Carl Hyme Annotated Bibliography


  1. Columbus Christopher, and Richard henry major. Select letters of Christopher Columbus, with other original documents, relating to his four voyages to the new world. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2010.  Web. 29 Sep. 2017.

Summary: In these letters from Christopher Columbus he is writing to the monarch back in Spain. He describes the new lands he finds and lists the names of the new island that he names as they sail. The come upon an island Columbus named Juana but found it to be much larger than he originally thought. This led him to believe it was the continental province of Cathay.  Columbus saw that this new land was very fertile and had all kinds of plants and wildlife flourishing upon its ground.

Statement: Christopher Columbus was very willing to discover as much of these new islands as he possibly could. He wanted to claim as much land as he could for Spain. He said many of the natives were scared and ran when his crew approached. There were some natives who were very hospitable though but couldn’t communicate with Columbus very well.

  1. Irving, Washington. “The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus.” Bedford, Clarke & co. web. 02. Oct. 2017.

Summary: this is about that tells about Christopher Columbus’s voyages to the new world. It also starts out by telling a little bit about his early life and how he lived back in Genoa.

Statement:  “Columbus, as has been observed, commenced his nautical career when about fourteen years of age. His first voyages were made with a distant relative named Colombo, a hardy veteran of the seas, who had risen to some distinction by his bravery, and is occasionally mentioned in old chronicles; sometimes as commanding a squadron of his own.” Even though Columbus was only known for his voyage to the Americas he was an already expert sailor. Columbus is only ever remembered as the man who was the first (not really) to discovered America. He was also known as the man who committed horrible actions to the native american people. It goes by the wayside that he had to be a very brave sailor and navigator to dare such a bold trip on uncharted waters. it was because he knew what to do and how to navigate from his many years of sailings.

  1. Salomon, Frank, and Stuart B. Schwartz. “11-The Crises and Transformations of Invaded Societies: The Caribbean.” The Cambridge History of the Native People of the Americas. Cambidge: Cambridge UP, 1999. N. pag. Web. 01 Oct. 2017.

Summary:  this chapter tells about the changes that the Europeans made to the Caribbean area. The brought over plants that were not native to the American region and planted them in the Caribbean. Along with the plants they also started the import of animals like cows, goats, and even cats.          With the influx of the new animals and plants many diseases were also brought with them. The diseases that were brought killed and made many of the people native to the Caribbean sick.

Statement: when Columbus and his crew first brought these new animals and plants to foreign soils they thought they were doing good by sharing things from their homeland with the Caribbean natives. They had no intent to plague these people with disease or to change the Caribbean landscape with European plants. Imagine how Columbus and his crew would’ve handled the situation if they had realized the distress and peril that they would cause the Caribbean people in the future.

  1. Stannard, David E. The American Holocaust: Columbus and the Conquest of the New World. Oxford University Press, 1-16. web. 01 Oct. 2017.                                                                         

Summary: this PDF tells about Christopher Columbus journey though the Americans and the genocide he commits. It goes into detail about the places and people that he concurred for his homeland. It tells about how Columbus would send his men ashore to capture Indian men and women to be sold into the slave trade. Columbus thought it to be his mission to bring Christianity to these new “pagan” worlds.

Statement: Christopher Columbus was many things, an explorer, astronomer, expert navigator, and a great sailor. But he was also the man responsible for genocides on the people native to the Americas. Columbus went to this new land taking whatever desired. He also captured many of the natives to be sold as slaves. He thought it was his mission to bring Christianity to the new world weather they wanted it or not. His relation with the native people was very one-way. Columbus got fame and glory for finding a new world and showing the natives christianity and all the spoils of the fruitful new land. The only the thing the natives got in return from the Europeans was disease, disperse and an invasion of european immigrants.