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Date Correction (Thursday, October 17th): Union Stock Yards Speaker

The previous email was sent with the wrong date.

DATE CORRECTION: The meeting will be held on Thursday October 17th at 7:45pm.

 

Late meeting notice: Bill Butler of the Union Stockyards in Hillsboro will be speaking at the Brown County Extension Office on Thursday, October 17th. The presentation will begin at 7:45pm following the Brown County Cattlemen’s meeting. Bill will be speaking on the current cattle market conditions and providing some tips for marketing this fall and 2020.

 

No cost to attend and no rsvp necessary. Call the Brown County Extension Office if you have any questions. 937-378-6716.

Meeting Location: Brown County Extension Office- 325 West State St., Georgetown, OH 45121.

 

Late meeting notice: Union Stock Yards Speaker

Late meeting notice: Bill Butler of the Union Stockyards in Hillsboro will be speaking at the Brown County Extension Office on Thursday, October 17th. The presentation will begin at 7:45pm following the Brown County Cattlemen’s meeting. Bill will be speaking on the current cattle market conditions and providing some tips for marketing this fall and 2020.

 

No cost to attend and no rsvp necessary. Call the Brown County Extension Office if you have any questions. 937-378-6716.

Meeting Location: Brown County Extension Office- 325 West State St., Georgetown, OH 45121.

Brown County Farm Bill Training

The 2018 Farm Bill allows the choice to enroll in ARC or PLC for 2019-2023. Enrollment for 2019 is currently open with the deadline set as March 15, 2020. Join OSU Extension- Brown County and the Brown County Farm Service Agency for an informational meeting to learn about changes to the ARC/PLC, important dates and deadlines, crop insurance –supplemental coverage option, and using decision tools to evaluate program choices to make informed program decisions.

When: November 12th

Time: 1:00pm – 3:00pm

Where: TBD, will be announced early next week. You can also find updates at Brown County Extension Facebook

Estate Planning and Farm Transitioning Seminar Series

Regardless if you have a business in town or on the farm, you need a plan if you want to see that business continue to the next generation. Who will be in charge and what resources will be available to them to continue the business is only part of the plan. How you distribute assets to others may impact this. You need a plan – a plan in writing that is discussed and understood by all parties. Do you have that in place?

Even if you answered “yes,” there are many factors to consider that this program can help you with! Professionals will be present each night to give advice and answer questions for those who don’t have a plan and even those who would like to review their existing plan.

More information can be found on the attached flyer or by calling the Brown County Extension Office (937-378-6716). You must call to register. The cost for the program can be found on the flyer.

Brown County Hemp Workshop

Don’t forget to register for our upcoming hemp workshop on November 2nd! Brown County Farm Bureau will be providing donuts to kick-off the morning at 9:00am. There is no cost to attend but please RSVP by calling the Brown County Extension Office at 937-378-6716. See our schedule below. The program is open to those who are interested in producing hemp and those who just have questions about this crop.

 

Pumpkins: Time to Pass the SPF 45

About 10 days ago we harvested a few pumpkin trials at the research station. After weighing and grading the fruit, they were set back in the row but not in the leaf canopy. Last week I drove by some of the plots and noticed some fruit were sunburned. Such is the fate of many pumpkin fruit exposed to direct sun and not covered by leaf canopy. Sunburned fruit have a reddish area facing the sun which will eventually soften and rot.

Reddish area on near fruit, sunburn.

Over the year’s growers have asked me, how long into the season should they treat the foliage with fungicides? I would respond as long as you plan to harvest fruit. Avoiding sunburned fruit is the primary reason to keep the foliage healthy later into the season. Given our increasingly warmer and sunnier fall season, growers should expect to incur significant losses if the foliage is degraded by bacterial or fungal pathogens.

Conditions that favor sunburn include thin leaf canopies, fruit that have been clipped off of the vine but left in the field to cure or be packed at a later date, and clear sunny days with highs above 80-85F.  The weather forecast for the next week in southwest Ohio include max temperatures in the mid 80’s to low 90’s…let’s hope periodic cloud cover spares growers from excessive fruit losses.

 

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Late Season Foliar Diseases Have Started in Soybeans

Despite the late planting dates, we did not escape many of the late season diseases that attack soybeans.

Sclerotinia stem rot – we found this disease in our research plots today in a field that was planted on June 19th.  Sclerotinia is caused by a fungus that survives from season to season and over several years from sclerotia.  The infections actually occurred during flowering when the canopy was closed, and cool nights can really enhance and favor this disease.

Sclerotinia Stem Rot

Sclerotinia Stem Rot

Sudden Death Syndrome – this disease is also beginning to develop and symptoms typically start just after soybean growth stage R5. Symptoms include irregular yellow spots, which turn brown or necrotic between the veins.  Interestingly the veins are surrounded by green.  The center of the stem or pith is bright white in this disease.  This is a fungal pathogen and infections most likely occurred shortly after planting.  Even though we planted in mid-June, soil temperatures were still relatively cold this year and I won’t relive how much rain we had, but suffice it to say, this field received over 3” the weekend after we planted.  These conditions greatly favor infections.  Note in the picture the resistant cultivar.

Sudden Death Syndrome

Sudden Death Syndrome

Diaporthe stem canker (northern and southern) have both been problems, but I have not received any samples to date.  On susceptible cultivars the plants will die early in patches.  For Northern, there is a canker at the third node which girdles the plant.  For Southern, there can be several reddish cankers on the stem and the internal tissue is a reddish brown.

Diaporthe Southern Stem Canker

Diaporthe Stem Canker

Phytophthora stem canker – we are finding this way too often this year and in places that have not reported it very frequently.  The plants will wilt first, turn yellow, and a chocolate brown canker will form from the bottom of the plant to almost mid-height.  The key difference between this and Northern Diaporthe stem canker is the length of the canker and where it originates.  If the canker begins below ground, it is Phytophthora.

Phytophthora Stem Canker

Phytophthora Stem Canker

Another look alike symptom on soybean leaves that you might be seeing is potash deficiency. We have had a number of calls late this summer asking what might be causing discoloration of soybean leaves – see the photos of a leaf and of the field edge. What appears to be happening is #1 – it’s dry, or root systems are compromised is some other way (think excessive wetness and compaction) or #2 the symptoms tend to be at the edge of the field. Here the guess is that with larger high capacity fertilizer applicators, we may not be getting that full rate all the way to the edge of the field. As a result, we run low on K there when we likely have adequate amounts across the rest of the field.

Potash Deficiency

Potash Deficiency

 

 

ABOUT THE C.O.R.N. NEWSLETTER

C.O.R.N. Newsletter is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio crop producers and industry. C.O.R.N. Newsletter is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, state specialists at The Ohio State University and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). C.O.R.N. Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio State.

Upcoming Hemp Workshops

Don’t forget to register for our upcoming Hemp Workshops. You do not have to be a producer to attend these meetings. These meetings are open to the public and to anyone who has questions about what hemp is or how it is grown. Both programs are free to attend but RSVP is required. You can find more information on the flyers below. More programs will be announced later this fall. Please contact the Brown or Adams County Extension Offices if you have any questions.

Brown County Extension Office: 937-378-6716

Adams County Extension Office: 937-544-2339

Business Retention and Expansion Survey

Reminder: OSU Extension Brown County and Brown County Chamber of Commerce are working together to bring the Business Retention and Expansion program to Brown County. We will be sending a survey out to cooperating businesses in throughout the county. If you did not receive a letter from us but would like to participate please send your email to morris.1677@osu.edu. All businesses are welcome to participate. the survey will be sent for the first time on September 3rd but you can still send requests after this date!

OSU Extension Hemp Research Plot in Adams County

Brown and Adams County Extension planted the first hemp research plot in Adams County on August, 19th at the Acela CBD facility in Winchester (pictured below). Acela’s headquarters is located in Maysville, KY where they have had 5 years of experience growing and processing hemp. Brown County Extension will hold a workshop sponsored by the Brown County Farm Bureau on November 2nd.  We know there are plenty of questions surrounding this new crop and Brown and Adams County Extension will be offering multiple opportunities to learn more in the coming months.

More details below images.

 

On schedule for right now:

  1. Brown County Hemp Workshop (see flyer below)
  2. Adams County Hemp Workshop
    • October 1st @ 6:30 p.m.
    • Ohio Valley Career and Technical Center, 175 Lloyd Rd, West Union, OH 45693
    • Pre-registration required. Limited to the first 150 people
    • Call 937-544-2339 BEFORE September 27th to register
  3. Hemp Field Day
    • More details coming soon.
    • OSU Extension and Acela research plot
    • 3445 Cross Rd. Winchester, OH 45697
    • 5:00 p.m.
    • Agenda TBD