We still have some time to grow and harvest. Find out what is happening right NOW in the community garden in two quick minutes.
Farm Science Review is back! OSU’s Farm Office Team will be there, and we’ll broadcast the next Farm Office Live from our farm office at the Review. We can’t promise we’ll be able to ignore biscuits and gravy, pork tenderloins, Bahama mamas, or milkshakes during Farm Office Live, but we can promise you updates on recent developments in the world of farm management and agricultural law.
The broadcast will be on Thursday, September 23 beginning at 10 a.m. Here’s what’s on the agenda:
- Carbon market programs and carbon agreements
- Legislative update
- 2022 crop budgets
- 2020 Farm Business Analysis program results from crop farms
- Ohio cash rental rates
- Dairy Market Volatility Assistance Program
- Highlights of FSR and upcoming programs
Who’s on the Farm Office Live Team? OSU experts are ready to help farmers, landowners and agribusiness professionals navigate the issues we all deal with in the farm office. Our team includes:
- Peggy Kirk Hall – Agricultural Law
- David Marrison – Farm Management
- Dianne Shoemaker – Farm Business Analysis and Dairy Production
- Barry Ward – Farm Management and Tax
To learn more and register for Farm Office Live, visit https://farmoffice.osu.edu/farmofficelive. Recordings of our previous Farm Office Live webinars are also available at that site.
Grab a cup of your favorite beverage, lunch, or snack and join us from your “kitchen table” to engage in conversations “virtually” on September 21, 22, and 23, 2021 for “Kitchen Table Conversations” hosted by the Ohio Women in Agriculture of Ohio State University Extension. Conversations and discussions on “hot topics” in the agricultural world related to health, marketing, finance, legal, and production for women in agriculture.
These sessions are offered during the Farm Science Review daily from 11:00 AM-12:00 PM via ZOOM. Registration is required to participate.
9|21 Raising Livestock on Five Acres or Less
So you have some land and you want some extra income or a supply of food for your family. This session will investigate all of your options and possibilities.
Sandy Smith, Extension Educator, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Carrol County
9|22 Farm Stress and Mental Health
It can be hard to have a conversation about our mental health, but it is just as important as acknowledging our physical health. When we live where we work stress can sometimes get the better of us. Sitting together as a family around the kitchen table fosters an environment to have tough conversations. During this session, we will have a conversation about the importance of addressing mental health concerns, how to bridge the difficult topics, and the resources that are available to you and your family.
Bridget Britton MSW, LSW….Behavioral Health Field Specialist ANR
9\23 On-Farm Research Opportunities
On-farm research can provide valuable local data to inform decision-making and help you understand the ROI of practices and technologies on your farm. The OSU eFields program fosters partnerships between Ohio farmers, industry, and OSU researchers. Learn about recent research trials conducted across the state and how to become involved in the program.
Elizabeth Hawkins, Ph.D…Field Specialist, Agronomic Systems, Assistant Professor
This title should seem familiar as a slight twist on the famous John Denver tune from 1971. With temperatures in the low to mid 90’s for at least three days last week across most of the state, fruit that were not properly covered in the canopy were placed at a higher risk for getting sunburned.
Based on observations over several years, fruit that are cut off the vine tend to burn more readily than those that remain on the vine, likely a function of being able to evapotranpirate enough moisture to stave off burning. As clade 2 downy mildew was reported on August 13 (active on pumpkin/squash), fields that were not protected suffered almost 100% defoliation with 10-14 days. Amazingly this photo with near total canopy loss had nearly no detectable sun burned fruit despite several fruit actually being desiccated to the point where they were shriveling in the sun! If these fruit were cut off the vine, I would have expected significant rind burning to occur.
While there are a few “white washing” products on the market to spray on fruit in the field to prevent burning, they have not been investigated at OSU. The best prevention is a good canopy through harvest. The next best strategies though more labor intensive would be to cut and move fruit to a shaded location to cure naturally. If fruit are in a u-pick patch, moving them to distinct piles and covering with shade cloth may also be a possible solution.
Another pest that we are actively monitoring using clear sticky traps and pheromone lures is the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. This stink bug is known to feed on vegetables, grain crops, small fruit and tree fruit.
While we are actively monitoring for this pest in eight counties, Adams, Athens, Greene, Seneca and Wayne counties are seeing trap catch increases, mostly related to adults. Late stage nymphs and adults pose the biggest threat to tree crops like apples, with their damage resembling several other types of injury such as hail injury or bitter pit (stink bug surface injury (L), internal injury (R); Celeste Welty).
Soon these adults will migrate from the fields to structures to seek refuge from the cold temperatures as they attempt to over-winter. If you have lived in Ohio for the past few years, you are no doubt familiar with these large brown stink bugs that invade your home or office in the fall.
While we only have established thresholds for this pest in apples, these were established in the mid-Atlantic and have not been vetted in Ohio yet. We would expect these thresholds to work well in Ohio but research has not been conducted to confirm the results. Monitoring strategies for vegetables, grapes and small fruit can be found here: https://www.stopbmsb.org/managing-bmsb/management-by-crop/
The monitoring system in apples requires two traps, one placed at the edge of an apple block and one placed in the interior. When the cumulative weekly total of both trap catches exceeds 10 stink bugs, an alternate row middle spray for BMSB may be justified. The details are outlined in this article: https://www.stopbmsb.org/stopBMSB/assets/File/BMSB-in-Orchard-Crops-English.pdf
Although we are moving toward the end of the season for most small fruit producers, keep in mind that spotted-wing Drosophila populations remain high across the state where traps have been placed on farms. Because of their short life cycle and abundance of ripe fruit, expect these populations to increase up until the first significant frost/freeze event.
For growers who have abandoned their small fruit plantings for this year, SWD adults can easily be seen buzzing around ripe fruit as they oviposit eggs beneath the soft skin. Evidence of infestation can be readily seen as soft juicy fruit are filled with white SWD larvae. Even for growers who have maintained a regular spray schedule to control this insect, SWD adults can still be detected flying around bramble and blueberry patches albeit in lower numbers.
Since the threshold for this pest is only one adult per trap, it is necessary to maintain a spray schedule as long as the farm intends to harvest fruit. Once the decision has been made to end harvest, the sprays can be halted.