In response to the NYT’s piece “HK Protests Spread to US Colleges,” a list member suggests that it might useful to remind mainland students who seek to suppress the freedom of expression of Hong Kongers of the rights enshrined in the PRC constitution.
CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 中华人民共和国宪法:
CHAPTER II. Fundamental Rights & Duties of Citizens (第二章 公民的基本权利和义务)
Article 33. Citizenship (第三十三条)
All persons holding the nationality of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) are citizens of the PRC.
All citizens of the People’s Republic of China are equal before the law.
Every citizen is entitled to the rights and at the same time must perform the duties prescribed by the Constitution and the law.
The State respects and preserves human rights.
Article 35. Freedom of speech, press, assembly (第三十五条)
PRC Citizens enjoy freedom of: speech, the press, assembly, association, procession, & demonstration.
Article 41. Right to petition the state (第四十一条)
PRC Citizens have the right to criticize and make suggestions regarding any state organ or functionary. Citizens have the right to make to relevant state organs complaints or charges against, or exposures of, any state organ or functionary for violation of the law or dereliction of duty, but fabrication or distortion of facts for purposes of libel or false incrimination is prohibited.
The state organ concerned must deal with complaints, charges or exposures made by citizens in a responsible manner after ascertaining the facts. No one may suppress such complaints, charges and exposures or retaliate against the citizens making them.
Citizens who have suffered losses as a result of infringement of their civic rights by any state organ or functionary have the right to compensation in accordance with the law.
(Adopted at the Fifth Session of the Fifth National People’s Congress and promulgated for implementation by the Announcement of the National People’s Congress on December 4, 1982 Amended in accordance with the Amendments to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China adopted respectively at the First Session of the Seventh National People’s Congress on April 12, 1988, the First Session of the Eighth National People’s Congress on March 29, 1993, the Second Session of the Ninth National People’s Congress on March 15, 1999, the Second Session of the Tenth National People’s Congress on March 14, 2004, and the First Session of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress on March 11, 2018)
© 2018 National People’s Congress Observer. Some Rights Reserved. Page 1 of 26 The following translation is based on the official English translation of the P.R.C. Constitution as amended in 2004.)