Ohio Beef Cattle Letter

Dear Ohio BEEF Cattle letter subscribers,

Five new articles have been posted in this week’s issue number 1159 of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter: http://u.osu.edu/beef/

Not only is bunk management important for feed efficiency, but it also reduces the incidence of acidosis. This week Steve Boyles details proper feed bunk management.


Articles this week include:

  • Feedbunk Management; Key to Animal Health and Performance
  • Should we plan for another long, wet, muddy winter?
  • Geez, what a mess!
  • Mineral Supplementation: The Benefits You May Not See
  • The Impact of Basis in Fed Cattle

Ohio BEEF Cattle Letter

Dear Ohio BEEF Cattle letter subscribers,

Six new articles have been posted in this week’s issue number 1158 of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter: http://u.osu.edu/beef/

Lots of covers have already been planted in Ohio, with many more are likely to be planted yet this fall. This week Jason Hartschuh offers tips on how best to utilize them for feed or bedding next spring.

Articles this week include:

  • Spring Forage; Looking Beyond Cereal Rye
  • BQA Transport Training & Certification
  • Hauling Cattle
  • Eastern Ohio Beef and Forage School begins October 1
  • Heart of America Grazing Conference, October 29-30
  • The Cull Cow Market is Looking Up


Small Ruminant Production Workshop


• Herd Management
• Facilities and Handling
• Nutrition and Health
• Forages and Marketing
• Carcass Quality and Fabrication

Location: Wilmington College Academic Farm, 1590 Fife Ave., Wilmington

Cost: $15.
Agenda: Registration 8:30 a.m.     Program 9:00 a.m.

Please RSVP and send registration fee with form below.  Contact information: Tony Nye, nye.1@osu.edu, 937-382-0901

Registration Form/Flyer

Extending the Growing Season Workshop – 9/16


Join us to learn more about growing outside the traditional growing season for local foods and vegetables. Topics will focus on what to do before frost.

-Container Gardens & Fall Crop
-Row Covers and Low Tunnels
-Landscape Plants for Winter and Preparing for Spring
-Cover Crops –Why use them?

This workshop will be for agricultural producers and backyard enthusiasts of all stages from beginner to experienced. This is part of a series of programs and more information is available at greene.osu.edu.

OSU Extension Greene County,
100 Fairground Road,
Xenia, Ohio 45385

937-372-9971 or
$5 per person
Monday, September 16 • 5:30 P.M. – 7:00 P.M.

Jamie Arthur, Little Miami Farms
James Hoffer, OSU Extension Greene County Master Gardener Volunteer
Trevor Corboy, OSU Extension, Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator
REGISTRATION: Includes growing season program education and materials. Advanced registration is requested by September 15 by calling 937-372-9971 or emailing corboy.3@osu.edu.


Clinton County Harvest Outlook and Farm Bill Program


Wednesday, October 9, 2019
1:00 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Program is Free!
Location: Clinton County Fairgrounds Expo Building

What is it all about?
• Crop Inputs and Cash Rent Outlook for 2020
• Grain Market Outlook
• Insight on the 2018 Farm Bill,
• Discussion on Commodity and Conservation Titles within the Farm Bill
• Available Decision Making Tools

Speakers will include:
• Barry Ward – Leader, Production Business Management, Director, CFAES OSU Extension
• Ben Brown – Assistant Professor Dept. AEDE, CFAES – Agricultural Risk Management
• Dale Hertlein – Clinton County Executive Director, USDA, Farm Service Agency
• Tony Nye – CFAES, OSE Extension Educator Agriculture & Natural Resources

Registration Needed: Please contact the Clinton County Extension by Monday October 7, 2019 to make a reservation.

Contact the Clinton County Extension Office at (937) 382–0901 or email Tony Nye at nye.1@osu.edu

BYGL Weekly News for September 2, 2019

BYGL Weekly News for September 2, 2019

The following articles were compiled during the last 7 days by members of the Extension, Nursery, Landscape, Turf (ENLT) team to benefit those who are managing a commercial nursery, garden center, or landscape business or someone who just wants to keep their yard looking good all summer.  Access the BYGL website for additional information on other seasonal topics at: http://bygl.osu.edu


To receive immediate email notifications when articles are published by the BYGL writers. Send an email to bygl-alert@lists.osu.edu using the phrase “Subscribe to BYGL ALERTS” in the subject line. 


For more pictures and information, click on the article titles.  To contact the authors, click on their names.



Turfgrass Times, 08.30.2019

Authors Amy Stone

Published on August 30, 2019



Check out the most recent Turfgrass Times recorded August 30, 2019. This session includes updates from Dr. David Gardner; Dr. Ed Nangle; Joe Rimelspach; Dr. Dave Shetlar (aka the Bug Doc); and Dr. Pam Sherratt.




There will be bi-weekly updates in September and a final update for the year in mid-October before Turfgrass Times for 2019.




White Masses on Stems of Redbud

Authors Joe Boggs

Published on August 27, 2019



Small, sticky, snowy-white masses are appearing on the stems of redbuds (Cercis canadensis) in southern Ohio.  They could easily be mistaken for soft scales, mealybugs, or insect egg masses.  However, they are the “egg plugs” of a treehopper originally named the Two-Marked Treehopper (Enchenopa binotata, family Membracidae).


The treehopper females use their sharp, saw-like ovipositors to cut slits in the bark of their host trees and insert eggs into the stems.  They cover the bark wounds with the white, sticky egg plugs presumably to protect the eggs.  The plugs also contain a chemical attractant that draws other females to lay their eggs in close proximity to one another.  Eggs are laid in late summer and there is one generation per season.


The treehopper lays eggs on a wide range of hosts beyond redbuds.  In fact, their egg plugs may be found on the stems of 15 plant species across 8 plant orders.  This includes American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens), black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), hickory (Carya spp.), tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera), viburnums (Viburnum spp.), wafer-ash (Ptelea trifoliata), and walnuts (Juglans spp.)


A Complex Story

Oviposition on a wide range of hosts is not unusual.  However, it was eventually discovered that the exact “version” of the two-marked treehopper depended on the host.  In other words, each of the hosts boasts its own two-marked treehopper.  For example, the two-marked treehopper on redbud is specific to redbud; it does not occur on any of the other hosts. The treehopper on wafer-ash is confined to wafer-ash; the one found on black walnut is only found on black walnut, and so on.


The treehoppers are now collectively referred to as the “two-marked treehopper species complex,” or the “Enchenopa binotata complex,” or simply the “Enchenopa complex.”  When referring to hoppers found on a specific host, authors will sometimes assign the plant genus to the scientific name.  For example, the two-marked treehopper found on redbud is sometimes written as Enchenopa binotata ‘Cercis ‘.


A Song and Dance Man

Male two-marked treehoppers entice females by vibrating on plant stems and leaves to produce a “come hither” vibration detected by the females using specialized structures on their legs.  Using sophisticated voyeur equipment, researchers have listened-in and discovered the males on one plant host produce entirely different vibration patterns compared to males on other hosts; they sing a different tune.


Regardless of the host, all of the treehopper variants look the same and practice the same egg-laying behavior.  However, their life-cycles vary based on the host.  Researchers have found that egg hatch in the spring is tied to sap flow.  The eggs laid on one host species may hatch at a different time compared to those on laid on another host species depending on when the sap begins to flow for the two species.  This out-of-sync development may have helped drive the divergence, but other factors may also have played an important role.


In fact, the driving forces behind the development of multiple variants of the two-marked treehopper have been the subject of a number of scientific papers.  One of my favorite titles, “You stay, but I Hop: Host shifting near and far co-dominated the evolution of Enchenopa treehoppers.”  I’ve included links to this and a few other papers under “More Information” below.


No Control Needed

Oviposition by the two-marked treehoppers appears to cause no appreciable harm to the tree hosts; stem dieback has not been observed with this insect.  While the strikingly white egg plugs are often very evident, particularly on wet stems, the foamy exudate doesn’t last long.


Although both the adults and nymphs suck juices from leaf veins and petioles, their feeding damage is also considered inconsequential even when high populations occur.  So, control of these treehoppers is not generally required.


More Information

2010 Host shifts and signal divergence: mating signals covary with host use in …


2015 Variation in signal–preference genetic correlations in Enchenopa treehoppe…


2017 You stay, but I Hop: Host shifting near and far co-dominated the evolution…






Redheads Roll

Authors Joe Boggs

Published on August 26, 2019



This is the third BYGL Alert! this season that focuses on Fall Webworm (Hyphantria cunea).  This Alert is in response to the numerous e-mail reports I’ve received of spectacularly large silk nests occurring in southwest Ohio.  They are most likely the work of the red-headed fall webworm biotype.


You can read the past postings including the Alert on the rise of second-generation caterpillars by clicking on these hotlinks:




Our native fall webworms have two biotypes named for the color of their head capsules.  The black-headed biotype has black head capsules.  Nest produced by the caterpillars of this biotype appear to include caterpillars from only a few egg masses.  The nests tend to be small and compact usually enveloping only a dozen or so leaves.  However, several of these small communal nests may be found on the same branch.


Red-headed fall caterpillars are far more cooperative; their communal nests may include caterpillars from a large number of egg masses.  Thus, they can produce some truly spectacular multilayered nests enveloping the leaves on entire branches.  This biotype is the more damaging of the two.


Historically, red-headed fall webworms were confined to the northeast and eastern parts of Ohio and black-headed webworms were found elsewhere in the state.  However, in 2016, I found the red-headed biotype in a Hamilton County park near the Ohio-Indiana border.  Since then, this biotype has expanded its local geographical range to include several counties in the southwest part of the state.


Fall webworms have a very wide plant host range with their silk nests recorded on over 400 species of trees and shrubs.  However, penetrating the webworm’s dense silk nests with topical insecticides, particularly second-generation nests, is problematic.


The insecticide option is seldom justified for managing fall webworms.  First, there are over 50 species of parasitoids and 36 species of predators known to make a living on fall webworms.  They are the primary reason year-to-year fall webworm populations can rise and fall dramatically.  Indeed, insecticides may kill these bio-allies preventing them from positively influencing the population dynamics of their webworm prey.


Second, fall webworms seldom cause significant injury to the overall health of established host trees.  Most of the damage is done by the second generation.  Their late-season defoliation occurs after trees have acquired enough carbohydrate to support next season’s leaf expansion.  This includes the potential damage caused by the large nests produced by red-headed webworms.



2-Step Digital Management Demonstration

Given the limited impact of fall webworm on overall tree health coupled with the high impact of bio-allies, a perfectly valid management option for established trees is to do nothing.  Recently planted trees are a different matter.  Thankfully, silk nests on small trees are usually within easy reach.


Julie Molleran (Horticulturist, Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum) demonstrates the 2-Step Fall Webworm Digital Management Technique.  This approach is in keeping with Spring Grove’s dedication to using all facets of Integrated Pest Management (IPM).


Julie is taking advantage of several fall webworm behavioral characteristics to maximize impact.  First, both red-headed and black-headed fall webworms only eat leaves that are enveloped by their silk; they never leave their nests.  In fact, the caterpillars are well-equipped for life on the web.  Their long hairs aid the caterpillars in remaining positioned within the webbing with their hairs folding backward making them look like they’re “swimming” through their webs.


Second, webworm caterpillars are often found grouped together in dense clusters making it handy to remove the whole colony with a single swipe.  The entire silk nest does not need to be removed other than for aesthetic reasons.


Using pruners to cut out nests is not needed unless nest removal fits with overall pruning plans.  Of course, setting fire to the silk nests is highly discouraged unless there is a desire to deal with the severe bark injury produced by 1,000+ F. temperatures.


As Julie demonstrates, physically removing webworm caterpillars coupled with the “caterpillar stomp” is a highly effective management option.  Thus far, no populations have become resistant to this IPM tactic.




Check Trees for ALB

Authors Amy Stone

Published on August 26, 2019


Source of Information for this Alert – USDA APHIS, Rhonda Santos


August is the height of summer, and it is also the best time to spot the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) as it starts to emerge from trees. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is asking the public to take five minutes to step outside and report any signs of this invasive pest. Checking trees for the beetle will help residents protect their own trees and better direct USDA’s efforts to eradicate this beetle from the United States.


“It’s important to look for signs of the beetle now, because it’s slow to spread during the early stages of an infestation,” said Josie Ryan, APHIS’ National Operations Manager for the ALB Eradication Program. “With the public’s help, we can target new areas where it has spread and provide a better chance of quickly containing it.”


The Asian longhorned beetle feeds on a wide variety of popular hardwood trees, including maple, birch, elm, willow, ash and poplar. It has already led to the loss of more than 180,000 trees. Active infestations are being fought in three areas of the country: Worcester County, MA, Long Island, NY (Nassau and Suffolk Counties), and Clermont County, Ohio.


“Homeowners need to know that infested trees do not recover and will eventually die, becoming safety hazards,” warned Ryan. “USDA removes infested trees as soon as possible because they can drop branches and even fall, especially during storms, and this keeps the pest from spreading to nearby healthy trees.”


The Asian longhorned beetle has distinctive markings that are easy to recognize:

  • Antennae that are longer than the insect’s body with black and white bands.
  • A shiny, jet-black body with white spots, about 1” to 1 ½” long.
  • Six legs and feet, possibly bluish-colored.


Signs of infestation include:

  • Round exit holes in tree trunks and branches about the size of a dime or smaller.
  • Shallow oval or round scars in the bark where the adult beetle chewed an egg site.
  • Sawdust-like material called frass, laying on the ground around the tree or in the branches.
  • Dead branches or limbs falling from an otherwise healthy-looking tree.


After seeing signs of the beetle:

  • Make note of what was found and where. Take a photo, if possible.
  • Try to capture the insect, place in a container, and freeze it. This will preserve it for easier identification.
  • Report findings by calling 1-866-702-9938 or completing an online form at www.AsianLonghornedBeetle.com.


It is possible to eliminate this pest and USDA has been successfully doing so in several areas. Most recently, the agency declared Stonelick and Batavia Townships in Ohio to be free of the Asian longhorned beetle. We also eradicated the beetle from Illinois, New Jersey, Boston, MA, and parts of New York. The New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens are in the final stages of eradication.


For more information about the Asian longhorned beetle, other ways to keep it from spreading—such as not moving firewood—and eradication program activities, visit www.AsianLonghornedBeetle.com.








Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by Ohio State University Extension is implied. Although every attempt is made to produce information that is complete, timely, and accurate, the pesticide user bears responsibility of consulting the pesticide label and adhering to those directions.

Ohio State University Extension embraces human diversity and is committed to ensuring that all research and related educational programs are available to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, disability, or veteran status. This statement is in accordance with United States Civil Rights Laws and the USDA.

CFAES provides research and related educational programs to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis. For more information: [ http://go.osu.edu/cfaesdiversity ].

Any materials in this newsletter may be reproduced for educational purposes providing the source is credited.

CORN Newsletter

Corn Newsletter September 3 – 9, 2019
Editor: Ken Ford

Agronomy Beyond 2019: Prepare for 2020 at FSR Agronomy College

Author: Harold Watters, CPAg/CCA

Calling all agronomists, Certified Crop Advisers, custom applicators and farmers! Last reminder – registration is now open for the 2019 FSR Agronomy College, a partnership event between the Ohio AgriBusiness Association and Ohio State University Extension.

Harvesting Immature Corn as Silage

Author: Rory Lewandowski, CCA

Corn silage is an important component of many dairy and beef cattle rations.  The goal is to make a high-quality feedstuff, but to achieve this requires planning before harvest, monitoring plant moisture, good harvest practices, and good storage management.  Our 2019 corn silage harvest presents

Harvesting Late Planted Corn for Silage

Authors: Mark Sulc, Peter Thomison, Bill Weiss, Rory Lewandowski, CCA

We have some very late planted corn this year that will be harvested for silage. Some of this corn was planted early enough to produce grain and will reach normal stages of maturity for silage harvest before a frost.

Field Wilting Corn for Silage Harvest

Author: Mark Sulc

We have some very late planted corn this year intended for silage harvest on prevented plant acres that may not reach the dough stage before a killing frost (see accompanying articles about corn silage in this newsletter).

Unusual Ears Appearing in Corn Fields

Author: Peter Thomison

Last week, I received reports of several ear oddities showing up in corn fields including the following: Shortened husk leaves with normal ears protruding beyond the husks

Harvest Management of Summer Annual Forages

Author: Mark Sulc

Many producers in Ohio have planted summer annual grasses this year to increase their low forage inventories. These include sudangrass, sorghum-sudangrass, forage sorghum, pearl millet, and teff grass.

Time to Take a Last Cutting

Authors: Mark Sulc, Rory Lewandowski, CCA

The best time to take a last harvest of forages is this week and next in Ohio, for the least risk to the long-term health of the stand.

ODA Sponsored Agricultural Pesticide Collection Day

Author: Rory Lewandowski, CCA

The Ohio Department of Agriculture will be sponsoring a collection for farmers wishing to dispose of unwanted agricultural pesticides on September 24 from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.

PAT Credits offered at Independent Ag Equipment Field Day

Author: Mike Gastier, CCA

OSU Extension will offer both private and commercial Pesticide Applicator Training credits at a field day sponsored by Independent Ag Equipment, 4341 Sandhill Road, Bellevue, OH 44811. The field day will be held this Thursday, September 5, 2019 with PAT sessions beginning at 1:30 p.m.

Pesticide Container Recycling Collection Program

Author: Tony Nye

This event is sponsored by the Clinton County Extension Office with the help of Nutrien AG Solutions and G.

Oat Crown Rust on Forages

Authors: Anne Dorrance, Pierce Paul

Reports have started concerning crown rust of oats in fields that were planted as cover crops or to be used as a forage later in the season.  This disease rarely reaches Ohio due to earlier planting and maturity.  However, this continues to be an unusual year. Scout for this in your fields.

About C.O.R.N. NewsletterC.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.
Glen Arnold, CCA
Field Specialist, Manure Nutrient Management
Mark Badertscher
Hardin County
Lee Beers, CCA
Trumbull County
Bruce Clevenger, CCA
Defiance County
Sam Custer
Darke County
Anne Dorrance
State Specialist, Soybean Diseases
Mike Gastier, CCA
Huron County
Jason Hartschuh, CCA
Crawford County
Elizabeth Hawkins
Field Specialist, Agronomic Systems
Stephanie Karhoff
Williams County
Rory Lewandowski, CCA
Wayne County
Mark Loux
State Specialist, Weed Science
Sarah Noggle
Paulding County
Tony Nye
Clinton County
Les Ober, CCA
Geauga County
Pierce Paul
State Specialist, Corn and Wheat Diseases
Garth Ruff
Henry County
Jeff Stachler
Auglaize County
Mark Sulc
State Specialist, Forage Production
Peter Thomison
State Specialist, Corn Production
Harold Watters, CPAg/CCA
Field Specialist, Agronomic Systems
Chris Zoller
Tuscarawas County
The information presented here, along with any trade names used, is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement is made by Ohio State University Extension is implied. Although every attempt is made to produce information that is complete, timely, and accurate, the pesticide user bears responsibility of consulting the pesticide label and adhering to those directions.

CFAES provides research and related educational programs to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis. For more information, visitcfaesdiversity.osu.edu. For an accessible format of this publication, visit cfaes.osu.edu/accessibility.

Ohio Beef Cattle Letter

Dear Ohio BEEF Cattle letter subscribers,

Five new articles have been posted in this week’s issue number 1157 of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter: http://u.osu.edu/beef/

Unplanted corn and bean acres offered opportunities for growing additional high quality annual forages this year. This week we take a look at pricing those forages, and also some harvest alternatives for one of them.

Articles this week include:

  • Harvesting Options for Summer Annuals
  • Pricing Standing Forage in the Field
  • Backgrounding; A Phase of Growing Calves in Preparation for the Feedlot
  • Cattle On Feed, August 1 Report
  • Weekly Livestock Comments for August 30, 2019


13th Annual Greene County Test Your Well Water & Soil Event

The 13th Annual Well Water & Soil testing event will be on August 29th from 5:30-7:30 in the Buckeye Room at the Greene County Extension office, 100 Fairground Rd, Xenia.

Bring in a sample of your well water for FREE nitrite, nitrate and iron screening.  Your confidential results take approximately 30 minutes.  See sample directions on flyer link below.

You can also purchase discounted bacteria kits at the event for $20.  Payment by Cash or Check ONLY.

FREE Lead, Copper, Manganese & Arsenic tests for the first 100 households.  You can add additional metals for $4 each, over 20 different metal options (results take 10-21 days).  You will be given a number when you arrive, guaranteeing your free sample.

Again this year!  Soil tests!  Bring your sample with your to the event for your lawn, garden, orchard or small acreage (5 acres or less).  Please bring 2 cups of dry, loose soil.  First 30 tests are free.

Lots of knowledgeable people will be on hand to answer your well water questions.  You use it every day, shouldn’t you test it once a year?


Ohio Beef Cattle Letter

Dear Ohio BEEF Cattle letter subscribers,

Six new articles have been posted in this week’s issue number 1155 of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter: http://u.osu.edu/beef/

The Kansas packing house fire has caused enough concern for disruption to the movement of fed cattle there’s fear it may filter back and also impact this fall’s feeder calf market. If demand for feeder calves is impacted, even temporarily, it suggests that having calves properly and completely prepared for the marketplace will preserve or add value. This week, Garth Ruff discusses those things that will enhance the value of high quality calves.


Articles this week include:

  • Adding Value to Your Feeder Calves This Fall
  • Forage Focus: Reseeding Damaged Pastures and Hay Fields
  • Understanding Feed and Forage Test Results
  • Don’t Overlook the 2019 OCA Replacement Female Sale
  • Kentucky Beef Cattle Market Update
    • Macroeconomic Volatility and Industry Specific Shocks Pressure Down Cattle Prices