Human Trafficking Websites

How to Promote Social Justice Within Your Community
A Spotlight on Human Trafficking

Counseling Schools, February 2021

“We need to really focus on what we can do differently, which is to leverage the laws to our advantage so that more traffickers are actually taken off the street. There is a long judicial process to arrest someone and actually convict them to a point of sentencing for their actual offenses. Most traffickers, even when they are arrested, don’t serve a day in prison for their offenses because it’s really hard to prove human trafficking.”
Dr. Jacquelyn C.A. Meshelemiah, LCSW, Associate Professor at The Ohio State University

Every year, the United Nations recognizes the World Day of Social Justice on February 20. This year, we’re spotlighting an enduring problem within the United States and abroad: sex trafficking.
Read the Complete Article online on the Counseling Schools website.

National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month

Presidential Proclamation, December 22, 2010
Our Nation was founded on the enduring principles of equality and freedom for all.  As Americans, it is our solemn responsibility to honor and uphold this legacy.  Yet, around the world and even within the United States, victims of modern slavery are deprived of the most basic right of freedom.  During National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, we rededicate ourselves to preventing and ending human trafficking, and we recognize all who continue to fight this serious human rights violation…
…NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 2011 as National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, culminating in the annual celebration of National Freedom Day on February 1.  I call upon the people of the United States to recognize the vital role we can play in ending modern slavery and to observe this month with appropriate programs and activities.
Read the whole Proclamation

The video above is with President Barack Obama who called human trafficking nothing more than “modern slavery,” outlining new steps at the Clinton Global Initiative to combat the exploitation of workers and children in the United States and abroad.

Obama said in an address to the Clinton Global Initiative that he was not using the term of “slavery” lightly, noting that it evoked a painful past for America. But he said the U.S. and international community need to step up efforts to help more than 20 million victims of human trafficking around the globe, calling it an “injustice” and an “outrage.”

Human trafficking, Obama said, “must be called by its true name: modern slavery.”

Polaris Project
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Polaris Project is a major hub on human trafficking information and statistics worldwide. Polaris is a leader in the global fight to eradicate modern slavery. Named after the North Star that guided slaves to freedom in the U.S., Polaris systemically disrupts the human trafficking networks that rob human beings of their lives and their freedom. Our comprehensive model puts victims at the center of what we do – helping survivors restore their freedom, preventing more victims, and leveraging data and technology to pursue traffickers wherever they operate.

International Labor Organization (ILO)

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The only tripartite U.N. agency, since 1919 the ILO brings together governments, employers and workers of 187 member States, to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men. The unique tripartite structure of the ILO gives an equal voice to workers, employers and governments to ensure that the views of the social partners are closely reflected in labour standards and in shaping policies and programmes.
The main aims of the ILO are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues.
The  ILO was founded in 1919, in the wake of a destructive war, to pursue a vision based on the premise that universal, lasting peace can be established only if it is based on social justice. The ILO became the first specialized agency of the UN in 1946.

Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) 2000

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 is the first comprehensive federal law to address trafficking in persons. The law provides a three-pronged approach that includes prevention, protection, and prosecution.
U.S. Department of State TVPA Law 2000

William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008
U.S. Department of State TVPA Law 2008
William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2013
U.S. Department of State TVPA Law 2013
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2013

Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2017
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2017

Frederick Douglass Trafficking Victims Prevention and Protection Reauthorization Act of 2018

Department of Justice (DOJ)
Human Trafficking as defined on the DOJ’s Website:

Human Trafficking is a crime that involves exploiting a person for labor, services, or commercial sex.

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 and its subsequent reauthorizations define human trafficking as:

  • Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or
  • The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery (22 U.S.C. § 7102(9)).

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Administration for Children and Families
Office on Trafficking in Persons

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The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is a division of the Department of Health & Human Services. We promote the economic and social well-being of children, families, individuals and communities with leadership and resources for compassionate, effective delivery of human services. ACF is committed to preventing human trafficking and ensuring that victims of all forms of human trafficking have access to the services they need.

In addition to being a violent crime, human trafficking is a public health concern that impacts individuals, families, and entire communities across generations. It requires training and a response from communities, social service providers, health care providers, and other first responders.

Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery. It occurs when a trafficker exploits an individual with force, fraud, or coercion to make them perform commercial sex or work.

There are two types of trafficking:

  • Labor Trafficking – Individuals are compelled to work or provide services by force, fraud, or coercion.
  • Sex Trafficking – Adults are compelled to engage in commercial sex by force, fraud, or coercion. Minors are compelled to perform a commercial sex act regardless of the presence of force, fraud, or coercion.

The legal definition of human trafficking describes three facets of the crime: an action, a means, and a purpose. For example, if an individual is recruited by fraudulent means for the purpose of forced labor, that individual has experienced trafficking.

Lists of Goods Produced by Children or Forced Labor

Bureau Of International Labor Affairs
U.S. Department of Labor  

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ILAB maintains a list of goods and their source countries which it has reason to believe are produced by child labor or forced labor in violation of international standards, as required under the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2005 and subsequent reauthorizations. As of September 20, 2018, the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor comprises 148 goods from 76 countries.

ILAB maintains the List primarily to raise public awareness about forced labor and child labor around the world and to promote efforts to combat them; it is not intended to be punitive, but rather to serve as a catalyst for more strategic and focused coordination and collaboration among those working to address these problems.

Publication of the List has resulted in new opportunities for ILAB to engage with foreign governments to combat forced labor and child labor. It is also a valuable resource for researchers, advocacy organizations and companies wishing to carry out risk assessments and engage in due diligence on labor rights in their supply chains.

Ohio State Task Force Human Trafficking

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The Governor’s Ohio Human Trafficking Task Force was formed to marshal the resources of the State of Ohio to coordinate efforts to identify victims, create a coordinated law enforcement system to investigate and prosecute human trafficking crimes, and to provide the services and treatment necessary for victims to regain control of their lives.

Ten state agencies are members of the task force and have worked to identify service gaps and made recommendations for filling those gaps. Read more at 

January 2019 Human Trafficking Task Force Report

Trafficking in Persons Reports

U.S. Department of State

2018 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report

(Source of contents is the TIP, 2018)

This year’s report focuses on effective ways local communities can address human trafficking proactively and on how national governments can support and empower them. Local communities are the most affected by this abhorrent crime and are also the first line of defense against human trafficking. By engaging and training law enforcement, religious leaders, teachers, tribal elders, business executives, and communities, we become more vigilant and learn to identify and address vulnerabilities swiftly. Proactive community-driven measures strengthen our ability to protect our most vulnerable and weaken a criminal’s ability to infiltrate, recruit, and exploit. 
Trafficking in Persons Report 2018 — Complete Report

Diversion Programs
Grander Vision: Judge Paul M. Herbert – C.A.T.C.H. Court

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Judge Paul M. Herbert’s Grander Vision

While reviewing case files, Judge Paul Herbert came to the realization that human trafficking victims looked incredibly similar to the women he was convicting for prostitution. After digging into the research, he came across some horrible truths about the sex industry in Columbus. He decided to take action and pursue a Grander Vision for these women and their families.