July 28, 2020

Good afternoon,

The big news this past week was the change in the weather.  After several weeks with very little moisture, Hardin County finally received rain.  Although it varied in amounts depending on location, it was much needed for the crops around the county.  Most corn was tasseling or beginning to tassel and soybeans were beginning to produce pods.  Vegetative growth slowed not only in corn and soybean, but also in forage crops.  See the latest Ohio Crop Weather report for July 27 for more information.  Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 1.85 inches of rain in Hardin County during June.  Last year, the average rainfall for June was 7.08 inches.  Rainfall for the month was 3.63 inches less than the ten-year average rainfall in the month of June.  Hale Township received 3.45 inches, the most of the township sites.   The least rain in June, 0.38 inches was reported in Liberty Township.   For the growing season since April 15, the average precipitation in all the townships was 8.12 inches, with a range from 10.15 inches in McDonald Township to 6.90 inches in Jackson Township.  More local information about the lack of rain and its effect on crops can be found in the attached Extension Rainfall Report for June.

Ohio Crop Weather

June 2020 Rainfall Summary

Hardin County farmers experienced an average wheat harvest this year with good grain quality due to the lack of rain near harvest time.  Much straw was baled in area fields and some is still being baled.   For more information about wheat harvest, see the article written by Hancock County OSU Extension Educator Ed Lentz that I have included.  This article explains how wheat is harvested and what farmers do to prepare for harvest.  News coming out of Columbus announced that the Farm Science Review would be a virtual show this year.  For the first time in its nearly 60-year history, The Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review, scheduled for September 22 to September 24, will not be held in-person due to the pandemic.  Stay tuned for further information about what is being planned as we move forward with this virtual event.

Wheat Harvest News Release

The Ohio Department of Agriculture will be sponsoring collection events for farmers wishing to dispose of unwanted pesticides. This year, the closest collection is happening in Hancock county on August 19 from 9 am – 3 pm at the Hancock County Fairgrounds located at 1017 E. Sandusky Street, Findlay.  See the attached news release for more details about what is accepted at this upcoming event in case you have old pesticides that you need to dispose of.  I have also included a document put out by OSU College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences titled “What You Need to Know About Animal Processing on the Farm in Ohio.”  Animal processing on farm is a practice of harvesting (slaughtering) one’s own food animals to provide for their own families is and even though not common today, there is some on farm slaughter going on and this document might help to answer some important questions you might have.

Ag Pesticide Disposal News Release

What You Need to Know About Food Animal Processing in Ohio

Join us for our monthly Virtual Ag Coffee Hour to discuss county agriculture and issues in Hardin County.  Keep up to date and share information about what is happening in local agriculture with our round table discussion.  We look forward to you joining the discussion on Friday, August 7 starting at 8:00 am to find out what is happening on the farms in your area.  You can join the Zoom meeting online at or by dialing (312) 626-6799 and entering the Meeting ID: 978 4892 8801 and Password: 431218 when asked.  If you are interested in reading the latest ag crops articles from the CORN Newsletter, see the ones included below.











ODA Asks Public to Not Plant any Unsolicited Packages of Seeds – Stephanie Karhoff

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) has been notified that several Ohio residents have received unsolicited packages in the mail containing seeds that appear to have originated from China. The types of seeds in the packages are currently unknown and may contain invasive plant species. Similar seed packets have been received recently in several other locations across the United States. Read more at









2020 Ohio Wheat Performance Test – Laura Lindsey, Matthew Hankinson

Yield results for the 2020 Ohio Wheat Performance Test are online at: The purpose of the Ohio Wheat Performance Test is to evaluate wheat varieties, blends, brands, and breeding lines for yield, grain quality, and other important performance characteristics. This information gives wheat producers comparative information for selecting the varieties best suited for their production system and market. Varieties differ in yield potential, winter hardiness, maturity, standability, disease and insect resistance, and other agronomic characteristics. Selection should be based on performance from multiple test sites and years. Finish reading the article at









New Crop Staging Videos – Alexander Lindsey, Amanda Douridas

A new suite of crop staging videos have been built by faculty at The Ohio State University that highlight corn, soybean, and alfalfa. The videos highlight some common staging methods for each crop, and connect the staging guidelines to practice using live plants in the field. The videos can be found in the “Crop Growth Stages” playlist on the AgCrops YouTube Channel: These compliment some of the wheat staging videos previously posted on the AgCrops YouTube channel as well. As the crops progress through the reproductive stages, expect some more videos to be posted! Continue reading this article at









Leafhoppers, Grasshoppers, and Beetles, Oh My! – Kelley Tilmon, Andy Michel

As the summer progresses we are receiving reports of insect problems often encouraged by hot, dry weather.  Last week we reported on spider mites and especially if you are in an area of continued dry weather we recommend scouting your soybeans and corn Some areas are also reporting increases in young grasshoppers in soybeans, another insect favored by dry weather.  Grasshoppers of often start on field edges so early scouting may allow for an edge treatment.  Japanese beetles are another common defoliator of soybean that are starting to appear.  Both of these pests fall into a general defoliation measurement, and we recommend treatment if defoliation is approaching 20% on the majority of plants in post-flowering beans.  Click on to read the original article.









Late Summer Establishment of Perennial Forages – Mark Sulc

The month of August provides the second window of opportunity for establishing perennial forage stands this year. The primary risk with late summer forage seedings is having sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant establishment, which is a significant risk this summer given the low soil moisture status across many areas. The decision to plant or not will have to be made for each individual field, considering soil moisture and the rain forecast. Rainfall/soil moisture in the few weeks immediately after seeding is the primary factor affecting successful establishment. Finish reading about late summer establishment of perennial forages at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326



July 9, 2020

Good evening,

Since the last Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update, I have been working with our new Water Quality Extension Associate Boden Fisher to help him with soil health sampling in four Hardin County fields.  I would like to thank the cooperating farmers: Jeffry Billenstein, Austin Heil, John Krock, and Paul Ralston for providing soybean fields for this project.  Boden has also been busy taking samples in Hancock and Putnam counties as he is responsible for working in a three county area.  To read more about Boden and the goals of the Extension Water Quality Associate program, see the attached news release.










Boden Fisher

Water Quality Associate News Release

The Ohio State University has a new mission statement for Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension.  It reads “Ohio State University Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources empowers Ohio’s agriculture and natural resources communities, provides outreach and education based on unbiased research, and cultivates relationships to strengthen the economic viability and quality of life for Ohioans.”  Learn more about OSU ANR Extension from the attached infographics document which also includes facts about eFields, Beef Quality Assurance, fact sheets, Farm Bill, publications, Master Gardener Volunteers, CORN Newsletter, ANR videos, pesticide/fertilizer training and certification.

ANR Infographics

Hot and dry conditions continue to cover the area, as the latest Ohio Crop Weather report for July 6 rated most corn and soybean crops in good condition.  Find out more information from this attached statewide report.  Locally, corn leaves are rolling and soybeans are starting to bloom with slow growth.  Rainfall reports coming in for June are showing low numbers for the townships in Hardin County.  Farmers have harvested most of the wheat crop, started baling straw, hauling manure on wheat stubble, and are in the process of making the second cutting of hay.  Join us tomorrow morning at 8:00 am for our monthly Virtual Ag Coffee Hour to give an update of the crop conditions in your neck of the woods.  You can connect by clicking on or by calling in at (312) 626-6799 with the Meeting ID: 936 7135 2897 and password 854633.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

Western Bean Cutworm moth counts continue to  be low with three more traps added near Mt. Victory, Foraker, and Jumbo.  You can read more about this pest and the statewide monitoring in the article below along with other timely crop articles.  If you still need to get your pesticide or fertilizer recertification completed for a license that expired on March 31, 2020 due to the pandemic, you can now access and do the recertification online at or continue to wait until we are permitted to hold a live make-up recertification class at the Extension office.  In the meantime, stay cool and hope that we get some rain soon.











Western Bean Cutworm Numbers Remain Low Across Ohio – Amy Raudenbush

We are now in the second week of monitoring for Western bean cutworm (WBC) in Ohio. Similar to last week, WBC adult numbers remain low in all monitoring counties. Trap counts for the week of June 29 – July 5 resulted in a total of 56 WBC adults (0.67 average moths per trap). Overall, 26 counties monitored 84 traps across Ohio. No counties reported capturing more than 1 moth / day over the 7-day monitoring period; therefore, all counties currently remain below the recommended levels that indicate scouting for egg masses should begin.  See a statewide map and other resources at









Double Crop Soybean Recommendations – Laura Lindsey

As small grains are harvested across the state, here are some management considerations for double-crop soybean production. Relative maturity (RM) has little effect on yield when soybeans are planted during the first three weeks of May. However, the effect of RM can be larger for late planting. When planting soybean late, the latest maturing variety that will reach physiological maturity before the first killing frost is recommended. This is to allow the soybean plants to grow vegetatively as long as possible to produce nodes where pods can form before vegetative growth is slowed due to flowering and pod formation.  If you still plan to plant double crop soybean in this dry weather, go to for more information.









Corn Growth in Hot and Dry Conditions – Alexander Lindsey, Peter Thomison

In recent days we have been experiencing 90 degree F days with limited precipitation, and so we are starting to see some leaf rolling in corn. Some of this may be related to reductions in soil moisture, but may be related to restricted root systems as well. Depending on the stage of corn at the time of these conditions, different effects on yield may be expected. Corn ear development occurs throughout the growing season, and extreme temperature or moisture stress at different growth stages will decrease different aspects of grain yield.  Read more about corn growth in these conditions at









Drought Projections Do Not Go Well With Fungicide Applications – Anne Dorrance, Pierce Paul

Several calls this past week for fungicide applications on corn and soybean at all different growth stages.  So let’s review what might be at stake here. In soybeans, frogeye leaf spot and white mold on susceptible varieties when the environment is favorable for disease easily pay the cost of application plus save yield losses.  Let’s dig a bit deeper.  Both of these diseases are caused by fungi but frogeye leaf spot is a polycyclic disease, meaning that multiple infections occur on new leaves through the season while white mold is monocyclic and the plant is really only susceptible during the flowering stage.  Both of these diseases are also limited geographically in the state.  White mold is favored in North East Ohio and down through the central region where fields are smaller and air flow can be an issue.  Frogeye has been found on highly susceptible varieties south of 70, but it is moving a bit north so it is one that I am watching.  Find out more regarding soybean and corn fungicide applications in hot and dry conditions at









Mid-Season Weed Management in Soybeans – Hot, Dry Edition – Mark Loux

A few weed-related observations while we try to stay cool and hope for a day of rain or at least popup thunderstorms. One of the frequent questions during extended dry weather is – do I wait for rain before applying POST herbicides, or just go ahead and apply before the weeds get any larger and tougher to control.  Our experience has been that it’s best to go ahead and apply when weeds are still small, even if it’s dry, and herbicides will usually do what they are supposed to.  Letting them get larger without any sure forecast for rain can make for a tough situation that requires higher rates or a more injurious mix.  On the other hand, waiting to apply can be fine if there is a good chance of rain within the next few days.  It’s not always an easy decision. There’s more at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


June 22, 2020

Good afternoon,

This past Wednesday was my first day back at the OSU Extension office since the COVID-19 pandemic began.  Hardin County OSU Extension has been allowed to open with an exemption from OSU with limited staff.  The Agriculture and Natural Resources day is Wednesday, so you can call ahead at 419-767-6037 to an make an appointment if you would like to stop by with any questions, specimens, or samples.  If you are unable to stop by the office, feel free to contact me by email or phone on any weekday.  I have attached a news release that addresses our limited office opening.

Office Opening News Release





I also have an exemption to do crop scouting and staging.  This past Thursday, I met with OSU Extension Corn and Wheat Disease Specialist Pierce Paul to look at a wheat field that had eyespot (strawbreaker).  Although this disease is rare to Ohio, it causes downed wheat by the pathogen weakening the straw.  The field also had an armyworm infestation which it was treated for earlier.  Each year I do insect trapping around the county.  Currently, I have set three Western Bean Cutworm traps around the county and am looking for three additional corn fields to put a trap up on the edge.  Let me know if you are interested as currently I have traps set near Kenton, Ridgeway, and Dola.  Boden Fisher, our Extension Water Quality Associate for Hardin, Hancock, and Putnam Counties is looking for four fields to do Soil Health sampling.  He is looking for one field of each: no-till, conventional till, cover cropped, and manure applied.  He will come out and take soil samples free of charge to the farmer, collect information about the field, and provide back soil health information from the study.  Please let me know if you are willing to participate so we can set up a time to sample.  We are also interested in cover crop and other on-farm research studies for this year.

Statewide, 98% of the corn and 93% of the soybeans are planted with the majority of the crops in good condition according to the June 15 Ohio Crop Weather Report that I have attached.  The majority of the first cutting of hay has been made and wheat is turning with what looks to be a harvest with good grain quality.  Fields are dry and in need of rain.  For the period of May 1-May 31, Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 4.73 inches of rain in Hardin County.  Last year, the average rainfall for the same time was 5.12 inches.  Rainfall for May was 0.30 inches more than the ten-year average rainfall for the month.  See the attached May Extension Rainfall Report for more information about Hardin County rainfall and crop progress.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

May Extension Rainfall Report

Although the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic required the state of Ohio to reassess its budget forecasts, the Department of Agriculture will be moving forward with $50 million in incentive funds available to producers for implementation of the Best Management Practices (BMPs) included in Governor DeWine’s H2Ohio program.  H2Ohio funding for BMPs will begin in crop year 2021.  Soil & Water Conservation District staff will contact current H2Ohio applicants and work with producers to update all applications to reflect BMPs for crop years 2021, 2022, and 2023, with future year incentives contingent on the availability of funds.  See the attached H2Ohio Update from the Ohio Department of Agriculture for more details about this program.

H2Ohio Update

Do you have problems with wildlife getting into your garden or landscape?  This evening, Monday, June 22 The Hardin County OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteers are hosting a virtual program called “An Evening Garden Affair.”  The event is from 7 to 8:30 pm and will feature Marne Titchenell of The Ohio State University with a program about dealing with wildlife in the garden.  Since the pandemic has prevented face to face programs, this Zoom virtual event will be available at no cost for gardeners to participate on their computer, smartphone, tablet, or attendees can listen in on their telephone.  Gardeners interested in participating in this webinar must pre-register at ahead of time for connection instructions.  The webinar will be recorded for later viewing in case you miss it.  I have included a news release with more information attached to this email.  The Allen County Ag Hall of Fame is moving forward with their 2020 Induction Banquet on July 16 in Lima.  If you are interested in attending, see the attached flyer for details of this event to honor Sam Blythe and Lloyd Smith.  In addition, I have included some articles below that you may be interested in reading about ag crops.

An Evening Garden Affair News Release

Allen County Ag Hall of Fame Banquet











Ohio Department of Agriculture: dicamba use in Ohio ends June 30, 2020 – Peggy Hall

The dicamba roller coaster ride continues today, with a statement issued by the Ohio Department of Agriculture clarifying that the use of XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan dicamba-based products in Ohio will end as of June 30, 2020.  Even though the US EPA has issued an order allowing continued use of the products until July 31, 2020, use in Ohio must end on June 30 because the Ohio registrations for the three dicamba-based products expire on that day.  Read more about this court order and the related information at









True Armyworm Infestations – Andy Michel, Curtis Young, Kelley Tilmon

We received many reports of true armyworm infestations in wheat, barley, and corn. These are black or green caterpillars with stripes along the side and orange heads.  In the spring, true armyworm moths migrate from the south and lay eggs in grasses such as forage and weed grasses, winter wheat and barley, and rye cover crops.  When the eggs hatch, the larvae can significantly damage wheat and barley before then moving to young corn.  Read more about armyworm infestations at









Changes in status of dicamba product labels for Xtend soybeans – a recap – Mark Loux

On June 3, the US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision in a case concerning the use of dicamba on Xtend soybeans.  This decision voided the labels for XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan that allows use on Xtend soybeans.  Tavium was not included in this decision, because it was not approved for use when the case was initially filed. Find out what this means for over the top use of dicamba on soybean at









Time to Start Scouting for Potato Leafhoppers in Alfalfa – Kelley Tilmon, Mark Sulc, Andy Michel

We are receiving reports of near- or at-threshold levels of potato leafhopper in alfalfa.  As second cut alfalfa grows, farmers should scout for resurging numbers in their fields.  Younger alfalfa is more susceptible to damage at lower leafhopper numbers.  If alfalfa is more than seven days from a cut and plants are under normal stress, a good rule of thumb for a treatment threshold is:  when the number of leafhoppers in a 10-sweep set is equal to or greater than the height of the alfalfa.  For example, if the alfalfa is 8 inches tall, and the average number of leafhoppers per sample is eight or higher, treatment is warranted. If the average is seven or lower, the grower should come back within a few days to see if the population is higher or lower. Vigorous alfalfa can tolerate higher numbers, and stressed alfalfa can tolerate fewer. For more information, click on









Court Ruling on Dicamba Products for Xtend Soybeans – Mark Loux

Article Updated on June 9, 2020 at 8:15 AM due to EPA statement Monday night. As most readers are probably aware, last week, the US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision in a case concerning the use of dicamba on Xtend soybeans.  This decision essentially voided the labels for XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan that allows use on soybeans.  Tavium was not included in this decision, because it was not approved for use when the case was initially filed. Read about dicamba alternatives for soybean post-emergence at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


June 4, 2020

Good evening,

Yesterday afternoon I was allowed the opportunity to do crop scouting and staging in Hardin County through University exemptions for food, agriculture, and water quality.  I was able to find corn in V3 growth stage, soybean in V2 growth stage, wheat flowering, and red clover in bloom.  Some fields were being replanted while others were being planted for the first time.  Several fields needed herbicide applications and a couple farmers were side dressing nitrogen in corn.  For a the statewide update on crops and weather, see the attached June 1 Ohio Crop Weather report released by USDA.

Ohio Crop Weather

Cressleaf Groundsel is in full flower currently in forage and unplanted fields across the state.  While this is not a new weed, prevalence has been increasing causing concern for many livestock producers.  This weed is toxic to livestock and should not be fed as mentioned in the attached news release.  I am sure you have seen the weed growing throughout Hardin County as pictured below.  Making hay or ensiling forage with it will not remove the potential for possibly poisoning livestock.








Cressleaf Groundsel in Hay News Release

The Hardin County Fair Board is seeking the input of exhibitors, buyers, potential guests, campers, and community members. A survey has been designed to gauge stakeholders’ opinions on holding a modified fair in varying degrees.  “The fair is for the youth and for the community,” said Corey Ledley, Hardin County Fair Board President.  “We are using this survey to get an accurate read on what the community is feeling.”  While the decision to hold or not hold a fair will not be made solely on this data, it will play a role.  All members of the Hardin County community and anyone who engages in the Hardin County Fair is encouraged to take the survey that can be found at

COVID-19 has hit the agricultural industry pretty hard.  Market prices for major commodities have fallen sharply since COVID-19 reached the United States back in early January. Milk and cattle prices have declined over 25 percent and corn and hog prices are down 19%.  At one time during the pandemic, these prices had dropped over 40 percent.  Early projections suggest total net farm income could be down 20% or more over in 2020.  The Farm Service Agency office staff have a lot on their plates juggling all the federal farm programs.  Complete details about the CFAP program can be found at the FSA’s website at:  The OSU Extension Farm Office team has also authored a bulletin discussing the CFAP program more in depth.  It can be found at:  See the attached article for information about how producers may benefit from this program.  I plan to have information available about CFAP at tomorrow morning’s Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour.  Feel free to join us for our roundtable discussion about county agriculture at 8:00 am by clicking on or call in by dialing (312) 626 6799 and then providing the Meeting ID: 983 9116 4003 and Password: 530475 if asked.  If you are not familiar with Zoom, I have attached some additional instructions.

CFAP Ag Relief News Release

Zoom Guidance – Attendees

Since many people have been busy planting vegetable gardens and we have commercial fruit and vegetable growers in the county, I have also included a fact sheet from North Carolina State and Ohio State Extension regarding food safety of fresh produce as it relates to Coronavirus.  Other events you might be interested in participating include OSU Extension webinars on “Utility-Scale Solar Construction and Leases for Land Use”, “Negotiating Leases for Oil & Natural Gas Development”, and “Mineral Rights and the Dormant Mineral Act” that are being held in June.  There is no cost to view them, so see the attached flyer for registration details if you are interested.  I have also included the mid-June Ohio No-Till News which includes information about August Field Events.

Fresh Produce Food Safety – COVID-19

Shale and Solar Flyer

Ohio No-till News June 2020

The Ohio Department of Agriculture resumed testing for pesticide and fertilizer applicators on Tuesday, June 2nd.  Exam sessions will meet Ohio’s current standards for both meeting size and social distancing.  Exams will be held in the Bromfield Administration Building on ODA’s campus in Reynoldsburg.  Testing sessions will initially be scheduled on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays at 9 AM and 1 PM.  Preregistration is required and no walk-in test takers will be permitted.  Masks and photo IDs are required; pencils and calculators will be provided.  For additional information, please call the Pesticide & Fertilizer Regulation Section at 614-728-6987, option 1.  I have also included an information sheet called “Recognizing and Managing Stress” put together by OSU as well as included ag crop articles below that you may be interested in reading.

Recognizing and Managing Stress











Recommendations for Soybeans Planted in June – Laura Lindsey

While progress is way ahead of last year, soybean planting is spilling into June. (According to USDA NASS, 53% of soybean acreage was planted by May 24, 2020. Last year, at the same time, only 11% of soybean acreage was planted.) As planting continues into June, farmers may want to consider adjusting their cultural practices such as row spacing, seeding rate, and relative maturity as described at











Use the Field Guide to find answers for your crop problems – Harold Watters

Judging from the calls I have been getting over the past week, we have some issues out there. One good source of information – with pictures and often accompanied by a remedy is the OSU/PSU Corn, Soybean, Wheat, and Forages Field Guide. We have two versions – the bound copy, which I love, and a pdf version that is digital and can be downloaded now. The hard copy will have to be mailed to you because Extension offices are still closed or offering limited services.  Find out more about this bulletin at









Good Time to Scout Wheat and Barley Fields – Laura Lindsey, Eric Richer, Eric Stockinger

It has been a little over two weeks since overnight low temperatures were <32°F throughout the state. These low temperatures can be cause for concern, but this concern may have been a bit premature. Now is a good time to scout wheat and barley fields to assess whether cold temperatures simply set back grain development, or whether they caused permanent damage. Read more at









Alfalfa Continues to Mature – Angela Arnold, Mark Sulc, Jeff Stachler, Dean Kreager, Jason Hartschuh

The alfalfa crop over the past week has continued to advance in maturity. Pure alfalfa stands across Ohio are ready to be harvested for high quality forage. Producers in dryer regions were able to start harvesting alfalfa fields over the weekend. Western Ohio has had larger rainfall totals than Eastern Ohio over the last two weeks. Keep in mind that harvesting when the soil is too wet and soft will do non-reversible compaction damage to the stand and will lower the productivity the rest of this year and into future years.  Finish reading this article at









Using the Forecasting System to Assess the Risk of Head Scab – Pierce Paul

The head scab risk tool can be used to assess the risk of head scab and to help guide fungicide application decisions. Here are a few guidelines for using the system and interpret the output: Go to the website at Continue to use the tool to monitor the risk of head scab over the next several days as more fields in the northern half of the state approach anthesis. If the risk is moderate-high (the map is yellow or red) at the time of flowering, you should consider applying Prosaro, Caramba, or Miravis Ace, at anthesis (flowering) or within the first 4-6 days after flowering. Learn more about this forecasting system at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


May 22, 2020

Good evening,

While temperatures remained cool throughout the state, farmers made good planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office.  Some damage was reported to winter wheat from freezing temperatures early in the week while rain activity late in the week may have caused damage to crops not yet emerged.  Average temperatures for the week were below historical normals and the entire state averaged close to 1-inch precipitation.  There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 17.  Farmers continued tillage and spraying activities.  Large increases in corn and soybeans planting were reported in the Northwest portion of the state.  Corn planted progress was 57 percent, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average.  Soybeans planted progress was ahead of the five-year average while soybeans emerged was behind the five-year average due to recent cooler than normal temperatures slowing germination.  Sixty-six percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 53 percent last year.  See the attached May 18 USDA Ohio Crop Weather report for further information.

Ohio Crop Weather

During the time period of April 15-30, Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 1.54 inches of rain in Hardin County.  Last year, the average rainfall for the same time period was 4.08 inches.  Rainfall for the April 15-30 time period is 0.83 inches less than the ten-year average rainfall during the same dates.  McDonald Township received 1.98 inches for the April 15-30 time period, followed closely by Pleasant Township at 1.95 inches for the most of any of the township sites.  Blanchard Township received 0.70 inches for the April 15-30 time period, the least of any of the township sites.  Limited field work occurred in April with regular rains and cool temperatures early keeping soils wet until late in the month for most of the county.  Early May brought warmer and drier weather allowing for the planting of corn and soybeans until the recent rains.  Wheat fields showed slow growth due to the cool temperatures in April and early May.  Spring forage planting was also delayed by wet field conditions.  Read more about current crop conditions and local township rainfall amounts in the attached Extension Rainfall Report for April 15-30.  I have also included an article I submitted to the local media titled “Cold Weather Impact on Corn and Soybean” that you may be interested in reading.

April Extension Rainfall Report

Cold Weather Corn Soybean News Release

Details have been released from USDA for direct assistance to farmers through the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program.  Covered commodities include: Non-specialty crops, Wool, Livestock, Dairy, and Specialty Crops.  See the attached Sign up for USDA-CFAP Direct Support information sheet for more details.  The application period is May 26 through August 28, 2020.  Payments are limited to $250,000 per person or entity for all commodities combined.  Applications can be made by appointment through your local Farm Service Agency office.  Please read and gather the needed information before you make an appointment.  A handy spreadsheet tool to enter your information will be made available once the sign-up begins.  More information about this program can be found at

CFAP Payment Direct Support

A research team at The Ohio State University is currently working on a project that assesses the importance of soil health when facing variable weather, especially heavy precipitation.  As part of this study, they would like to collect soil samples and interview farmers across the state to understand how heavy precipitation is impacting soil management and soil health.  They would also like to understand which soil health indicators farmers find most valuable when making management decisions.  All participating farmers will receive two free soil health tests and $75 for their participation.  So far there are about 25 confirmed farmer participants, and they are looking for 5 more.  They are reaching out to ask if I know of any farmers who might be interested in participating in this study.  Please see attached the study description for more details and if you are an interested farmer, please share your name, email, phone number directly to Christine Sprunger at

Soil Health – Precipitation Study

In closing, I realize this is a very stressful and trying time.  Not only is it planting season and the weather is continuing to make it a challenge, but the current COVID-19 pandemic has also added additional issues to the mix.  I have added the “Ohio Farmer Mental Well-Being COVID-19 Resources” information sheet to this edition of the Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update for those who are looking for help.  For those of you who are interested in reading Ag Crops information, I have included the usual CORN Newsletter highlighted articles below.  Have a nice Memorial Day weekend.

Farmer Mental Health Resources











Scab Risk Low, but Keep Your Eyes on Leaf Diseases – Pierce Paul

According to the FHB forecasting system, the risk for head scab continues to be low across the state of Ohio, for wheat flowering (or barley heading) today, May 18. In spite of the wet weather we have had, it has been very cold over the last week to 10 days. Cold temperatures between heading and flowering usually reduce the risk for scab, as the disease develops best under warm, wet, or humid conditions. However, you must continue to be vigilant as the crop in the northern half of the state approaches heading and anthesis. If it continues to rain and stays wet and humid over the next few weeks, the risk for scab and vomitoxin will increase as the temperature increases. Be prepared to treat fields with Prosaro, Caramba, or Miravis Ace.  Find out more at









Field Estimations of Alfalfa Fiber Content – Angela Arnold, Mark Sulc, Jeff Stachler, Will Hamman, Dean Kreager

Ohio has seen its 5th warmest winter on record but spring temperatures across the state have consistently been 2-6° F below long-term averages. Climatic variations every year make it difficult to know the exact date to determine harvest of our first alfalfa crop. Research has shown % Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) can vary up to 10 units on the same calendar day from one year to the next, therefore making harvest decisions based on calendar date is unreliable. Many producers also base harvest decisions primarily on alfalfa maturity. Variable weather conditions affect the rate of bud and flower development in alfalfa, thus relying solely on maturity can be misleading. Go to to read more and watch a video demonstrating measurement of alfalfa NDF.









Ohio Corn, Soybean and Wheat Enterprise Budgets – Projected Returns for 2020 – Barry Ward

COVID-19 has created an unusual situation that has negatively affected crop prices and lowered certain crop input costs. Many inputs for the 2020 production year were purchased or the prices/costs were locked in prior to the spread of this novel coronavirus. Some costs have been recently affected or may yet be affected. Lower fuel costs may allow for lower costs for some compared to what current budgets indicate. Production costs for Ohio field crops are forecast to be largely unchanged from last year with lower fertilizer expenses offset by slight increases in some other costs.  Read more at









Burndown and Residual Herbicide Issues – Mark Loux

Depending upon where you are in the state, it’s possible right now to be experiencing delays in getting anything done, progress in planting but delays in herbicide application, weather too dry to activate residual herbicides, and/or reduced burndown herbicide effectiveness on big weeds due to cold weather.  What’s become a typical Ohio spring.  Residual herbicides and rainfall, Residual herbicides and crop injury, Cold weather and burndown herbicides, and a Reminder about the value of fall herbicides are some information relative to questions that OSU Extension educators have passed on to us that you can read about at:









Why should you calibrate your sprayer, and how? – Erdal Ozkan

This is the time to check the accuracy of your sprayer. While applying too little pesticide may result in ineffective pest control, too much pesticide wastes money, may damage the crop and increases the potential risk of contaminating ground water and the environment. The primary goal with calibration is to determine the actual rate of application in gallons per acre, then to make adjustments if the difference between the actual rate and the intended rate is greater or less than 5% of the intended rate. This is a recommended guideline by USEPA and USDA. I get this question all the time: “Why should I calibrate my sprayer? I have a rate controller on the sprayer. I just enter the application rate I want, the controller does the rest.”  Find out the answer to this question and much more at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


May 8, 2020

Good evening,

The May 4 Ohio Crop Weather Report showed about 2.5 days suitable for field work this past week with 10% of corn and 7% of soybeans planted statewide.  About 63% of wheat has jointed and 67% of oats have been planted according to this attached USDA report.  Locally in Hardin County field activity had been less according to reports from our Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour held May 1.  Although there was fertilizer spread and some burndowns completed, planting had been slower due to wetter soils but has picked up recently.  Further north in Hancock County where it is drier, farmers have been planting daily for over a week and a half.  If you have wheat growing in your fields, you might want to scout it for early season diseases such as Septoria leaf blotch and possibly Powdery Mildew as the news release that I have attached explains some fields may have the diseases pictured below as a result of the cool temperatures and wet conditions.  Read the attached news release about these possible timely issues.

Ohio Crop Weather Report







Septoria on wheat











Powdery Mildew on wheat

Early Season Wheat Diseases News Release

 The current pandemic has brought up a lot of uncommon issues to agriculture.  One of these issues is a result of some meat processing plants closing or not operating at full capacity due to labor issues brought about by COVID-19.  See the attached news article published in the Kenton Times that I contributed to about how Hardin County pork producers Mark Watkins and Doug Heilman are adapting to this situation.  The food supply chain issue has caused people to rely more on local foods in some areas so I have included “Talking Points: COVID-19’s Effect on the Meat Supply” and “Buying from a Local Meat Processor and Why it Matters” to this e-newsletter.  Still other families are considering on-farm processing of livestock so I have included an article entitled “What You Need to Know About Animal Processing on the Farm in Ohio.”  Several homeowners have increased vegetable production in their own gardens as well, including our own OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteers who you can read about their efforts to help with food insecurity in Hardin County with the Grow Ohio news release that I have attached.

Swine Producers COVID Article

Talking Points Impacts of COVID 19 on Meat Industry

Why Buying Local Matters

What You Need to Know About Food Animal Processing in Ohio

Grow Ohio News Release

Other information that you may find interesting that has been included with this email includes the mid-May edition of the Ohio No-Till News that includes no-till and cover crop tips along with instructions about how to access the free videos on the Conservation Tillage Conference website that can be found at  Marion County Extension has an upcoming online series on Growing Food Justice which I have attached a flyer for further information that begins on May 13.  Understanding Credit and Debt is the final fact sheet from a series that I have been providing over the past several weeks from Michigan State University Extension.  Be sure to check out the articles below from the CORN Newsletter and most of all, take a peak at the OSU Extension Ag Appreciation Video that we put together for you by clicking here, after all you might recognize someone you know.

Ohio No-till News

Growing Food Justice May Series

Understanding Credit And Debt









How Late Can I Plant Forages? – Mark Sulc

The Ohio Agronomy Guide states that most cool-season perennial forages should be planted by the first of May. While some of you reading this article were able to plant forages by now, many of us (myself included) once again were not able to meet that deadline due to wet weather. So how hard and fast is the May 1 deadline, especially in a cold spring like we have experienced? Don’t we have a little more time to plant forages? I hate to say this, but the answer is neither simple nor clear cut.  Finish reading this article at







Economic Assistance for Agriculture during COVID-19 – David Marrison, Ben Brown, Barry Ward, Peggy Hall, Dianne Shoemaker

The coronavirus pandemic has certainly altered all our lives. The impact is being felt by families, businesses, governmental agencies, and civic organizations. To help families and businesses alike, various levels of government have passed legislation to help lessen the economic blow of COVID-19. This article provides a brief overview of some of the assistance which has been made available. These include tax deadline provisions, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, Families First Coronavirus Response Act, Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation rebates, unemployment compensation, and Wind and Hurricane Indemnity Program, Plus (WHIP+).  Click on to read more.







Managing stored grain into summer – Jason Hartschuh, Elizabeth Hawkins

If you are storing more grain on farm this spring than usual, you are not alone. Over the last few weeks, we have heard from more producers who are considering holding grain longer into summer months than they normally would. We have also heard a few reports of spoiled grain as producers fill April contracts. Carrying graining into summer has been done for many years successfully but requires much more intensive management than winter grain storage.  Learn more about managing stored grain at







Alfalfa Weevil Update – Kelley Tilmon, Aaron Wilson, Mark Sulc, Rory Lewandowski, Andy Michel

Peak alfalfa weevil feeding damage occurs between 325 and 575 heat units (based on accumulation of heat units from January 1 with a base of 48°F).  Locations in red are there, and locations in orange are getting close.  Now is the time for most alfalfa growers to step up their alfalfa weevil scouting.  For more details on alfalfa weevil scouting and thresholds please see our April 13 article







USDA Announces Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) – Ben Brown, David Marrison

On April 17, the preliminary details about the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) were released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) program aimed to assist farmers, ranchers, and consumers in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The CFAP provides $19 billion in funds authorized through the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES).  The $19 billion program includes two major elements. The first element is for Direct Support to Farmers and Ranchers. This program will provide $16 billion in direct support to farmers based on actual losses where prices and market supply chains have been impacted by COVID-19. The program will also assist producers with additional adjustment and marketing costs resulting from lost demand and short-term oversupply for the 2020 marketing year caused by COVID-19. It has been reported, although not confirmed by the USDA, that in the direct support program, $5.1 billion will be allocated to support cattle producers, $3.9 billion for row crop producers, $2.9 billion for dairy, $2.1 for specialty crops, $1.6 billion for hog producers and $500 million for other commodities. Go to for more.


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


April 29, 2020


Farmers planted some of the first 2020 corn and soybean fields in Ohio last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office.  Temperatures averaged 5 degrees cooler than historical normal and the entire state averaged normal amounts of precipitation last week.  There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 26 according to the most recent Ohio Crop Weather report released April 27 that I have attached to this email.  According to an article written by Hancock County OSU Extension Educator Ed Lentz, farmers are anxious about this year’s corn planting after the disastrous spring they had last year, which left about 60% of the corn fields unplanted.  They have to focus on the possibility of good crop this year and force out thoughts of last year according to his article about Corn Planting that I have included.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

Corn Planting News Release

Spring Farm Safety should be at the top of everyone’s mind as we begin the 2020 planting season.  Because of that, I have included a news release about this topic put together by Union County OSU Extension Educator Wayne Dellinger.  The coronavirus continues to concern area farmers as to how they can keep their equipment and farms safe for their families and employees.  Information has been put together by OSU Extension Ag Safety and Health’s Lisa Pfeifer and Dee Jepsen on “Navigating COVID-19 on the Farm” that is attached.  Since my last e-newsletter, there have been questions asked about COVID-19 and animals.  OSU Extension and OSU Veterinary Science have put together a fact sheet about this topic to help answer these questions that I have made available in both English and Spanish in case you have workers on your farm who only speak Spanish.

Spring Farm Safety News Release

Navigating COVID-19 On The Farm

COVID-19 Livestock Handout – ENGLISH

COVID-19 Livestock Handout – SPANISH

The federal government has started to provide assistance to agriculture through USDA and other means.  I have attached a COVID-19 Federal Rural Resource Guide to help guide you through resources that have now become available.  You can also find out more information at by checking out the resources available there including the weekly recorded presentations made available through Farm Office Live.  There have been many new issues arise that most people involved in agriculture have never had to experience.  One unfortunate consequence for many has been the loss of income.  I have included a fact sheet from Michigan State University to provide ideas called “Turning Personal Skills Into Income.”  I hope that things are going well for you and your family during this time of isolation and uncertainty.

USDA COVID-19 Federal Rural Resource Guide

Turning Personal Skills Into Income

If you are able to join us Friday morning, May 1 at 8:00 am, we are having our Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour.  You can join in by clicking on or calling in at (646) 876-9923 and entering the Meeting ID: 932 8067 7269 when asked.  You can connect to the roundtable discussion either on your computer, phone, smartphone, or tablet.  If you have never used Zoom before, I would encourage you to watch the 30 minute YouTube video put together by Paulding County OSU Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator Sarah Noggle.  It will show you how to use Zoom from a phone, smartphone, tablet, and computer.  The YouTube instructional video can be found at  We would enjoy having you join us for an update about your spring planting and preparations.  For those of you who enjoy reading the articles from the CORN newsletter, I have included them below.











Considerations for planting depth this year – Alexander Lindsey, K. Nemergut, Peter Thomison

Timing corn emergence is key to minimize yield reductions, and can be more important for preserving yield than even seed spacing. When setting planting depth for corn this year, be sure to consider not just first emergence seen, but also how uniform the emergence is. In work conducted from 2017-2019, we manipulated seeding depth to be approximately 1, 2, or 3” deep (current recommendations are for planting at 1.5-2 inches deep) in two conventionally tilled fields. One field had 2-3% organic matter, and the other had 4-5% organic matter. We tracked daily emergence in the plots, and measured stalk strength and yield at the end of the season. Read more at










Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management – Feekes 6.0 through 9.0 – Laura Lindsey, Ed Lentz, Pierce Paul

It’s important to correctly identify winter wheat growth stages to enhance management decisions, avoiding damage to the crop and unwarranted or ineffective applications. Remember, exact growth stage cannot be determined by just looking at the height of the crop or based on calendar dates. Feekes 6.0- Nodes are all formed but sandwiched together so that they are not readily distinguishable. At Feekes 6.0, the first node is swollen and appears above the soil surface. This stage is commonly referred to as “jointing.” To read more, go to








PPE Shortage for Pesticide Applicators – Mary Ann Rose

This spring pesticide applicators are likely to encounter a new challenge getting the personal protective equipment (PPE) required to make their pesticide applications.  The emergency needs that our first responders and medical care providers have for PPE in the COVID-19 war have led to shortages of all types of PPE, even for types not typically worn by medical personnel.  By the time that PPE become more readily available, it will likely be too late for many spring (or even summer) pesticide applications. Every pesticide product label includes a list of the required personal protective equipment. So … what should farmers and pesticide applicators do in this situation? First, If you can’t acquire and properly use the label required PPE, don’t make the application of that pesticide. Finish reading about the PPE shortage at









Slight Frost Injury on Forages – Mark Sulc

I have observed and received reports of only very slight frost burn on the tips of leaves of alfalfa and winter annual forage crops after the two cold nights last week in Ohio. On Monday, the alfalfa at the Western Agricultural Research Station looked excellent, with just scattered stems showing slight frost burn on the upper leaves. The 2019 late summer seedings also looked excellent. Italian ryegrass and winter wheat on the station showed just a little purpling on the upper leaf tips. The situation could be a little more severe in certain pockets of the state, depending on the duration of the low night temperatures last week. However, reports from around the state indicate only slight damage to forage crops and they should grow right out of it with no significant effect on forage yields.  This complete article can be found at






Time to stock up on nozzles is now! But, do you know which ones to buy? – Erdal Ozkan

This is the time of the year you must complete shopping for nozzles because the spraying season is just around the corner. Although nozzles are some of the least expensive components of a sprayer, they hold a high value in their ability to influence sprayer performance. Nozzles help determine the gallon per acre. They also influence the droplet size, which plays a significant role in achieving improved penetration into crop canopy and better coverage on the target pest, both affect the efficacy we expect from pesticides applied. When I get a question like, “what is the best nozzle I can buy?”, my answer is: it depends on the job on hand. One nozzle may be best for a given application situation, but it may be the worst nozzle to use for another situation. Sometimes, the choice of nozzle may be determined by the requirements given on the pesticide label. Finish reading this article at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


April 10, 2020

Good afternoon,

I hope this email finds you healthy and ready to begin spring planting season as soon as the weather and field conditions allow.  This week I submitted an article to the media titled “Get Ready to Plant.”  Although the article is written with forages in mind, it applies to all crops that need to be planted as well as other springtime tasks that need to be done around the farm.  You can find a copy of this article attached to this e-newsletter.  One of the items that will may need to take place will be termination of cover crops if you had them planted in your fields and they weren’t winter killed.  See the attached article written by Auglaize County Extension Educator Jeff Stachler for recommendations for cover crop termination.  The Ohio Department of Agriculture released an official news release regarding the Ohio Pesticide and Fertilizer License Deadline that can also be found attached to this email that was shared wither our local media this past week.

Planting Readiness News Release

Cover Crop Termination News Release

Pesticide-Fertilizer Deadline News Release






OSU Extension is pleased to be offering a second “Farm Office Live” session on Monday evening, April 13, 2020 from 8:00 to 9:30 p.m.  Farmers, educators, and ag industry professionals are invited to log-on for the latest updates on the issues impact our farm economy.

The session will begin with the Farm Office Team answering questions asked over the past week.  Topics to be highlighted include:

  • Update on the CARES Paycheck Protection Program
  • Update on the Dairy Economy
  • Examination of how COVID-19 is impacting agricultural exports
  • Bureau of Workers Compensation’s announcement of dividend returns
  • A look at the long term macro-economic impact of COVID-19
  • Will property taxes be delayed?
  • Potential Legal Impacts of COVID-19

Plenty of time has been allotted for questions and answers from attendees.  Each office session is limited to 500 people and if you miss the on-line office hours, the session recording can be accessed at the following day.  Please register at  If you have never used Zoom before, I have attached a guide to help you understand this virtual meeting platform that can be used with a computer, phone, smartphone, or tablet device.

Steps to Access Host on Zoom

A new website with science-based information and research on COVID-19 from The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences launched April 7th. The KX COVID-19 Hub is a collaboration between The Knowledge Exchange, Ohio State University Extension, and the CFAES statewide network of researchers and faculty.  Visit for a collection of resources, tools, and links to help Ohio communities weather the crisis.  Founded in 2019, The Knowledge Exchange (KX) is a support platform in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences bringing research to the public in an unbiased and interactive way.

I have attached the mid-April edition of the Ohio No-Till News.  It has information about the Conservation Tillage Conference that was held at Ohio Northern University in Ada the first week of March.  Go to: and In the upper left, click on “CTC 2020 archive”.  You’ll see Welcome and Awards, but scroll down to see all 7 concurrent sessions.  Note that both days in Room A (Crop Management) are under one heading.  You can view any session held at CTC for free, including the session I presented on “Late Season Nitrogen Application: On-farm Research” that can be found under 2020 CTTC Nutrient Management.  If you are interested in doing on-farm research this year with OSU Extension and eFields, some of the possible areas include: Lindsey Soybean Planting Date + Fungicide and Insecticide, Corn Seeding Rate, Fallow Syndrome, Multi Field Cover Crop, Nitrogen Placement, Nitrogen Rate, Nitrogen Source, Nitrogen Timing, Soybean Seeding Rate, Sulfur, and Soybean Fungicide trials.  If you think you might be interested in doing a plot this year, let me know and I will send you the protocol to review.

Ohio No-Till News-mid April

As I end this edition of the Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update, I would like to draw your attention to the farm management fact sheet from Michigan State University that I have attached on Selecting Insurance as well as the ag crops articles below from the CORN Newsletter.  Until the next time, I hope you are able to get things done and stay safe.

Risk Management-Selecting Insurance











Establishing New Forage Stands – Mark Sulc

Early spring provides one of the two preferred times to seed perennial cool-season forages, the other being late summer. Two primary difficulties with spring plantings are finding a good window of opportunity when soils are dry enough. The outlook for this spring is for planting opportunities to be few and short. As planting is delayed, the risk increases because of more competition from weeds and summer heat when seedlings are small and vulnerable to drying out. An accompanying article on preparing for planting along with the following 10 steps will help improve your chances for successful forage establishment in the spring can be found at









Why Ohio Farmers Should Participate in the CTIC Cover Crops Survey – Sarah Noggle

After taking a break from surveying in the last two years, the Conservation Technology Information Center (CTIC) is now once again sending out a national cover crop survey to farmers.  The survey questions are primarily geared toward grain farmers. Still, there are some questions specific to horticulture producers and a fair number of items that any type of crop producer would find relevant.  Most survey questions are for farmers already using cover crops, but there are a few for farmers not yet using cover crops.  You can find out more about this survey at





On Farm Biosecurity to Keep Us and Employees Safe – Jason Hartschuh, Gustavo Schuenemann

Agriculture is no stranger to contagious disease. Drawing on sanitation experiences from outbreaks, such as avian and swine influenza or the 2001 outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the United Kingdom in 2001, can help us through the current pandemic. Looking back at many of these experiences, we know that we can pull together maybe from a distance and get through the current human viral outbreak and keep our farms running. Unless they are sick, farmers don’t usually tell their workers to stay home, but through keeping social distance on the farm and increasing many of our tried and true disinfection protocols, we can all stay healthy. Read more at









Seedcorn Maggot A Possibility In Some Fields This Spring – Curtis Young

Many livestock operations did not have much opportunity to spread manure this winter and into the spring.  Thus many may have pits and lagoons near full capacity and a great need to move that manure to fields as soon as possible.  As spring progresses, manure spreading and planting may occur in a short sequence that can set up prime conditions for seedcorn maggot infestations and injury resulting in poor stand establishment.  Factors that favor seedcorn maggot damage include the incorporation of either green material, such as cover crops or weeds, and/or manure, and cool and damp soil conditions that delay seedling emergence. Find out more about seedcorn maggot at











CFAES Ag Weather System Near-Surface Air and Soil Temperatures/Moisture – Aaron Wilson, Greg LaBarge, Elizabeth Hawkins, Sam Custer

We are once again providing a soil temperature overview in the C.O.R.N. Newsletter through April-May 2020. The College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) Agricultural Research Stations located throughout the state have two- and four-inch soil temperatures monitored on an hourly basis. Our Western site in Clark County is not available this year. Therefore, we are supplementing data from western Ohio with data from Darke and Greene Counties. Our growing season follows a warmer than average winter. Winter (December 2019 – February 2020) air temperatures averaged 2-8°F above average compared to the climatological normal (1981-2010). This warmth continued throughout March as well, with temperatures 4-8°F (west to east) above average. As a result, soil temperatures are about 10°F warmer than the same date in April 2019. Finish reading this article at


Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326


March 31, 2020


There’s been a lot of changes going on and sometimes it is difficult to keep up with them each day.  Today would have been our scheduled Make-up/Specialty Pesticide and Fertilizer Recertification class.  If you did not complete pesticide or fertilizer recertification before the events were shutdown, the deadline is now 90 days after the state of emergency Executive Order ends or December 1, 2020, whichever comes first.  OSU Extension will be rescheduling recertification events that were cancelled.  If you have not received your new applicator card, know that ODA is working diligently with a reduced staff on site to get cards out.  Your pink copy of the recertification form is your temporary certification until you get your card. Remember that category 15 is fertilizer.  All exams for new licenses have been postponed until further notice.  The current situation has also now affected the tax filing deadline as well as the tax payment deadline.  See the attached document for further information.

COVID Tax Implications For Farmers Update

OSU Extension has made the switch to providing many events online.  An example of this programming in Agriculture and Natural Resources is the Ag Madness program.  Educational events have been provided daily at 9:00 am, 12:00 pm, and 3:00 pm since March 25.  You can visit to get a listing and find the links for 64 different events online.  There is a different subject each day so take a look at the attached news release and flyer for more details.  If you missed a program that interests you, they are being recorded for later viewing.  If you missed the Backyard Poultry Production workshop we had in Kenton last year, you can join in tonight virtually with Dr. Tim McDermott.  See the attached flyer if you are interested in this workshop being offered by Morrow County Extension.

Ag Madness News Release

Ag Madness Flyer

Backyard Poultry Production Virtual Flyer

It’s no secret that agriculture is big business in Hardin County.  The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service 2017 Census of Agriculture ranked Hardin County 5th in total market value of agricultural products sold in the state of Ohio.  The results of this most recent ag census determined that Hardin County has 726 farms averaging 361 acres in size with total land in farms at 261,744 acres.  The livestock inventory in Hardin County as of December 31, 2017 included 68,974 hogs and pigs, 18,156 cattle and calves, 702 broilers and other meat-type chickens, 170 pullets, and the number of layers were undisclosed.  There were 643 sheep and lambs, 542 horses and ponies, 249 goats, and 64 turkeys in the county reported to the USDA.  There are 1165 total producers in Hardin County, with 826 being male and 339 being female.  683 producers are between the age of 35-64, 394 are 65 and older, while 88 are under the age of 35.  Want more information?  See the attached article I wrote about this topic.

Ag Census News Release

Keep up to date by visiting our Hardin County OSU Extension Facebook page and clicking on “Like”.  As you can imagine, there aren’t any county ag events scheduled because of the public health concern.  However, I am hosting a Hardin County Ag Issues Virtual Coffee Hour this Friday, April 3 at 8:00 am.  If you would like to join in this Zoom Meeting, you can click on at that time.  You can also join us on the phone by calling 1 646 876 9923 and using the meeting ID: 212 259 941 when it asks you for it.  We will be discussing local agriculture and some of the resources that OSU Extension is making available during this time.  This week’s attached farm management fact sheet from Michigan State University explains Net Worth.  In closing, I have provided some news articles from today’s CORN Newsletter below.

Net Worth Fact Sheet











H2Ohio Signup Deadline Returned to Tuesday, March 31st – Glen Arnold

Due to the COVID-19 and expected resulting budget issues, the Ohio Department of Agriculture has reinstated the original Tuesday, March 31st deadline for H2Ohio sign-up. The original deadline had been tentatively extended to June 2nd because of the COVID-19 but this extension no longer exists. Farmers and livestock producers in the 14 county Maumee River Watershed should immediately contact their local Soil and Water Conservation Districts. The SWCD districts will need your farm name, acres, and what practices you are interested in. They will likely be overwhelmed so have a good idea of what you want to sign-up for when you call. They can then work with you in the weeks that follow to get a contract signed. For a complete list of the funded practices and for a listing of SWCD offices, go to









Nitrogen Rate Recommendations for Wheat 2020 – Ed Lentz, Laura Lindsey, Steve Culman

Wheat has already reached green-up across the state so spring N may be applied anytime fields are fit. Keep in mind that research has shown N can be applied up to Feekes GS 6 (one visible node) without a reduction in yield. However, wheat is growing slowly because of the cool temperatures, particularly in northern Ohio. Nitrogen applied early has the potential to be lost since wheat will use little N prior to jointing (Feekes GS 6). Urea-ammonium nitrate (UAN) or 28% has the greatest potential for loss and ammonium sulfate the least. Urea will have little potential for loss as long as it does not volatize. No stabilizer will protect the nitrate component of UAN, which is roughly 25% of the total N in UAN at application time. Read more at









Poison Hemlock Control – Mark Loux, Curtis Young

Poison hemlock remains one of the more persistent and prevalent poisonous weeds that we deal with in Ohio.  It’s most typically a biennial plant (sometimes perennial), emerging from seed in year one and developing into a low-growing rosette by late fall.  The rosette overwinters and then resumes growth in the spring of year two.  Stem elongation initiates sooner in spring than many other biennials, and this is followed by continued growth and development into the often very tall plant with substantial overall size.  Flowering and seed production occur in summer. Read more about controlling poison hemlock at









Black Cutworm and Its Allies – Curtis Young

Cutworms are the larval stage of several moths in the insect Order Lepidoptera: Family Noctuidae (the Owlet Moths) which includes cutworms and armyworms.  Several species of cutworm occur in Ohio.  Typically they have 1-2 generations per year depending on the species and adult flights occur at different times through the growing season.  All have 4 stages in their life cycles: eggs, larvae (caterpillars = cutworms), pupae and adults.  Again, depending on the species, some overwinter as partially grown caterpillars, others as prepupae in the soil, and others do not overwinter in Ohio and must migrate into the state every year.  Recognizing these caterpillars for who they are will again be important this year because of the amount of early weed growth on many agricultural fields which is very attractive to adults for egg laying or good cover for overwintered larvae. Finish reading about black cutworm at









Broadcasting Red Clover into Wheat – Rory Lewandowski, Jason Hartschuh, Mark Sulc

Looking at both the calendar and weather forecasts, frost-seeding is no longer a viable option to add red clover into a wheat stand. We can’t count on good freeze/thaw cycles to create those honeycomb conditions in the soil that create good seed to soil contact.  The option left is to broadcast clover seed over the wheat stand.  Successful establishment still depends upon getting good seed/soil contact.  Growers need to evaluate soil, weather and stand conditions to determine if a straight broadcast operation is worth their time, effort and expense.  Continue reading this article at



Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326



March 20, 2020

Good evening,

It’s been a crazy time for all of us.  Governor DeWine recently issued a state of emergency and implemented a variety of strategies to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 disease.  In order to do our part in reducing risk to our employees or clientele, we have implemented a teleworking plan.  OSU Extension closed its office by the end of Tuesday, March 17, 2020.  In alignment with all OSU offices, we have postponed all face-to-face programming through April 30th in response to the recent social distancing directives.  Until further notice, all OSU Extension staff are working remotely and are available from 8am-4:30 pm Monday-Friday to receive phone calls and emails.  Events that were planned through Hardin County AgNR Extension included the Master Gardener Volunteers Spring Garden Seminar scheduled for March 19 that was cancelled and our Make-up/Specialty Pesticide and Fertilizer Recertification scheduled for March 31 that has now been postponed until further notice.  The April 3 Ag Council meeting that was supposed to be combined with Farm Bureau Ag Policy Development has now been postponed until further notice.  Moving forward, one thing that is still scheduled is the eFields On-Farm Research Webinar planned for Wednesday, March 25 at 9:00 am.  See the attached flyer for information about how you can connect with your computer and learn about Ohio field scale research conducted in 2019.

eFields Webinar Flyer

Other county ag events have suffered the same fate.  Both the Ag Society Consignment Sale and the Pork Producers Pork Banquet that were both scheduled for March 14 and had to be cancelled.  The Goat Banquet that was planned for March 28 has also been postponed until further notice.  The Dairy Service Unit spring cheese sale has been cancelled until further notice.  Keep in mind the published dates and read the attached news release about Hardin County AgNR Programs Update and OSU Extension working remotely for more information and about how to contact our office staff for information or questions you may have.  I have attached an article written by Wood County Extension Educator Alan Sundermeier addressing Agronomy Concerns for 2020 including such topics as planting where corn or soybeans were planted, prevent plant with cover crops fields, and prevent plant with bare soil fields.  I have also attached an OSU Extension fact sheet titled “Questions Regarding the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) on Farms with Employees” in both English and Spanish in case you may have workers on your farm who only speak Spanish.   I have also included an information sheet titled “Department of Treasury & IRS Providing an Automatic Extension for Tax Payments (Not Filing Returns) Tax Implications for Farmers” put together by OSU Extension.

AgNR Programs News Release

Remote Extension News Release

Agronomy Concerns News Release



COVID Tax Implications For Farmers

Some Ohio farmers were mailed an OSU survey about extreme weather, trade tensions, declining prices, lack of access to health care and urban sprawl.  To get a better handle on how Ohio farm families are adapting to these challenges, researchers at The Ohio State University are asking farmers to share their experiences through a new statewide survey.  The survey asks farmers not only about their farm businesses, but also about how farming trends are affecting the well-being of their households and communities.  If you received this survey, please take the time to complete it.  For further information contact the project co-leads: Dr. Douglas Jackson-Smith (; 330-202-3540) or Dr. Shoshanah Inwood (; 330-263-3790).  Also, if anyone knows of any hay or straw for sale, please let me know as I have some livestock producers looking to buy.  You can contact me by email or the phone number listed below.  I have included some articles below for you to read while you are spending days and evenings at home.  Finally, I have also attached a Farm Management Fact Sheet from Michigan State University called “Creating a Spending Plan” that may be helpful to some.  Stay safe and healthy for this coming crop season.

Creating A Spending Plan










Winter Wheat Stand Evaluation – Laura Lindsey

Between planting in the fall and Feekes 4 growth stage (beginning of erect growth) in the spring, winter wheat is vulnerable to environmental stress such as saturated soils and freeze-thaw cycles that cause soil heaving. All of which may lead to substantial stand reduction, and consequently, low grain yield. However, a stand that looks thin in the spring does not always correspond to lower grain yield. Rather than relying on a visual assessment, we suggest counting the number of wheat stems or using the mobile phone app (Canopeo) to estimate wheat grain yield.  Read more at








Phosphorus Placement Effects on Yield and Water Quality in a Corn-Soybean Rotation – Greg LaBarge

Phosphorus placement has been discussed as a 4R Best Management Practice that results in lower nutrient losses than when P is surface applied and left on the surface. The concept is that by mixing granular fertilizer with the soil, we expose the nutrient to more soil surface area for attachment. A replicated trial was established at the Northwest Agricultural Research Station-OARDC located near Custer, OH to measure water quality and crop yield with four fertilizer placement options. Continue to read this article at









Topdressing Wheat with Liquid Swine Manure – Glen Arnold

Wheat fields will begin to firm up in Ohio and the topdressing with nitrogen fertilizer will soon start. There is usually a window of time, typically around the last week of March or the first week of April, when wheat fields are firm enough to support manure application equipment. By this date, wheat fields have broken dormancy and are actively pulling moisture and nutrients from the soil.  Finish reading this article at









“What’s your number?” The SCN Coalition is still in progress – Anne Dorrance

There is a lot of information already out and if you haven’t taken the time, check out  the website, for training and infographics about soybean cyst nematode, you can bookmark this for as you prepare your fields– while on autosteer.  Only on autosteer.  Our Ohio site, with updated information is also ready  Take your time to see where this pest has been detected, where some of the hot spots are and what we need to be aware of for management.  This pest cannot be eradicated or removed from a field once it is there, but there is no reason why it should take a lot of our soybean yield, we just need to manage it and that starts with knowing your number. Click on to continue reading this article.









H2Ohio Signup to be Extended – Glen Arnold

The deadline to enter into a contract with the H2Ohio program for farmers in the 14-county, Maumee River watershed is being extended. The original deadline was March 31st but due to COVID-19, more farmers and Soil and Water Conservation District personnel are conducting information exchanges through phone calls and e-mails. The H2Ohio deadline is expected to be extended to June 2nd, tentatively. Contact your local Soil and Water Conservation District for more details.




Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326