History of Hilltop: Timeline of Development and Diversity

History of Hilltop: Timeline of Development and Diversity

Written by Karie Miller, Design by Josh Truett


1795 First settler, Lucas Sullivant, arrives from Louisville, KY. He was a deputy surveyor sent to claim land for an officer in Virginia following the Revolutionary War. As payment, Sullivant received one-fourth to one-half of the surveyed land. Sullivant gave sons William and Michael the 1600 acres of the Hilltop area, making them the first residents and landowners in Hilltop.
1816 City of Columbus incorporated.
1856 Number of different families in Hilltop: 35
1861 Establishment of Camp Chase, originally a Union training camp and later a Union POW camp named after Ohio governor Salmon P. Chase
1863 Camp Chase establishes a prison cemetery, which is now all that is left of Camp Chase.
1865 End of the American Civil War resulting in the closure of Camp Chase.
1872 Arrival of Quaker families from Jefferson county, relocating to purchase portions of Camp Chase land after the camp was abandoned by the government.

Number of different families in Hilltop: 83

1884 Ohio Public Accommodations Law prohibited discrimination on the basis of race in all public buildings.
1887 The Ohio State University established
1900 Population in Hilltop: approximately 2000. 226 born in Ohio, 28 born in other Midwest states, 9 in eastern and southern states, and “the remainder immigrated from various countries such as Switzerland, Wales, Ireland, and Germany” (Butler, 12).

· 56 families, 259 residents, 119 females, and 140 males.

1902 Monument dedication at Camp Chase to honor Confederate soldiers.
1913 The Great Flood: Franklinton was submerged under 22 feet of water. The flood resulted in 93 dead, 20,000 homeless and approximately $5-10 million in property damage. Hilltop, because of its geographic location on top of a hill was virtually unaffected by the flood’s property damage and so became a destination neighborhood.

1917 Buchanan v. Warley: U.S. Supreme Court struck down racial zoning laws.
1920 Population in Hilltop: 15,000
1948 Shelley v. Kramer: U.S. Supreme Court struck down legal enforcement of racially restrictive covenants
1950 Population: 375, 901, an increase of 23% over the past ten years.
1957 Fair Housing Act Passed
1968 Westland Shopping Mall open.

1975 Hilltop officially named a Neighborhood Commercial Revitalization Area by the city.
1978 National Affordable Housing Act passed.
1992 Mall at Tuttle Crossing opens giving direct competition to Westland Shopping Mall and resulting in the closing of Westland Mall’s anchor store, JC Penney.
1991 50% of all refugees admitted to the U.S. came from Somalia, Cuba, and Laos.
1997 Westland Shopping Mall closes.

Penn National Gaming opens Hollywood Casino

2004 850,106 in Columbus. 66,648 total population in Hilltop. 11.4 % or 96,912 in Columbus are foreign-born.

·      Asian population: 34,854 in Columbus, 1,303 in Hilltop

·      Hispanic or Latino population: 47,605 in Columbus, 5,606 in Hilltop

·      Somali population: 13,311 in Columbus


All Photos Courtesy Columbus Metropolitan Library Digital Collections.