WNN Breaking News Report

WNN Breaking News Report

November 13, 2018

 

The National Water Regulation Agency (NWRA) released a report today expressing concern that greenhouse gases emitted into our atmosphere by human activities are contributing to global climate change. In a series of speeches and Tweets, both Presidents Pierre and Campbell, condemned the NWRA for releasing this report without an opportunity for their “team” to review and revise its content. The Presidents convened a “Future of the Environment Summit” that included a select group of Presidential staff members and lobbyists from fossil fuel-based industries, as well as the Secretaries of Community Development for Woodzel and La Rose.

“I wake up every day in La Rose City and the weather is different, some days it’s hot, like real-ly hot, I’m telling ya then it’s cold, brrrr reaallly cold. Climate changes every day, I don’t have time to talk about the weather, we gotta make jobs, folks. If you’re not making jobs get out of my way…. Warm is good, that’s why we vacation near Aiy; it’s warm with lots of sunshine!”

 -President Pierre speaking at the Future of the Environment Summit (sponsored by the Fossil Fueled Coalition)

The Presidents are concerned that an overemphasis on climate change mitigation will negatively impact economic growth. They suggest that communities should work to positively adapt to “changes in the weather.” While the Secretaries of Community Development have shared that, in some situations, communities will need government funding to positively adapt to climate change, the Presidents argue that any financial or legislative support should come from the private sector.

The Presidents highlight the jobs and severance tax revenue generated through shale-based oil and gas development as an example of how the exploitation of natural capital can lead to financial capital and the positive spillover effects that has into community development. They have been clear that National Government funds raised through the severance tax will go to support local community development goals, however they will not support requests that discuss a movement away from a fossil fuel based energy system or attempts to mitigate causes of climate change.

While the next national election cycle is still four years away, some observers suggest that the inability for the National Government to take definable steps towards climate change mitigation or adaptation at the national-level is due, in part, to the fear that voters in some communities are not supportive of greenhouse gas regulations or the use of public funds to support climate change adaption measures.

“Communities complain about climate?! What?! Watch Weather Channel, sad! I’ll give ya some money from this great gas but make some jobs, people!”

 -President Campbell via Twitter 

Data compiled by the WNN and others find that the citizens of La Rose and Woodzel generally support regulations of some greenhouse gas emissions, including carbon dioxide. These findings are similar to attitudes held by citizens in some regions of the United States.

(four years later…)

November 13, 2022 Update

Citing their experience as students and Student Instructional Assistants in ENR 3500 and in their roles as the Secretary of Community Development, Secretary Cox (as President) and Secretary Griffin (as Vice President) are running in the National Election in La Rose, and Secretary Alvarez-Garcia (as President) and Secretary Woodruff (as Vice President) are running in the national election in Woodzel!

They would like to better assess the impacts that shale-based oil and gas development is having on communities’ pursuits of their broader community development goals and action steps. As WNN reported four years ago, the Secretaries argued from within the current administrations for communities to take a balanced approach and to stay focused on their goals.

In addition, toward the end of their terms, both Secretaries sharply denounced their President’s inaction on climate change. They are asking the Community Development Advisors (aka you!) to share the impacts that shale-based oil and gas development, any potential financial resources (including any grant money received from the National Government) through this development, as well as water pollution and other natural resource issues within their respective communities four years down the road.

These Presidential candidates are seeking a comprehensive development platform that addresses climate change adaptation measures at the local, community-level. Over the last four years, the administration made severe cuts to climate change efforts, yet communities have increasingly voiced concerns about the impacts of climate change. They want to know how climate change press and pulse dynamics are affecting communities at present, and into the future to be able to better assess the needs of the communities if they are elected.

WNN Breaking News Report

WNN Breaking News Report

October 18, 2018

 

“I love oil and I love gas, any kind of gas, dry gas, but especially the wet gas! We can make great things with the wet gas and I know just the people who are gonna refine it and make it great! 

-President Campbell

Drill, Baby, Drill!
The National Government has announced that it is allowing shale-based oil and gas drilling(i.e., “hydraulic fracking”) in the nation’s Buckeye Shale Formation! Geologists from the university in community B identified and named the “Buckeye Shale Formation” many decades ago, but only until recently did two private companies develop the technology necessary to extract the shale-trapped crude oil and natural gas liquids from this geologic layer. The shale drilling and extraction process will occur both inside and outside of the National Park.

In a series of quick, closed-door meetings with the two leading energy companies, the NWRA and select group of National Representatives this week, both Presidents Pierre and Campbell stood together and told a group of reporters we are going to “drill, baby, drill!” They gave their stamp of approval for the extraction of shale oil and natural gas liquids through horizontal fracturing techniques in all areas of the Buckeye Shale. The only legislative option to stop drilling in the shale formation is a majority vote of the National Representatives, which seems unlikely at present.

The National Government employed “eminent domain” and have greenlighted two pipeline projects, the C to Sea Pipeline and the BED Express, for construction to transport crude oil and natural gas liquids to urban refineries in communities C and D, respectively. In addition, the nDrect Line, an existing railway corridor, is now permitted by the National Government to transport crude oil extracted from the Buckeye Shale Formation to the refinery in community D. Construction on all of these projects are underway.

One company, based in community D, is currently building a “cracker plant” to process ethane (a component of “wet gas”) into ethylene, which is used to make plastics. These plastics will be sold in the domestic market (i.e., within the nation). This facility will also process crude oil to sell domestically in the form of gasoline and other petroleum products. The plan is to receive crude oil via the nDrect Line by rail and wet gas via the BED Express pipeline.

A second company, based in community C, is building a refinery to process then export liquefied natural gas (LNG) into the global market. The transport of LNG will require the use of ships that will regularly pass community J on large tanker ships to other countries.

 

No Money, No Problems…
While some Representatives made strong cases against drilling, including several inter- community alliances among Representatives, they failed to convince the President and Secretary of preserving the National Park’s Buckeye Shale Formation from resource extraction. Both Presidents are still seeking to promote local development through economic growth and they see this shale oil and gas boom as just the opportunity. They have worked with the National Government to decline all of the current funding requests made by the National Representatives, arguing that local money can be raised through the new economic development opportunities brought by the oil and gas industry.

“I’m not a piggy bank – please communities go earn your own funds…. On that topic, it’s great to see that we can finally make our National Park worth something. This shale development is going to be great for our economy and will put good La Rosians to work!”

–President Pierre

An underfunded National Water Regulation Agency (NWRA) will be responsible for ensuring that drilling, transportation and processing companies follow the appropriate regulations. They will also be tasked with continuing to monitor for environmental (including water quality) of the oil and gas industry. They are collaborating with the Secretaries of Community Development to help monitor and evaluate the social and community impacts of the extraction, transportation and processing activities.

Some National Representatives made a strong case for using national revenues, retrieved from the shale extraction, to go towards addressing community development goals at the community-level. Concerned about public backlash against drilling in the National Park, the respective Presidents in coordination with their Secretaries, agreed to apply a severance tax on the extraction of petroleum from the Buckeye Shale Formation. These funds will be returned to the public sector for broader community development purposes at a later date. Based on current global prices and projections of increased demand for shale-based natural gas liquid and petroleum products, the National Government anticipates a large sum of funds to be accrued through this severance tax. It is unclear how these public funds will be used. It doesn’t seem that the Presidents are too concerned about how this money will be spent, however the Secretaries of Community Development are very interested to hear ideas from their communities…

“We have genuine concerns that the majority of National Representatives, and our Nation’s President, are not fully anticipating the environmental and social impacts that coincide with shale-based oil and gas development on this size or scale. We ask the communities that we support to work with us as we seek to help manage and monitor the impacts of this development across the community capitals. We encourage you to stay focused on your identified community development goals and actions steps. Perhaps at a future date we can use some of these severance tax funds to enhance your community’s financial capacity to achieve their goals?”

–Joint Statement Released by the Secretaries of Community Development

 

For Assignment 3 your Community Development Advisory Team needs to:

1. List the shale-based oil and gas development impacts that your team is observing in your community. This can include the extraction, transportation and/or processing of these products.

2. Explain how your community is reacting to the news released for Assignment 3 and the impacts described in Section 1 using at least one of the theoretical approaches to the study of community.

  • Describe any potential proposals that entities within your community are proposing to the National Government via at least one of your two National Representatives. Proposals could include funding requests, legislative action or other activity on the part of the National Government and/or local (community-level) governments. Communities are encouraged to partner with other communities or to consider joint proposals.
  • Identify the specific community development goal (or goals) that your community would address via their proposal and the respective action step (or steps) it aligns with.

3. Explain the effect that the shale-based oil and gas development, and the government’s response, are having on the stock of each of the seven community capitals. Then speculate on how the community will “spiral up” or “spiral down” through cumulative causation following this assignment submission.

WNN Breaking News Report

WNN Breaking News Report

September 20, 2018

 

The National Water Regulation Agency (NNWRA) reported that significant amounts of pollution currently exist within the waterbodies of all La Rose and Woodzel communities! According to NWRA’s water monitoring stations in each community, non-point and point source water pollution contamination appears to be coming in a variety of forms, and is causing these communities to exceed the water quality standards set under the previous George W. Obama Administration. The exact sources of pollution, and degree to which they exceed water quality standards, do vary in each of these communities depending on the community’s context.

Today the pathways forward under Pierre and Campbell’s respective NWRA’s is as clear as the contaminated water they are struggling to monitor and regulate. In a few months the National Government (comprised of two elected officials from each Community) is convening to discuss potential responses to these water crises.

What we do know is both Presidents want the National Government to avoid these conversations, and instead continue to focus on their efforts to balance the National Budget and promote local development through economic growth. Both the current Pierre and Campbell Administrations support proposals in the National Government to cut funding to the NWRA for water monitoring and regulatory enforcement.

Also, during her inaugural address to the National Government in La Rose City in January 2018 , President Pierre mentioned eliminating a previous George W. Obama Administration Era program that provided   funding, through the Secretaries of Community Development, to community-level governments that established diverse methods of mitigating their leading water pollution sources. President Campbell is considering a proposal to slash an identical fun ding scheme in Woodzel.

In a few months, National Representatives from each community will meet in La Rose City and Woodzel City,, respectively, to discuss national and local (i.e., community-level) responses to these water issues. Now the community devel opment advisory teams have their work cut out for them as they work with their communities to explain to the NWRA what the sources of pollution are in their communities and how their communities are choosing to respond. What will happen next?!

For Assignment 2 your Community Development Advisory Team needs to:

  1. List the sources of the water pollution that the National Water Regulation Agency (NWRA) has identified in your community.
  2. Explain how your community is reacting to the news released for Assignment 2 and water pollution issues using at least one of the theoretical approaches to the study of community.
    • Describe any potential proposals that entities within your community are proposing to the National Government via at least one of your two National Representatives. Proposals could include funding requests, legislative action or other activity on the part of the National Government and/or local (community-level) governments. Communities are encouraged to partner with other communities or to consider joint proposals.
    • Identify the specific community development goal (or goals) that your community would address via their proposal and the respective action step (or steps) it aligns with.

3. Explain the effect that the water pollution crisis, and the government’s response, are having on the stock of each of the seven community capitals. Then speculate on how the community will “spiral up” or “spiral down” through cumulative causation following this assignment submission.

Breaking News: Launching of Community-based Development Projects across La Rose and Woodzel

Starting Tuesday, August 28, 2018, consultant teams, comprised of three to four ENR 3500 students, will work to guide the community development process of one of eight communities in La Rose or Woodzel over the next semester. They will also be monitoring and evaluating the development trajectory through a series of “spiraling up” or “spiraling down” processes.
 
This new, innovative project is designed for communities (and their development consultants) to understand the interconnections between capitals (human, cultural, social, political, financial, built, and natural), as well as find new ways to highlight assets, build resilience, and overcome socioeconomic and natural shock events. Residents have been encouraged to go about their daily lives, and welcome these groups into their communities with open arms.
 
“We can do better at the community-level by leveraging local assets to generate sustainable economic development that doesn’t compromise our nation’s precious environmental and human resources.” said an enthusiastic Joe Campbell, President of Woodzel. “After speaking with President Pierre, as well as Secretaries of Community Development Cox, Griffin, Alvarez-Garcia and Woodruff, respectively, it’s clear there are a lot of opportunities emerging in La Rose and Woodzel as well. We at the national-level of government are excited to observe and support these place-based strategies to leverage community assets across our respective nations.”
 
While the communities are currently anonymous, it is suspected that names of the 16 communities will be revealed in a few weeks. Insiders tell the World News Network (WNN) that along with the identity of their chosen community, groups will also release pictures of their location, a brief history of the area and its people, and at least three of their development goals and action plans to reach those goals. If so, we will all have a better picture of who these communities are and what they are aiming to achieve. WNN plans to keep you up to date throughout the whole process.