December 2013 Awards

Human Sciences
Project Title: The Effects of Professional Development Workshops on Teacher’s Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Student Learning
Project Dates: 12/06/2013 – 12/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,500
Project Sponsor: Ohio Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance

Human Sciences
Project Title: The Impact of SKIP on the Fundamental Motor Skills and Perceived Motor Competencies of Preschool Children
Project Dates: 11/04/2013 – 04/30/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $2,000
Project Sponsor: North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity

Human Sciences
Project Title: A Pilot Study of Time Commitment: Benefit of Physical Activity and Cognition
Project Dates: 01/01/2014 – 09/01/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $1,500
Project Sponsor: Ohio Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
Project Abstract: The long term goal of this work is to develop and implement effective physical activity (PA) interventions that improve not only physical health but also children’s cognition and academic achievements. Our objective in this application is to conduct a pilot study on the efficacy of 4 different doses of PA on executive functions. We will systematically compare four variations in PA programs with respect to the doses of PA based on the findings from the randomized trial study by Davis et al. 4 (2011) and the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines3; In the study by Davis et al.4, overweight children participated in a 15-week program with three conditions: control, and 20 minutes or 40 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). The findings showed a significant improvement in cognitive functions among participants in both 20 and 40 minutes of MVPA as compared to the control condition. No significant differences in the improvement of cognitive functions were observed between the two exercise groups. Therefore, we will specifically compare cognitive gains for exercise programs with 4 different doses at 0, 20 60, and 80 minutes of MVPA per day for 3 days per week for 19 weeks. The selection of 80 minutes will offer us opportunities to test whether the dose response relationship would exhibit a U-inverted shape or become saturated.

Ohio Resource Center
Project Title: Ohio Scaffold to the Stars: Phase II
Project Dates: 09/25/2013 – 12/31/2013
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $198,548
Project Sponsor: EDUCAUSE
Project Abstract: The proposed scope of work for the Ohio Scaffold to the Stars (OSTTS) project, which extends and builds on the prior work, seeks to develop and deliver a series of online modules to support students enrolled in developmental mathematics courses. These modules would target students at Ohio’s two-year institutions, focusing primarily on those most at risk for not completing and passing developmental mathematics courses. Success in these courses is critical to students’ matriculation into credit bearing mathematics courses and their completion of a post-secondary degree. Modules developed for this project will address the specific learning needs of students, focusing on the specific subject matter students need to master in order to be successful in college level courses.

Educational Studies
Project Title: Buckeye Behavioral Analysis Services
Project Dates: 09/01/2013 – 05/31/2014
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $58,173
Project Sponsor: Franklin County Board of Mental Retardation and Development Disabilities

Human Sciences
Project Title: Identification of Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Eggs in Adipose Tissue
Project Dates: 12/19/2013 – 12/18/2015
Anticipated Total Award Amount: $115,000
Project Sponsor: American Egg Board
Project Abstract: Eggs are well known for their unique bioactive macro- and micronutrient composition that support developing life. Studies on egg yolk composition led to the discoveries of vitamin A and therapeutic properties of phospholipids. Lines of evidence showed that egg yolk could have anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of signaling proteins, phospholipids, or lipid-soluble carotenoids, vitamins A, E, and D. However, other compounds in the egg yolk, such as cholesterol and saturated fatty acids may counteract anti-inflammatory effects. Biological function of carotenoids and vitamin A depends on the production of bioactive metabolites (retinoids) and bioavailability of these compounds. Carotenoids and retinoids exert potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and have been implicated in the prevention of cancer and suppression of obesity. Nevertheless, only a fraction of bioactive micronutrients in the egg yolk have been investigated. It is unknown whether micronutrients in the egg yolk act synergistically to decrease inflammation in fat cell (adipocytes). The proposed project hypothesize that egg yolk contains antioxidant micronutrients decreasing inflammation in adipocytes.