Social scientific knowledge is important to both John Dewey and Lenin for achieving democracy in the fullest sense. Lenin and Dewey generally agree on the social ends they are trying to achieve however they disagree on the role of sincere communication of social scientific knowledge in achieving democratic ends because of their conflicting understandings of the role of the people or mass in politics. Dewey argues that the public is vital to the full understanding of social inquiry because knowledge requires communication for it to be fully known and effect political change. Conversely Lenin argues that the sincere communication of social inquiry to the masses for political change is not possible because of the spontaneous tendencies of the masses. This disagreement is fundamentally based on different understandings of the people and the nature of social inquiry as Lenin and Dewey examine the best methods for achieving democratic ends.