Fernandez U, Vodovotz Y, Courtney P, Pascall MA. Extended shelf life of soy bread using modified atmosphere packaging. J Food Prot 2006.
This study investigated the use of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) to extend the shelf life of soy bread with and without calcium propionate as a chemical preservative. The bread samples were packaged in pouches made from low-density polyethylene (LDPE) as the control (film 1), high-barrier laminated linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE)-nylon-ethylene vinyl alcohol-nylon-LLDPE (film 2), and medium-barrier laminated LLDPE-nylon-LLDPE (film 3). The headspace gases used were atmosphere (air) as control, 50% CO2-50% N2, or 20% CO2-80% N2. The shelf life was determined by monitoring mold and yeast (M+Y) and aerobic plate counts (APC) in soy bread samples stored at 21 degrees C +/- 3 degrees C and 38% +/- 2% relative humidity. At 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 days of storage, soy bread samples were removed, and the M+Y and APC were determined. The preservative, the films, and the headspace gases had significant effects on both the M+Y counts and the APC of soy bread samples. The combination of film 2 in the 50% CO2-50% N2 or 20% CO2-80% N2 headspace gases without calcium propionate as the preservative inhibited the M+Y growth by 6 days and the APC by 4 days. It was thus concluded that MAP using film 2 with either the 50% CO2-50% N2 or 20% CO2-80% N2 was the best combination for shelf-life extension of the soy bread without the need for a chemical preservative. These MAP treatments extended the shelf life by at least 200%.