Can we call it love song?

The early risers among us may have noticed that songbirds are singing again. For Northern Cardinals and Carolina Wrens in our gardens spring has started with the change in day length on December 21. One can really notice now that the mornings get light earlier with every day and the males of our local songbird species are getting ready for the next breeding season. They set up territory and woo females. But more about our local birds on Friday, let’s travel to the tropics!

In the tropics, birds barely take a break from singing. If conditions allow it, they will breed year-round and thus most of them keep their territory and mate. Such long-term relations call for special communications: males and females of many neo-tropical wrens sing very precisely coordinated duets. For the untrained listener it may sound like one song, that’s how closely the phrases are linked. Researchers, however, have shown that both male and female contribute to this continuous song, thus performing a duet.

Can you hear whether these are two birds singing or one?

Sandy Gaunt, curator emerita from the Borror lab and longtime volunteer, recorded these Stripe-breasted Wrens Cantorchilus thoracicus in the dense undergrowth of the tropical lowland wet forest in Costa Rica on no other day than February 14 in 1992. Sandy found these birds near the Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve, southwest of Puerto Limon in Costa Rica, a rugged and undeveloped park with abundant wildlife.

The song of a close relative to the Stripe-breasted Wren, the Plain Wren Cantorchilus modestus zeledoni, has been studied in some detail by Karla Rivera-Cáceres from the University of Miami, Florida. These wrens perform precisely coordinated duets as you can see for yourself in the spectrogram below – a visual representation of sound with frequency or perceived pitch over time. Both males and females adjust their song and pauses between songs to coordinate with their partner. Red bars indicate the female’s contribution, bluish bars the male’s.

Spectrogram of highly coordinated Plain Wren duet

Highly coordinated duet of male and female Plain Wrens (Fig.1 in Rivera-Caceres et al 2016)

Listen to these male and female Plain Wrens duetting as recorded by Jacob R. Saucier. The recording is archived with Xeno-canto, an online collection of bird songs from around the world (XC319021).

spectrogram of Plain Wren duet (XC319021)

Duet of male and female Plain Wren as recorded by Jacob R. Saucier (XC319021).

So, shall we call this a love song? There are many hypotheses for why birds duet, one suggests that the level of coordination may signal pair bond strength, the level of commitment a mated male and female have of cooperating with one another. Other hypotheses suggest that duetting may help mates to stay in contact in dense habitat, or two singing birds may be more intimidating and thus more effective when defending a territory. Future research will show which of these hypothesis is most likely for the Stripe-breasted Wren.



Rivera-Cáceres, K. D., Quirós-Guerrero, E., Araya-Salas, M., & Searcy, W. A. (2016, November). Neotropical wrens learn new duet rules as adults. In Proc. R. Soc. B (Vol. 283, No. 1843). The Royal Society.


About the Author: Angelika Nelson is the curator of the Borror Laboratory of Bioacoustics and instructor for the OSU Ohio Birds class each spring.


*** We would like to hear from you – please leave a comment ***

387 thoughts on “Can we call it love song?

  1. Succeed! It could be one of the most useful blogs we have ever come across on the subject. Excellent info! I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your effort very well. Thanks for the huge help. slot 168

  2. Attention all TikTok enthusiasts! If you’ve ever wanted to save your favorite TikTok videos without the watermark, SSSTikTok is here to help. This incredible tool lets you download TikTok videos in high-quality MP4 or MP3 formats, with just a few clicks. No need for any additional apps or software installations. Give it a try and enjoy your TikTok videos offline!

  3. Going on a first threesome date can be nerve-wracking, but with some preparation and a positive attitude, you can make it a successful experience. If you are considering having a threesome, it is important to approach the situation with caution and care.
    couple looking for woman

  4. สล็อตเว็บตรง ambking999: สนุกสุดแซ่บและเพลิดเพลินไปกับเกมสล็อตที่คุณไม่ควรพลาด!

    หากคุณเป็นคนที่หลงใหลในความตื่นเต้นของเกมสล็อตออนไลน์ คุณต้องไม่พลาดเว็บไซต์ ambking999 ที่พร้อมที่จะทำให้คุณประทับใจอย่างแน่นอน! เว็บไซต์นี้เสนอให้คุณเข้าร่วมสนุกกับเกมสล็อตเวอร์ชั่นออนไลน์ที่หลากหลายและน่าตื่นเต้นที่สุด ไม่ว่าคุณจะชอบเล่นเกมสล็อตแบบคลาสสิกหรือเกมสล็อตที่มีฟีเจอร์สุดล้ำ เว็บไซต์นี้มีทุกสิ่งที่คุณต้องการ!

    ด้วยหน้าตาที่สวยงามและการออกแบบที่ใช้งานง่าย คุณจะสามารถเล่นเกมสล็อตที่มีกราฟิกที่น่าตื่นเต้นและเสียงเพลงที่น่าคึกคักได้ในทันที ไม่ว่าคุณจะเป็นนักเล่นมือใหม่หรือมือเก๋า คุณจะติดใจกับการเล่นเกมที่ตื่นเต้นและจะได้รับประสบการณ์ที่สุดเพลิดเพลินกับสล็อตเว็บตรง ambking999!

  5. “Can we call it love song?” is a beautifully crafted piece that explores the intricate nuances of love through melodious lyrics. The artist’s ability to evoke emotions is commendable. By the way, if you’re seeking assistance with your phd data collection help, I recommend reaching out to professionals who specialize in providing comprehensive support in that area. Good luck with your research!

  6. MULIA77 adalah situs judi online resmi terpercaya di Indonesia yang sangat populer karena OODS yang diberikan terlengkap di Indonesia.

  7. The question of whether we can call a song a “love song” can be subjective, as love can be interpreted differently by each listener. On another note, if you’re in need of reliable shipping companies in Pakistan, our shipping company is here to assist you. Contact us for hassle-free shipping solutions.

  8. Indulge in the heartfelt melodies of “Can We Call It Love Song,” evoking emotions that transcend boundaries. Similarly, when it comes to academic excellence, rely on the expertise and guidance of the best assignment helper to create harmonious and exceptional scholarly work. #LoveSongMelodies #AcademicExcellence

  9. Immerse yourself in the captivating melodies of “Can We Call It Love Song,” invoking emotions that surpass boundaries. Likewise, when pursuing academic excellence, depending on the expertise and guidance of streamline line payroll tips to produce harmonious and outstanding scholarly work. #LoveSongMelodies #ScholarlyExcellence

  10. ส็อต PG เว็บตรง แตกง่าย!
    สวัสดีทุกคน! วันนี้เรามาพูดคุยกันเกี่ยวกับส็อต PG เว็บตรงที่แตกง่าย และทำไมมันถึงเป็นที่นิยมกันมากในวงการเกมส์ออนไลน์ ถ้าคุณเคยเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์กันมาบ้างแล้ว คุณคงไม่พลาดเค้าโครงนี้แน่นอน!
    ส็อต PG เว็บตรงเป็นเกมสล็อตที่มีความยิ่งใหญ่ในการชนะ มันมาพร้อมกับกราฟิกที่สวยงามและเสียงเอฟเฟกต์ที่น่าตื่นเต้น ทำให้คุณเหมือนได้มาเดินทางเข้าสู่โลกแห่งความสนุกสนานและร่ำสมัยทันสมัย!
    ท้ายสุดแล้วสิ่งที่ทำให้ส็อต ส็อต pg เว็บตรง แตกง่าย เว็บตรงนี้เป็นที่นิยมกันก็คือความจำเป็นในการทำเงิน ด้วยการจ่ายเงินรางวัลที่มีอัตราการชนะสูงและแตกง่าย เราเองก็ควบคุมไม่ได้ว่าเมื่อไหร่จะถูกแตก แต่ความความเป็นระเบียบของ RNG (Random Number Generator) ทำให้ทุกครั้งที่เรากดสปินเสมอ ๆ เราจะมีโอกาสในการชนะเงินรางวัลที่มากขึ้นอย่างต่อเนื่อง
    เพื่อนๆ ที่กำลังมองหาความสนุกและกำลังมองหาโชคลาภ อย่าลืมลองเล่นส็อต PG เว็บตรงกันนะครับ ขอให้ทุกคนมีความสนุกและโชคลาภที่มากมายในการเล่นเกมส์นะครับ! แล้วพบกันในโลกของความสนุกกันนะครับ!

  11. Gloxymedia adalah jasa seo surabaya yang paling banyak di cari di indonesia. Menyediakan berbagai macam jasa di bidang digital marketing. Yang nanti nya bisa di rasakan banyak orang. Sehingga bisa meningkatkan stabilitas website konsumen dimana pun berada. Mari coba rasakan jasa seo di gloxymedia.

  12. Parking88 adalah situs slot Hoki online paling gacor dan mudah menang di indonesia. Memberikan wadah pair play dalam setiap jenis permainan yang disediakan.
    Sehingga para member bisa memiliki permainan mpo slot yang sangat mudah dalam pelayanan yang diberikan. Adapun permainan slot online yang di sediakan meliputi permainan game slot terpercaya.

  13. Purislot has just launched their very first Mahjong inspired slot machine game – “Mahjong Ways”! Mahjong is a game that originated from China, created from the wisdom of ancient Chinese. As a classic Chinese chess game, Mahjong culture has taken its roots all over the world and is deeply loved by the people!
    It’s time to flaunt your amazing skills! Mahjong Ways is a 5-reel, 4-row video slot featuring Wild symbol transformation and free spins with increasing multiplier. Win 12 free spins by triggering the Free Spins Feature when 3 Scatter symbols appear anywhere. Each additional Scatter symbol will trigger 2 more free spins! In addition, during the Free Spins Feature, all wins can be multiplied by up to x10 multiplier.
    Will you be the next King of Mahjong? Show off your Mahjong skills now!

  14. kompas toto , an evil enchantress, set forth with her troop of mystical creatures and invaded the village of Audora. Stripping treasured gems off the villagers, she left the poor in captivity. Misela, an aspiring young lass, fought bravely but was defeated in the combat and transformed into a cat. Misela ventured out to find the hero who holds the key in breaking the curse. During her expedition, she unexpectedly gained a pair of wings that enable her to fly which brought her to a saviour who is capable of unleashing the true power of gems. Take on the journey in this exciting Match Four title like never before and be rewarded with big wins, consecutive combinations and re-spins!

  15. Discover the future of app development with Appify, a cutting-edge platform that empowers businesses to create innovative and customised mobile and web applications. Appify offers a user-friendly interface and a wide range of features, making it accessible to both technical and non-technical users.

  16. The rich maroon color adds a touch of sophistication to any ensemble. Whether you’re dressing up for a night out or going for a casual look, a maroon leather jacket women can be your trusted companion. The color is known for its versatility, allowing you to pair it with jeans, dresses, or even skirts.

  17. Infor Inn is a dedicated platform for global readers where you can find updated and new articles on business and technology. We encourage versatile and well-versed writers to share their Guest Post and infographics with us to get it published on our site. Read and enjoy latest blogs here on every topic you are looking for.

  18. Infor Inn is a dedicated platform for global readers where you can find updated and new articles on business and technology. We encourage versatile and well-versed writers to share their Guest Post and infographics with us to get it published on our site. Read and enjoy latest blogs here on every topic you are looking for.InforInn

  19. Informative article! Very useful for me! This article was really easy to understand!
    Thank you so much.I want to learn more about it!
    So please write more articles like this! Once again thank you!
    For digital marketing related support Visit now

  20. Informative article! Very useful for me! This article was really easy to understand!
    Thank you so much.I want to learn more about it!
    So please write more articles like this! Once again thank you!
    For digital marketing related support Visit now

  21. Gofoodieonline is a remarkable online platform that has revolutionized the way people experience food. This innovative website provides an extensive range of culinary options, catering to diverse tastes and preferences. Gofoodieonline is the best online food-in-train website for Indian railway passengers to book lunch, dinner orders, Jain food, and pure veg. They provide food delivery in Train. Get clean, fresh meals from reputable eateries delivered right to your train seat. We are an E-Catering partner that the IRCTC has approved, guaranteeing dependable dining service during your rail travel. This innovative website provides an extensive range of culinary options, catering to diverse tastes and preferences. Get clean, fresh meals from reputable eateries delivered right to your train seat. We are an E-Catering partner that the IRCTC has approved, guaranteeing dependable dining service during your rail travel.

    Dobrodošli u One Day Studio®, vašeg pouzdanog partnera za digitalno prisustvo! Pružamo sveobuhvatne usluge izrade web stranica, održavanje web stranica, optimizacije za tražilice (SEO) i kreativnog grafičkog dizajna. Bez obzira jeste li startup koji tek započinje, mala tvrtka koja traži online ekspanziju ili etablirani brand koji želi obnoviti svoju prisutnost na webu, mi smo ovdje kako bismo vašu viziju pretvorili u stvarnost.


    Održavanje web stranica za klijente igra ključnu ulogu u održavanju online prisutnosti, privlačenju posjetitelja i pružanju pozitivnog korisničkog iskustva. Redovito ažuriranje sadržaja, praćenje performansi, briga o tehničkim aspektima, sigurnost web stranice i redovita izrada backupa su ključni koraci u održavanju web stranice u optimalnom stanju. Kroz pažljivo održavanje, klijenti će osigurati da njihova web stranica ostane konkurentna, relevantna i uspješna u svijetu online poslovanja.

  24. Selain memakai kayu palet, papan mebel industrial ini juga bisa memakai multiplek dengan diberi pelapis HPL motif kayu juga cocok. Dengan furniture finishing HPL ini kita bisa lebih leluasa memilih motif jenis kayu yang disukai. Bagi sebagian orang yang menyukai kerapian dan simplisitas lebih condong menyukai finishing HPL ini, Akan tetapi tidak sedikit pula yang menyukai finishing kayu asli karena menyukai bahan kayu atau lebih fanatik ke furniture berbahan kayu.

    Melengkapi model interior rumah minimalis sederhana 1 lantai bergaya industrial saat ini sedang banyak digemari, furniture bergaya industrial yang merupakan bagian dari komponen interior juga tak kalah trend, banyak disukai di Indonesia. Kombinasi 2 bahan kayu dan besi ini memberikan kesan modern industrial yang disukai di Indonesia.

  25. Testogen Canada Best Testosterone Booster
    Testogen Canada best testosterone booster for men is designed to boost muscle, energy and performance. Get your drive back and feel great again.Testogen Canada is a complete support system for male health and wellness and will increase your energy levels, gym performance and muscle growth. It also helps you to shift fat faster. Backed by clinical studies, Testogen’s testosterone booster is made with safe ingredients that have been thoroughly tested and scientifically proven to boost T level.

  26. Indonesia terkenal dengan wisata alam nya, mulai dari wisata laut, pegunungan, hingga tempat-tempat bersejarah lainnya.
    Heetpedia merupakan sebuah website yang menyediakan Berbagai Rekomendasi Tempat Wisata di Indonesia yang bisa kamu baca.
    Dan tempat wisata tersebut bisa Anda kunjungi untuk menemani waktu liburan Anda.

  27. Sebelum menonton sebuah film, biasanya seseorang akan mencari sinopsis dari film tersebut. Maksudnya adalah agar ketika ingin menonton film yang diinginkan,
    secara garis besar mereka sudah tau arah filmnya kemana dan menceritakan tentang apa. Oleh karena itu, Sinopsis Film
    sangat berpengaruh atau bisa dikatakan salah satu cara untuk Anda apabila ingin mengetahui isi sebuah film. Entah itu film di Bioskop ataupun di Aplikasi Penyedia Film.

  28. Dive into the world of Spectrum Internet, where high-speed, reliable connectivity meets your digital needs. Learn about blazing-fast downloads, seamless streaming, and secure online experiences with Spectrum’s top-tier services.

  29. Welcome to Lotus365, your one-stop hub for all things cricket. Dive into the exciting world of cricket with the latest news, live scores, in-depth analysis, and exclusive insights on your favorite sport.

  30. tiger exchange is a vibrant marketplace for aggressive traders aiming for financial supremacy. Charge into the high-stakes trade arena with power, dexterity, and a competitive advantage. Navigate the jungle that is the market and unleash your potential. Take advantage of the tiger’s share of success by joining Tiger Exchange for an exciting trading experience. Here’s your doorway to explosive profits.

  31. Immerse yourself in the world of online cricket with your exclusive “online cricket ID.” Unlock a personalized gaming journey, where you can engage in live matches, explore real-time stats, and connect with fellow cricket enthusiasts. Don’t miss out on the excitement – secure your Online Cricket ID now and experience the thrill of digital cricket like never before.

  32. Cricket ID is your passport to the world of cricket fandom and engagement. Whether you’re a player, coach, or devoted supporter, cricket id offers a unique identity in the cricketing community.

  33. Overall, the article effectively combines storytelling with scientific insights, creating an engaging piece that not only shares a unique birdwatching experience but also introduces the reader to the fascinating world of avian communication, drinking Robusta Coffee and behavior.

  34. is a streaming service that offers a diverse range of content, including movies, TV shows, and original programming. It is owned by ViacomCBS and serves as the successor to CBS All Access. Paramount+ features an extensive library of content from various ViacomCBS brands, such as CBS, MTV, Nickelodeon, BET, and Paramount Pictures.

    Users can access Paramount+ on various devices, including gaming consoles like the PlayStation 4 (PS4). To find information specifically about the Paramount+ app on the PS4, you may visit the official Paramount+ website ( or check the PlayStation Store on your PS4.

  35. Want your backlinks to be indexed faster for better SEO results? Check out these effective strategies and techniques to accelerate the indexing process and improve your website’s search engine rankings. Visit here : index backlink

  36. percaya tidak percaya, terjun4d menjadi website terpopuler di Indonesia dan menyediakan permainan terbaik. Langsung gabung untuk mengetahui informasi selengkap nya!

  37. Home Renvation
    Home Renovation Prices
    Home renovation is the process of repairing, remodeling, or perfecting the structure or shape of a house. By renovating your home you can increase the selling value of your home, make your home more functional and comfortable, or simply improve the appearance of your home.

  38. Don’t hesitate to start your journey to play the best game by vegasslot, You will find high levels of success and pleasure that you have never found before vegasslot rtp find your best game at vegasslots in various ways thrilling games, ranging from online lottery, gacor slots, and many more! vegas slot

  39. BadshahCric is a gaming platfrom which through to get online cricket id for matches and other sports; it’s an experience tailored to enhance the excitement of every cricket and sports fan. With a user-friendly interface, cutting-edge technology, and an extensive range of betting options, BadshahCric ensures that enthusiasts can fully immerse themselves in the world of cricket while potentially reaping rewards from their knowledge and instincts.

  40. nice article so far, good explanation, easy to understand and really show readers how to imagining it, keep going and keep info people about something, vio77

  41. keep trust your heart and use your sense to everything you do to have best result in return, you will not regret that have you done that with ur max potential and hardwork, keep stronger and burn your spirit till your last energy. vio77

  42. Kudos on the outstanding article! The content showcases a refreshing level of uniqueness and originality, providing valuable insights into the topic. The integration of relevant keywords is seamless, ensuring it’s not only informative but also highly searchable.

    As a representative of Albatha Herbal Nusantara, I find the content in perfect harmony with our dedication to natural herbal solutions. Explore more about herbal remedies on our website. Keep up the exceptional work!

  43. PT. PANCA PRIMA WIJAYA, We are a pest control fumigation company that has experience as a provider of the best quality fumigant products that are effective in eradicating pests and the best sanitation products. Supported by a professional technical team for your Fumigation Service needs.

  44. In the vibrant realm of online fantasy gaming, CricBet99 emerges as a premier destination for Indian enthusiasts. Offering a seamless and exhilarating gaming experience, CricBet99 is your go-to platform for cricket-based fantasy leagues. With a user-friendly interface, diverse contests, and lucrative rewards, it has become the top choice for fantasy sports aficionados. Navigate the thrilling world of virtual cricket with confidence, as CricBet99 ensures a fair and secure gaming environment. To embark on an exciting fantasy gaming journey, visit and create your account today. Join the excitement and elevate your gaming experience with CricBet99!

  45. Introducing CricBet99, a leading online ID provider in India for cricket enthusiasts. Offering a seamless experience, CricBet99 ensures quick and secure access to cricket betting. With a user-friendly interface, this platform is your gateway to an immersive cricket betting experience. Explore more at CricBet99 and elevate your online betting journey.

  46. This website are nice for readers, btw if you want buy some game currency you can come to my website, I’am sell any popular game like mobile legends, free fire, and many. come and see top up ff

  47. Cricket is more than just a sport in India, it’s a passion. And with every passionate fan comes the thrill of prediction. Silverexch, the rising star in online cricket betting platforms, is here to elevate your experience.

  48. Ensuring your air conditioning system operates at its peak performance is crucial for optimal comfort in Dubai’s climate. Regular AC maintenance is key to preventing breakdowns and enhancing efficiency. Trust our expert team to provide top-notch ac maintenance in Dubai , keeping your cooling units in perfect condition for a refreshing and comfortable living environment.

  49. Reddy Anna Exchange: Balancing Innovation with Legal and Safety Imperatives, Innovation drives the evolution of digital exchanges like Reddy Anna, but it must be tempered with legal and safety considerations. This discussion explores the delicate balance between innovation and compliance, highlighting the measures Reddy Anna Exchange employs to navigate legal complexities while prioritizing user safety.

  50. Greetings from Realplay, your one-stop shop for anything cricket related. Get the most recent information, real-time score updates, in-depth analysis, and unique insights on your preferred sport as you explore the fascinating world of cricket.
    best cricket id
    best cricket id

  51. Introducing rpexchage, your one-stop shop for everything related to cricket. Discover the fascinating world of cricket with the most recent information, real-time scores, in-depth critiques, and unique perspectives on your preferred sport.

  52. As you explore the fascinating subject of cricket, get up-to-date information with rd exchange777, real-time score updates, in-depth analysis, and unique insights on your favorite sport.

    cricket id

  53. Cipslots prioritizes the security and trustworthiness of its players. They use the latest encryption technology to protect players’ data and transactions, ensuring that players can enjoy their gaming experience safely and securely.

  54. Lords Exchange goes beyond traditional betting options, offering a plethora of advanced features and betting options to enhance the betting experience. In this chapter, we’ll delve into the platform’s innovative features, including live betting, in-play betting, cash-out options, accumulator bets, and more.

  55. Gold365 Wow, what an insightful read! Your post really resonated with me. I appreciate you .This topic is so relevant and your perspective adds a refreshing depth to the conversation. Looking forward to more thought-provoking content like this. Keep up the fantastic work .

  56. Thank you for sharing this fascinating exploration of avian courtship and the intricate interplay of behavior and song in the mating rituals of birds. Your post offers a captivating glimpse into the world of ornithology and the complexities of communication in the animal kingdom.

    corporate gift items suppliers

  57. “I thoroughly enjoyed this content! If you’re looking for more insightful information on this topic, I highly recommend visiting Belajar SEO Pemula. They have incredibly informative and helpful articles.”

  58. Yes, we can call it a love song. Just as microsoft 365 consulting
    offers tailored solutions to enhance productivity and collaboration, a love song customizes emotions and melodies to create a harmonious connection between hearts. Both require understanding and expertise to achieve their best results.

  59. All gamers face losses. Every defeat is an opportunity, not a reason to despair. It’s part of the learning process to become better. Experience the thrill with niagabet , one of the most viral platforms

  60. Tergacor dan tercuan link bebas hambatan tanpa batas !!!
    welcome bonus 50% , daftar !!!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *