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Transracial adoption process

There are many things a family looking to adopt need to go through beforehand. This includes international home studies, U.S. citizenships and immigration services, child referrals and more. However, in no article does it mention a program that will help parents make sure they are caring for the child to the best of their ability and understanding the importance of keeping their heritage alive. According to adoption agencies, “In 1973, the National Association of Black Social Workers (NABSW) released a statement about the stance on transracial adoption, making it clear that the association strongly opposed Black children being adopted by White families. In the opening paragraph, the strong opposition is made clear: “…taken a vehement stand against the placement of Black children in White homes for any reason” (NABSW, 1972). This opposition is founded on the belief that White parents cannot provide a Black child with the cultural knowledge and identity that the child would have if being raised in a Black family and environment” (Boggess).  Concerns of these matters are still applicable today. Since WW11 there have been people who strongly advise White couples to not adopt children of a different race. The reason for this is that many transracial children have a hard time fitting in to their born race and a hard time trying to be the race of their family. Many children grow up to resent this. Now there are many ways to educate yourself when looking to adopt children of a different race. It shocks me that there aren’t required sessions to attend. 

During the adoptions process many soon to be parents follow a color-blind theory stating they do not care about the race of their child, however Elizabeth Raleigh mentions, “ many whites use a color-blind framework that purports not to “see” race. This colorblind philosophy is especially apparent when adoptive parents discuss transracial adoption. For example, Jennings (2006) interviewed white infertile women pursuing adoption and found that prospective adopters often chose to espouse a color-blind philosophy where the race of one’s eventual son or daughter is positioned as irrelevant to the selection process” (Raleigh 91). Even though it is great to adopt and many parents adopt because they feel as if their family is incomplete or they are unable to have children of their own, by expressing that race doesn’t matter it is more likely that a child is going to grow up with the same mindset. This can be very detrimental to a child and finding their identity.  

In the Clark Doll study it is mentioned, “Out of the eighteen transracial families interviewed, sixty percent of them lived in predominantly white neighborhoods.48 McRoy and Zurcher found that this group of transracial adoptees rarely discussed racial differences at home.49 Even more concerning was their discovery that this group of transracial adoptees did not feel that they possessed anything in common with blacks and had no desire to associate with them.50 The remaining forty percent of transracial families acknowledged their adopted child’s racial identity, attempted to provide them with black role models, and enrolled them in integrated schools” (Hadley 695). From this we need it is important to take into consideration the impacts of raising a transracial child and how important it is to include children in integrated schools. These are the types of things that are important to consider in adoption. This is why I believe there should be more programs informing the parents of the importance of these matters and for their soon to be child’s self esteem. Wouldn’t there be more of a positive outcome if parents were required to educate themselves? 

 

HADLEY, JESSICA M. “Transracial Adoptions in America: An Analysis of the Role of Racial Identity among Black Adoptees and the Benefits of Reconceptualizing Success within Adoptions.” William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender & Social Justice, vol. 26, no. 3, Spring 2020, pp. 689–713. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lft&AN=144275298&site=eds-live&scope=site.  

 

Raleigh Elizabeth. “The Color Line Exception: The Transracial Adoption of Foreign-Born and Biracial Black Children.” Women, Gender, and Families of Color, vol. 4, no. 1, 2016, p. 86. EBSCOhost, doi:10.5406/womgenfamcol.4.1.0086.

Transracial Adoption. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2020, from https://adoption.com/transracial-adoption