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Final Project

Postcard

Below is the final product of the final project I chose, the postcard. In High School I went to the Bahamas and I wish I could go back so I decided to make a postcard which uses only images I took while I was in the Bahamas. It was an amazing time and I hope I can go back someday!

Screenshots of Workspace

Freckles and Tattoos Extra Credit

For the Freckles and Tattoos girl we did in class, I decided to change her hair color to a dark brown/red and her eye color to a brighter blue. Changing the girls hair color was the most difficult part of this extra credit. I started off by duplicating the original layer. Then I unsaturated and colorized the whole layer to a dark red color. After that, I added a black transparent layer mask on the colorized layer and began to tediously use a white brush and go over all of her hair, being careful only to get her hair, and not other parts of the image. It was difficult trying to make it so it did not look like her hair was painted on. Then, to make it look more realistic, I chose to use the multiply blend mode, and then lowered the opacity to about 80%. In order to figure all this out, I watched a YouTube video on how to change hair color. It was a relatively simple process but it was still pretty tedious.

My next task was changing the eye color. This was a much easier task, especially since I used the exact same steps as in changing the hair color. Duplicate the layer, colorize, and use a white brush to color in the eyes. On this layer I also used a blend mode, overlay, and I reduced the opacity to about 40% to make it look realistic. These edits were not very difficult to explore on my own, and it was kind of fun trying to figure it out by myself. I plan to keep these techniques in mind because it made changing the color of different parts of the image very simple. I would say I am just as likely to remember these edits by learning them myself or being taught in class. It wasn’t a very difficult process and I really enjoyed doing it!

 

Dream Journal

The image below describes an end of the world type dream that I had one night while sleeping. The dream started with me peacefully sailing through the ocean on a calm, sunny day with the wind blowing steady. One of my favorite things to do on the ocean is to go fishing, so naturally, in my dream, I went into the cabin of the sailboat and pulled out my favorite fishing pole. I went back above deck and looked at the crystal-clear blue water and began to cast. I have always wanted to go deep sea fishing and catch a monster fish, and in my dream it happened. After a few seconds of waiting, I saw the end of my rod bend completely over the side of my sailboat. I started to reel it in frantically, and after a few minutes of horsing it in, the huge fish came to the surface of the water. Just as I was about to pull it into the boat to admire its beauty, the line broke and the fish swam away swiftly. I peered over the edge into the water, staring in disbelief. While looking down at the water, I suddenly noticed swarms of fish racing everywhere below my boat and I had a bad feeling about what they were running from.

For a short minute, I stared into the water, shocked at the enormous number of fish swimming below me. Then, I noticed my boat started to move in the opposite direction that the fish were swimming, so I looked back that direction and saw a 300-foot wave coming right toward me. In the blink of an eye, I whipped my sailboat around and started to sail away from the wave. The ocean turned into a valley of a mountain range that was flooded with water and I was sailing as fast as I could. I came up on a bridge and was worried about my sailboat’s masts making it under the bridge. As I went under the bridge, the tip of my masts barely nicked the bottom of the bridge, but I made it under safely. I looked back and the wave was now coming full force over the bridge. As I kept pushing forward, I felt the wind start to pick up and I looked up just as my sails were ripped off their masts. I looked around to see where all the wind was coming from and I noticed there was a huge tornado coming at me from my left. While watching my sails drift away in the wind, I felt the Earth shake and saw a volcano erupt out of the mountain next to me. At this point I was stuck in the water with no sails to catch the wind and move me away from the tsunami that was chasing me. Just as the tsunami was about to crash upon my stranded sailboat, I heard lightning strike in the distance, and I awoke from my dream.

The dream was a crazy dream that combined many things that I like into a combination of hectic events. I love fishing and I think storms and natural disasters are very interesting, and I think my brain threw them together in a stressful manner to visually describe the stress in my life. The dream was cool and I enjoyed creating the image to help describe it to anyone that is interested.

 

Screenshots

I started with the tornado background to set the gloomy mood for the rest of the image. I really liked the sky in this picture which is part of the reason I picked it. I used the picture of mountain and bridge (below) to help adjust where I wanted the tornado to be. I liked the idea of it being right at the end of the bridge, giving the picture a focal point.

The bridge was the main focus of the image. It is where the water will come crashing over to look like a tsunami.

Here is where I started to figure out how I wanted the wave to look. I had to use the warp, skew, and perspective tools in order to make the wave parallel with the bridge so it would help make it look more realistic.

The next struggle was trying to figure out how to get the water to look like it was both behind and in front of the bridge, as to make it look like a wave was crashing over. In order to accomplish this, I had to use the select and mask tool to cut out the whole bridge, make a copy of it, and put it directly on top of the bridge in the image behind it. This way I could make the water look like it was behind the bridge.

Now, in order to get the look of the wave coming over top of the bridge, I had to again use the select and mask tool, and cut out the cresting part of the wave image.

The problem with the wave was that it looked unrealistic because there was nothing behind it to give it depth. In order to fix this issue, I added in a part of the mountain behind the wave which gave the wave the appearance of being in the foreground of the picture.

Now that the wave was pretty much done, I decided it was time to put water under the bridge. I found an image of a river flowing and the water colors happened to match the wave pretty well so it was a great find.  I added that layer in under the bridge cutout to give it the look of the bridge being in the water. I also used the paint brush on the layer mask of the water and raised the water level up on the bridge so it was consistent with the surroundings.

After adding in the water, I noticed that the wave did not quite look like it was cresting over the bridge. I decided that I should add some motion to the under side of the wave behind the bridge to help trick the eye into thinking the water is rising back there to make it look like the wave is cresting over the bridge.

After getting tsunami completed, it was time to add in the erupting volcano. I moved the volcano around until I found that it overlapped the tornado just enough so that it did not look like the two natural disasters were occupying the exact same space. Volcano image from (http://pngimg.com/uploads/volcano/volcano_PNG47.png).

The volcano was a little bit too bright in the picture so I applied a filter and lowered the brightness a bit so it blended in with the brightness of the rest of the picture.

After getting all the natural disasters the way I imagined them, it was time to add in the trusty sailboat. I wanted to make sure the sailboat was going away from the wave and I wanted it to look like it had just come under the bridge so I moved it around until it was perfect. This sailboat happened not to have sails in the original image so it worked perfectly with my story.

At this point, I was wrapping up the image and the wave still did not look quite right. I noticed in the original image there was some water spray that came off the top of the wave and that is exactly what my wave was missing. I used a white brush on low opacity and hardness. I put it in dissolve mode and took a medium sized brush across the top of the wave to give it that spray-type look.

Finally, to bring all the elements together, I applied a brightness/contrast filter and lowered the brightness of the whole image to give it that gloomy, stormy, end of the world feel.

Week 7 Assignment

I selected a 3D printed boat as the object to represent myself. I chose this item because I love going boating, fishing, skiing, and everything about the outdoors, especially water sports and summer time. Also, the boat is 3D printed which adds to the representation of myself because I am a computer science and engineering major and I love technology. I think being able to 3D print anything you want is the coolest thing ever and I have always wanted to own a 3D printer. Technology and the outdoors is what describes myself and I think this 3D printed boat is a perfect representation.

Andy Warhol was exploring the idea of using everyday objects and his art to send messages to everyone around him. His artwork makes people think about the things they use everyday and the meaning those items have in your life. I think his ideas on popular culture do have merit because to this day people still look at his art and it gets people thinking about the messages he was trying to convey and his art form gave a whole new meaning to pop culture and really glorified whatever object was the focus of his artwork.

Some people might connect with my item more than others. I think people that enjoy the outdoors like I do will especially connect with it because in my opinion it reminds me of all the times I’ve spent on a boat with family and friends and it takes me back to how much fun I had in those times. I think anyone who has had similar experiences will be reminded by my artwork.

Andy Warhol used the silkscreen process to help automate his work and make artwork faster and more of it. I am kind of following his tradition by using technology to automate my process. Photoshop has allowed me to easily recreate his artwork and I would be able to mass produce it in different ways with a few clicks of the mouse. Access to Photoshop makes it much easier to create images and portray my ideas through those images.

Week 6 Assignment

Elements of Art

Line

A point moving in space.

Shape

A flat, 2D object.

Color

The combination of hue, value, and intensity.

Value

The brightness or darkness of a color.

Form

A 3D object with volume.

Texture

The way something looks like it might feel.

Space

All aspects of an image, including the object itself and all the area surrounding it.

 

Principles of Design

Balance

An image and its elements that are in an equilibrium state.

Contrast

Separation of differences between elements in the imgae.

Emphasis

Part of an image that stands out from the rest of the image.

Movement

Makes the viewers eyes move around the image.

Pattern

A design that repeats itself.

Proportion

The relationship of the size between elements.

Alignment

Elements that line up in an image.

Unity

All the elements in the image fit together as a whole.

 

Week 4 Assignment

Blend Modes

There are six blend mode categories in Photoshop: Normal, Lighten, Darken, Contrast, Inversion, and Component. I will give an example of what each blend mode in each category looks like as a well explain what each blend mode does. The base image and the image that is layered on top of the base are shown below. I chose a black and white gradient layer on top because I thought it would give the best representation of all the blend modes.

 

Normal Blend Modes

The blend modes in this category do not directly blend pixels together. The opacity slider can help give the pixels a blended look when using blend modes from this category.

Normal

The normal blend mode is the default blend mode for all layers. Pixels from the blend layer on top will cover up other layers’ pixels with no direct blending affect. Opacity can be changed for a stronger blend on this blend mode.

Dissolve

The dissolve blend mode is like the normal blend mode where pixels from the blend layer on top will cover up the pixels on the layers below, but only random pixels will be covered to give it a noisy look.

 

Darken Blend Modes

The blend modes in this category do what you’d expect, they darken the pixels. Any pixel in the blend layer that is white will disappear and any other pixel in the blend layer will darken the base layer below it.

Darken

The darken blend mode looks at the different RGB channels individually in the base layer and the blend layer and it comes up a final blend to select whichever pixel is darker to stay. If the pixel colors are the same, there is no change.

Multiply

The multiply blend mode multiplies the color information of the base layer and blend layer together, which always produces a darker color. Multiplying by white does nothing and multiplying by black makes black.

Color Burn

The color burn blend mode gives darker colors than the multiply blend mode. This happens because it looks at the colors in the base layer and blend layer and increases the contrast between the two layers, which also gives the image higher saturation.

Linear Burn

The linear burn blend mode also gives darker colors than the multiply blend mode. The linear burn blend mode decreases the brightness between the blend layer and the base layer, which gives less saturation than color burn, but the most contrast between dark colors than any blend mode in this category.

Darker Color

The darker color blend mode does almost the same thing as the darken blend mode, but it instead looks at a composite of all the RGB channels to decided which pixels are darker between the base layer and blend layer. The darker color blend mode still only picks the darker colored pixel to stay.

 

Lighten Blend Modes

The blend modes in this family do the opposite of the blend modes in the darken blend modes family. Any pixel in the blend layer that is black will become invisible and any other pixel in the blend layer will lighten the pixels in the base layer below it.

Lighten

Like the darken blend mode, the lighten blend mode looks at the RGB channels of the image separately to determine which of the pixels between the blend layer and base layer are the lightest and it keeps those.

Screen

The screen blend mode multiplies the inverses of the color channels of the blend layer and the base layer together. The result is always a lighter color.

Color Dodge

The color dodge blend mode produces a brighter product than the screen blend mode. This is due to the fact that the color dodge blend mode decreases contrast between the blend layer and base layer which results in saturated mid-tones.

Linear Dodge

The linear dodge blend mode also produces a brighter effect than the screen blend mode. This happens because linear dodge blend mode increases brightness between the blend layer and the base layer.

Lighter Color

The lighter color blend mode does almost the same thing as the lighten blend mode. It also looks at the blend layer and base layer and keeps the brightest colors from each, but it instead uses a composite of all the RGB channels to make its decisions.

 

Contrast Blend Modes

The blend modes in the contrast blend modes family combine a mix between the lighten blend modes and darken blend modes. Photoshop determines which blend modes to use based on colors. If the colors are darker than 50% gray, a darken blend mode is used, if the colors are lighter than 50% gray, a lighten blend mode is used.

Overlay

The overlay blend mode uses the screen blend mode on colors lighter than 50% gray, and the multiply blend mode on colors darker than 50% gray, and colors that match 50% gray become invisible. Photoshop uses colors from the base layer to make its decision on which blend mode to use.

Soft Light

The soft light blend mode is similar to the overlay blend mode. It also looks at the color values and uses a lighten or darken blend mode, but it has less strength. It is essentially a softer version of the overlay blend mode.

Hard Light

The hard light blend mode is similar to the overlay blend mode. The difference is that the hard light blend mode chooses to use the multiply blend mode or screen blend mode based on the colors in the blend layer instead of the base layer. The hard light blend mode tends to have a quite harsh affect.

Vivid Light

The vivid light blend mode burns or dodges colors by increasing or decreasing contrast, depending on the blend colors. Colors darker than 50% gray are darkened and colors lighter than 50% gray are lightened.

Linear Light

The linear light blend mode burns or dodges colors by increasing or decreasing brightness, depending on the blend colors. Colors darker than 50% gray are darkened and colors lighter than 50% gray are lightened.

Pin Light

The pin light blend mode uses darken blend modes and lighten blend modes at the same time, depending on the blend color.

Hard Mix

The hard mix blend mode adds the RGB channel values of the blend colors to the RGB channel values of the base colors. The resulting image can only have one of the eight following colors in it: red, green, blue, cyan, magenta, yellow, black, white.

 

Inversion Blend Modes

The blend modes in this family compares the colors of the blend layer to the base layer and looks for variations between the two to create the blends.

Difference

The difference blend mode looks at the brightness’s of the colors in the blend layer and base layer, and subtracts the colors from the other, depending on the brightness. Blending with white inverts the colors and blending with black gives no change.

Exclusion

The exclusion blend mode does essentially the same as the difference blend mode, however there is less contrast and blending with 50% gray produces 50% gray.

Subtract

The subtract blend mode looks at the colors in each layer and subtracts the color information in the blend layer from the color information in the base layer. As the blend layer gets whiter, the resulting image gets darker, and blending with black has almost no change.

Divide

The divide blend mode looks at the colors in each layer and divides the color information in the blend layer from the color information in the base layer. The divide blend mode does the opposite of the subtract blend mode. As the blend layer gets whiter, the resulting image gets brighter, and blending with white has almost no change.

 

Component Blend Modes

The blend modes in this family use a combination of the Hues, Saturations, and Brightnesses of the base and blend layer to create the blend.

Hue

The hue blend mode combines the hue of the blend layer with the values of the brightness and saturation of the base layer.

 

Saturation

The saturation blend mode combines the saturation values of the blend layer with the brightness and hue of the base layer. A black and white blend layer has no saturation so the result is a grayscale image.

 

Color

The color blend mode combines the brightness values of the base layer with the saturation and hue of the blend layer. Gray levels in the image are preserved which makes this good for coloring monochromatic images.

 

Luminosity

The luminosity blend mode combines the brightness values of the blend layer with the saturation and hue of the base layer.

 

Week 3 Assignment

Tiny World Image

I do not believe location is limited to geography. I think wherever you are in the world, mentally and physically, is considered you’re location. I relate to the space in my picture because it is a picture I took when I went to the Bahamas in High School. I took that picture on a beach front when I went there and every time I look at that picture it brings back all the memories from that trip. In my opinion, I believe it evokes a feeling of happiness looking at that picture. The colors of that sunrise that glows around the “tiny world” gives a warm happy feeling upon every glance.

I feel like I am very connected with the space I occupy, in this picture as well as in life. In the picture I obviously feel connected with the space because I was there and stood right upon that same spot that I am standing in the picture. Also, in life I feel that I cam connected with my surroundings. I feel like I am reflected as a happy and warm person because of the space in this image. Because the space gives off that feeling, I feel it is reflected on to my being, especially with that lens glare coming across my body.

My creation process for this image was not very intensive. The most difficult part was getting the shadow to look decent enough in the image. I didn’t have any other shadows in the picture to base my shadow off of so it made it more difficult to find the right place for it to be.

Week 2 Assignment Pt. 2

I first started by removing the freckles from the girl’s face. I used the spot healing brush mostly, because I did not want to make her skin look weird by using the patch or content aware tool. Removing the freckles was a very tedious process because there was a lot of freckles and I wanted to remove as many as I could. It got to the point where I realized her skin was kind of blotchy but as I hid/unhid the layer, I realized the work that I removed more freckles than I thought and it looked good!

The next mountain to climb was removing the tattoos. This was by far the hardest thing I have done in photoshop. It was very difficult because unlike the freckles, you can not just use the spot healing brush on the tattoos. I used a combination of the patch tool and the content aware tool to move skin from one place to another which made the skin look very weird. Also, sometimes it would make the skin fragments discolored and it blended with the tattoo which made it look like she had huge bruises. The hardest tattoo to remove was the one around her collarbone. It was hard trying to keep the shape of her collarbone in the picture as well as keeping the lighting correct. I do not plan on trying to remove tattoos from anyone’s body anymore as it drove me crazy trying to get it to look perfect.

Cutting her out of the old background and putting her in a new one was not a difficult task. I have done many things similar to this in photoshop so I was aware of different ways to accomplish this. The hardest part was finding an indoor setting that I felt fit the image correctly.