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Teal textured background with white text overlay that reads Patient Satisfaction and Perception of the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program.

About the Project

The purpose of this project is to survey medical marijuana patients and potential patients to evaluate their experiences and satisfaction with the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program (OMMCP) to date. This research aims to fill in a critical gap in our understanding of the medical marijuana program in Ohio and to find out how the people potentially impacted by the current regime perceive its performance thus far. Doing so allows for a unique examination into the efficacy of the structure of OMMCP and how this state’s initial experience with marijuana reform can inform the larger national conversation that is currently underway.


2023 Survey Report

Medical marijuana on a doctor's table with text overlay reading Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program at Five Years: Evaluating Satisfaction and Perception.

This report, a fifth in the annual series from the Drug Enforcement and Policy Center (DEPC), traces the evolution of the Ohio Medical Marijuana Control Program (OMMCP) over the last five years.  As in years past, the report provides both information about the growth of OMMCP in respect to sales, sales receipts and taxes collected, as well as survey results focused on OMMCP patients’ and prospective patients’ satisfaction levels with the functioning and design of the program, garnered from over 2900 survey responses. While overall satisfaction levels are rising, patients continue to voice concerns about some aspects of the medical marijuana program, including the price of cannabis products in Ohio dispensaries, lack of legal protections for patients, and the cost and difficulty of obtaining OMMCP patient card. Similar to last year’s report, the final section includes recommendations for policy and regulatory changes that could have a positive impact on patients’ satisfaction with OMMCP. It also provides information on which of these policy recommendations would be addressed should the November 2023 ballot initiative to legalize adult-use cannabis in Ohio pass.

READ THE REPORT

Selected Findings

  • Since January 2019, the state of Ohio collected over $132 million in revenue.
  • Ohio medical dispensaries recorded a 39.6% increase in year-to-year sales of marijuana plant and 33.9% increase in sales of manufactured products. However, due to falling prices, this translated only in a 10% sales receipt growth and a commensurate 10% increase in collected tax revenue.
  • The OMMCP recorded an 18.2% increase in the number of patients with active recommendation and active registration growing from June 2022 to June 2023.
  • Despite an average monthly drop of 21.1% in marijuana prices in Ohio dispensaries, marijuana products continue to be more affordable in the state of Michigan.
  • Over 90% of patients seeking medical marijuana recommendation go to a specialized doctor whom they see only for this specific purpose.
  • For the first time we asked patients to tell us about how much they pay for their annual doctor recommendation they are required to have in order to renew their patient registration. 10% of respondents reported paying $200 or more; and nearly 70% of patients reported being charged $100 or more for the required annual physician recommendation.
  • 75% of survey respondents indicated that they purchased 80-100% of their supply from a licensed Ohio dispensary; 25% of respondents indicated that they utilize additional sources for their supply. When asked about why Ohio dispensary was not their primary source of medical marijuana, the most frequently cited reason was the high cost of marijuana in Ohio dispensaries, followed by the cost of obtaining and maintaining a patient card.
  • 62.1% of people reporting being either “extremely satisfied” or “somewhat satisfied” with OMMCP, which is an increase of 6 percentage points from last year. Of those satisfied, 43.2% indicated that they are “somewhat satisfied” suggesting that additional improvements to the program are still needed. Only 29.8% of respondents reported being either extremely or somewhat dissatisfied with the program.
  • As was the case last year, the policy change that would most positively affect patients’ satisfaction with OMMCP would be the provision of legal protections for employment, housing and firearm privileges with 74.5% of respondents indicating that this policy change would increase their satisfaction considerably. The other two policy changes that would considerably improve people’s satisfaction with OMMCP would be allowing self-cultivation and home delivery.
  • Two policy changes would have significant negative repercussions for patients’ satisfaction – no longer allowing virtual medical appointments to obtain a recommendation and not allowing online ordering of medical marijuana with 76.24% and 66% of respondents respectively stating that would decrease their satisfaction with OMMCP considerably. 
  • 86.6% of respondents reported having trust in the safety of products sold in Ohio dispensaries.

Questions

If you have questions about the project, the survey, or your participation in the survey, please direct them to Jana Hrdinova, administrative director of DEPC, at hrdinova.1@osu.edu.


Contact or Request an Interview

If you would like to set up an interview with a center representative, email Holly Griffin, Public Engagement Specialist for the Drug Enforcement and Policy Center, at griffin.235@osu.edu.