Viewing Romantic Friendships & Lesbian Relationships: Sex and Sexuality 1640-1940 a Microfilm Collection

Four abstract women's faces

Sex & Sexuality Part 2 is a 20-reel microfilm collection filmed by the Bodleian Library covering the topic of romantic friendships & lesbian relationships in literature and history from a literary, medical and sociological perspective.  As Marie Mulvey-Roberts consulting editor for Part 2 of Sex & Sexuality, 1640-1940 puts it the collection will:

…enhance our understanding of the sexual enlightenment and the way in which individuals have negotiated their sexual practices throughout the course of history.

Covering material from the classical period through the 1940’s, Part 2 of Sex & Sexuality, 1640-1940, consisting of 65 texts, documents the changing attitudes of society towards same sex relations and how these relationships were handled and perceived through the course of history.   According to the publisher, it is a direct result of a collaboration of Terry Castle and Emma Donoghue to showcase the broad spectrum of same sex relations between women, ranging from romantic friendships to sexual partnerships. Reels 1-2 cover classical works, reels 3-5 historical accounts, reel 6 medical works, reels 7-18 literary treatments of the topic, and finally reels 19-20 contains correspondence and dialogues.  Many of these texts are very rare.

Resources consulted:

Emory University.

Adam Matthew Publications.

SEX AND SEXUALITY, 1640-1940 Part 2.

One Less Scourge: Stop Human Trafficking Dead in Its Tracks

A hand holding a chain attached to a set of wrists with the caption Stop Human Trafficking

In 2021 an estimated 49.6 million people were targets of some form of “modern slavery” worldwide.  Of those there were an estimated 27.6 million human trafficking victims.  (Federal Response to Human Trafficking:  About Human Trafficking.  U.S. Department of State.) In Ohio in 2020 alone over 1,300 cases were reported. (Annual Human Trafficking Data from State Sources by Year – 2020.  Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services.)

Anti-Human Trafficking.  (Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services) Provides Ohio based resources for combatting Human Trafficking including data, reports and trends, federal and Ohio laws pertaining to the topic, and much more.

Federal Response on Human Trafficking:  About Human Trafficking. (U.S. Department of State) Lays out the United States stance on the topic.  Expands on the two major forms of human trafficking:  Forced Labor and Sex Trafficking. Contains links to further resources and data sets on domestic human trafficking.

Human Trafficking.  (Office on Drugs and Crime, United Nations) Lists various forms the crime can take beyond sexual exploitation, such as organ removal, forced labor, child soldiers and forced marriages that one does not necessary associate with human trafficking.  Includes survivor stories.

Human Trafficking 101 (Blue Campaign, U.S. Department of Homeland Security) Defines what human trafficking is, who the victims are, how to identify possible victims and traffickers, and finally what you should do if you suspect human trafficking is occurring.

What is Human Trafficking?  (Blue Campaign, U.S. Department of Homeland Security) Defines Human Trafficking, gives brief profiles of potential victims, and has links to various related topics including one to a Spanish version.

The Struggle for Social Justice

A group photograph of NAACP officials take at the 20th Annual Session of the NAACP held in Cleveland Ohio on June 26, 1929

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in 1909, as an interracial effort to promote justice for people of color.  Its papers offer an unparalleled resource for the study of the 20th-century Civil Rights Movement in the U.S.  OSU Libraries holds over 1770 reels in 30 plus collections covering the years 1909-1972.  The following is a listing of OSU Libraries’ microforms holdings:  Part 1. Meetings of the Board of Directors, Records of Annual Conferences, Major Speeches, and Special Reports, 1909-1950. – Part 2. Personal Correspondence of Selected NAACP Officials, 1919-1939. – Part 3, series A-D. The Campaign for Educational Equality. – Part 4. The Voting Rights Campaign, 1916-1950. – Part 5. The Campaign Against Residential Segregation, 1914-1955. – Part 6. The Scottsboro Case, 1931-1950. – Part 7, series A & B. The Anti-lynching Campaign, 1912-1955. – Part 8, series A & B. Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System. – Part 9, series A-C. Discrimination in the U.S. Armed Forces, 1918-1955, General Office Files on Armed Forces’ Affairs, 1918-1955. – Part 10. Peonage, Labor, and the New Deal, 1913-1939. – Part 11, series A & B. Special Subject Files, 1912-1939. – Part 12, series A-D. Selected Branch Files, 1913-1939. – Part 13, series A-C. NAACP and Labor, 1940-1955. – Part 14. Race Relations in the International Arena, 1940-1955. – Part 15, series A & B. Segregation and Discrimination, Complaints and Responses, 1940-1955. – Part 16, series A & B. Board of Directors, Correspondence and Committee Materials. – Part 17. National Staff Files, 1940-1955. – Part 18, series A-C. Special Subjects, 1940-1955. – Part 19, series A-D. Youth File. – Part 20. White Resistance and Reprisals, 1956-1965. – Part 21. NAACP Relations with the Modern Civil Rights Movement. – Part 22. Legal Department Administrative files, 1956-1965. – Part 23, series A-C. Legal Department Case Files, 1960-1972. – Part24, series A-C. Special Subjects, 1956-1965. – Part 25, series A-D. Branch Department Files, 1941-1965. – Part 26, series A-D. Selected Branch Files, 1940-1955. – Part 27, series A-D. Selected Branch Files, 1956-1965. – Part 28, series A-B. Special Subject Files, 1966-1970. – Part29, series A-D, Branch Department. 1965-1972. – Part30. series A, General Office Files, 1966-1972. – Supplements to Part 1, 1951-1970. – Supplement to Part 4, 1956-1965. – Supplement to Part 5, 1956-1965. – Supplement to Part 13, 1956-1965. – Supplement to Part 16, 1966-1970. – Supplement to Part 17, 1965-1965, and. – Supplement to Part 23, series A-C, 1960-1972.

Diversity and Inclusion: The Best Possible Mix

Stylized figures in various colors and sizes representing Diversity and Inclusion

Over 200 years ago our Founding Fathers laid out the ideals for a new nation.  Each generation since then has striven to implement them. For this generation they are summed up in the concepts of Diversity and Inclusion.  Curious about the topic of Diversity and Inclusion.  A lot has been written on the topic.  Below are a few government documents pertaining to the topic:

Current Status and Future Trends of Diversity Initiatives in the Workplace:  Diversity Experts’ Perspectives. Diversity in the Workforce Report #2.  Rose Mary Wentling and Nilda Palma-Rivas.  Berkeley, California:  National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of California at Berkeley/ Washington, DC:  U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Educational Resources Information Center, November 1997.  Interviews with exports in the field about their perception of organizational and individual barriers to the advancement of diverse groups in the work place

Diverse, Inclusive workplace:  ‘Key Driver of Resilience and Recovery’.”  United Nation News.  6 April 2022.  Summary of survey conducted about how diversity and inclusion is viewed by the various strata with in a company.

Diversity does not Automatically Translate into Inclusion.  United Nations- Thailand Blog.  17 March 2022.  Interview with Sarah Kniffs (Officer-in-Charge of the UN Women Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, and Representative in Thailand) concerning keys to sustainable Diversity, Equity and Inclusion efforts.

Gender-Inclusive Language.  United Nations.  Guidelines for UN staff in composing gender-inclusive communications.   Includes training materials, activities and resources including material addressing communications with trans and gender nonconforming staff, etc.

Health Equity and Inclusion Program Strategies.  Oregon Health Authority.  Office of Equity & Inclusion.  Check list for use in designing equity and inclusion into programs.  Although geared towards health programs, can serve as a basis for other disciplines.

Making the Case for Diversity and Inclusion.  Moyomola Bolarin.  United Nations Blog.  31 August 2022Discusses some of the factors and benefits involved in promoting diversity and inclusion in the workplace.

Indigence Voices – A Collection of Native American Periodicals

Portrait of Sequoyah holding an example of his written language he developed.

During a time of social upheaval and awaking cultural identity, in 1967 Princeton University Library began to actively collect periodicals and newspapers for and by Indigence Peoples.  In January of 1971, Alfred L. Bush and Robert S. Fraser, set about making Princeton’s collection available to a wider audience of scholars and the public.  The American Indian Periodicals in the Princeton University Library collection allows one to view historical events and every day concerns thru the publications for them and by them.  The initial collection was based on the collection of periodicals and newspapers held by Princeton University Library.  Later additions came from the collections of the Huntington Free Library’s Museum of the American Indian, the Newberry Library, the Smithsonian Institution, and the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.  OSU Libraries’ holdings consist of 2690 microfiche and 4 microfilm reels produced by Clearwater Publishing Company between 1981 and 1983.  Coverage from the early Nineteenth thru the Late Twentieth Centuries, primarily from the 1960’s and 1970’s.  The collection includes not only periodicals published by Native Americans for themselves, but also by outsiders concerning Native Americans. The earliest title – Society for the Propagation of the Faith dates from 1839, while the earliest native language piece – Iapi Oaye (The Word Carrier) in Dakota dates from 1871.  The material is in English, with some items in French and various native languages.

“American Indian Periodicals in the Princeton University Library”.  The Princeton University Library Chronicle.  Autumn 1971, v.33(no.1): p.65-66.  [JSTOR,  Accessed 14 November 2022]

In Their Own Words – Life on Ante-Bellum Plantations as Recorded by the Owners

Curious about what planation life was like prior to the Civil War?  Want to try to trace your southern roots?  Gain a unique perspective on everyday life from the collected familial documents of plantation owners from the Revolution through the Civil War, as seen in their own words.  The collection includes are such things as slave registers, diaries, photographs, wills, business and personal letters and correspondence, etc.  Things that a family might hold on to, and because of this these documents escaped being destroyed during the Civil War when many of the official records were.

The general editor – Kenneth M. Stump created this series to aid researchers in answering questions surrounding planation life and slavery from the Revolution to the Civil War.  Family papers donated to various Southern mostly academic libraries and the Library of Congress are the source of this collection.  Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations can also be of interest to genealogists.  Of this 1213-reel microfilm collection, OSU Libraries owns the following units:

Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution Through the Civil War. Series J, Selections from the Southern Historical Collection, Manuscripts Department, Library of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Part 4, Georgia and Florida (F213.R44 1990 Microfilm, 47 Reels)

Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution Through the Civil War. Series I, Selections from the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collection, Louisiana State University Libraries (F213. R43 Microfilm, 18 Reels) [Only have Part 3 – Natchez Area]

Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution Through the Civil War. Series F, Selections from the Manuscript Department, Duke University Library, Part 1-3 (F213 .R39 1986 Microfilm, 16 Reels) [Only have Part 2 – South Carolina and Georgia]

Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution Through the Civil War. Series B, Selections from the South Carolina Historical Society (E 445 .S7 R43 Microfilm, 10 Reels)

Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution Through the Civil War : Series C, Selections from the Holdings of the Library of Congress Part 2 (HD1471.U5 R45 Microfilm, 5 Reels)

Besides the overarching series records in the catalog, broken out are records relating to a specific plantation and/or family with associated reel and call number information.

Don’t be Vulture Bate: Sobering Facts and Resources to Help Victims

1 in 3 women have experienced some form of physical violence by an intimate partner.  1 in 7 have been injured by an intimate partner.  1 in 4 have been victims of severe physical violence.  1 in 7 have been stalked.  1 in 5 have been raped in their lifetime… (National Statistics Domestic Violence Fact Sheet)


Globally 1 in 3 have experienced physical or sexual violence at least once in their lifetime.  Women in low- and middle-income countries and regions are more likely to experience violence.  92% of detected human trafficking victims are women.  58% of the women killed in 2020 did so at the hands of an intimate partner. (UN Women)



Victim Connect Resource Center  This wesite is funded through a grant from the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice.  Includes links to a national hot line, information/links for reporting a crime, victim assistance, etc.

Violence Prevention (CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) contains online courses, videos, prevention strategies, information on funding opportunities, lists of resources, etc. for various forms of violence including intimate partner and sexual.

VetoViolence (Injury Prevention & Control:  Division of Violence Prevention, CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) video training on topics about violence prevention programs and practices.

Victim Services (Ohio Department of Rehabilitation & Correction) contains links to online victim resources, state programs, etc.

Department of Public Safety (The Ohio State University) offers several safety programs including “Lyft Ride Smart” a late-night discounted ridesharing for students within the university designated service area from 7 pm to 7 am. and “Rave Guardian” an app on your phone that tracks you via GPS and notifies your selected virtual guardian when you are overdue.

Sexual Misconduct Response and Prevention:  Title IX (Office of Institutional Equity, The Ohio State University) links to counselling services, self defense courses, and as well as non-OSU services and resources available to OSU students, faculty, staff, etc. who have been victims of violence.

Thru Her Eyes: History from a Women’s Perspective

4 abstract faces

March is Women History Month celebrating their contributions to history, culture and society.  Since 1987 in the United States, the month has been set aside for this annual observation.  OSU Libraries’ has several noteworthy microform collections that examine history from the perspective of women who lived through those events. 

The Gerritsen Women’s History (HQ1121. G4 MICROFILM and HQ1121 G4 MICROFICHE4) is a diverse collection of women’s archival materials and feminist records covering fifteen languages and over 4,700 volumes originally collected by Aletta Jacobs and her husband C.V. Gerritsen.  The collection owned by the University of Kansas, was subsequently filmed and made available to libraries throughout the world.  OSU Libraries’ holding consist of 115 reels of microfilm and 3485 microfiche titles.

Herstory (HQ1101. H47 MICROFILM) is a collection of materials written from the feminist perspective, and or told from the women’s point of view filmed from the holdings of the International Women’s History Periodical Archive assembled by the Women’s History Research Center at Berkeley.  The 90-reel collection consists of over 800 women’s newspaper, journals, etc. from the 1950’s thru the 1970’s.  Although the main focus is material from U.S. sources, there are a few international publications included in the collection.

Pamphlets in American History -Women (HQ1410.P35 MICROFICHE) is a microfiche collection comprised biographies, memoirs, letters, congressional hearings, etc. written by women or concerning women from the early 19th thru the late 20th centuries.  The primary source of the material was from the collections of the Historical Society of Wisconsin and augmented with holding of other research libraries’ holdings. The collection contains over 600 titles, and is searchable by individual titles.

War on Pineapples

Picture of whole and varying sizes of pineapple slices falling by Kartika Nurani available from

According to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) “We live in a world where the internet is rife with misinformation and disinformation.  In a precarious digital world, the need for awareness about this risk is greater than ever.”

The Resilience Series of graphic novels have been created as a medium to communicate the threat of inaccurate information, its impact on our world and to how to minimalize its impact through careful examination of facts.

Clint Watts.  Resilience Series:  Real Fake.  Washington D.C.:  Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, 2020, p. 35.  Demonstrates how threat actors capitalize on political and social issues to stealthily plant doubt in the minds of targeted audiences and steer their opinion.

Clint Watts and Farid Haque.  Resilience Series:  Bug Bytes.  Washington D.C.:  Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, 2020, p. 37.   Demonstrates how threat actors use social media and other communication platforms to spread inaccurate information for the sole purpose of planting doubt in the minds of targeted audiences to steer their opinion.

The War on Pineapple:  Understanding Foreign Interference in 5 Steps.  A tongue in cheek look at how a disinformation campaign works.


Also, checkout CISA’s Tools of Disinformation:  Inauthentic Content.  A quick overview of various techniques used to spread disinformation.

Cyber Safety




October has been designated National Cyber Security Awareness Month, an annual event which attempts to raise the public’s awareness of internet safety issues.  There is no single agreed upon definition of cybercrime, but some examples of it on a personal level include Identity Theft, Identity Fraud, Cyberbullying, Cyberstalking, Phishing, Spoofing, and Malware.  As the line between our off-line and on-line lives blurs, the windows of opportunity for cybercriminals increases.  A cyber-attack occurs every 39 seconds according to a 2017 University of Maryland study.  Are you protecting yourself while surfing the web, using your smartphone, tweeting friends, or indulging in Facebook time?  Would you recognize a phishing attempt?  Do you know what to do to protect yourself/identity/devices against a cybercriminal?


Here are some websites that can help you be proactive:

Internet Social Networking Risks.  (U.S. Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation)

Online Security Basics.  (The Ohio State University.  Cybersecurity.)

STOP.THINK.CONNECT.™  (Department of Homeland Security.  Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency)

Ten Steps to Smartphone Security.  (Federal Communications Commission)

Wireless Connections and Bluetooth Security Tips.  (Federal Communications Commission. Consumer and Government Affairs Bureau.)



And if the worst occurs here are some to help you get your life back together:  (Federal Trade Commission)

Identity Theft Basics. (State of Ohio.  Attorney General’s Office.)