Published Research

Below are a list of journal articles that highlight research that has been conducted at or is related to the Olentangy River Wetland Research Park.


Mitsch, W.J. 2013. Wetland Creation and Restoration. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd ed. S. Levin, ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Mitsch, W.J and M. Hernandez. in press. Landscape and climate change threats to wetlands of North and Central America. Aquatic Sciences

Junk, W.J., S. An, H. Cízková, C. M. Finlayson, B. Gopal, J Kvet, S. A. Mitchell, W. J. Mitsch and R.D. Robarts. in press. Current state of knowledge regarding the world’s wetlands and their future under global climate change: A synthesis. Aquatic Sciences

Mitsch, W.J, A.M. Nahlik, B. Bernal, L. Zhang, C.J. Anderson, S.E. Jørgensen, U. Mander, and H. Brix. in press. Wetlands, carbon, and climate change. Landscape Ecology

Batson, J., W.J. Mitsch, and U. Mander. in press. Denitrification and a nitrogen budget of created riparian wetlands. Journal of Environmental Quality

Stokes, A., S. Barot, J.-C. Lata, G. Lacroix, C.G. Jones, and W.J. Mitsch. in press. Editorial: Ecological engineering: From concepts to applications. Ecological Engineering

Mitsch, W.J. 2012. What is Ecological Engineering? Ecological Engineering

Hey, D.L., J.A. Kostel, W.G. Crumpton, W.J. Mitsch, and B. Scott. 2012. The roles and benefits of wetlands in managing reactive nitrogen. J. Soil and Water Conservation 67(2): 47A-53A.

Stefanik, K, and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Structural and functional vegetation development in created and restored wetland mitigation banks of different ages. Ecological Engineering 39: 104-112.

Bernal, B. and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Comparing carbon sequestration in temperate freshwater wetland communities. Global Change Biology 18: 1636-1647.

Mitsch, W.J, L. Zhang, K. C. Stefanik, A. M. Nahlik, C. J. Anderson, B. Bernal, and K. Song. 2012.. Creating wetlands: A 15-year study of primary succession, water quality changes, and self-design. BioScience 62: 237-250.

Song, K, H. Kang, L, Zhang, and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Seasonal and spatial variations of denitrification and denitrifying community structure in created wetlands. Ecological Engineering 38: 130-134.


Doering, O.C., J.N. Galloway, T.L. Theis, V. Aneja, E. Boyer, K.G. Cassman, E.B. Cowling, R.R. Dickerson, W. Herz, D.L. Hey, R. Kohn, J.S. Lighy, W. Mitsch, W. Moomaw, A. Mosier, H. Paerl, B. Shaw, and P. Stacey. 2011. Reactive Nitrogen in the United States: An Analysis of Inputs, Flows, Consequences, and Management OptionsU.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board Integrated Nitrogen Committee, EPA-SAB-11-013, Washington, DC, 139 pp.

Mander, U., and W.J. Mitsch. 2011. Biogeochemical aspects of ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation. Ecological Engineering 37: 1003-1007.

Huang, J.-C., W.J. Mitsch and D.L. Johnson. 2011. Estimating biogeochemical and biotic interactions between a stream channel and a riparian wetland: A medium-scale physical model. Ecological Engineering 37: 1035-1049.

Sha, C., W. J. Mitsch, Ü. Mander, J. Lu, J. Batson, L. Zhang and W. He. 2011. Methane emissions from freshwater riverine wetlands. Ecological Engineering 37: 16-24.

Nahlik, A.M, and W.J. Mitsch. 2011. Methane emissions from tropical freshwater wetlands located in different climatic zones of Costa Rica. Global Change Biology 17: 1321-1334.


Urban, R. A., A. Baral, G. F. Grubb, B. R. Bakshi, and W. J. Mitsch. 2010. Towards the sustainability of engineered processes: Designing self-reliant networks of technological-ecological systems. Computers and Chemical Engineering 34: 1413-1420.

Mitsch, W.J. 2010. The 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill: What would Mother Nature do? Ecological Engineering 36: 1607-1610.

Mitsch, W.J. 2010. Restauration des Cours d’eau et de leur basin versant: Une approach par genie écologique. Pages 206-224 In: J.-C. Lefeuvre, dir., Carrières, biodiversité et fonctionnement des hydrosystèmes. UNICEM/Pierre-Yves Brunaud, ENCEM.

Huang, J.-C., W.J. Mitsch and A. Ward. 2010. Design of experimental streams for simulating headwater stream restoration. J. American Water Resources Association. 46: 957-971.

Song, K., S.H. Lee, W.J. Mitsch, and H. Kang. 2010. Different responses of denitrification rates and denitrifying bacterial communities to hydrologic pulsing in created wetlands. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 1721-1727.

Mitsch, W.J. 2010. Conservation, restoration, and creation of wetlands: A global perspective. In: F.A. Comin, ed. Ecological Restoration: A Global Challenge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 175-188.

Nahlik, A.M, and W.J. Mitsch. 2010. Methane emissions from created freshwater wetlands. Wetlands 30: 783-793.

Mitsch J W..; A. M Nahlik, P. Wolski; B. Bernal, L. Zhang.; L. Ramberg. 2010. Tropical wetlands: Seasonal hydrologic pulsing, carbon sequestration, and methane emissions. Wetlands Ecology and Management. 18: 573-586.

Korfel, C.A., W.J. Mitsch, T.E. Hetherington, and J.J. Mack. 2010. Hydrology, physiochemistry, and amphibians in natural and created vernal pool wetlands. Restoration Ecology 18: 843-854.


Qin, P. and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Wetland restoration and ecological engineering: International Conference on Wetland Restoration and Ecological Engineering. Ecological Engineering 35: 437-441.

Mitsch, W.J. 2009. In memory : Professor C.H. Chung (1908–2008). Ecological Engineering 37: 442-443.

Gardner, R.C., J. Zedler, A. Redmond, R.E. Turner, C.A. Johnston, V.R. Alvarez, C.A. Simenstad, K.L. Prestegaard, and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Compensating for wetland losses under the Clean Water Act (Redux): Evaluating the Federal Compensatory Mitigation Regulation (long-version). Stetson Law Review. 38: 213-249.

Gardner, R.C., J. Zedler, A. Redmond, R.E. Turner, C.A. Johnston, V.R. Alvarez, C.A. Simenstad, K.L. Prestegaard, and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Compensating for wetland losses under the Clean Water Act (Redux): Evaluating the Federal Compensatory Mitigation Regulation (short version). National Wetland Newsletter 31(2), 1, 3-7.

Mitsch, J.W., L. Zhang, D.F. Fink, M.E. Hernandez, A.E. Altor, C.L. Tuttle, and A.M. Nahlik. 2008. Ecological Engineering of Floodplains. Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology. 8:139-147.

Day, J.W., Jr., C.A.S. Hall, A. Yáñez-Arancibia, D. Pimentel, C. Ibañez Marti, and W. J. Mitsch. 2009. Ecology in times of scarcity. BioScience. 59:321-331.

Gamble, D.L. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Hydroperiods of created and natural vernal pools in central Ohio: A comparison of depth and duration of inundation. Wetlands Ecology and Management 17: 385-395.

Gutrich, J.J., K.J. Taylor, M. S. Fennessy. 2009. Restoration of vegetation communities of created depressional marshes in Ohio and Colorado (USA): The importance of initial effort for mitigation success. Ecological Engineering 35:351-368.

Mander, U., and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Pollution control by wetlands. Ecological Engineering 35: 153-158.

Huang, J-C., W.J. Mitsch, and L. Zhang. 2009. Ecological restoration design of a stream on a college campus in central Ohio. Ecological Engineering 35: 329-340.


Bernal, B. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. A comparison of soil carbon pools and profiles in wetlands in Costa Rica and Ohio. Ecological Engineering 34: 311-323.

Kohlmann, B., W.J. Mitsch, and D.O. Hansen. 2008. Ecological management and sustainable development in the humid tropics of Costa Rica. Ecological Engineering 34: 254-266.

Mitsch, W.J., J, Lu, X. Yuan, W. He and L. Zhang. 2008. Optimizing ecosystem services in China. Science 322: 528.

Mitsch, W.J., J. Tejada, A. M. Nahlik, B. Kohlman, B, Bernal, and C. E. Hernández. 2008. Tropical wetlands for climate change research, water quality management and conservation education on a university campus in Costa Rica. Ecological Engineering 34:276-288.

Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. The influence of flood connectivity on bottomland forest productivity in central Ohio, USA. Ohio J. Science 108 (2): 2-8.

Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Tree basal growth response to flooding in a bottomland hardwood forest in central Ohio. J. American Water Resources Association 40: 1-9.

Altor, A.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Pulsing hydrology, methane emissions, and carbon dioxide fluxes in created marshes: A 2-year ecosystem study. Wetlands 28: 423-438.

Altor, A.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Methane emissions and carbon dioxide fluxes in created wetland mesocosms: Effects of hydrologic regime and hydric soils. Ecological Applications 18: 1307-1320.

Dale, V.H., Biddinger, G.R., Newman, M.C., Oris,| J.T., Suter, G.W., Thompson, T., Armitage, T.M., Meyer, J.L., Allen-King, R.M., Burton, G.A., Chapman, P.M., Conquest, L.L., Fernandez, I.J., Landis, W.G., Master, L.L., Mitsch, W.J., Mueller, T.C., Charles F. Rabeni, C.F., Rodewald, A.D., Sanders, J.G., and van Heerden, I.L. 2008. Enhancing the Ecological Risk Assessment Process. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 4: 306-313.

Nahlik, A.M. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. The effect of river pulsing on sedimentation in created riparian wetlands. Journal of Environmental Quality 37: 1634-1643.

Swab, R.M. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Effect of hydrologic restoration and Lonicera maacki removal on herbaceous understory vegetation in a bottomland hardwood forest. Restoration Ecology 16: 453-463.

Tuttle, C.L. L. Zhang, and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Aquatic metabolism as an indicator of the ecological effects of hydrologic pulsing in flow-through wetlands. Ecological Indicators 8: 795-806.


 Martin, J. F., and Tilley, D. 2007. Accounting for environmental sustainability with emergy analysis. Encyclopedia of Soil Science.

Tilley, D. J.F. and Martin. 2007. Environmental accounting of agricultural sustainability using emergy analysis. UNESCO-Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. Theme: Systems Analysis and Modeling in Food and Agriculture. K.C. Ting, D.H.Fleisher, L.F. Rodriguez-editor.

Yanez-Arancibia, A., J.W. Day, R.R. Twilley, and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Enfoque ecosistémico para restaurar humedales costeros ante los cambios globales. Ambientico 165: 35-38.

Mitsch, W.J. 2007. Ecological and social complexity in restoring water resources: Coastal Louisiana, the Mississippi River Basin, and Mesopotamia. Pages 19-23 In: 2006 Stockholm Water Prize Laureates Seminar: Challenges and Opportunities within the Water Sector, Stockholm International Water Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Mitsch, W.J. 2007. Restoration of the world’s wetlands. Pages 30-37 In: Proceeding, International Symposium on Wetland Restoration 2006: Restoration and Wise Use of Wetlands. Organizing Committee of the Symposium on Wetland Restoration 2006, Shiga Prefectural Government, Otsu, Japan.

Zhang, L. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Sediment chemistry and nutrient influx in a hydrologically restored bottomland hardwood forest in Midwestern USA. River Research and Applications 23: 1026-1037.

Day J.W., Jr., Donald F. Boesch, Ellis J. Clairain, G. Paul Kemp, Shirley B. Laska, William J. Mitsch, Kenneth Orth, Hassan Mashriqui, Denise R. Reed, Leonard Shabman, Charles A. Simenstad, Bill J. Streever, Robert R. Twilley, Chester C. Watson, John T. Wells, and Dennis F. Whigham. 2007. Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: Lessons From Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Science 315:1679-1684.

Hernandez, M.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Denitrification in created riverine wetlands: Influence of hydrology and season. Ecological Engineering 30:78-88.

Fink, D.F. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Hydrology and biogeochemistry in a created river diversion oxbow wetland. Ecological Engineering 30: 93-102.

Hernandez, M.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Denitrification potential and organic matter as affected by vegetation community, wetland age, and plant introduction in created wetlands. Journal of Environmental Quality 36: 333-342.


Nahlik, A. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Tropical treatment wetlands dominated by free-floating macrophytes for water quality improvement in Costa Rica. Ecological Engineering 28:246-257.

Altor, A. E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Methane flux from created wetlands: Relationship to intermittent vs. continuous inundation and emergent macrophytes. Ecological Engineering 28: 224-234.

Costanza, R., W.J. Mitsch, and J.W. Day. 2006. A new vision for New Orleans and the Mississippi Delta: Applying ecological economics and ecological engineering. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4: 465-472.

Hernandez, M.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Influence of hydrologic pulses, flooding frequency, and vegetation on nitrous oxide emissions from created riparian marshes. Wetlands 26: 862-877.

Costanza. R., W.J. Mitsch, and J.W. Day, Jr. 2006. Creating a sustainable and desirable New Orleans. Ecological Engineering 26: 317-320.

Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Sediment, carbon, and nutrient accumulation at two 10-year-old created riverine marshes. Wetlands 26: 779-792.

Mitsch, W.J. and J.W. Day, Jr. 2006. Restoration of wetlands in the Mississippi-Ohio-Missouri (MOM) River Basin: Experience and needed research. Ecological Engineering 26: 55-69.


Porej, D. and T.E. Hetherington. 2005. Designing wetlands for amphibians: the importance of predatory fish and shallow littoral zones in structuring of amphibian communities. Wetlands Ecology and Management 13:445–455.

Orth, K., J.W. Day, D.F. Boesch, E.J. Clairain, W.J. Mitsch, L. Shabman, C. Simenstad, and B. Streever. 2005. Lessons learned: An assessment of the effectiveness of a National Technical Review Committee for oversight of the plan for the restoration of the Mississippi Delta. Ecological Engineering 25: 153-167.

Mitsch, W.J., L. Zhang, C.J. Anderson, A. Altor, and M. Hernandez. 2005. Creating riverine wetlands: Ecological succession, nutrient retention, and pulsing effects. Ecological Engineering 25: 510-527.

Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Effect of pulsing on macrophyte productivity and nutrient uptake: A wetland experiment. American Midland Naturalist 154: 305-319.

Anderson, C.J., W.J. Mitsch, and R.W. Nairn. 2005. Temporal and spatial development of surface soil conditions at two created riverine marshes. Journal of Environmental Quality 34: 2072-2081.

Mitsch, W.J. 2005. Applying science to conservation and restoration of the world’s wetlands. Water Science & Technology 51 (8): 13-26.

Hinkle, R. and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Salt marsh vegetation recovery at salt hay farm wetland restoration sites on Delaware Bay. Ecological Engineering 25: 240-251.

Zhang, L., W.J. Mitsch, and D.F. Fink. 2005. Hydrology, water quality, and restoration potential for the Upper Big Darby Creek, Central Ohio. Ohio J. Science 105:46-56.

Mitsch, W.J., J.W. Day, Jr., L. Zhang, and R. Lane. 2005. Nitrate-nitrogen retention by wetlands in the Mississippi River Basin. Ecological Engineering 24: 267-278.

Day, J.W., Jr., J. Barras, E. Clairain, J. Johnston, D. Justic, G. P. Kemp, J.-Y. Ko, R. Lane, W.J. Mitsch, G. Steyer, P. Templet, and A. Yañez-Arancibia. 2005. Implications of global climatic change and energy cost and availability for the restoration of the Mississippi Delta. Ecological Engineering 24: 253-265.

Mitsch, W.J. 2005. Wetland creation, restoration, and conservation: A Wetland Invitational at the Olentangy River Wetland Research Park. Ecological Engineering 24: 243-251.

Day, J.W., Jr., G. Abrami, J. Rybczyk and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Venice Lagoon and the Po Delta: System functioning as a basis for sustainable management. In: Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon, Fletcher and Spencer, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. pp. 445-459.


Porej, D., M. Micacchion and T.E. Hetherington. 2004. Core terrestrial habitat for conservation of local populations of salamanders and wood frogs in agricultural landscapes. Biological Conservation 120:399–409.

Fink, D.F. and W.J. Mitsch. 2004. Seasonal and storm event nutrient removal by a created wetland in an agricultural watershed. Ecological Engineering 23:313-325.

Mitsch, W.J., N. Wang, L. Zhang, R. Deal, X. Wu and A. Zuwerink. 2005. Using ecological indicators in a whole-ecosystem wetland experiment.

In S.E. Jørgensen, F-L Xu, and R. Costanza, eds. Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 211-236.

Gutrich, J.J. and F.J. Hitzhusen. 2004. Assessing the substitutability of mitigation wetlands for natural sites: Estimating restoration lag costs of wetland mitigation. E cological Economics 48: 409-424.

Zhang, L., and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Modelling of hydrological budgets of flow-through created wetlands: An integrated system approach. Environmental Software & Modelling. 20: 935-946.

Mitsch, W.J. and J.W. Day, Jr. 2004. Thinking big with whole ecosystem studies and ecosystem restoration: A legacy of H.T. Odum. Ecological Modelling 178: 133-155.

Selbo, S.M. and A.A. Snow. 2004. The potential for hydridization between Typha angustifolia and T. latafolia in a constructed wetland. Aquatic Botany 78: 361-369.


Mitsch, W.J. and S.E. Jorgensen. 2003. Ecological engineering: A field whose time has come. Ecological Engineering 20: 363-377.

Mitsch, W.J. 2003. Ecology, ecological engineering, and the Odum brothers. Ecological Engineering 20: 363-377.

Day. J.W. Jr., A. Yanez Arancibia, W.J. Mitsch, A.L. Lara-Dominguez, J.N. Day, J.-Y. Ko, R. Lane,and J.Lindsey. 2003. Using ecotechnology to address water quality and wetland habitat loss problems in the Mississippi Basin: A hierarchical approach. Biotechnology Advances 22: 135-159.

Spieles, D.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2003. A model of macroinvertebrate trophic structure and oxygen demand in freshwater wetlands. Ecological Modellling 161: 183-194.

Harter, S.K. and W.J. Mitsch. 2003. Patterns of short-term sedimentation in a freshwater created marsh. Journal of Environmental Quality. Journal of Environmental Quality 32: 325-334.


Mitsch, W.J., J.C. Lefeuvre, and V. Bouchard. 2002. Ecological engineering applied to river and wetland restoration. Ecological Engineering. 18: 529-541.

Anderson, K.L., K.A. Wheeler, J.A. Robinson, and O. H. Tuovinen. 2002. Atrazine mineralization potential in two wetlands. Water Research 36: 4785-4794.

Mitsch, W.J. 2002. Ecological engineering. Environmental Engineering Magazine 38(2): 27-33.

Ahn, C. and W.J. Mitsch. 2002. Evaluating the use of recycled coal combustion products in constructed wetlands: An ecologic-economic modeling approach. Ecological Modelling 150: 117-140.

Ahn, C. and W.J. Mitsch. 2002. Scaling considerations of mesocosm wetlands in simulating large created freshwater marshes. Ecological Engineering 18: 327-342.


Mitsch, W.J., N. Wang, and V. Bouchard. 2001. Fringe wetlands of the Laurentian Great lakes: Effects of dikes, water level fluctuations, and climate change. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27: 3430-3437.

Mitsch, W.J., J. W. Day, Jr., J. W. Gilliam, P. M. Groffman, D. L. Hey, G. W. Randall, and N. Wang. 2001. Reducing nitrogen loading to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River Basin: Strategies to counter a persistent large-scale ecological problem. BioScience 51: 373-388.

Fennessy, M.S. and W.J. Mitsch. 2001. Effects of hydrology on spatial patterns of soil development in created riparian wetlands. Wetlands Ecology and Management 9: 103-120.

Ahn, C. and W.J. Mitsch. 2001. Chemical analysis of soil and leachate from experimental wetland mesocosms lined with coal combustion products. Journal of Environmental Quality 30: 1457-1463.

Svengsouk, L. and W.J. Mitsch. 2001. Dynamics of mixtures of Typha latifolia and Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani in nutrient-enrichment wetland experiments. American Midland Naturalist 145: 187-210.

Ahn, C., W.J. Mitsch, and W.E. Wolfe. 2001. Effects of recycled FGD liner material on water quality and macrophytes of constructed wetlands: A mesocosm experiment. Water Research 35: 633-642.


Spieles, D.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2000. Macroinvertebrate community structure in high-and low-nutrient constructed wetlands. Wetlands 20: 716-729.

Weihe, P.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2000. Garden wetland experiment demonstrates genetic differences in soft rush obtained from different regions (Ohio). Ecological Restoration 18: 258-259.

Mitsch, W.J. 2000. Self-design applied to coastal restoration. In: M.P. Weinstein and D.A. Kreeger, eds., Concepts and Controversies in Tidal Marsh Ecology. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 554-564.

Jørgensen, S.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2000. Ecological engineering. Pages 537-546 In. S.E. Jørgensen and F. Müller, eds., Handbook of Ecosystem Theories and Management. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.

Mitsch, W.J. and N. Wang. 2000. Large-scale coastal wetland restoration on the Laurentian great lakes: Determining the potential for water quality improvement. Ecological Engineering 15: 267-282.

Söderqvist, T., W.J. Mitsch, and R.K. Turner. 2000. Editorial-Valuation of wetlands in a landscape and institutional perspective. Ecological Economics 35: 1-4.

Mitsch, W.J. and J.G. Gosselink. 2000. The value of wetlands: Importance of scale and landscape setting. Ecological Economics 35: 25-33

Wang, N. and W.J. Mitsch. 2000. A detailed ecosystem model of phosphorus dynamics in created riparian wetlands. Ecological Modelling 126: 101-130.

Mitsch, W.J. , X. Wu, R.W. Nairn, and N. Wang. 2000. To plant or not to plant: response from Mitsch et al. BioScience 50: 188-191.

Jørgensen, S.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2000. Ecological engineering. In: S.E. Jørgensen, ed. A Systems Approach to the Environmental Analysis of Pollution Minimization, Lewis Publisher, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 225-240.

Nairn, R.W. and W.J. Mitsch. 1999. Phosphorus removal in created wetland ponds receiving river overflow. Ecological Engineering 14: 107-126.

Spieles, D.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2000. The effects of season and hydrologic and chemical loading on nitrate retention in constructed wetlands: A comparison of low and high nutrient riverine systems. Ecological Engineering 14: 77-91.

Mitsch, W.J., A.J. Horne, and R.W. Nairn.2000. Nitrogen and phosphorus retention in wetland; Ecological approaches to solving excess nutrient problems. Ecological Engineering 14: 1-7.


Mitsch, W.J. 1999. Hypoxia solution through wetland restoration in America’s breadbasket. The National Wetland Newsletter, Nov-Dec: 9-10, 14.

Mitsch, W.J. 1999. Biosphere 2: The Special Issue (Preface). Ecological Engineering 13: 1-2.

Mitsch, W.J. 1999. Book Review: R.W. Tiner: In Search of Swampland: A Wetland Sourcebook and Field Guide. Wetlands 19: 297-298.

Koreny, J.S., W.J. Mitsch, E.S. Bair, and X. Wu. 1999. Regional and local hydrology of a created riparian wetland system. Wetlands 19: 182-193.


Mitsch, W.J. 1998. Olentangy River Wetland Research Park: The Ohio State University as a “Wet-Land Grant” University. Land and Water: The Magazine of Natural Resource Management and Restoration 42(5): 22-26.

Wang, N. and W.J. Mitsch. 1998. Estimating phosphorus retention of existing and restored wetlands in a tributary watershed of the Laurentian Great Lakes in Michigan, USA. Wetlands Ecology and Management 6: 69-82.

Mitsch, W.J. and V. Bouchard. 1998. Enhancing the role of coastal wetlands of the North American Great Lakes. Wetlands Ecology and Management 6: 1-3.

Mitsch, W.J., X. Wu, R.W. Nairn, R.E. Weihe, N. Wang, R. Deal, C.E. Boucher. 1998. Creating and restoring wetlands: A whole-ecosystem experiment in self-design. BioScience 48: 1019-1030.

Mitsch, W.J. 1998. Book Review: A.D. Laderman: Coastally Restricted Forests. Tree Physiology 18: 419.

Mitsch, W.J. 1998. Self-design and wetland creation: early results of a freshwater marsh experiment. In: A.J. McComb and J.A. Davis (ed.). Contributions from INTECOL’s V International Wetlands Conference, Perth, Australia, Gleneagles Press, Adelaide, SA, Australia , pp. 635-655.

Mitsch, W.J. 1998. Protecting the world’s wetlands: threats and opportunities in the 21st century. In: A.J. McComb and J.A. Davis (ed.). Wetlands for the Future. Contributions from INTECOL’s V International Wetlands Conference, Perth, Australia, Gleneagles Press, Adelaide, SA, Australia, pp. 19-31.

Wang, R., Y. Yan, and W.J. Mitsch. 1998. Editorial&emdash;Ecological engineering: A promising approach towards sustainable development in developing countries. Ecological Engineering 11: 1-15.

Bruins, R.J.F., S. Cai, S. Chen, and W.J. Mitsch. 1998. Ecological engineering strategies to reduce flooding damage to wetland crops in central China. Ecological Engineering 11: 231-259.

Dudek, D.M., J. R. McClenahen, and W.J. Mitsch. 1998. Tree growth responses of Populus deltoides and Juglans nigra to streamflow and climate in a bottomland hardwood forest in Central Ohio. Am. Midl. Nat. 140: 233-244.

Mitsch, W.J. and M.T. Brown. 1998. Ecological engineering at EcoSummit 96 in Copenhagen (editorial) Ecological Engineering 10: 115-118.

Kang, H., C. Freeman, D. Lee, and W.J. Mitsch. 1998. Enzyme activities in constructed wetlands: Implication for water quality amelioration. Hydrobiologia 368: 231-235.

Mitsch, W.J. 1998. Ecological engineering; The seven-year itch. Ecological Engineering 10: 119-138.

Mitsch, W.J. 1998. Ecological Engineering; Enhancing nature’s ecological services. Proceedings, With Rivers to the Sea; Interactions of Land Activities, Fresh Water and Enclosed Coastal Seas, Stockholm Water Symposium, Stockholm International Water Institute, Sweden. pp. 281-288.

Mitsch, W. J. and K.M. Wise, 1998. Water quality, fate of metals, and predictive model validation of a constructed wetland treating acid mine drainage. Water Research 32: 1888-1900.

Wu, X. and W.J. Mitsch. 1998. Spatial and temporal patterns of algae in newly constructed freshwater wetlands. Wetlands 18: 9-20.


Mitsch, W.J. 1997. Book Review: Finlayson and van der Valk: Classification and Inventory of the World’s Wetlands. Wetlands 17: 574-575.

Mitsch, W.J. 1997. Book Review: Schnoor: Environmental Modeling. J. Environ. Qual. 26(4)

Metzker, K. and W.J. Mitsch. 1997. Modelling self-design of the aquatic community in a newly created freshwater wetland. Ecological Modelling 100: 61-86.

Mitsch, W.J. and U. Mander. 1997. Remediation of ecosystems damaged by environmental contamination: Application of ecological engineering and ecosystem restoration in Central and Eastern Europe. Ecological Engineering 8:247-254.

Mitsch, W.J. 1997. Book Review: Kadlec and Knight: Treatment Wetlands. Ecological Engineering 8:173-175.

Mitsch, W.J. 1997. Ecological engineering: Five years after birth of the journal (editorial). Ecological Engineering 8:1-4.

Mitsch, W.J. 1997. Biosphere: Boundary Systems Between Water and Land. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Vol. 14, pp. 1180-1184.

Mitsch, W.J. 1997. Ecological engineering: The roots and rationale of a new ecological paradigm. In, C. Etnier (eds.), Ecological Engineering for Wastewater Treatment. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC/Lewis Publishers. pp. 1-20.

Özesmi, U. and W.J. Mitsch. 1997. A spatial model for the marsh-breeding red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus L.) in coastal Lake Erie wetlands. Ecological Modelling 101:139-152.


Mitsch, W.J. 1996. Managing the world’s wetlands: Preserving and enhancing their ecological functions.Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 26:139-147.

Wilson, R.F. and W, J. Mitsch. 1996. Functional assessment of five wetlands constructed to mitigate wetland loss in Ohio, USA. Wetlands 16:436-451.

Mitsch, W.J. 1996. The Olentangy River Wetland Research Park: Integrating wetlands and higher education. In, S. Colvin (ed.) Proceedings of Five Regional Citizen Education Workshops on Lake Management, North American Lake Management Society, pp. 81-85.

Mitsch, W.J. 1996. Ecological engineering: A new paradigm for engineers and ecologists. In, P.C. Schulze (ed.), Engineering within Ecological Constraints Washington, DC: National Academy Press. pp. 111-128.

Mitsch, W.J. and R.F. Wilson. 1996. Improving the success of wetland creation and restoration with know-how, time, and self-design. Ecological Applications 6:77-83.


Mitsch, W.J. 1995. The Olentangy River Wetland Research Park at The Ohio State University: Coupling wetlands with higher education. The Wetland Journal. 7(3):4-7.

Gopal, B. and W.J. Mitsch. 1995.The role of vegetation in created and restored wetlands – An international perspective (editorial). Ecological Engineering 5:1-3.

Mitsch, W.J. 1995. Restoration of our lakes and rivers with wetlands-an important application of ecological engineering. Water Science and Technology 32:167-177.

Niswander, S.F. and W.J. Mitsch. 1995. Functional analysis of a two-year-old created in-stream wetland: hydrology, phosphorus retention, and vegetation survival and growth. Wetlands 15:212-225.

Mitsch, W.J. 1995. Ecological engineering: from Gainesville to Beijing – A comparison of approaches in the United States and China. In, C.A.S. Hall (ed.), Maximum Power Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado. pp. 109-122.

Mitsch, W.J., J.K. Cronk, X. Wu, R.W. Nairn and D.L. Hey. 1995. Phosphorus retention in constructed freshwater riparian marshes. Ecological Applications 5:830-845.

Mitsch, W.J.and X. Wu. 1995. Wetlands and Global Change. In, R. Lal , J. Kimble, E. Levine, and B.A. Stewart (eds.), Advances in Soil Science, Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect. Boca Raton, Florida: Lewis Publishers. pp. 205-230.

Willis, C. and W.J. Mitsch. 1995. Effects of hydrologic and nutrients on seedling emergence and biomass of aquatic macrophytes from natural and artificial seed banks. Ecological Engineering 4:65-76.

Mitsch, W.J. 1995. Restoration and creation of wetlands-providing the science and engineering basis and measuring success (editorial). Ecological Engineering 4:61-64.


Cronk, J.K. and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Periphyton productivity on artificial and natural surfaces in four constructed freshwater wetlands under different hydrologic regimes. Aquatic Botany 48:325-341.

Christensen, N., W.J. Mitsch and S.E. Jørgensen. 1994. A first generation ecosystem model of the Des Plaines River experimental wetlands. Ecological Engineering 3:495-521.

Fennessy, M.S., C. Brueske and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Sediment deposition patterns in restored freshwater wetlands using sediment traps. Ecological Engineering 3:409-428.

Cronk, J.K. and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Aquatic metabolism in four newly constructed freshwater wetlands with different hydrologic inputs. Ecological Engineering 3:449-468.

Fennessy, M.S., J.K. Cronk and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Macrophyte productivity and community development in created freshwater wetlands under experimental hydrologic conditions. Ecological Engineering 3:469-484.

Sanville, W. and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Preface: Creating freshwater marshes in a riparian landscape: Research at the Des Plaines River Wetlands Demonstration Project. Ecological Engineering 3:315-317.

Hagiwara, H. and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Ecosystem modelling of an integrated aquaculture in South China. Ecological Modelling 72:41-73.

Flanagan, N., W.J. Mitsch, and K. Beach. 1994. Predicting metal retention in a constructed mine drainage wetland. Ecological Engineering 3:135-159.

Mitsch, W.J. 1994. Ecological Engineering: A Friend. published concurrently in Ecological Engineering 3:112-115 and Journal of Environmental Engineering.

Mitsch, W.J. 1994. Energy flow in a pulsing system: Howard T. Odum. Ecological Engineering 3:77-83.

Mitsch, W.J., B.C. Reeder, and D.M. Robb. 1994. Modelling ecosystem and landscape scales of Lake Erie coastal wetlands. Pages 563-574 In W.J. Mitsch, ed. Global Wetlands: Old World and New. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Mitsch, W.J. 1994. A comparison of the nonpoint source pollution control function of natural and constructed riparian wetlands. Pages 351-361 In W.J. Mitsch, ed. Global Wetlands: Old World and New. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Mitsch, W.J., R.H. Mitsch, and R.E. Turner. 1994. Wetlands of the Old and New Worlds; Ecology and management. Pages 3-56 In W.J. Mitsch, ed. Global Wetlands: Old World and New. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Yan, J. and W.J. Mitsch. 1994. Comparison of ecological engineering between China and the West. Rural Eco-Environment 10(1): 45-52 (in Chinese).

Mitsch, W.J., A. van der Valk, and E. Jaworski. 1994. Wetland restoration at a former Nike missile base in the Great Lakes Basin. Restoration Ecology 2(1):31-42.

Kusler, J, W.J. Mitsch, and J.S. Larson. 1994. Wetlands. Scientific American 270(1): 64-70.


Mitsch, W.J. 1993. INTECOL’s IV International Wetlands Conference: A report. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 19:129-134.

Mitsch, W.J., J. Yan, and J. Cronk. 1993. Ecological engineering: Contrasting experiences in China with the West. Ecological Engineering 2:177-191.

Mitsch, W.J. 1993. Ecological engineering; A cooperative role with the planetary life-support systems. Environmental Science & Technology 27:438-445.

Sharitz, R.R. and W.J. Mitsch. 1993. Southern floodplain forests. Pages 311-372 In: W.H. Martin, S.G. Boyce, and A.C.E. Echtemacht, eds. Biodiversity of the Southeastern United States: Lowland Terrestrial Communities. J. Wiley & Sons, New York.


Mitsch, W.J. 1992. Combining ecosystem and landscape approaches to Great Lakes Wetlands. J. Great Lakes Research 18:52-570.

Mitsch, W.J. 1992. Ecological indicators for ecological engineering in wetlands.Pages 535-556 In D. McKenzie et al., eds., Ecological Indicators, Elsevier, Amsterdam

Mitsch, W.J. 1992. Wetlands, ecological engineering, and self-design. Great Lakes Wetlands 3(1):1-3,7.

Mitsch, W.J. 1992. Landscape design and the role of created, restored, and natural riparian wetlands in controlling nonpoint source pollution. Ecological Engineering 1:27-47.

Mitsch, W.J. and J.K. Cronk. 1992. Creation and restoration of wetlands: some design consideration for ecological engineering. Pages 217-259 In: R. Lal and B.A. Stewart, eds. Advances in Soil Science, Volume 17 – Soil Restoration. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Mitsch, W.J. and B.C. Reeder. 1992. Nutrient and hydrologic budgets of a Great Lakes coastal freshwater wetland during a drought year. Wetlands Ecology and Management 1(4): 211-223.

Mitsch, W.J. 1992. Applications of ecotechnology to the creation and rehabilitation of temperate wetlands. Pages 309-331 in M. Wali, ed. Ecosystem Rehabilitation , Volume 2: Ecosystem Analysis and Synthesis, SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Robb, D.M. and W.J. Mitsch. 1992. Selected chemical parameters of diked and undiked Lake Erie marshes. Pages 130-136 In: J. Kusler and R. Smardon, ed.Wetlands of the Great Lakes. Association of Wetland Managers, Berne, NY.