Matlab, Bangladesh, is one of the few settings that combines targeted interventions, long duration of follow-up (over 30 years), and detailed tracking of attrition across an unusually rich set of outcomes and for several generations of potential beneficiaries. A population of over 200,000 has been followed since the mid-1970s. A quasi-randomized maternal and child health and family planning (MCH/FP) program was introduced in the late 1970s. Considerable evidence demonstrates key pre-program similarities in the MCH/FP and comparison areas. When flood control and microcredit interventions were later introduced, villages had access to none or 1-3 interventions. A large household survey, the Matlab Health and Socioeconomic Survey (MHSS1) was carried out in 1996. Th current 5-year study implements a follow-up survey to MHSS1 and a new archive of existing longitudinal data from 1974-2011. MHSS2 will provide detailed information on health, human capital, labor and marriage outcomes, old-age support, and socioeconomic status 30 years after the initiation of the MCH/FP intervention. There are a broad set of research questions that can be addressed including:
- Study the impacts of MCH/FP interventions on long-term health and welfare outcomes.
- Study the impact of the MCH/FP interventions through intergenerational relationships and transmission of poverty.
- Study the impact of the MCH/FP interventions in the context of microcredit and flood control interventions as well as social, demographic, and cultural changes.
- Study the impact of long-term exposure to naturally occurring arsenic on health and congnitive outcomes.
In order to facilitate advanced spatial analysis, this study collected household-level geographic location for all survey respondents, and build a GIS which includes the location of water sources, roads, and community resources such as pharmacies, markets, doctor’s offices and traditional healers.
National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Award #R01AG033713, 2010-2015.