End of Clientelism
The reading this week focuses on two settlements in Oaxaca, Mexico. In which, Holzner argues how under the PRI (Party of Institutionalized Revolution) individual and group behaviors are employed by the opportunities and restrictions brought by the strong and weak social ties which furthers the clientelistic practices in Mexico. Holzner explains how the divide came between the PRI and PAN when PRI began infiltrating the settlements and rigging elections that led to the divide and establishment of the rivaling PAN as neighborhood associations. Depending on patronage and exploiting relationships, this did not come across to me as surprising because of the past authoritarian presence that kept many societies poor. Holzner expresses that the less fortunate poor are not necessarily inclined to become more involved in politics, but unlike the past they have the option to have their voices heard. We see that Mexico’s president has a very low approval rating and many took to the streets to voice their opinions on him. In conclusion, I believe that although the democratization of Mexico has brought in more equality, having an underprivileged society makes it easier for clientelism to emerge.