
  • If you are exhausted mid-day and must sleep, set an alarm for 75 minutes maximum. When the alarm sounds take 5 mins to get up but do force yourself to get up.
  • Mild exercise like walking mid-day will also help.

Bathrooms

  • Expect a mix of ‘Asian’ squat or ‘Western’ sit style toilets (some flush, some don’t)
  • Expect a tank with water and scooper; fill the scooper & throw in the toilet to flush
  • There may also be a bucket or hose with turn-off valve instead of a tank/scoop
  • Expect wet floors and toilet seats and if it’s open air, mosquitoes.
  • Do not expect toilet paper; carry tissues with you to wipe off the seat and yourself
  • Expect the sink, soap, and towel (if there are any) to be outside the toilet area
  • Carry hand sanitizer wipes
  • Hotel and mall toilets will be sit style with soap and toilet paper

Sightseeing

  • Go where your hosts want to take you
  • Don’t hesitate to ask them to take you to particular places
  • Keep ‘small money’ in one pocket to give to workers providing helpful tasks. Eg: If it rains children will appear with umbrellas and assist you. You will also see a lot of begging, including women with small children who they sometimes rent from neighborhood families. In Java, some locals feel giving money to beggars encourages them in begging. Others feel it is important to be charitable to give money to beggars. In Bali, many Balinese are very against begging, say that it is against Balinese culture, and say that if you need a job you should go to see the King and he will give you a job (there are multiple Kings in Bali, and yes, they will give you a job). In the unlikely account you encounter an aggressive beggar, turn your empty pocket inside out and shrug.

WORK RELATED MEETINGS OR TEACHING A CLASS

At meetings:

  • Do NOT use your left hand to shakes hands. DO present business cards and gather their cards for future contacts.
  • Expect tea to be served. The meeting cannot end until you take 2 – 3 sips. When conversation seems finished thank your hosts so that they know to conclude the meeting. Don’t hug and kiss goodbye. The handshake is generally loose, unless you meet someone who has spent time overseas.
  • Conservative Muslim women will not touch a person of the opposite sex
  • Not everyone is Muslim
  • Allow time for prayer
  • On the way too or from meetings always CARRY CASH
  • On the way to or from meetings, no matter how irritated you get, such as at the airport, NEVER raise your voice. Yelling either elicits silence and inaction, or a very angry response.
  • If there is ‘naked disagreement’ where you feel you have been wronged, such as at the airport, state in a conversational tone all that you have done and your expectation, without blaming directly the person in front of you (such as an airline employee). Try smiling and asking for help. Saving face is important in Indonesia. A traveler recently paid $20 to change to an earlier flight and the agent chased the traveler hoping for an additional $100 payment, say something like ‘I paid the price you said, I have my boarding pass, I am not paying more, and I am going on this flight. It’s good to see you again. (smiling) Goodbye’

At Classrooms:

  • Expect an empty classroom with desks, a blackboard or whiteboard, and a marker or chalk. Hopefully the AC works. Everything else you either need to bring, buy, or request. Most classrooms will now have a projector.
  • Expect to have a shared office to use while on campus
  • Expect to be able to use computers/printers/email
  • Request the copying and equipment that you need
  • Expect your hosts to provide you with whatever you need; just ask and they will make it happen

KEY SCHOOL TERMS

Indonesian term                   US Term

34 Provinces                               50 States

Regency                                       County

TK                                                 PreK-K

SD                                                 Grades 1 – 6

SMP                                             Grades 7-9

SMA/SMK                                  Grades 10-12 Academic/Grades 10-12 Technology

D1, D2, D3                                  Community College Diploma, years 1 – 3

S1, S2, S3                                    Bachelors, Masters, PhD

Carrefour                                    Meijer

Guardian / Century                  CVS/Walgreens

Dunkin Donuts                         Dunkin Donuts

Pertamina                                  BP Gas

Indomart/Alphmart                7-11/UDF

A Bit of Advice

  • Settle into the time clock of the people and the culture; go to bed early, rise early
  • Take in the enormous diversity and beauty of the landscape, the people, their languages and ethnicities
  • Relish the warm hospitality and graciousness of the people
  • Smile at strangers and watch a smile break across their faces
  • Engage in small talk with all who want to practice their English
  • Say “America” when people ask you where you are from so they will understand
  • Laugh at yourself and joke with your colleagues; enjoy the Indonesians wonderful sense of humor
  • When you don’t know, ask, and don’t be afraid to ask why; why questions are the foundation upon which cross-cultural understanding rests

Precautions

  • Do not drink the tap water
  • Do not eat food from “kaki limas” (5-legged street carts, 2 legs belong to the vendor)
  • Lock car doors while in transit
  • Watch your purse and wallet as you would in any major city
  • Lock cash/valuables you don’t want to carry in the hotel or room safe
  • Stay out of bird markets
  • Be careful if visiting monkey forests; Some monkeys in some forests take things like glasses. Good luck getting them back.
  • Resist the temptation to pet dogs and cats to avoid animal and insect bites unless you know their owners
  • Use mosquito repellent day and night; carry some form of repellent with you at all times when you are away from the hotel
  • Expect to see cockroaches, mice, and rats

Greetings

Good morning = selamat pagi

Good day = selamat siang

Good afternoon = selamat sore

Good evening = selamat malam

Good bye = bye bye

See you later = sampai jumpa lagi

Have a good trip = selamat jalan

How are you = apa kabar?

Fine = baik, baik

Common Expressions

Thank you = terimakasih

No thank you = tidak mau

You’re welcome = sama-sama

I’m sorry = maaf

I’m late = saya terlambat

No = tidak

Yes = ya

Right = kanan

Turn right = belok kanan

Left = kiri

Straight ahead = lurus or terus

Good, very good = bagus, bagus sekali

It’s very delicious = enak sekali

It’s bad = jelek

It’s beautiful = cantik (used to describe something close)

The view is beautiful = panorama indah (used to describe a work of art or something far    away)

I am or me = saya

You or yours = kamu

I am very happy = saya senang sekali

I like it = saya suka

I want to go to the university = saya mau pergi ke universitas

Where is the toilet/bathroom/restroom? = dimana toilet?

My name is Tin Man.  I’m from the University of Os =  Nama saya Tin Man. Dari Universitas Os

Common Foods

Water = air, but a popular water is labeled ‘Aqua’ so you could use that word

Fried rice = nasi goreng

White rice = nasi putih

Fried noodles = mie goreng

Chicken soup = soto ayam

Chicken rice porridge = bubur ayam (great with coke if you’re sick, skip the egg)

Fried fish = ikan goreng

Fried shrimp = udang goreng

I want a cold Beer Bintang = Saya mau Beer Bintang dingin

One more coke, no ice = satu lagi coca-cola, tidak pakai es

Tea = teh

Coffee = kopi

Just coffee = hanya kopi/kopi saja/kopi tawar

No sugar = tidak pakai gula/tawar

No milk = tidak pakai susu

No meat: tanpa daging

Common Fruits

Orange = jeruk

Banana = pisang

Papaya = papaya

Mango = mangga

Jackfruit = nangka

Guava = jambu

Young coconut = kelapa muda

Pineapple = nanas

Lime = lemon

Salak = the skin is like a brown snake

Rambutan = the skin is reddish-yellow and has soft quills

Manggis = the skin is beige and smooth

Durian = the fruit is huge, the skin is yellow-green with sharp points (and sharp smells)

Numbers

One = satu

Two = dua

Three = tiga

Four = empat

Five = lima

Six = enam

Seven = tujuh

Eight = delapan

Nine = sembilan

Ten = sepuluh

Eleven = sebelas

Twelve = duabelas

Thirteen = tigabelas

Fourteen = empatbelas

Fifteen = limabelas

Sixteen = enambelas

Seventeen = tujuhbelas

Eighteen = delapanbelas

Nineteen = sembilanbelas

Twenty = duapuluh

Twenty one = duapuluh satu

Fifty = limapuluh

One hundred = seratus

Five hundred = lima ratus

One thousand = seribu

Five thousand = lima ribu

Ten thousand = sepuluh ribu

Twenty thousand = duapuluh ribu

Fifty thousand = limapuluh ribu

One hundred thousand = seratus ribu

One million = satu juta

Tipping in Indonesia

  • Sample Salaries: School teacher 3.5M IDR= $300/month; Junior faculty member 4.5M = $400 USD. College Dean 10M = $900 month. Shop worker = 1.5M = $100/month working 13 days/ 8 hours over 2 weeks. Hotel Bar Worker = 5M = $450/5 days/wk.
  • For easy conversions, 10,000 Rupiah = approximately $1 USD. Many places you will pay a million for a hotel room for one night. Think of it as $100 (actually about $77).
  • To keep things in perspective, 49 % of Indonesia’s population lives on less than $2 USD per day. Tips are really appreciated.
  • Hotel include a service charge; even if they do, it is nice to leave a tip for the waiter/waitress
  • 20,000 Rp is OK to leave on your hotel pillow every morning or give to someone who delivers food, laundry, or other things you requested to your room
  • 20,000 Rp is OK for someone who handles your baggage
  • A few extra Rp on top of the fare is OK for taxi drivers
  • Give your driver 10,000 – 20,000 Rp for lunch if you stop for lunch while he is driving you – ordinarily he will not eat with you – you can ask him, but expect him to decline
  • Reward the university driver with a tip when you are close to departure from a city. Judge the amount to give by how much the driver has been involved.  Think in terms of multiples of 10,000 Rp and 50,000 Rp.  If his work has been extensive, required several days, long distances, many trips, many stops, early mornings, late nights, think in multiples of 50,000 Rp.

Beverages and Use of Water

  • Load up on water to keep your system well-hydrated and toxins flushed out. Indonesia is on the equator.  Even if you don’t typically drink a lot of water, you need to do so here.
  • In better restaurants table water will be bottled. In street-side warung-style restaurants, buy a bottle of water. Even in the finest hotel, ice is from the tap. EITHER do not take ice OR do take an antibiotic.
  • Order Aqua and skip the ice whenever you are unsure; buy Aqua at a grocery store or warung (small shop or kiosk) to supplement the complimentary bottles (usually 2) provided by your hotel; leave 20,000 Rp on your pillow and tell the person making up your bed how many bottles you need
  • Coffee and tea offered by your hosts are OK to drink (don’t worry that the tea is tepid; the water has been boiled and allowed to cool)
  • Soft drinks, tea, coffee, juices (fresh and bottled or boxed) are all safe to drink
  • You can order beer, wine, or drinks in most hotels and beer in many restaurants. Beer Bintang, made locally, is good and less expensive than imports. Wine and spirits are imported, unless you are in Bali where rice wine is made.
  • Enjoy the fresh fruit and vegetable drinks that are widely available
  • Brush and rinse your teeth with Aqua; rinse your toothbrush in the tap water to rid it of toothpaste; then pour Aqua over your brush and let it air dry; alternate between two toothbrushes so they dry out thoroughly between brushings

Vegetarians will love Indonesia. Do not use the word ‘tidak’ (no) to say no meat. Instead say ‘Saya vegetarian’ or ‘Saya tidak makan daging’.

Spice- Most Indonesians love spice. Some eat habanero peppers like popcorn as a snack. Chilis and chili seasoning will be in a lot of things. If that’s not for you, get a local to help you find something less spicy.  There are a range of cuisines across the archipelago that you can explore.

Street Food- kaki limas (2wheeled, 1 legged carts with one worker) are everywhere.  Do not eat from them, but do feel free to order from them so you can participate in the show and then donate your purchase to someone in the neighbourhood.

Warungs, tent-like street-side restaurants vary in quality and specialty. Ask a local for a good recommendation.

Pork is not generally available outside Bali.

Silver ware – a spoon and fork. No knives. No chopsticks.

Meeting people

Dating and weddings are great ways to meet locals. Google ‘Dating in Asia’ or ‘Indonesian dating’ and you will find the usual kinds of www sites, some of which are free. Meeting in bars and night clubs is also an option. Weddings are often grand affairs taking 3 days in some places. Most are 1 day. Sometimes there are 2, one in the home town of the bride and one for the groom unless the couple are from the same town. Traditional weddings will close the entire neighbourhood as tent cities are constructed. A typical wedding could have 500 guests. Marriage equity has not reached Indonesia. Gay people report that sometimes it’s easier to bring a same sex partner back to their room than a different sex partner because of the hetero-normative assumption.

You may notice pilgrims at the airports, particularly around Haj. They will be in groups and dressed alike in traditional holy clothes.

If you’re a solo male traveler, expect less support from hosts. Expect people, primarily women, to want to have their picture taken with you. Foreign males are called ‘bule’, something like ‘gringo’ but not intended with any negative connotation. In bars and on streets in some areas you may attract attention from prostitutes – see below.

If you’re a solo female traveler, expect more support from hosts. Expect people to want to have their picture taken with you. Expect a lot of invitations for lunch and dinner.

If you’re an opposite sex unmarried couple, some travelers have reported difficulty in staying in the same room in rural area hotels. However the consensus is you have to be in a very rural area for that to occur.

If you’re a same sex opposite couple, expect no problems because of the hetero-normative assumption. It will be assumed you are friends sharing expenses.

If you’re a family, expect to be loved a lot. Indonesians love families and will happily make arrangements for child care and arranging family fun activities.

VICES

Snacks, candy, soda – widely available

Liquor – Beer Bintang widely available at less than the US price. Liquor and wine only in better restaurants/hotels at the US price. In medium sized cities a hotel will sometimes have a very small boutique style liquor store. Expect to pay 4 – 5 x more for wine/liquor bottles than you would in the US.

Smoking. Widely available. In larger cities expect 2 – 3 smoking floors in the hotel. In smaller cities expect only 1 -2 non smoking floors and expect that the non-smoking policy may not be observed.

Narcotics – Absolutely not. Sniffer dogs used. Possession of the smallest quantities are severely prosecuted. Larger quantities are eligible for the death penalty. Authorities prosecute foreigners more severely than Indonesians. In short, if you can’t go for a month without a joint, then you should not be going to Indonesia. Also note, historically the one exception to this policy was a couple of ‘magic mushroom’ soup boutiques in Bali. These were closed a few years ago. If someone says ‘wants some magic mushrooms, it’s legal in Bali’ say no it’s not any more and run away. It’s probably a cop.

Porn. Absolutely illegal, including that naked selfie on your phone. WWW sites are blocked by a crude government run filter which makes doing legitimate research on breast cancer or bikini fashions difficult. Download 1 – 2 VPNs (virtual private networks) from the app store and turn them on to get around government censorship.

Guns, mace – absolutely prohibited.

Prostitution / sex workers. In that this topic is of interest to educators working to support female empowerment and childhood safety, here are some helpful facts. You will also see news stories on TV related to these issues. Additionally male solo travelers can expect to be approached in some street areas and bars. On some Bali streets, workers can be aggressive and may grab you by the arm. Keep it light, smile and laugh, make a ‘windmill’ motion with your arm swinging it up and around and the worker will not be able to maintain her grasp on you.

Prostitution is illegal but widely practiced and comes in many forms. Gay prostitutes are mainly online but may also be in Jakarta and Bali gay bars. Male prostitutes for female customers are common in Bali in beach areas. You may also see them at clubs in other cities. Look for 1 – 2 younger guys with a somewhat older woman, usually Indonesian.

Female sex workers work online, in Jakarta brothels, in bars, and in local areas known as ‘lokalisasi’ where law enforcement is intentionally relaxed. Even the smallest town will have a lokalisasi area.

It’s estimated 20% of workers are trafficked. In Bali, the WHO reports 50% of workers are HIV+. On the other hand, families especially from rural low income and at-risk communities see their daughters working in the sex industry as a viable alternative to crushing poverty and use income to educate their children and build more permanent structures to replace housing that may be structurally unsafe. The lokalisasi policy is contested in that critics say the policy is not concurrent with a Muslim country, while proponents say anti-trafficking initiatives, NGOs and health educators can more easily be successful operating within a lokalisasi. Google ‘International Labor Organization Prostitution Semarang Yogyakarta’ and ‘Prostitution Indramayu’ to learn more.

 

International Travel

You will most likely enter Indonesia through the Jakarta (CGK) or Denpasar/Bali (DPS) airports. Sometimes open jaw tickets (eg flying in to CGK and out of DPS) is the same price as flying in and out of Jakarta and sometimes not so price shop. There are other international points of entry in smaller cities with service usually from Kuala Lumpur or Singapore. The CGK and DPS airports are described here. Remaining airports are described in the City Guide at the end.

Other ways to arrive in Indonesia are by ferry (especially Singapore-Batam) or land crossing (Near the border with Papua New Guinea or in Borneo). NOTE that Visa on Arrival service may not be available at some of the land/ferry crossings. Also, it may be difficult to leave Indonesia for a day visit to the adjacent country and return.

Denpasar, Bali Airport (DPS)

Newly built terminal. Interestingly the domestic terminal is much smaller than the international side so specify is you are ‘Internasional’ or ‘Domestik’. It used to be you had to negotiate a taxi rate to your hotel and there’s still negotiating tactics used by Bali taxi drivers so often a driver is arranged before arrival unless you are with a local. Ask usintec for help. Note that traffic in some tourist areas can be one way and extremely slow moving, so be sure to budget more time than you think for returning to the airport. Tourist information for Bali can be found below in the City Guide.

Travel time to hotels: Kuta/Legian/ Jimbaran 30mins, Seminyak/Denpasar City/Sanur/ Nusa Dua 45 mins, Ubud 90 mins, Singarajah 210 mins.

Jakarta (CGK) Airport

Note that 5% of domestic flights to Jakarta are served by Halim Airport (HLP) – a great alternative to CGK if you’re flying domestic because of its proximity to city center. See a description of this airport in the City Guide below.

Most visitors to Indonesia arrive through Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK), Jakarta, which has 3 terminals. The airport is named after the first President and VicePresident of Indonesia and is in the suburb of Cengkareng (that explains why the airport code is CGK) whose residents have disappeared after being swallowed by the airport. CGK is building all the time, so this description is subject to change.

All international flights (except Air Asia and Garuda) Arrive and depart from Terminal 2. Garuda Airlines flights (international and domestic) operate from NEW Terminal 3. Air Asia flights operate from OLD Terminal 3 (eventually the new will replace the old so at present there are two buildings with the same number). Tell taxi drivers your airline and destination to help direct the driver to the right drop off location. Therefore, after you receive your ticket, if you are on an international carrier (other than Air Asia) and you are connecting to a Garuda flight, you will transfer from T2 to T3New. If you are connecting to a different carrier, such as Batik, Merpati, Sriwijaya, Citilink, Lion, or Wings, mostly they operate out of Terminal 1, except for some Lion flights which operate out of T3 Old. Check your itinerary.

There is a shuttle bus between terminals that operates from around 05:30 to 24:00. If you arrive at another time, take a taxi. Some people take a taxi anyway to avoid waiting for the bus. The bus operates from curb side about every 20 minutes on the upper level / departures. It is a 3 minute drive between terminals but it is too far to walk and there are no sidewalks.

– Passengers arriving Terminal 2 will exit the plane, and as soon as they see the first signage will note the sign that reads ‘VOA’ (Visa On Arrival) in 1 foot high letters. If you are arriving as a tourist or are on a Study Abroad trip you do not need a visa so skip the VOA line and proceed directly to Immigration. If you are attending meetings you need a visa. At the first kiosk (it looks like one of those Bureau de Change money booths with the exchange rates listed) you will pay $35 USD for your Visa so bring US Cash.

– At the second kiosk located 2 meters away, is Indonesian Immigration. Here you present the boarding form given to you on the plane, and if you bought a visa you will present it. They will return to you your receipt. They rarely ask questions but may ask your length of stay and your purpose of visit. If you do not have a visa say ‘tourist’. If you have a visa, say you are attending meetings. Do not say anything to suggest you are employed or that ‘you are teaching’. You are not employed, will not be set up on salary, and do not have a government ID number all of which is required for employment. So, your status is that of tourist, friend, helper or meeting attendee.

IMPORTANT INFO RE 30 DAY LIMIT

Tourists cannot extend their stay beyond 30 days. If you have a VOA it is good for 30 days. If you arrive at 23:55 and leave 10 minutes later at 00:05 that counts as 2 days. There is the possibility that some people will have a stay exceeding 30 days which is not allowed under Indonesian immigration law. Therefore, on your entry form I recommend you enter under ‘Duration of Stay’ the number ’30’ or less. VOA holders can extend their stay one time for 30 days at the Immigration office prior to expiry of the first VOA. Some people have been known to fly to Singapore for the weekend and return rather than wait at the immigration office.

BAGGAGE

After completing immigration gather your bags from the belt – it’s up to you if you want a porter – it’s usually $1 – $2 a bag. Also, opposite the baggage belt you will find ATMs = here you can get some cash. All ATMs have an English option. The withdrawal limit is never more than 3.000.000 Indonesian Rupiah, usually less. Think of the red 100,000 notes as $10 (It’s actually worth more like $8). ATMs dispense 100,000 notes or 50,000 notes so look on the front of the machine and it will say what the atm dispenses – most people prefer a machine that dispenses 100,000 IDR notes.

When you left the USA you likely had a 50 lb (22.5 kgs) bag limit but when you r e-check on a domestic carrier the limit will be lower, usually 20 kgs or on Lion 15 kgs. Therefore, it is helpful to pack a bag that does not weigh more than 20 kgs to avoid excess baggage charges.

CUSTOMS

Exit the baggage hall through customs and turn in your customs form. Nothing to worry about here.

NEXT STEPS

For travellers going to the city of Jakarta, stop at a resto and ‘break’ your 100,000 IDR note by buying some Aqua or water. Taxi drivers NEVER carry change. Indonesians call smaller bills ‘small money’.

Then continue past the friendly but persistent people offering you a ride (tidak, pronounced Tee-DOK, means ‘no’) and take only one of two taxi services: the economical Blue Bird or the upscale Silver Bird. Ask for those taxis by name, settle for nothing less, and look for the clearly marked cars about 100 meters to the left of international arrivals. After entering, its helpful to have your destination written down, and to have the telephone number so the driver can call if he is not certain. Taxi meters are a function of distance and time, so when traffic is stopped the meter is running. Fastest and cheapest ride to city center (30 minutes) in Blue Bird is about 130,000. Most expensive ride in heavy traffic (90 minutes) in Silver Bird is about 320,000. Worst ride in Silver Bird, at 6PM during Ramadan in the rain during wet season (think flooding – 3 hours) and 500.000. If there is a long line for Blue Bird consider taking the more expensive Silver Bird which will likely have a shorter line. Departing the airport on just arriving in Indonesia is the time you are most vulnerable. Your phone is probably not working, you’re exhausted, and everything is new. Do these 2 things:

  1. Have the destination written, including the telephone number and maybe a small sketch type map (not every taxi driver can read). Also have the number of a local contact. Have the dispatcher tell the driver where to go. Have small money to cover the taxi bill. BE CERTAIN the driver turns on the meter. If he does not, point to the meter and say ‘meter’. Do not travel more than 50 feet without the meter being turned on. If it is not say stop, or open the door.
  2. If the driver seems lost look for a large hotel – something that will be open 24 hours. Then point to it and say the name of the hotel. Pay the driver and get your bags. Once you go to a hotel, even the wrong one, you can find a hotel clerk who can get a new driver for you and give the right directions.

Generally, taxis in Indonesia are cheap cheap = a 20 minute ride may be only $3 – $4.

In terminal 2 near Departures Door D is the newly renovated Jakarta Airport Hotel  and on the Airport grounds but requiring a taxi are the Ibis, SwissBell and Orchardz Hotel and the Sheraton Bandara (bandara = airport) hotel. Agoda.com is a helpful hotel booking site.

For Connecting travellers, use the lift to go to the Departures level and take the shuttle bus to the other terminal, or re-enter terminal 2. Security will require you to show your itinerary and have bags screened to get into the airport, and again at the gate.

1 week before departure

Call your bank and place a travel advisory on any card to be used overseas. Take 2 credit cards in case 1 does not work. Place the cards in different bags.

Obtain full contact information for those meeting you. Consider avoiding an airport pickup and meeting at the hotel – this will give you better flexibility.

Packing clothes

  • Expect hot and humid 24 hours a day except at higher elevations
  • Breathable fabrics work best (cotton, silk); avoid nylon unless you want to feel like you have wrapped a plastic bag around your body
  • Do not expect much rain (except in rainy season, November – March)
  • Don’t take a raincoat – it is too hot
  • For males, you won’t need more than one suit coat or jacket; you can buy and wear a long-sleeve batik shirt (formal wear in Indonesia) to events or meetings with important persons
  • For females, you can wear pants, skirts, dresses, long sleeves, short sleeves, or sleeveless as long as what you wear is modest. Carry a light sweater or jacket to cover your arms in situations where you feel it appropriate or where you encounter mosquitoes.
  • It is acceptable to wear shorts if you are exercising, engaged in sports, or in a tourist area; otherwise leave them in your room
  • Hotel wear is flexible – you will see everything