Philbin CS, Schwartz SJ. Resolution of diastereomeric flavonoid (1S)-(-)-camphanic acid esters via reversed-phase HPLC. Phytochemistry 2007.
Prenylflavonoids are an unique class of phytochemicals found in the inflorescences of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus). These flavonoids have demonstrated a wide range of biological activities, which may be influenced by their stereochemical configuration. Additionally, recent studies suggest that hop prenylflavonoids are subject to biotransformations which could alter or enrich their stereochemistry. In order to facilitate studies of the stereoisomers of flavanones, a facile method was developed for resolving the diastereomeric esters of flavanones via reversed-phase HPLC. Herein, a method for forming the tri-(1S)-(-)-camphanic acid esters of the 4′,5,7-trihydroxy flavanones naringenin, 8-prenylnaringenin and 6-prenylnaringenin, is described. The respective diastereomers were separated using analytical reversed-phase HPLC. Diastereomeric esters were isolated by preparative HPLC to >98% d.e. based on HPLC, with their absolute configurations established by application of CD spectrometry.
Chirinos R, Campos D, Betalleluz I, Giusti MM, Schwartz SJ, Tian Q, Pedreschi R, Larondelle Y. High-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD)/HPLC-mass spectrometry (MS) profiling of anthocyanins from Andean Mashua Tubers (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz and Pavon) and their contribution to the overall antioxidant activity. J Agric Food Chem 2006.
Mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz and Pavon), an Andean tuber with high antioxidant activity, has sparked interest because of its traditional medicinal use. In this study, we evaluated the anthocyanin composition for three purple mashua genotypes and their contribution to the overall antioxidant activity of the tuber. Mashua anthocyanins, total phenolics, and 2,2′-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) antioxidant activity ranged from 45.5 to 131.9 mg of cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents/100 g fresh weight (FW), 174.9 to 275.5 mg of gallic acid equivalents/100 g of FW, and 16.2 to 45.7 micromol of Trolox equivalents/g of FW, respectively. The high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and HPLC-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI/MS-MS) profiles revealed the presence of 11 different anthocyanins. The two major pigments (56.4-73.0% total area range at 520 nm) were identified as delphinidin 3-glucoside-5-acetylrhamnoside and delphinidin 3-sophoroside-5-acetylrhamnoside. Other pigments were delphinidin 3-glucoside-5-rhamnoside, delphinidin 3-sophoroside-5-rhamnoside, delphinidin 3-glucoside, cyanidin 3-sophoroside, and cyanidin 3-sophoroside-5-rhamnoside. Cyanidin 3-glucoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside were only found in two genotypes, while pelargonidin 3-sophoroside and pelargonidin 3-sophoroside-5-rhamnoside were only found in the third one. Anthocyanins from mashua were the major contributors to the total ABTS values for only one of the three genotypes, suggesting that other phenolics present are playing a major role in the antioxidant power of mashua tubers. Results from this study provide important information for the Nutraceutical and Functional Food Market for the use of mashua anthocyanins not only as a source of natural colorants but also as a source of phytonutrients.