Blackleg Caused by Dickeya dianthicola confirmed in OH

A potato sample with blackleg symptoms received late last week in the OSU Vegetable Pathology lab was confirmed to be caused by Dickeya dianthicola.  This is the first report of the more aggressive type of blackleg in Ohio.  In hot weather, the disease can cause significant losses in potatoes. Growers who find blackleg symptoms in potatoes are welcome to submit a sample to the OSU Vegetable Pathology Lab (scroll below to June 29 post for sample submission instructions).

There are no strategies to manage blackleg once it appears in production fields.  The disease must be controlled at the seed production stage.  For more information, see Dr. Meg McGrath’s article from Cornell University

Downy Mildew Spotted in OH and Ontario

IMG_8371 2

Downy mildew reported in Kent County, Ontario on July 5 and West Salem, OH on July 8, 2016.

Downy mildew was confirmed this afternoon in cucumbers in West Salem (Wayne County), OH.  This follows closely the confirmed report of downy mildew in a pickle field in Kent County, Ontario on July 5.  With thunderstorms expected in the next few days in northern Ohio, the risk of downy mildew is relatively high, despite high daytime temperatures. Cucumber and melon growers should intensify scouting, and these crops should be protected with effective fungicides.  In areas where downy mildew is not present, and where the weather is hot and dry, protectant fungicides such as chlorothalanil (Bravo, Echo, Equus, Initiate) or mancozeb (Dithane, Manzate, Penncozeb) should be applied.  These will also help protect plants from anthracnose and gummy stem blight.  Now that downy mildew has been spotted in northern Ohio, Zing!, Gavel and/or Zampro can be added to fungicide programs in northern counties as long as downy mildew pressure is relatively low due to low inoculum (sporangia) levels and/or hot, dry weather. When downy mildew risk increases, with wetter weather and greater incidences of downy mildew (= more inoculum), the more effective downy mildew fungicides Ranman and/or Orondis Opti A & B can be added to the program.  Remember that Orondis Opti A & B applications are restricted to 1/3 of the total fungicide applications.

Cucumber DM sporulating1.JPG

Symptoms of downy mildew on lower side of cucumber leaf. Tiny dark “dots” in lesions are sporangia of the pathogen.

Cuc DM-5compressed

Downy mildew symptoms on cucumber.