History of Hilltop: Timeline of Development and Diversity
Written by Karie Miller, Design by Josh Truett
|1795||First settler, Lucas Sullivant, arrives from Louisville, KY. He was a deputy surveyor sent to claim land for an officer in Virginia following the Revolutionary War. As payment, Sullivant received one-fourth to one-half of the surveyed land. Sullivant gave sons William and Michael the 1600 acres of the Hilltop area, making them the first residents and landowners in Hilltop.|
|1816||City of Columbus incorporated.|
|1856||Number of different families in Hilltop: 35|
|1861||Establishment of Camp Chase, originally a Union training camp and later a Union POW camp named after Ohio governor Salmon P. Chase|
|1863||Camp Chase establishes a prison cemetery, which is now all that is left of Camp Chase.|
|1865||End of the American Civil War resulting in the closure of Camp Chase.|
|1872||Arrival of Quaker families from Jefferson county, relocating to purchase portions of Camp Chase land after the camp was abandoned by the government.
Number of different families in Hilltop: 83
|1884||Ohio Public Accommodations Law prohibited discrimination on the basis of race in all public buildings.|
|1887||The Ohio State University established|
|1900||Population in Hilltop: approximately 2000. 226 born in Ohio, 28 born in other Midwest states, 9 in eastern and southern states, and “the remainder immigrated from various countries such as Switzerland, Wales, Ireland, and Germany” (Butler, 12).
· 56 families, 259 residents, 119 females, and 140 males.
|1902||Monument dedication at Camp Chase to honor Confederate soldiers.|
|1913||The Great Flood: Franklinton was submerged under 22 feet of water. The flood resulted in 93 dead, 20,000 homeless and approximately $5-10 million in property damage. Hilltop, because of its geographic location on top of a hill was virtually unaffected by the flood’s property damage and so became a destination neighborhood.|
|1917||Buchanan v. Warley: U.S. Supreme Court struck down racial zoning laws.|
|1920||Population in Hilltop: 15,000|
|1948||Shelley v. Kramer: U.S. Supreme Court struck down legal enforcement of racially restrictive covenants|
|1950||Population: 375, 901, an increase of 23% over the past ten years.|
|1957||Fair Housing Act Passed|
|1968||Westland Shopping Mall open.|
|1975||Hilltop officially named a Neighborhood Commercial Revitalization Area by the city.|
|1978||National Affordable Housing Act passed.|
|1992||Mall at Tuttle Crossing opens giving direct competition to Westland Shopping Mall and resulting in the closing of Westland Mall’s anchor store, JC Penney.|
|1991||50% of all refugees admitted to the U.S. came from Somalia, Cuba, and Laos.|
|1997||Westland Shopping Mall closes.
Penn National Gaming opens Hollywood Casino
|2004||850,106 in Columbus. 66,648 total population in Hilltop. 11.4 % or 96,912 in Columbus are foreign-born.
· Asian population: 34,854 in Columbus, 1,303 in Hilltop
· Hispanic or Latino population: 47,605 in Columbus, 5,606 in Hilltop
· Somali population: 13,311 in Columbus
All Photos Courtesy Columbus Metropolitan Library Digital Collections.