Climate and Weather

The climate of Uzbekistan is extreme continental. It is expressed in drastic temperature changes between day and night, as well as, summer and winter. It is a sunny country that has an arid nature and relatively low humidity. Uzbekistan’s climate is dictated by its double landlocked geographical location. The annual air temperature difference is large. The coldest month is January, and the average temperature drops to -6 ° C. The hottest months are July and August. During this period the average temperature on the plains and foothills is generally 25-30 degrees Celsius, while in the south of the country (Termez – Sherabad) it can reach 41-42 degrees. The maximum temperature was registered in city of Termez – 50 degrees (July 1944). Annual precipitation in the lowlands is 120-200 mm, in the desert 100 mm. Due to low rainfall, agriculture is dependent on artificial irrigation.

Moreover, the topography also influences the composition of the Uzbek climate. Because of the openness and flatness of the area in the north and northwest parts of the republic, cold air masses flow freely in those regions during the winter months. However, on the other hand, the southern part of the country is surrounded by mountains, which prevents the inflow of warm tropical air masses. In the mountains, the weather is cooler in summer than in the plains, with more rain, and the winters are colder and longer.

Language Points:

Climate and weather

Bugun havo qanday?

How is the weather today?

Harorat

Temperature

Yog’ingarchilik

Precipitation

Iqlim

Climate

Fasl

Season

Iliq

Warm

Salqin

Cool

Nam

Humid

Tabii ofat

Natural disaster

Qurg’oqchilik

Drought

Zilzila

Earthquake

Kuchli shamol

Strong wind

Language Practice:

Talk about your favorite season. Points to consider:

a) the weather

b) activities

c) places to visit

References:

  1. geografiya.uz
  2. adaptation-undp.org