Wet Weather then a Planting Window

By:  Jim Noel

April was a challenging month. It was a cold month with most of Ohio -1F to -3F below normal for temperatures. We saw late freezes and snow events. Because of the cold, precipitation was generally around or slightly below normal in the 60-120% of normal range. However, with limited evaporation and evapotranspiration, soils did not dry much.

Looking forward, May will start off challenging but improvements are forecasted. The first week of May will see a wetter period across Ohio with temperatures generally below normal. Rainfall will range from just under an inch to over 2 inches in places. As we move into the middle and end of May, expect a pattern change to warmer and drier than normal which should open the rapid window for planting. Continue reading

Chilly Damp April Expected

By:  Jim Noel

Rainfall for the next two weeks, about 1.5-2.5 inches wetter than normal.

It looks like planting season will be a bit more challenging this spring than 2021 was. There is no sign of La Nina leaving us anytime soon which tends to stress crop yields in Ohio from research between NOAA and OSU.

Another overall chilly week is in store for Ohio with periods of light precipitation.  The good news is the week of April 10th we will experience warmer weather but rain chances will continue. The bad news is below normal temperatures will return again the week of April 17th. Continue reading

Ohio Spring 2022 Outlook

By:  Aaron Wilson

Are you ready for Spring 2022? In this video we review the weather of fall 2021 and winter 2022, assess the current conditions, and provide the latest outlooks for spring and summer 2022.

October Harvest Weather Looks Good

By:  Jim Noel

After a brief period of wetness to start October, harvest season looks pretty good.

October temperatures will be well above normal. Rainfall will average close to normal after the brief wetter period this week.


The result will be that the first freeze date will likely be later than normal from October into early November. Continue reading

Hazy Days…How Does Light Influence Corn and Soybean?

By:  Alex Lindsey, Laura Lindsey, and Aaron Wilson

Quite often this summer, our skies have been filled with smoke from western wildfires. Strong, dominant high pressure has focused record-breaking heat in the west while here across the Midwest, westerly to northwesterly flow has funneled that smoke our direction (See Figure 1 for current active fires, air quality, and smoke plume across the U.S.). Typically, this smoke remains at high altitude, resulting in hazy sunshine. What impact can this filtered sunshine have on crop production? Continue reading

Challenges Ahead

By:  Jim Noel

There are challenges ahead so we will break them into short-term and long-term.


The recent snow was a rare event for the amount that fell across Ohio. However, the minimum temperatures in the 20s and 30s was not that far off of normal for last freeze conditions for Ohio. Continue reading

Will Forage Stands Be Damaged by Predicted Freezes?

By:  Mark Sulc

Figure 1. Alfalfa stem wilting caused by freezing.

Figure 1. Alfalfa stem wilting caused by freezing.

The weather forecast this week is indeed concerning for forage stands in general and especially for alfalfa and red clover. The low night temperatures in the forecast may potentially cause severe frost injury to both annual forage crops (e.g. winter rye and winter triticale) and perennials forages. Continue reading

Should you Expect any Freeze Damage to Winter Wheat? Most likely, no.

By:  Laura Lindsey and Alex Lindsey

The incoming cold temperatures are not likely to impact winter wheat. The magnitude of freeze damage depends on: 1) temperature, 2) duration of temperature, and 3) wheat growth stage.

Prior to the Feekes 6 growth stage, the growing point of wheat is below the soil surface, protected from freezing temperatures. Most of the wheat in Ohio is at the Feekes 4 (beginning of erect growth) or Feekes 5 (leaf sheaths strongly erect) growth stage and should be unaffected by the incoming cold temperatures, predicted to be mid- to low 20s on Wednesday and Thursday. Continue reading