Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents 2012-13

Source: Barry Ward, OSU Extension, Leader, Production Business Management, Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics

Ohio cropland varies significantly in its production capabilities and cropland values and cash rents vary widely throughout the state. Generally speaking, western Ohio cropland values and cash rents differ substantially from eastern Ohio cropland values and cash rents. This is due to a number of factors including land productivity and potential crop return, the variability of those crop returns, field size, field shape, drainage, population, ease of access, market access, local market price, potential for wildlife damage, and competition for rented cropland in a region. This article highlights the summary of data collected for western Ohio cropland values and cash rents.

Ohio cropland values and cash rental rates are projected to increase in 2013. According to the Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents Survey bare cropland values in western Ohio are expected to increase from 6.8% to 15.4% in 2013 depending on the region and land class. Cash rents are expected to increase from 7.8% to 10.7% depending on the region and land class.

The “Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents” study was conducted surveying professionals knowledgeable about Ohio’s cropland markets. Surveyed groups include farm managers, rural appraisers, agricultural lenders, OSU Extension educators, farmers, landowners, and Farm Service Agency personnel.

Average Cropland

Survey results for “average” producing cropland show an average yield to be 160.7 bushels of corn per acre. Results show that the value of “average” cropland in western Ohio was $6,516 per acre in 2012. According to survey data this “average” producing cropland is expected to be valued at $7,069 per acre in 2013. This is a projected increase of 8.5%.

“Average” cropland rented for an average of $197 per acre in 2012 according to survey results. “Average” cropland is expected to rent for $215 per acre in 2013. This equates to a cash rent of $1.34 per bushel of corn produced. Rents in the “average” cropland category are expected to equal 3.0% of land value in 2013.

Top Cropland

Survey results indicate that “top” performing cropland in western Ohio averages 192.3 bushels of corn per acre. Results also show that average value of “top” cropland in 2012 was $7,865 per acre. According to this survey “top” cropland in western Ohio is expected to be valued at $8,515 in 2013. This is a projected increase of 8.3%.

“Top” cropland in western Ohio rented for an average of $256 per acre in 2012 according to survey results. “Top” cropland is expected to rent for $283 in 2013. This equates to a cash rent of $1.47 per bushel of corn produced. Rents in the “top” cropland category are expected to equal 3.3% of land value in 2013.

Poor Cropland

The survey summary shows the average yield for “poor” performing cropland equals 127.2 bushels of corn per acre. Results also show that the average value of “poor” cropland was $5,053 per acre in 2012. According to survey data this “poor” producing cropland is expected to be valued at $5,645 in 2013. This is an increase of 11.7%.

“Poor” cropland rented for an average of $144 per acre in 2012 according to survey results. Cash Rent for “Poor” cropland is expected to average $156 per acre in 2013. This equates to a cash rent of $1.23 per bushel of corn produced in 2013. Rents in the “poor” cropland category are expected to equal 2.8% of land value in 2013.

The entire survey summary is available online at:

http://aede.osu.edu/about-us/publications/western-ohio-cropland-values-and-cash-rents-2012-13