- Poinsettias are indigenous to Mexico and Central America and have large red leaves.
- Poinsettias are a prevalent plant during the holidays, especially at Christmas. Alternate names for Poinsettias ar:
- lobster flower
- flame leaf flower
- Flower of the Holy Night
- flower of Christmas Eve
- Crown of the Andes
- Easter flower
Picture from https://www.gardenmyths.com/poinsettia-poisonous/
UNIQUE EXPOSURES (4)
- Most people grow up believing that Poinsettias are poisons plants most likely due to a false theory of a young child found dead clutching a Poinsettia leaf in her hand back in 1919. A study conducted at Ohio State University has proven that Poinsettias are not poisonous to humans to pets.
Picture from https://www.bionity.com/en/infographics/178/the-chemistry-of-poinsettia-plants.html
- Toxicity of poinsettias have been studied using animal models and these studies have revealed little to no toxicity.
- one study could not find a lethal dose 50 in rats
- at the highest dose orally administered, there was no evidence of any symptoms during a 14-day observation.
- there was minor skin irritation with repeated dose exposure in rabbits.
- Nearly all patients do not require any therapy and can be treated without going to the hospital.
- When coming in contact with poinsettia it is not recommended to vomit, decontaminate and the use of dilution.
- Supportive care through symptomatic management, such as antiemetics, is the only recommendation.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TOXICITY (2)
- Mild, itchy rash with contact with the sap of a poinsettia
- A mild stomachache, vomiting or diarrhea after eating part of a Poinsettia
- Eye irritation if the sap of a Poinsettia comes in contact with the eye
- Allergic reaction. more common with people with latex allergy but differs from person to person.
- Evens Z., Stellpflug S. (20120. Holiday Plant with Toxic Misconceptions. Regions Hospital Toxicology Education and Clinical Services. Retrieved from: https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.proxy.lib.ohio-state.edu/pmc/articles/PMC3555592/
- Jay L. Hoecker, M.D. “Poinsettia Plants: Are They Poisonous?” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 8 Oct. 2019, www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/poinsettia-plants/faq-20058304.
- “Poinsettia Are Toxic To Pets.” Pet Poison Helpline, www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poison/poinsettia/.
- “Poison Poinsettias, Are They Toxic? Myth or Fact?” Fresh Flower Delivery, www.growerdirect.com/poinsettia-toxicity.