Check out Makayla’s full presentation by clicking on the following link: https://osu.box.com/s/y5xc7vu6lq9ehucxn6f31dkxykoiny77
Check out Makayla’s full presentation by clicking on the following link: https://osu.box.com/s/y5xc7vu6lq9ehucxn6f31dkxykoiny77
We held our first ever undergraduate research symposium this spring, allowing students to present what they have been working on this year. The students delivered virtual poster presentations to their peers, graduate mentors, and proud faculty members. We are looking forward to holding more opportunities for students to present their work and allowing everyone to learn and grow! Check out the topics and the Powerpoint below with the posters and presentation audio!
Our state-of-the-science research facility contains cutting-edge equipment, now including an immersive virtual reality system consisting of a 4k wide-angle projector and a 180-degree spherical screen. The immersive virtual reality system allows full control of the visual scene to investigate the role of visual information during standing and walking. The visual screen surrounds a fully instrumented, split-belt treadmill. The split-belt treadmill can operate in belt-driven or subject-driven mode, the latter using measurements from the motion capture system to adjust belt speed and maintain the subject in the center of the treadmill during walking. The motion capture system is a 9-camera Vicon motion capture system for measurement of 3D kinematics. Auxiliary digital inputs/outputs allow synchronized integration with external devices, such as galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) and electromyography (EMG). Installed directly over the treadmill is a safety harness to prevent falls.
Congratulations to Cody Mansfield, Matthew Briggs, Laura Boucher, and James Onate for their newest grant award! They received the grant from The Ohio Physical Therapy Association in September of 2019 for The Effects of Bilateral Knee Pain and Dry Needling on Laterality Recognition, Movement and Function.
This summer the MOvES lab had the opportunity to work with the Men’s basketball testing with both dual-task and functional movement testing. Check out the video highlight below!
The MOvES Lab would like to recognize senior Katie Jira, who is graduating in December of 2018 with her B.S. in Exercise Science with a minor in Human Development and Family Science. Through her two years spent in the lab, Katie has been involved in a multitude of projects ranging from concussion to dual-task paradigms. For her senior thesis project, Katie chose to focus on the effects of a cognitive and motor dual-task paradigms on a healthy population by creating her own testing procedure. After graduation, Katie is planning on pursing her Doctorate of Physical Therapy and is interested in specializing in Sports Medicine. Because of her personal experience with sports-related injuries and love for anatomy, she chose to pursue physical therapy to help those recover from injuries both physically and mentally.
During her time in the lab, Katie expanded her communication and teamwork skillsets. Through her position as our Undergraduate Research Coordinator, Katie was able to participate in administrative tasks such as hiring new lab personal, leading meetings, and working one-on-one with doctoral students. She was also able to participate in many practical experiences in the field of sports medicine and biomechanics that she would not have been exposed to without the MOvES Lab.
“Through my time with the MOvES Lab, I was able to apply what I have learned in the classroom to real-life, clinical scenarios. By working with very goal-oriented and passionate peers, I feel as though my critical thinking and communications skills have grown and left me feeling more confident in my ability to become a great physical therapist. I am so thankful for all the opportunities that Dr. Onate and his team members have provided me with over the years and hope that other future medical professionals are able to channel their interests into exploring research.”
Update: Katie has been accepted in to OSU’s Doctor of Physical Therapy program and will start in the Summer of 2019, Congradulations Katie!
The Buckeyes. Browns. Bengals.
Blue Jackets. Cavaliers. Columbus Crew. FC Cincinnati. Indians. Reds…
All these teams play in leagues where congested match schedules, season length and travel can negatively impact performance and potentially increase injury risk.
Let’s look at the challenges the Columbus Crew and FC Cincinnati face playing in Major League soccer.
Let’s look at the challenges the Reds and the Indians face.
What challenges do the Browns and Bengals face?
How about the Blue Jackets?
How about the Cavaliers?
What about sports that hit a little closer to home, like high school baseball?
So, in the end what can we make of these season extensions and additional games? Sports is a business at many levels, but the idea of increasing injury potential or reducing performance levels needs to be strongly considered in light of revenue generation.
Another consideration is maybe sports will completely change and everyone will be playing League of Legends or NBA2K or some other esports game and watch their favorite athletes play continuously. Of course, esport athletes are the next generation of high level performers that needs investigation.
Gotta run, time to get back to the lab and look at how we can help high level performers optimize and sustain performance daily and throughout their lifetimes.
Cody Mansfield and James Onate
MOvES Lab Team
1 Mansfield CJ, Ferkovic-Mack C, Eibensteiner J, Zwolski C. A review advocating caution with major league soccer expansion and investment in more rehabilitation professionals. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2018 May 9.
2Dupont G, Nedelec M, McCall A, McCormack D, Berthoin S, Wisløff U. Effect of 2 soccer matches in a week on physical performance and injury rate. The American journal of sports medicine. 2010 Sep;38(9):1752-8.
3Leatherwood WE, Dragoo JL. Effect of airline travel on performance: a review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Nov 1:bjsports-2012.
4Winter WC, Hammond WR, Green NH, Zhang Z, Bliwise DL. Measuring circadian advantage in Major League Baseball: a 10-year retrospective study. International journal of sports physiology and performance. 2009 Sep;4(3):394-401.
5Simmons, B. (2012). A hierarchy of hypocrites. Grantland.
6Florio, M. (2016). What does the future hold for Thursday night Football?. Pro-FootballTalk. NBC sports.
7Kneeland AT. Man Games Lost in the NHL: A Correlation between Travel, Rest Periods and Injuries in the National Hockey League.
8Teramoto M, Cross CL, Cushman DM, Maak TG, Petron DJ, Willick SE. Game injuries in relation to game schedules in the National Basketball Association. Journal of science and medicine in sport. 2017 Mar 1;20(3):230-5.
Approximately 60 million children and adolescents between the ages of 6 and 18 years participate in some form of organized athletics in the United States (Fig 1).1 Single sport specialization is a growing topic of discussion in youth athletics. The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) characterizes sport specialization as year round intense training in only one sport at the exclusion of other sports.2 Recent reports found that within a group of 1200 youth athletes, approximately one third participated in a single sport year-round.3,4
Sports specialization, high intensity training, and participating in competitive events outside of the regular season are byproducts of an increasingly competitive nature of youth sports fueled even further by big business ventures from personal coaches, showcase events, etc.2 For several decades, it has been well documented that developing bones, specifically during puberty or growth, are more prone to injury from tensile, shear, and compressive forces.5-7 Bones more prone to injury, combined with the high intensities or frequencies of training that potentially accompany specialization, may contribute to a possible increase in risk of overuse injuries, albeit not directly.2 Studies have suggested that exceeding 16 hours of intense training per week8-10 (Fig 2)11 may increase injury rates. Year-round participation in sports, defined as playing sports over 4 seasons, may also increase risk of overuse injury among high school athletes.12 Although young athletes can often tolerate stress, there is a limit to the stress a youth athlete should experience and therefore proper time off and rest from sport activity is recommended to reduce risk of injury while maintaining long-term healthy athletic performance.2
Future research in this area should focus on what frequencies and intensities of training may correlate with overuse injuries or risk of injury with sport specialization.2 Such information could allow athletes to follow training programs that minimize injuries and maximize performance. Additionally, long-term studies comparing the effects of sport specialization with participation in multiple sports could prove worthwhile.2 These may allow insight on developmental differences and long-term implications resulting from participation variation.Minimal scientific evidence supporting the notion that earlier single-sport training is beneficial for success currently exists and further research is warranted.13 However, based on research that does exist, sport specialization may have some benefits. There is a general agreement in the sports medicine field that the number of purposeful hours spent in either training or practice is correlated with success.11 Some debate exists as to when intense training or practice should begin.11 It is also recognized that some degree of specialization is necessary to attain elite-level skills.14-18 This becomes more applicable as athletes age for most sports. Peak performance in some individual sports, such as diving or figure skating, may occur before the body matures, making specialization at preadolescent ages common (Figure 3).13 However, it is recommended that intense training in one single sport be delayed until late adolescence if possible in order to optimize success and reduce risk for injury and psychological stress.19-26
As mentioned, there may be risks associated with specializing including the potential for increased psychological stress and overuse injuries. Although specialization may be appropriate for some athletes, the type of sport and age of the athlete should be considered. Regardless of whether youth choose to specialize or not, it is important to foster an environment that encourages athleticism and builds positive athletic experiences. Athleticism may be built through a variety of sports and training programs which cater to each child’s needs and interests. The notion of playing multiple sports should not be the sole focus for injury prevention and performance enhancement considerations, the concept of athleticism and physical literacy are factors that should be strongly encouraged. Individuals need to be provided various avenues for development and some may partake in a single sport, but need to supplement with cross sport sampling or less intense multi-sport choices (e.g., playing high level baseball but playing recreational or social basketball) while others may choose to play two high level sports. Most importantly, children should enjoy sports and participating in an activity that builds positive healthy individuals who can grow physically and mentally.
Post Credit: Michael Lantz, Dan Clifton, Dr. James Onate
The MOvES Lab would like to recognize alumnus Kristen Looman, who graduated with a B.S. in Biology in 2016. In her three undergraduate years spent in the lab, Kristen was involved in various projects with a main focus in prediction and prevention of musculoskeletal injury in collegiate athletes. Currently, Kristen is working full-time as an Anesthesiology Technician at the Ohio State Wexner Medical Center and volunteers Monday evenings with the Physician’s Care Connection. Her future aspirations are to attend a physician assistant program.
During her time in the lab she gained hands-on experience in the field of sports medicine and biomechanics, and learned about the fundamentals of scientific research. Furthermore, she learned how to overcome adversity, approach issues in new ways, and gain new confidence in academic settings.
“As a scientist and young professional, I understand the importance to advance the field of medicine. With sports being a huge part of my life growing up, I felt an interest in sports medicine, and this led me to join Dr. Onate’s team. During my time, I was able to learn about issues that fascinated me with other like-minded individuals. I found a group of mentors who guided me to communicate my own ideas while analyzing and critiquing others’ work. With their help, I gained confidence in myself and overall became a self-sufficient individual. I did the classwork to earn a Bachelor of Science, but it was through this lab that I became scientist.”
We are very proud of Kristen and wish her the best of luck on her future endeavors!
The MOvES Lab would like to extend a warm welcome to Laura Boucher, PhD, AT, ATC, in her new role as Associate Lab Director! Dr. Boucher was hired as an Assistant Professor-Clinical in in 2014, with a teaching focus in musculoskeletal and orthopedic anatomy. Her research focuses on our improving anatomical and biomechanical understanding to reduce risk of injury in car crashes and sports.
Dr. Boucher completed her undergraduate studies at Ohio University with a BS in Athletic Training. She then earned her Master’s degree at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill in Exercise Science-Athletic Training, where she also served as a Graduate Assistant Athletic Trainer. Her master’s thesis explored the effects of fatigue on core muscle activation during sporting tasks.
Following graduate school, she was hired at Capital University in Bexley, Ohio as an Assistant Athletic Trainer. After two years, she moved into a duel faculty/athletic training position, teaching and advising within the Health and Sport Sciences Department, while continuing to provide athletic training services to Capital University Athletics teams. Her teaching responsibilities spanned from health and nutrition classes, to motor learning and biomechanics, and upper and lower extremity physical exam courses. Dr. Boucher provided Athletic training services to a variety of teams while at Capital University, including Football, Volleyball, Indoor and Outdoor Track and Field, and Women’s Basketball.
Her love of teaching and research continued to grow while working at Capital, which eventually led her to purse a PhD in Anatomy at The Ohio State University. She studied under the direction of Dr. John Bolte IV and completed her research in the Injury Biomechanics Research Center. Her work focused on evaluating pediatric ankle biomechanics, which led to the development a more biofidelic pediatric crash test dummy ankle and leg. Upon finishing her PhD, she was hired by The Ohio State University in the Division of Anatomy in 2014. In 2016 she joined the Athletic Training faculty. Her academic responsibilities include teaching gross anatomy in the Bone and Muscle Disorders Block for the first-year Medical students. She also teaches gross anatomy to the Physical and Occupational Therapy students and team teaches other courses to Biomedical Engineering and Athletic Training undergraduate students. She mentors and advises numerous students and serves as the Associate Block Director for the Bone and Muscles Disorders Block in the College of Medicine.
Dr. Boucher’s research continues to focus on pediatric injury biomechanics and more recently has started to explore the role of using musculoskeletal ultrasound in teaching physical exam skills, exploring how tissue responds to stress, as well as applications to aid in clinical decision making. We are excited to grow our faculty and add Dr. Boucher’s perspective to the MOvES lab.