Watch Vomitoxin Levels in Feed

By:  Erika Lyon, Agriculture & Natural Resources Educator, Ohio State University Extension

Reports from the field suggest that vomitoxin may be higher near tree lines around the perimeter of corn fields. Figure 1. Gibberella ear rot. Photo by the Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Bugwood.org

High vomitoxin levels are leading to the rejection of some corn at grain elevators this year. Vomitoxin detected in corn so far is enough that at some elevators, trucks are not permitted to leave scales until a vomitoxin quick test is completed. One central Ohio elevator has been rejecting corn at 5 ppm, with estimates of 10% of corn being rejected this season. The average level of vomitoxin in corn passing through central Ohio elevators is estimated at 2 ppm. What exactly does this mean for livestock owners who use this corn as a source of feed? Continue reading

Form 1099-NEC now used to Report Nonemployee Compensation

By: David L. Marrison, OSU Extension Educator

2020 has been a year of change and this holds true for tax management. Farm and agribusiness managers will need to be aware that significant changes have been instituted with regards to reporting nonemployee compensation. The goal of this article is to share details on the return of IRS Form 1099-NEC and how it should be used instead of the IRS Form 1099-MISC when reporting compensation for nonemployees. Continue reading

Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2

CFAP 1 Participants Encouraged to Apply for Additional Assistance

Signup for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program 2 (CFAP 2) began on Sept. 21, 2020 and will continue through Dec. 11, 2020. CFAP 2 provides eligible producers with direct financial assistance due to market disruptions and associated costs because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Check out a brief video about the program. Continue reading

Farm Women are Decision Makers – Annie’s Project Prepares Them Well

Farm and ranch women are generating a cultural tide in American agriculture that is moving management, assets, and opportunities to a new wave of farmers across the country. At Annie’s Project courses, farm women become empowered to be better business partners or sole operators through networks and by managing and organizing critical information. Continue reading

Winter Garden Prep – “An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure”

By:  Stephanie Karhoff

Lower your chances of disease and pests next spring by taking these three steps this fall:

  1. Removed diseased plants and weeds from garden. Clean up your garden and remove any weeds or diseased plants that can provide refuge to overwintering pathogens or insect eggs that can cause havoc on your garden next spring. Consider leaving a strip of perennials or flowers for beneficial insects to make a home in this winter. Rather than leaving your garden completely bare, you can apply a layer of compost, straw mulch, or plant a winter hardy cover crop like cereal rye or wheat.

Remove and discard weeds and diseased plants from your garden. S. Karhoff, personal photo.

  1. Record a map of your garden. While your memory is still fresh, create a map of your garden from this growing season. By doing so, you will be able to avoid planting annuals of the same family in the same location next year. Rotating your vegetable crops will help reduce insect and disease pressure. Also take note of any disease or insects observed this past season, so you can select resistant varieties next spring if possible.

Continue reading

Track Cover Crop Species through the Winter

By:  Amanda Douridas, Jason Hartschuh, CCA, Elizabeth Hawkins, Mary Griffith

This summer we planted a variety of cover crops in the AgCrops Plots at Farm Science Review. We took some video before the killing frost a few weeks ago. Listen in as we discuss the species and benefits in this short video. Check back throughout the winter as we monitor how each species breaks down or survives until planting next spring. View a number of resources on species selection and management at http://go.osu.edu/covers.

Engenia, XtendiMax Labels Reapproved

By:  Mark Loux

The USEPA recently reapproved use of Engenia and XtendiMax on Xtend and XtendiFlex soybeans, with modifications to address concerns about off-target movement.  Summary of current situation follows:

– While the previous labels for these products listed all of the typical uses of dicamba that are found on most dicamba labels aside from soybeans, these two products are now approved for use only on dicamba-resistant soybeans – Xtend and XtendiFlex.

– Can be applied preplant, preemergence, or postemergence:  XtendiMax – up to R1 stage or no later than June 30, whichever occurs first; Engenia – no later than June 30.  Emerged broadleaf weeds should be less than 4 inches in size. Continue reading

Winter is around the corner; are you ready?

By:  Victor Shelton, NRCS State Agronomist/Grazing Specialist

Winter is around the corner; are you ready? Photo by Chris Hollen

The rains are finally replenishing reserves in most areas. Though a bit late for some things, it is still a boost for forages that have been stockpiled and they have leaped in compensatory growth! Ideally, this stockpile is best used after it goes dormant in order to not slow next spring’s growth. Dormancy often requires several nights in a row at 25 degrees or lower. That type of weather isn’t far away. Once dormant, the forage can be grazed with less harm to the plant’s energy reserves. When it is grazed, it can be taken down a bit closer than normal but leaving good residual. That good stop grazing height will slow runoff over winter, reduce any erosion and help springboard growth next season. If you open up the sod too much in early winter, you also possibly open the site up for more weeds too. Continue reading

Three Part Webinar Series to Help Ohio Dairy Producers Mitigate Price and Income Risk

Dairy producers in Ohio and across the country have faced a turbulent year for milk prices, input costs, and income.

Like other commodities, dairy product supply chains were stressed during the initial stages of the global Coronavirus pandemic. Milk prices have improved since the lows of April and May, but price and income risk remain major concerns of producers. Organizers from The Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences in partnership with the Ohio Dairy Producer’s Association are hosting a free three-part webinar series November 5, 17, and 24 from noon to 1:00 p.m. EST. to prepare producers to mitigate these risks. Continue reading