Humans influences on food webs

A recorded version of a talk Shane gave at the 2023 meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology in Cincinnati, OH.

Key references used in the presentation:

[1] Dunne, Jennifer A. “The network structure of food webs.” Ecological networks: linking structure to dynamics in food webs (2006): 27-86.

[2] Paine, Robert T. “Food webs: linkage, interaction strength and community infrastructure.” Journal of animal ecology 49, no. 3 (1980): 667-685.

[3] Lawton, John H. “Webbing and WIWACS.” Oikos (1995): 305-306.

[4] Memmott, J., N. D. Martinez, and J. E. Cohen. “Predators, parasitoids and pathogens: species richness, trophic generality and body sizes in a natural food web.” Journal of Animal Ecology 69, no. 1 (2000): 1-15.

[5] Gravel, Dominique, Timothée Poisot, Camille Albouy, Laure Velez, and David Mouillot. “Inferring food web structure from predator–prey body size relationships.” Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4, no. 11 (2013): 1083-1090.

[6] Clinchy, Michael, Liana Y. Zanette, Devin Roberts, Justin P. Suraci, Christina D. Buesching, Chris Newman, and David W. Macdonald. “Fear of the human “super predator” far exceeds the fear of large carnivores in a model mesocarnivore.” Behavioral Ecology 27, no. 6 (2016): 1826-1832.

[7] Foster, John Bellamy. Marx’s ecology: Materialism and nature. NYU press, 2000.

[8] Bliege Bird, Rebecca, and Dale Nimmo. “Restore the lost ecological functions of people.” Nature Ecology & Evolution 2, no. 7 (2018): 1050-1052.

[9] Dunne, Jennifer A., Herbert Maschner, Matthew W. Betts, Nancy Huntly, Roly Russell, Richard J. Williams, and Spencer A. Wood. “The roles and impacts of human hunter-gatherers in North Pacific marine food webs.” Scientific reports 6, no. 1 (2016): 21179.

[10] Crabtree, Stefani A., Douglas W. Bird, and Rebecca Bliege Bird. “Subsistence transitions and the simplification of ecological networks in the Western Desert of Australia.” Human Ecology 47 (2019): 165-177.

[11] Ripple, William J., and Robert L. Beschta. “Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: the first 15 years after wolf reintroduction.” Biological Conservation 145, no. 1 (2012): 205-213.

[12] Grandia, Liza. “The wealth report.” Sarstoon-Temash Institute for Indigenous Management, Berkeley (2004).

[13] Laigle, Idaline, Isabelle Aubin, Christoph Digel, Ulrich Brose, Isabelle Boulangeat, and Dominique Gravel. “Species traits as drivers of food web structure.” Oikos 127, no. 2 (2018): 316-326.

[14] Becker, Daniel J., Kelly A. Speer, Alexis M. Brown, M. Brock Fenton, Alex D. Washburne, Sonia Altizer, Daniel G. Streicker et al. “Ecological and evolutionary drivers of haemoplasma infection and bacterial genotype sharing in a Neotropical bat community.” Molecular ecology 29, no. 8 (2020): 1534-1549.

[15] Alvard, Michael. “Shotguns and sustainable hunting in the Neotropics.” Oryx 29, no. 1 (1995): 58-66.

[16] Geertz, Clifford. Agricultural involution: The processes of ecological change in Indonesia. Vol. 11. Univ of California Press, 1963.

Modeling and R resources used:

[1] McElreath, Richard. Statistical rethinking: A Bayesian course with examples in R and Stan. CRC press, 2020.

[2] McElreath R (2021). _rethinking: Statistical Rethinking book package_. R package version 2.21.

[3] Gabry J, Češnovar R, Johnson A (2022). _cmdstanr: R Interface to ‘CmdStan’_.

[4] Pedersen T (2022). _tidygraph: A Tidy API for Graph Manipulation_. R package version 1.2.2

[5] Pedersen T (2022). _ggraph: An Implementation of Grammar of Graphics for Graphs and Networks_. R package version 2.0.6

[6] Csardi G, Nepusz T: The igraph software package for complex network research, InterJournal, Complex Systems 1695. 2006.

[7] Wickham H, Averick M, Bryan J, Chang W, McGowan LD, François R, Grolemund G, Hayes A, Henry L, Hester J, Kuhn M, Pedersen TL, Miller E, Bache SM, Müller K, Ooms J, Robinson D, Seidel DP, Spinu V, Takahashi K, Vaughan D, Wilke C, Woo K, Yutani H (2019). “Welcome to the tidyverse.” _Journal of Open Source Software_, *4*(43), 1686. doi:10.21105/joss.01686