Extension News Highlights Oct 19

Be Prepared for Combine Fires during Harvest Season | Agronomic Crops Network 

Gibberella Ear Rots Showing up in Corn: How to Tell It Apart from Other Ear Rots | Agronomic Crops Network 

Tar Spot Showing up Again in 2020 | Agronomic Crops Network 

Knowing What You Are Feeding: HAY SAMPLING 101 | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter 

Nutrition for Lambing | OSU Sheep Team 

Best Practice Sheep Handling | OSU Sheep Team 

Ohio Corn, Soybean and Wheat Enterprise Budgets – Projected Returns for 2021 | Farm Office 

Study at Penn State to Examine Potential for Birds to Eat Spotted Lanternfly | BYGL 

Fall 2020 Webinar Series on Invasives, Emerald Ash Borer University – The Green Tree Killing Insect and More! | BYGL

Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2020

Farming is a complex business and many Ohio farmers utilize outside assistance for specific farm-related work. This option is appealing for tasks requiring specialized equipment or technical expertise. Often, having someone else with specialized tools perform a task is more cost effective and saves time. Farm work completed by others is called “custom farm work” or more simply, “custom work.” A “custom rate” is the amount agreed upon by both parties to be paid by the custom work customer to the custom work provider.

This publication reports custom rates based on a statewide survey of 377 farmers, custom operators, farm managers, and landowners conducted in 2020. These rates, except where noted, include the implement and tractor if required, all variable machinery costs such as fuel, oil, lube, twine, etc., and the labor for the operation.

(Source: Custom Rates and Machinery Costs, https://farmoffice.osu.edu/farm-mgt-tools/custom-rates-and-machinery-costs, accessed on Oct. 5, 2020)

Link to ‘Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2020’

Link to OSU Custom Rates and Machinery Costs Website

Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio Forests: Ailanthus

This is yet another activity to add to your fall management and clean up activities: work on eliminating those tree-of-heaven infestations.  To understand your options, we have a great resource available here: Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio Forests: Ailanthus

Ailanthus (Ailanthus altissima), also known as tree-of-heaven, is a moderate sized (60 to 80 feet in height), deciduous tree first introduced into the United States from Asia in the late 1700s for use as an urban landscape tree and in strip mine reclamation in the Eastern United States. In many ways ailanthus is an ideal invasive—it grows rapidly (sprouts can attain a height of 6 to 12 feet the first year and grow 3 feet or more per year), is a prolific seeder, a persistent stump and root sprouter, and an aggressive competitor that thrives in full sunlight. It also produces an allelopathic compound that suppresses the growth of many native woody and herbaceous species. It will grow in relatively infertile, shallow soils of varying pH, and is highly tolerant of poor air quality.

Fall Weed Control

The best time of year to manage biennial and perennial weeds is in the fall.  Hemp dogbane, ailanthus, poison hemlock are just the tip of the iceberg on the list of weeds effectively controlled now.  If you need a refresher, or need to dive in to start learning, here are some resources to get you started in the right direction:

Plants of Concern to Livestock in Summer | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter  

Biennial and Perennial Weed Control is Best in the Fall | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter 

Get After the Weeds Yet This Fall | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter 

Pasture and Forage Weed Control; Mow or Spray? | Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter 

Scout now for cressleaf groundsel in hayfields, or pay the price in May | Agronomic Crops Network

2020 Ohio Weed Control Guide (PDF)

2020 Ohio Weed Control Guide (Bound Book)