The OSU Extension Farm Office team invites you to attend the March Madness Edition of the “Farm Office Live” Webinar on Friday, March 17 from 10:00 to 11:30 a.m. This monthly webinar allows Ohio farmers and agribusiness personnel to learn more about current farm management and agricultural law issues.
In this month’s webinar, the Farm Office Team will present the following topics:
Federal & State Legislative Update (Peggy Hall)
New Postnuptial Agreement Legislation (Robert Moore)
Marital and Non-Marital Assets (Robert Moore)
Selling Timber- Call Before You Cut (Dave Apsley)
Update on Crop Input Costs and Crop Budget Outlook for 2023 (Barry Ward)
Sales Tax Exemption Issues (Jeff Lewis)
2023 Spring Crop Insurance Update (Eric Richer)
Emergency Relief Program (David Marrison)
There is no fee to attend this webinar. However, registration is required at go.osu.edu/farmofficelive
As you may now know, Callery Pear, Pyrus calleryana, and its cultivars (examples include ‘Bradford’, ‘Cleveland Select’, ‘Chanticleer’, etc) are officially on the Ohio Invasive Plants List. On Saturday, January 7, 2023 it became ILLEGAL to plant, grow, propagate, or sell Callery Pear in Ohio. It is now deemed to be an invasive species in many states and similar bans have gone into effect in Pennsylvania and South Carolina.
Callery Pear is a small, deciduous flowering tree native to China that that was originally brought to the U.S. as a source of resistance to the disease fire blight, Erwinia amylovora. It became popular as a landscape tree for its white flowers, site adaptability, and compact size. Individual trees cannot self-pollinate but can and do hybridize with other Pyrus calleryana selections, native, or domesticated pears, resulting in a fertile fruit. This resulted in the trees’ spread by birds and wildlife, which soon choked native plants and invaded disturbed areas and forests.
Under the rule:
– Nurseries and garden centers with remaining stock are not allowed to sell these trees and must destroy them.
– Homeowners and landscapers may not purchase nor install them.
– Have one in your yard? You do NOT need to remove it.
However, with an arguably stinky flower, messy fruit, weak branch angles, and its tendency to spread and invade… maybe it is worth considering a replacement tree. But what to choose?
If you are looking for a white-flowered alternative to Callery Pear in your landscape, or just need some suggestions for a new tree, consider these!
Let’s Start with the EARLY BLOOMERS….
SERVICEBERRY, Amelanchier spp.
Serviceberry is an Ohio native with four seasons of landscape interest. It is available as a large, multi-stemmed shrub or trained to a small tree. (Height 15-25 feet with an oval to round crown). Like Callery pear, it has a crisp white flower in early spring, blooming at around 150-160 Growing Degree Days. This would put its bloom within hours to days of ‘Bradford’ Callery pear which blooms at 142 GDD. In addition to flowers, the blue-green foliage of summer transforms into shades of gold to reddish-orange in autumn, making it, as Michael Dirr states, “…one of our finest native trees for fall coloration” pg 101.
Many cultivars have been selected for their fall color, some of these are: Apple Serviceberry, a hybrid (A. X grandiflora), with names such as ‘Autumn Blaze’, ‘Autumn Sunset’, and ‘Autumn Brilliance’. ‘Ballerina’ has been selected for excellent leaf spot resistance and low occurrence of fireblight in susceptible years.
White Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
Cercis canadensis var. alba is a tree that can be found growing sporadically throughout Eastern North America. This is a naturally occurring white flowered form of the more common pinkish purple Eastern Redbud. This small 15-25’ tree has a vase like to rounded shape.
As a member of the Fabaceae family, Cercis have pea like flowers. The flowers bloom just after serviceberry and along side some of the first flowering crabapples at 191 GDD.
The flowers are followed by distinctive heart shaped 2.5” green leaves and pea like seed pods. There are several cultivars of the white form of Eastern Redbud including the upright ‘Royal White’ and weeping ‘Vanilla Twist’ PP22744 introduced by plantsman Tim Brotzman of Madison, Ohio.
WHITE CRABAPPLE (Malus spp)
Love them or hate them, crabapples can be a suitable replacement for Callery pear! There are HUNDREDS of types of crabapple varying in size, bloom time, color, and shape. For our purposes here, many cultivars have white flowers such as ‘Adirondack’, ‘Beverly’, ‘David’, ‘Donald Wyman’, Golden Raindrops(R), Harvest Gold(R), and, heavens! So many more. Secrest Arboretum in Wooster, Ohio boasts a substantial crabapple collection. If you need inspiration, feel free to browse the list and take a drive out to view them. They are a site to behold in bloom, best viewing occurring around 200 GDD. This may help you select YOUR next crabapple.
Tree Amigo, Eric Draper of Geauga County shared a few of his favorites: including ‘Adirondack’, ‘Firebird’, ‘Lollipop’, ‘Pumpkin Pie’, Sargent Crabapple (Malus sargentii), Tina (Malus sargentii ‘Tina’), ‘Calloway’, ‘King Arthur’, ‘Guinevere’, ‘ Holiday Gold’, ‘Dolgo’ (for those wishing edible landscape types) and ‘Silver Moon’.
But why limit yourself to white flowers when we’re talking crabapples! So many beautiful red and pink varieties exist too. This article by Jim Chatfield gives just a few highlights of the stunning pinks and reds of crabapples. https://bygl.osu.edu/node/1560
IMPORTANTLY… when selecting a crabapple pay attention to disease resistance. The problem many people have with crabapple is apple scab which can cause premature leaf drop and an unsightly mess early in the season. However, many cultivars now have good to excellent resistance for apple scab and fireblight to keep your landscape plants in good appearance most years.
NEXT… MID SEASON BLOOMS
Carolina Silverbell (Halesia carolina)
An underused native, Carolina Silverbells, is a small to medium size tree with beautiful, showy bell-shaped flowers. A member of the styracaceae, it has no serious pest issues unlike some members of the rosaceae. However, it can be susceptible to chlorosis issues in higher pH as it prefers slightly acidic soil. It does not do well in drought conditions.
Bloom occurs between 213 – 266 GDD. The fall color is nothing to write home about, but does have a slightly attractive yellow autumn color. It attracts hummingbirds and can host several species of moth and butterfly caterpillars. It will bloom after only a few years and has a long life expectancy. It has the potential to have a dramatic leaning and twisting trunk as it really matures up.
Dogwood (Cornus spp.)
Michael Dirr notes that there are over 50 species of Dogwood from ground cover to trees.
Cornus kousa is a favorite as a four-season tree with its exfoliating bark, edible pink fruit, and white flowers. It reaches15-20’ in size with a rounded form. The 2-5″ showy white “flower petals” are actually bracts that ring the smaller yellow-green true flowers at the center, which produce beautiful raspberry-like reddish fruit that last into autumn and attract wildlife. Leaves generally have good scarlet to red-purple color in fall and the bark exfoliates with age to reveal several shades of orange, tan and gray for all season interest.
Kousa also carries more resistance to many of the pests that affect flowering dogwood, C.florida. This plant has better disease resistance to anthracnose and better cold hardiness than flowering dogwood, Cornus florida, and is an excellent alternative to flowering dogwood in areas where dogwood anthracnose is a problem.While non-native, it has NOT been found invasive. It is cold hardy in Ohio, possibly up to zone 4.
There are white and pink flowering forms as well as selections with variegated leaves. ‘Milky Way Select’ very larger flowers, good orange red fall color best resistance to anthracnose
Florida dogwood starts to blooms around 263 GDD.
Kousa dogwood starts to bloom around 593 GDD for mid-season interest.
LATER SEASON BLOOMS
Sweet Bay Magnolia , Magnolia virginiana
Sweet Bay Magnolia blooms later in the season, between 566-717 Growing Degree Days.
This small tree is native from Massachusetts to Florida and is a nice selection for wetter sites. The tree reaches a height of 10-25’ tall with vase forms or spreading forms which makes a great specimen tree.
The cup-shaped 2-3” creamy white flowers have 9-12 petals with a sweet lemon fragrance. Yum. The elliptic to lanceolate leaves are shiny dark green above and silver green underneath give the tree a two toned appearance when the wind blows. Cone-like fruits with bright red seeds mature in fall and can be showy.
It can be a faster growing tree. As with any tree, plan for the space it will need when it matures.
This plant has no serious pests or diseases but it can be host to the puffy and honeydew spewing Magnolia Scale (Neolecanium cornuparvum). While a big and showy scale, catching it early is always the best bet. Read more about magnolia scale here.
This species prefers organic acidic soils, but tolerates heavy clay or wet soils unlike other magnolias. It is susceptible to chlorosis in alkaline soils.
*WHITE FRINGETREE, Chionanthus virginicus
*If you’re willing to try… we know that EAB can use this as a host tree… see below.
In the landscape, fringetree is often found as a multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. It has a wide spread and slow growth that allows it to be a great option for a small-tree space or specimen tree. Its genus name, Chionanthus comes from the greek Chion (snow) and Anthos (flower), these “SNOW FLOWERS” have slender white petals and are slightly fragrant. It leafs out and blooms (435 GDD) later than Callery pear, but still provides a gentle white flowering tree as a feature in your yard.
Like many plants it prefers moist, well drained, fertile soils but is described as being EXTREMELY ADAPTABLE, surviving well in full sun to partial shade and various soil types, including clay. This is great news for many landscapes. With few problem pests it could be a great option for many landscapes; HOWEVER, there is one notable exception. Emerald Ash Borer (EAB). Fringetree has been found to be a secondary host for Emerald Ash Borer. In studies, it has been found that EAB can cause damage and even death of some white fringetrees. In one study in Ohio between 2015-2018, damage was severe enough to warrant removal of the tree in 7% of the examined trees (Ellison et.al., 2020). Other individual trees did not experience any die back. So factor this into your decision to try this tree in your yard. Emerald Ash Borer populations may have reduced after the initial die off of so many ash, but the beetle is NOT gone from Ohio. Fringetree may also be protected from EAB by the standard pesticides for the pest.
Syringa reticulata, Tree Lilac
This non-native from Japan has become a common replacement as a street tree instead of Callery Pear, at least in my neck of the woods in Northeast Ohio. Use caution in planting a monoculture of any species.
This tree reaches a height of 20-30’ at maturity with an oval crown. The 6-16” panicles of creamy white flowers are attractive to a variety of pollinators. The leaves are simple, ovate and dark green. Fall color is not showy. The bark is dark reddish brown and shiny with prominent lenticels.
This plant has low maintenance requirements. It can tolerate salt, pollution and urban conditions and is pH adaptable.
Ivory Silk Japanese tree lilac (Syringa reticulata ssp. Reticulata ‘Ivory Silk’) is currently one of the better known cultivars.
From his series of street tree articles, Tom DeHaas suggests, “Syringa pekinensis ‘WFH2’™, Great Wall Tree Lilac is a good choice for its pest and disease resistance. Syringa pekinensis ‘Beijing Gold’™, Beijing Gold Peking Lilac makes an ideal small street tree.” (BYGL: Street Trees Part 9)
SO MANY MORE!!!!
And of course there are many other trees that can be suitable alternatives to Callery Pear. These were just a few white-flowered options for the Ohio landscape. Check out the STREET TREES Series by Tom DeHaas for more inspiration and other articles and stay tuned to BYGL for more updates on all your HORT news! Have conversations with your local nursery and see what they are having success with in the area where you are located too!
Take your farm/ranch management skills to the next level! Join Dave Pratt on Saturday April 8, 9am-4pm at the Greenacres Arts Center (8400 Blome Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45243) for insights of managing your farm or ranch. People wishing to attend will need to pay $30 and pre-register by April 1, 2023. Participants will receive information on how to transform your farm from a pile of assets and a collection of jobs into a business, financial planning for ranches, sustainable grazing practices, interactive activities and hands-on exercises, to apply what you’ve learned and networking with fellow producers. Registration can be found by scanning the QR code below. See the flyer below for full event details.
Do you have a Cloverbud? If you answered yes, then this event is for you! Sign your Cloverbud up for Cloverbud Super Saturday. Join us on Saturday March 25, 2023 in Rhonemus Hall on the Brown County Fairgrounds from 10:00am-12:00pm as we explore the science behind the greenhouses, sing songs and play games. Space is limited to the first 20 participants. There is no cost to participate. Registration can be found here. See the flyer below for full event details.
NEW FOR 2023 COMMERCIAL MARKET SWINE PROJECTTo take a commercial hog project you will need to sign up for project 139 Market Hog Project: Commercial Swine by the
April 1st enrollment deadline. 4-H members will select this in 4HOnline, FFA members will designate this on their paper
form. Those wishing to show in the traditional project will enroll in the standard 139 Market Hog Project.
YOU CAN NOT show in both the market swine project and the commercial swine project it is one or the other. The
judges for these projects will be evaluating using different criteria.ALL swine department rules for market swine apply to this project.Pigs for this project will be supplied by the Jr. Fairboard.
Price will be based on feeder pig market at the time of pick up.
Exhibitor can take one or two head for this project. Youth will be contacted after the enrollment deadline to designate the
number of hogs they would like to show.
You will pick up and pay for your swine project TBA at the fairgrounds.
Hogs will be tagged and weighed day of pick up. The same weight limits apply to ALL swine projects.
All pigs will be of the same quality. Each exhibitor will draw a tag number to see which pig he/she gets.
Commercial projects DO NOT bring their animals to tag in on June 17th.
The Commercial Market show will be on Wednesday morning of fair week.
Each exhibitor can do showmanship on Monday in their respective age class.
Each exhibitor is eligible for OME.
Commercial Market projects will sell in the sale and will also have a GRAND and RESERVE.
Each Commercial Market project will also be eligible for grand champion RATE OF GAIN in the commercial division.
Questions on this new division can be directed to Roger McKinzie, Swine Superintendent.
Please note there will be a Rate of Gain champion for the traditional market show in 2023 also.
New for 2023 – the Brown County 4-H Committee is sponsoring project starter kits to help youth get started in a new project. Youth are provided with the basic materials and supplies needed to complete a project. Supplies may be provided directly or through gift cards.
Eligibility & Criteria
Must be a project age 4-H member in good standing in Brown County.
Must be the 1st time registering for the specific project.
Must complete the application by the specified deadline. Including Member & Parent/Guardian signatures acknowledging the youth will complete the project or repay the cost of the kit (up to $50 pending the kit).
Members may only request one (1) kit per year.
Youth must enroll by the 4-H Deadline in the project of the kit they are applying for. If they are not selected for the kit, they may choose to complete the project on their own or drop the project.
Youth are encouraged to sign up for additional projects in case they do not receive a kit. This will allow them to have options of projects to complete.
Applications are due by April 3rd, 2023, at 4:30pm to the Extension Office.
Members selected for a kit will be notified after the April 4-H Committee meeting.
This meeting will fulfill the three-hour requirement for private and commercial applicators who need the Ohio agricultural fertilizer applicator certification without taking a test.
Who should attend the training? Fertilizer certification is required if you apply fertilizer (other than manure) to more than 50 acres of agricultural production grown primarily for sale. If you hire a co-op or other custom applicator to make your fertilizer applications, you do not need the certification. This training is for private and commercialapplicators.
What will be covered? Best management practices will be the basis of the agricultural fertilizer certification training with a focus on fertilizer applications that have the appropriate rate, timing, placement, and source.
Note: An application & $30 fee to ODA is a separate process & is also required for the Fertilizer License.
Fayette County – Monday, February 27, 2023 – 1-4pm
Location: OSU Extension Fayette County, 1415 US Hwy. 22 SW, Washington C.H., OH 43160
Cost: $30 payable to OSU Extension (Stop by the Fayette Co. Extension office to pay before or pay on the day of the training.)
Registration is REQUIRED and limited. Please register by calling 740-335-1150
Contacts/Hosts: Ken Ford, ANR Educator, Fayette County, firstname.lastname@example.org, 740-335-1150
Butler County – Tuesday, March 28, 2023 – 1-4pm
Cost: $35 (Class Only), Checks payable to OSU Extension.
Location: OSU Extension, Butler County, 1802 Princeton Rd., Hamilton, Ohio 45011
RSVP by March 21, 2023 to: J.T. Benitez, ANR Educator @ (513) 887-3722 or email@example.com
OSU Extension invites Ohio grain producers to grab a cup of coffee and join a quarterly grain market conversation with Dr. Seungki Lee, Assistant Professor in the Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics (AEDE) from 7:30 to 8:00 a.m. on April 14, September 15, and November 17, 2023.
During these webinars held via Zoom, Dr. Lee will provide his insights on the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) crop report. “These early morning webinars will be a great way for Ohio farmers to learn more about the factors impacting the corn, soybean, and wheat markets” said David Marrison, Interim Director for OSU Extension’s Farm Financial Management and Policy Institute.
There is no fee to attend these quarterly webinar sessions. Pre-registration can be made at go.osu.edu/coffeewithDrLee. These webinars are sponsored by: OSU Extension, Farm Financial Management & Policy Institute (FFMPI), and the Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics (AEDE) all located in The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES).
Agricultural professionals with a knowledge of Ohio’s cropland values and rental rates are invited to complete the 2022-2023 Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rent Survey by April 30, 2023. This may include rural appraisers, agricultural lenders, professional farm managers, ag business professionals, farmers, landowners, and Farm Service Agency personnel. Your thoughts and responses are greatly appreciated and will help build a platform for our southern portion of the state. The more responses, no names asked, the better the data set to provide information to clientele.