Science Sundays lecture – “Mobility Matters – Why Sustainable Transportation is Essential for Our Future”

It took some time to be posted, but you can now enjoy a video of my February 2019 College of Arts and Sciences Science Sundays lecture – “Mobility Matters: Why Sustainable Transportation is Essential for Our Future.”  I will still take questions too!

Measuring the geometric and semantic similarity of space–time prisms using temporal signatures

New publication: Miller, H.J., Jaegal, Y. and Raubal, M. (2019) “Measuring the geometric and semantic similarity of space-time prisms using temporal signatures,” Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 109, 730-753.

Well-established techniques exist for measuring the similarity of space–time paths. These measures support clustering and aggregation of space–time paths as well as moving objects database queries based on similar movement patterns or semantics. Little attention has been paid, however, to the analogous problem of measuring space–time prism (STP) similarity, despite comparable applications. This article presents and evaluates a method for measuring STP similarity through dimensionality reduction that leverages their inherent temporal ordering. The technique sweeps an STP along the time axis and derives one-dimensional temporal signatures based on a measured STP property that captures its geometry or semantics. These temporal signatures can be visualized directly as curves. We can also apply existing space–time path similarity measures to these signatures. To demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, we perform two sets of experiments measuring geometric and semantic similarity among STPs and assess the information within these curves using visualization, Fréchet distances, and clustering techniques. Results suggest that the temporal signature curves capture meaningful similarities and differences among STPs.

Towards an integrated science of movement

New paper: Miller, H.J., Dodge, S., Miller, J.A. and Bohrer, G. (2019) “Towards an integrated science of movement: Converging research on animal movement ecology and human mobility,” International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 33, 855-876.

Abstract: There is long-standing scientific interest in understanding purposeful movement by animals and humans. Traditionally, collecting data on individual moving entities was difficult and time-consuming, limiting scientific progress. The growth of location-aware and other geospatial technologies for capturing, managing and analyzing moving objects data are shattering these limitations, leading to revolutions in animal movement ecology and human mobility science. Despite parallel transitions towards massive individual-level data collected automatically via sensors, there is little scientific cross-fertilization across the animal and human divide. There are potential synergies from converging these separate domains towards an integrated science of movement. This paper discusses the data-driven revolutions in the animal movement ecology and human mobility science, their contrasting worldviews and, as examples of complementarity, transdisciplinary questions that span both fields. We also identify research challenges that should be met to develop an integrated science of movement trajectories.