October 30, 2020

Good afternoon,

Harvest has continued throughout the county, although slowed by recent rains.  The most recent attached Ohio Crop Weather report for October 26 puts soybeans harvested at 73% and corn harvested at 32% across the state.  In Hardin County during the month of September, Extension volunteer rainfall reporters received an average of 4.77 inches of rain.  The most rain for this month, 7.92 inches, fell in Taylor Creek Township, as measured by Silver Creek Supply.  The least rain reported during the month, 2.60 inches, was reported in Jackson Township by Rick Weber.  During the same month last year, an average of 2.82 inches of rain fell.  The rainfall recorded in September over the past ten years averaged 3.53 inches.  For more local rainfall information, see the attached September 2020 rainfall summary.  The combination of high temperatures and dry conditions are the perfect conditions for field fires and combine fires during harvest, as were the conditions earlier in the month.  See the attached news release for tips to avoid combine fires.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

September Rainfall Summary

Combine Fires News Release

A total of 80 fields were surveyed in Hardin County this fall when I conducted the annual county weed survey on September 24.  Waterhemp was found to be a problem in 35% of these fields, marestail (19%), giant ragweed (16%), velvetleaf (10%), giant foxtail/grasses (6%), common lambsquarter (6%), volunteer corn (6%), and redroot pigweed (4%).  The highest degree of infestation in individual fields was redroot pigweed, common lambsquarter, waterhemp, and marestail. Thirty-six percent (36%) of the 80 soybean fields surveyed were found to be weed-free which was an improvement over 2019.  For more details about this annual survey, read the attached County Weed Survey News Release.  I have also included another popular Extension bulletin, the Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2020 to this edition of the Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update.  This handy reference contains the rates paid for custom farm work done by others around Ohio and gives up-to-date ranges that are being charged for these services.

County Weed Survey News Release

Ohio Farm Custom Rates

OSU Extension and Ohio Dairy Producers Association is offering a Dairy Outlook & Risk Management Webinars series November 5, 17, and 24 from noon-1:00 pm.  These webinars are free to attend and include the topics “Milk pricing during an uncharacteristic 2020,” “Domestic and international dairy market outlook,” and “Risk Management Tools: Dairy Margin Coverage, Futures and Options, Livestock Gross Margin Coverage, and Dairy Revenue Protection.”  See the attached Dairy Risk Management Series flyer for registration information.  Another free webinar series that you won’t want to miss is the 2020  Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference being held November 9, 10, 12, and 13 from 12:00-2:00 pm.  Organizers of the 2020 Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference hosted by the Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics (AEDE) at The Ohio State University, say the aim of this year’s conference is to offer much-needed insight to those involved in the agricultural industry during a time marked with so much global uncertainty. Past attendees, ranging from producers to consumers and agribusinesses leaders to elected officials, say the annual conference provides information and outlooks that influence their businesses and decision-making processes.  For details about how to register, see the attached news release, flyer, agenda, and session descriptions for this year’s conference being presented free of charge.

Dairy Risk Management Webinar Series

Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference News Release

Ag Outlook and Policy Flyer

Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference

Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference Session Descriptions

Finally, I would like to find out how your harvest is going so far this fall.  Plan to join us for our monthly Virtual Ag Coffee Hour on Friday, November 6 starting at 8:00 am for a local discussion of county agriculture issues and I also plan to share information about the latest Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents.  You can join us on your computer at https://osu.zoom.us/j/97176748384?pwd=Q2xzUlVyZkQwT3dCRUJIcE5uM1J5Zz09 or call (312) 626 6799 using the Meeting ID: 971 7674 8384 and Password: 6565125.  I hope harvest continues to be a safe one and have provided some articles below for you to read if you are interested.

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Planting Fall Cover Crops – Sarah Noggle, Rachel Cochran

We are now approaching the time of year to think about planting fall cover crops. Cover crops can serve many purposes, ranging from erosion control to nutrient sequestration. Depending on the type and species of cover crop, benefits range from providing a Nitrogen source, scavenging nutrients to decrease leaching potential, acting as a soil builder, preventing erosion, fighting weeds, acting as a forage, conserving soil moisture, and enhancing wildlife habitats. Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-37/planting-fall-cover-crops.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fall-Applied Herbicides: Odds and Ends – Mark Loux

A commonly asked question about fall herbicides – how late in the fall can herbicides be applied and at what point is it too cold to apply?  We have applied well into December under some very cold conditions and still obtained effective control of winter annuals.  We suggest applying before Thanksgiving and aiming for a stretch of warmer weather if possible, but the effective treatments should work regardless.  Extended periods of freezing weather will cause the perennials to shut down – dandelion, thistle, dock.  Continue reading about fall-applied herbicides at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-37/fall-applied-herbicides-odds-and-ends.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soybean Cyst Nematode (SCN) has Made Itself at Home in Ohio – Anne Dorrance

This invasive species has adapted quite well to Ohio conditions, and is unfortunately doing very well in some fields based on egg counts.  We are wrapping up intensive sampling of Ohio Fields from the support of the soybean check-off through Ohio Soybean Council and United Soybean Board.   To date, 566 samples were submitted from 34 counties.  From these, 33.7% had populations of 200 eggs or more. There were 7.6% in the high range (>5,000 eggs per cup of soil), which are associated with significant yield losses. Find out more about SCN at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-37/soybean-cyst-nematode-scn-has-made-itself-home-ohio.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For Safety’s Sake: Don’t Take Drying Shortcuts with Stored Corn – Dee Jepsen, Lisa Pfeifer

Wet weather conditions are causing concerns with the 2020 corn crop going into storage. Proper management of stored grain will be the key to eliminating risks to human health and safety later in the season. Grain that goes into the bin with higher moisture content presents a host of possible issues. It can freeze or bind. Mold issues can arise. An environment susceptible to insect problems can be created. Higher volumes of bin fines can result. All of these issues ultimately affect grain flow efficiencies, which can lead to a number of safety hazards. These conditions can cause grain to become bridged or line the sidewall of the bin, resulting in the need for bin entry into an unstable environment. Finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-37/safety%E2%80%99s-sake-don%E2%80%99t-take-drying-shortcuts-stored-corn.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference – Ben Brown

On November 9th-13th, OSU’s College of Food, Agriculture, and Environmental Sciences will host the Agricultural Policy and Outlook Conference. The conference will be a series of two-hour online webinars Nov. 9, 10, 12 and 13. Each day will focus on a different topic. Nov. 9 will be on agriculture finance, Nov. 10, agricultural and environmental policy; Nov. 12, agricultural trade and the health of the U.S. economy; and Nov. 13, grain, livestock and consumer demand projections. Agricultural economists from CFAES will speak along with other experts from Washington D.C., other leading land grant institutions, and the Federal Reserve System. The webinars begin at noon and include a daily panel discussion that starts at 1 p.m. and invites people in the audience to ask questions. Read more about this conference at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-37/agricultural-policy-and-outlook-conference.

 

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

September 29, 2020

Good afternoon,

Harvest has begun in Hardin County this past week with soybean fields being cut mostly in the northern half of the county.  In addition, farmers applied manure, planted wheat, and tilled land during the week around the state according the latest Ohio Crop and Weather report for September 28.  The virtual Farm Science Review kept me busy this past week as I had 6 videos from Hardin County included as part of this annual show that can be viewed at https://fsr.osu.edu/ in case you missed it live.  You can view the virtual crops yield tour at http://go.osu.edu/croptour2020 and click on Hardin County to see our local yield check videos.  There are other Hardin County videos made available at https://youtu.be/AYSYs_ZUSX8 (Nitrogen Rate On-Farm Research) and https://youtu.be/hu-LsZl7FDc (Late Season Nitrogen Application On-Farm Research).

Ohio Crop Weather Report

This past week our virtual Hardin County Carcass Show of Champions video premiered and so far has been viewed about 2000 times on Facebook.  You can view this video at https://youtu.be/p_ZwGrFEUmU  to find out how our Hardin County Fair Champion and Reserve Champion steers, barrows, gilts, and lambs did on the rail when evaluated at Jenkin’s Meats in Mt. Victory by the OSU meat judge Dr. Lyda Garcia.  Normally we get 20-30 people attend this event in person, but this year we have had more outreach due to our online presentation.  I would like to thank Jenkins Meats, and the Hardin County Pork Producers, Cattle Producers, Sheep Improvement Association, and Agricultural Society for making this annual event possible.

News articles that I have included with this edition of the Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update include the Extension Rainfall Report for August which mentions how we were 5.21 inches below the ten-year average for Hardin County rainfall through August 31; an article regarding Late Season Waterhemp, which has become a prevalent weed in county soybean fields; an article about Late Season Forage Harvest Management as we approach the fall weather and thus the end of the hay making season;  and an article about the newly updated Cover Crop Selector Tool, which helps growers select cover crops based on their needs and individual situation.  Recently the Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents for 2019-20 has been released, so I have included a copy of that document as well.  If you are interested in rates for Hardin County, make sure you look at Table 2 for Northwest Ohio as it is the most accurate for our area.

August Rainfall Report

Late Season Waterhemp News Release

Late Season Forage Harvest Management News Release

Cover Crop Selector Tool News Release

Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents 2019-20

Finally, I would like to invite you to participate in our monthly Hardin County “Virtual Ag Coffee Hour” this Friday morning, October 2 at 8:00 am.  You can join this Zoom meeting on your computer at https://osu.zoom.us/j/96015487296?pwd=VVdoNmp4ZTdtbDdyNWtqNU1IUmxDQT09 or dial in with your phone at (312) 626 6799 and use the Meeting ID: 960 1548 7296 and Password: 431218 when asked.  I look forward to sharing with you information about our annual Hardin County Weed Survey and also our roundtable discussion of Hardin County Agriculture and “what’s been going on in your neck of the woods.”  Until then, be safe with harvest and take a look at the articles that I have included below if interested.

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farm Office Live Scheduled for October 7, 2020 – David Marrison

Join the OSU Extension Farm Office team for discussions on the latest agricultural law and farm management news.  The next session will be held on October 7, 2020 from 8:00 – 9:30 a.m. Farm Office Live will be back for a review of the latest on round two of the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP), 2020 crop enterprise budgets, new custom rates, and Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents survey summary, Ohio’s COVID-19 immunity legislation, and other current issues in farm management. Join our experts for quick presentations and Q & A.   Go to https://farmoffice.osu.edu/farmofficelive  to register or view past webinars and PowerPoint slides.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Precautions for Feeding Frosted and Drought-Stressed Forages – Mark Sulc

Livestock owners feeding forage need to keep in mind the potential for some forage toxicities and other problems that can develop this fall. High nitrates and prussic acid poisoning are the main potential concerns. These are primarily an issue with annual forages and several weed species, but nitrates can be an issue even in drought stressed perennial forages. There is also an increased risk of bloat when grazing legumes after a frost. Read more and get contacts for testing labs at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-33/precautions-feeding-frosted-and-drought-stressed-forages.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fall-applied herbicides – what goes around comes around – Mark Loux

Fall herbicide treatments have fallen off over the past several years for a couple of reasons, among them the effectiveness of new soybean trait systems for managing marestail, some generally crappy weather in late fall, and efforts to reduce input costs.  We are seeing a resurgence in some weeds, such as dandelion, which respond well to fall herbicides, though.   Some growers have also experienced issues with messy fields and late spring burndowns that could have been avoided with fall herbicides.  It’s worth recalling the history of fall herbicide applications, which helps explain some of their benefits, especially if you have not been managing weeds or making recommendations for as long as some of us have. Finish reading about fall applied herbicides at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-32/fall-applied-herbicides-what-goes-around-comes-around.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H2Ohio Reminder – Glen Arnold

Harvest is starting and farmers participating in the H2Ohio program are reminded that any fall fertilizer applications, including manure, need to be approved by their local Soil & Water Conservation Districts. This will assure the application is in compliance with their Voluntary Nutrient Management Plan and there will be no problems with the payment process. Many farmers will be working with their local fertilizer dealerships for fertilizer recommendations, but it is still a requirement to get approval from your local Soil and Water Conservation District before the fertilizer or manure is applied.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wheat Management for Fall 2020 – Laura Lindsey, Pierce Paul, Ed Lentz, Steve Culman

Wheat helps reduce problems associated with the continuous planting of soybean and corn. With soybean harvest quickly approaching, we would like to remind farmers of a few management decisions that are important for a successful crop. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-30/wheat-management-fall-2020 for information about variety selection, planting date, seeding rate, planting depth, and fertilizer application.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

August 26, 2020

Good afternoon,

The past couple of weeks, Water Quality Extension Associate Boden Fisher and I have been doing yield checks around the county in corn and soybean fields.  We have seen some variable fields, with everything from poor pollination and tip die back in corn and short, but bushy soybeans with several pods.  Rains in late July and early August seemed to help with putting on pods but we are now dry again.  Join us for our Virtual Ag Coffee Hour on Friday, September 4 to discuss crop production around the county and I plan to share some videos we made for the Farm Science Review that document these yield checks.  You can connect to this 8:00 am meeting on Zoom by clicking on https://osu.zoom.us/j/99905170782?pwd=MjFGdWZ1bXlBUGtyZUQ0U2ROQk83Zz09 or join us by calling in by dialing (646) 876-9923 and using Meeting ID: 999 0517 0782 and Password: 431218.  We hope you are able to join us.

Approximately 65 percent of the state was abnormally dry or worse, according to the most recent Drought Monitor.  During the week, farmers harvested corn silage, hauled manure, mowed wheat stubble to control weeds, and installed tile.  Soybeans blooming reached 100 percent while soybeans setting pods was at 93 percent, ahead of the five-year average by 8 percentage points. Corn dough was at 81 percent, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Other hay second cutting was at 90 percent and other hay third cutting was at 57 percent.  Find out more information by checking out the August 24 Ohio Crop Weather report that is attached.  During the month of July, Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 2.54 inches of rain in Hardin County.  Last year, the average rainfall for July was 3.96 inches.  Low amounts of rainfall in June and July has had an adverse effect on crops in Hardin County as some areas were listed for moderate drought by the U.S. Drought Monitor.  This has caused crops in these areas to need more rain at a crucial time during the growing season.   Read more about Hardin County rainfall in the attached July 2020 Extension Rainfall Summary.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

July 2020 Rainfall Summary

As you can imagine, heat stress is an issue and I am sure you have experienced your share of heat if you have been outside working recently.  I have attached an article titled “Farm Workers at Increased Risk this Summer” that discussed this very topic.  Hopefully temperatures will cool down in a couple weeks for the Hardin County Fair.  In case you haven’t heard, this year’s county fair is Jr. Fair only and attendance is limited to exhibitors and their families.  Shows and the sale will be live streamed so that people will be able to watch from the safety of their homes.  As a result, the annual Hardin County Carcass Show of Champions will be virtual in 2020.  Instead of attending an actual event, exhibitors and others will be able to view the carcass show online when it becomes available after September 18.  Viewers will be able to watch the OSU Meat Judge giving reasons and results at both the Hardin County OSU Extension and Ohio State – Hardin County 4-H Facebook pages in addition to the hardin.osu.edu website.  The carcass show will evaluate the meat value of the grand champion and reserve champion steers, barrows, gilts, and lambs from this year’s Hardin County Fair.  See the attached news release and flyer for more details.

Heat Stress News Release

Carcass Show News Release

2020 Carcass Show Flyer

Do you still need to get your Pesticide or Fertilizer recertification from 2020?  The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA), has partnered with the OSU Extension Pesticide Safety Education Program (PSEP) to offer online recertification for applicators whose licenses expire this year and have been unable recertify as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.  Registration for the private pesticide and agricultural fertilizer programs are currently available at pested.osu.edu/onlinerecert.  Online commercial pesticide recertification has been available from the same site since August 10.  For additional information regarding online recertification or assistance with the online registration and payment process, please contact the OSU Pesticide Safety Education Program at 614-292-4070.   Private pesticide and fertilizer applicators who do not wish to recertify online for 2020 should contact the Hardin County OSU Extension office to make an appointment to recertify at the local office by calling Mark Badertscher at 419-767-6037.  If you recall, the deadline was extended for renewing pesticide and fertilizer licenses as a result of the state of emergency in Ohio.  You can read more information in the attached news release.

Pesticide-Fertilizer Make-up News Release

Upcoming programs include a Virtual Pumpkin Field Day being held Thursday, August 27, 6-7 PM.  Beginner, experienced and curious growers welcome as subjects include Insect Management Tips, Powdery Mildew Management Update, Mustard Cover Crop / Biofumigation Update, Hybrid Pumpkin/Squash Trial (Video & 3D model), and Herbicide Weed Screen and Reflex Label Update.  See the attached flyer for details about how to connect.  There is a Fall Fruit Research Updates and Live Q & A taking place on Wednesday, September 9 from 10-11:30 AM.  This virtual program will feature Brambles (Blackberries and Raspberries) Grapes, Hardy Figs, and Hardy Kiwis so see the attached flyer if you are interested in participating.  Finally, I have attached a fact sheet about our Water Quality Extension Associates in case you are interested in talking with Boden Fisher regarding cover crop research starting this fall.  In addition, I have included some ag crops articles from the CORN Newsletter below.  Take care and I hope to see you soon.

2020 Pumpkin Field Day Flyer

Fall Fruit Research Q A

Water Quality Extension Associates

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making Corn Silage in Dry Conditions – Bill Weiss

The primary goal of making corn silage is to preserve as many nutrients in the corn plant as possible, to produce a feed that is acceptable to cows, and to minimize any risks associated with feeding the silage.  The following are important considerations for making corn silage when growing conditions have been dry. Read this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-28/making-corn-silage-dry-conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preharvest Herbicide Treatments – Mark Loux

Information on preharvest herbicide treatments for field corn and soybeans can be found in the “Weed Control Guide for Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois”, at the end of these crop sections (pages 72 and 143 of the 2020 edition).  Products listed for corn include Aim, glyphosate, and paraquat, and for soybeans include Aim, paraquat, glyphosate, and Sharpen.  Some dicamba products are also approved for preharvest use in soybeans, and some 2,4-D products are approved for use in corn, and these are not listed in the guide.  Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-28/preharvest-herbicide-treatments.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Late Season Forage Harvest Management – Mark Sulc

The best time to take a last harvest of alfalfa and other legumes is sometime in early September in Ohio, for the least risk to the long-term health of the stand. These forages need a fall period of rest to replenish carbohydrate and protein reserves in the taproots that are used for winter survival and regrowth next spring. Continue reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-28/late-season-forage-harvest-management.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is Required Before You Sell Your Field Harvested Seed in Ohio – Mark Sulc

This is the time of year we often hear of Ohio producers considering seed harvests of red clover or other crops (e.g. cover crop seed). If the intention is to sell that seed, even if just “across the fence” to a neighbor,  it is important to be reminded there is a permitting process that must be followed before any seed can be sold in order to stay legal with state and federal laws related to seed sales and consumer protection. Finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-28/what-required-you-sell-your-field-harvested-seed-ohio.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cover Crop Driving Tour – Amanda Douridas

Local farmers invite you out to their farms for a Drive-It-Yourself tour of fields with growing cover crops. These three farms are located in Northern Champaign and Logan Counties and are planted to different species of cover crops after wheat. The farmers will be on hand to answer questions and discuss how they adopted cover crops and make it work for their operations. You can find out more about this driving tour at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-28/cover-crop-driving-tour.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 28, 2020

Good afternoon,

The big news this past week was the change in the weather.  After several weeks with very little moisture, Hardin County finally received rain.  Although it varied in amounts depending on location, it was much needed for the crops around the county.  Most corn was tasseling or beginning to tassel and soybeans were beginning to produce pods.  Vegetative growth slowed not only in corn and soybean, but also in forage crops.  See the latest Ohio Crop Weather report for July 27 for more information.  Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 1.85 inches of rain in Hardin County during June.  Last year, the average rainfall for June was 7.08 inches.  Rainfall for the month was 3.63 inches less than the ten-year average rainfall in the month of June.  Hale Township received 3.45 inches, the most of the township sites.   The least rain in June, 0.38 inches was reported in Liberty Township.   For the growing season since April 15, the average precipitation in all the townships was 8.12 inches, with a range from 10.15 inches in McDonald Township to 6.90 inches in Jackson Township.  More local information about the lack of rain and its effect on crops can be found in the attached Extension Rainfall Report for June.

Ohio Crop Weather

June 2020 Rainfall Summary

Hardin County farmers experienced an average wheat harvest this year with good grain quality due to the lack of rain near harvest time.  Much straw was baled in area fields and some is still being baled.   For more information about wheat harvest, see the article written by Hancock County OSU Extension Educator Ed Lentz that I have included.  This article explains how wheat is harvested and what farmers do to prepare for harvest.  News coming out of Columbus announced that the Farm Science Review would be a virtual show this year.  For the first time in its nearly 60-year history, The Ohio State University’s Farm Science Review, scheduled for September 22 to September 24, will not be held in-person due to the pandemic.  Stay tuned for further information about what is being planned as we move forward with this virtual event.

Wheat Harvest News Release

The Ohio Department of Agriculture will be sponsoring collection events for farmers wishing to dispose of unwanted pesticides. This year, the closest collection is happening in Hancock county on August 19 from 9 am – 3 pm at the Hancock County Fairgrounds located at 1017 E. Sandusky Street, Findlay.  See the attached news release for more details about what is accepted at this upcoming event in case you have old pesticides that you need to dispose of.  I have also included a document put out by OSU College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences titled “What You Need to Know About Animal Processing on the Farm in Ohio.”  Animal processing on farm is a practice of harvesting (slaughtering) one’s own food animals to provide for their own families is and even though not common today, there is some on farm slaughter going on and this document might help to answer some important questions you might have.

Ag Pesticide Disposal News Release

What You Need to Know About Food Animal Processing in Ohio

Join us for our monthly Virtual Ag Coffee Hour to discuss county agriculture and issues in Hardin County.  Keep up to date and share information about what is happening in local agriculture with our round table discussion.  We look forward to you joining the discussion on Friday, August 7 starting at 8:00 am to find out what is happening on the farms in your area.  You can join the Zoom meeting online at https://osu.zoom.us/j/97848928801?pwd=b1MvRnU2cTJSdWNwanY0d1lTekQydz09 or by dialing (312) 626-6799 and entering the Meeting ID: 978 4892 8801 and Password: 431218 when asked.  If you are interested in reading the latest ag crops articles from the CORN Newsletter, see the ones included below.

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ODA Asks Public to Not Plant any Unsolicited Packages of Seeds – Stephanie Karhoff

The Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA) has been notified that several Ohio residents have received unsolicited packages in the mail containing seeds that appear to have originated from China. The types of seeds in the packages are currently unknown and may contain invasive plant species. Similar seed packets have been received recently in several other locations across the United States. Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-24/oda-asks-public-not-plant-any-unsolicited-packages-seeds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020 Ohio Wheat Performance Test – Laura Lindsey, Matthew Hankinson

Yield results for the 2020 Ohio Wheat Performance Test are online at: https://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/wheattrials/default.asp?year=2020. The purpose of the Ohio Wheat Performance Test is to evaluate wheat varieties, blends, brands, and breeding lines for yield, grain quality, and other important performance characteristics. This information gives wheat producers comparative information for selecting the varieties best suited for their production system and market. Varieties differ in yield potential, winter hardiness, maturity, standability, disease and insect resistance, and other agronomic characteristics. Selection should be based on performance from multiple test sites and years. Finish reading the article at

https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-24/2020-ohio-wheat-performance-test.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Crop Staging Videos – Alexander Lindsey, Amanda Douridas

A new suite of crop staging videos have been built by faculty at The Ohio State University that highlight corn, soybean, and alfalfa. The videos highlight some common staging methods for each crop, and connect the staging guidelines to practice using live plants in the field. The videos can be found in the “Crop Growth Stages” playlist on the AgCrops YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbqpb60QXN3UJIBa5is6kHw/playlists. These compliment some of the wheat staging videos previously posted on the AgCrops YouTube channel as well. As the crops progress through the reproductive stages, expect some more videos to be posted! Continue reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-24/new-crop-staging-videos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leafhoppers, Grasshoppers, and Beetles, Oh My! – Kelley Tilmon, Andy Michel

As the summer progresses we are receiving reports of insect problems often encouraged by hot, dry weather.  Last week we reported on spider mites and especially if you are in an area of continued dry weather we recommend scouting your soybeans and corn  https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-22/watch-spider-mites-dry-areas. Some areas are also reporting increases in young grasshoppers in soybeans, another insect favored by dry weather.  Grasshoppers of often start on field edges so early scouting may allow for an edge treatment.  Japanese beetles are another common defoliator of soybean that are starting to appear.  Both of these pests fall into a general defoliation measurement, and we recommend treatment if defoliation is approaching 20% on the majority of plants in post-flowering beans.  Click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-23/leafhoppers-grasshoppers-and-beetles-oh-my to read the original article.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Late Summer Establishment of Perennial Forages – Mark Sulc

The month of August provides the second window of opportunity for establishing perennial forage stands this year. The primary risk with late summer forage seedings is having sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant establishment, which is a significant risk this summer given the low soil moisture status across many areas. The decision to plant or not will have to be made for each individual field, considering soil moisture and the rain forecast. Rainfall/soil moisture in the few weeks immediately after seeding is the primary factor affecting successful establishment. Finish reading about late summer establishment of perennial forages at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-23/late-summer-establishment-perennial-forages.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

 

July 9, 2020

Good evening,

Since the last Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update, I have been working with our new Water Quality Extension Associate Boden Fisher to help him with soil health sampling in four Hardin County fields.  I would like to thank the cooperating farmers: Jeffry Billenstein, Austin Heil, John Krock, and Paul Ralston for providing soybean fields for this project.  Boden has also been busy taking samples in Hancock and Putnam counties as he is responsible for working in a three county area.  To read more about Boden and the goals of the Extension Water Quality Associate program, see the attached news release.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boden Fisher

Water Quality Associate News Release

The Ohio State University has a new mission statement for Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension.  It reads “Ohio State University Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources empowers Ohio’s agriculture and natural resources communities, provides outreach and education based on unbiased research, and cultivates relationships to strengthen the economic viability and quality of life for Ohioans.”  Learn more about OSU ANR Extension from the attached infographics document which also includes facts about eFields, Beef Quality Assurance, fact sheets, Farm Bill, publications, Master Gardener Volunteers, CORN Newsletter, ANR videos, pesticide/fertilizer training and certification.

ANR Infographics

Hot and dry conditions continue to cover the area, as the latest Ohio Crop Weather report for July 6 rated most corn and soybean crops in good condition.  Find out more information from this attached statewide report.  Locally, corn leaves are rolling and soybeans are starting to bloom with slow growth.  Rainfall reports coming in for June are showing low numbers for the townships in Hardin County.  Farmers have harvested most of the wheat crop, started baling straw, hauling manure on wheat stubble, and are in the process of making the second cutting of hay.  Join us tomorrow morning at 8:00 am for our monthly Virtual Ag Coffee Hour to give an update of the crop conditions in your neck of the woods.  You can connect by clicking on https://osu.zoom.us/j/93671352897?pwd=SHBRcFNoRDZweTh3VEZmUFgzUWRTUT09 or by calling in at (312) 626-6799 with the Meeting ID: 936 7135 2897 and password 854633.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

Western Bean Cutworm moth counts continue to  be low with three more traps added near Mt. Victory, Foraker, and Jumbo.  You can read more about this pest and the statewide monitoring in the article below along with other timely crop articles.  If you still need to get your pesticide or fertilizer recertification completed for a license that expired on March 31, 2020 due to the pandemic, you can now access and do the recertification online at https://pested.osu.edu or continue to wait until we are permitted to hold a live make-up recertification class at the Extension office.  In the meantime, stay cool and hope that we get some rain soon.

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Western Bean Cutworm Numbers Remain Low Across Ohio – Amy Raudenbush

We are now in the second week of monitoring for Western bean cutworm (WBC) in Ohio. Similar to last week, WBC adult numbers remain low in all monitoring counties. Trap counts for the week of June 29 – July 5 resulted in a total of 56 WBC adults (0.67 average moths per trap). Overall, 26 counties monitored 84 traps across Ohio. No counties reported capturing more than 1 moth / day over the 7-day monitoring period; therefore, all counties currently remain below the recommended levels that indicate scouting for egg masses should begin.  See a statewide map and other resources at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-21/western-bean-cutworm-numbers-remain-low-across-ohio.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Double Crop Soybean Recommendations – Laura Lindsey

As small grains are harvested across the state, here are some management considerations for double-crop soybean production. Relative maturity (RM) has little effect on yield when soybeans are planted during the first three weeks of May. However, the effect of RM can be larger for late planting. When planting soybean late, the latest maturing variety that will reach physiological maturity before the first killing frost is recommended. This is to allow the soybean plants to grow vegetatively as long as possible to produce nodes where pods can form before vegetative growth is slowed due to flowering and pod formation.  If you still plan to plant double crop soybean in this dry weather, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-20/double-crop-soybean-recommendations for more information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corn Growth in Hot and Dry Conditions – Alexander Lindsey, Peter Thomison

In recent days we have been experiencing 90 degree F days with limited precipitation, and so we are starting to see some leaf rolling in corn. Some of this may be related to reductions in soil moisture, but may be related to restricted root systems as well. Depending on the stage of corn at the time of these conditions, different effects on yield may be expected. Corn ear development occurs throughout the growing season, and extreme temperature or moisture stress at different growth stages will decrease different aspects of grain yield.  Read more about corn growth in these conditions at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-21/corn-growth-hot-and-dry-conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drought Projections Do Not Go Well With Fungicide Applications – Anne Dorrance, Pierce Paul

Several calls this past week for fungicide applications on corn and soybean at all different growth stages.  So let’s review what might be at stake here. In soybeans, frogeye leaf spot and white mold on susceptible varieties when the environment is favorable for disease easily pay the cost of application plus save yield losses.  Let’s dig a bit deeper.  Both of these diseases are caused by fungi but frogeye leaf spot is a polycyclic disease, meaning that multiple infections occur on new leaves through the season while white mold is monocyclic and the plant is really only susceptible during the flowering stage.  Both of these diseases are also limited geographically in the state.  White mold is favored in North East Ohio and down through the central region where fields are smaller and air flow can be an issue.  Frogeye has been found on highly susceptible varieties south of 70, but it is moving a bit north so it is one that I am watching.  Find out more regarding soybean and corn fungicide applications in hot and dry conditions at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-21/drought-projections-do-not-go-well-fungicide-applications.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mid-Season Weed Management in Soybeans – Hot, Dry Edition – Mark Loux

A few weed-related observations while we try to stay cool and hope for a day of rain or at least popup thunderstorms. One of the frequent questions during extended dry weather is – do I wait for rain before applying POST herbicides, or just go ahead and apply before the weeds get any larger and tougher to control.  Our experience has been that it’s best to go ahead and apply when weeds are still small, even if it’s dry, and herbicides will usually do what they are supposed to.  Letting them get larger without any sure forecast for rain can make for a tough situation that requires higher rates or a more injurious mix.  On the other hand, waiting to apply can be fine if there is a good chance of rain within the next few days.  It’s not always an easy decision. There’s more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-21/mid-season-weed-management-soybeans-%E2%80%93-hot-dry-edition.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

June 22, 2020

Good afternoon,

This past Wednesday was my first day back at the OSU Extension office since the COVID-19 pandemic began.  Hardin County OSU Extension has been allowed to open with an exemption from OSU with limited staff.  The Agriculture and Natural Resources day is Wednesday, so you can call ahead at 419-767-6037 to an make an appointment if you would like to stop by with any questions, specimens, or samples.  If you are unable to stop by the office, feel free to contact me by email or phone on any weekday.  I have attached a news release that addresses our limited office opening.

Office Opening News Release

 

 

 

 

I also have an exemption to do crop scouting and staging.  This past Thursday, I met with OSU Extension Corn and Wheat Disease Specialist Pierce Paul to look at a wheat field that had eyespot (strawbreaker).  Although this disease is rare to Ohio, it causes downed wheat by the pathogen weakening the straw.  The field also had an armyworm infestation which it was treated for earlier.  Each year I do insect trapping around the county.  Currently, I have set three Western Bean Cutworm traps around the county and am looking for three additional corn fields to put a trap up on the edge.  Let me know if you are interested as currently I have traps set near Kenton, Ridgeway, and Dola.  Boden Fisher, our Extension Water Quality Associate for Hardin, Hancock, and Putnam Counties is looking for four fields to do Soil Health sampling.  He is looking for one field of each: no-till, conventional till, cover cropped, and manure applied.  He will come out and take soil samples free of charge to the farmer, collect information about the field, and provide back soil health information from the study.  Please let me know if you are willing to participate so we can set up a time to sample.  We are also interested in cover crop and other on-farm research studies for this year.

Statewide, 98% of the corn and 93% of the soybeans are planted with the majority of the crops in good condition according to the June 15 Ohio Crop Weather Report that I have attached.  The majority of the first cutting of hay has been made and wheat is turning with what looks to be a harvest with good grain quality.  Fields are dry and in need of rain.  For the period of May 1-May 31, Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 4.73 inches of rain in Hardin County.  Last year, the average rainfall for the same time was 5.12 inches.  Rainfall for May was 0.30 inches more than the ten-year average rainfall for the month.  See the attached May Extension Rainfall Report for more information about Hardin County rainfall and crop progress.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

May Extension Rainfall Report

Although the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic required the state of Ohio to reassess its budget forecasts, the Department of Agriculture will be moving forward with $50 million in incentive funds available to producers for implementation of the Best Management Practices (BMPs) included in Governor DeWine’s H2Ohio program.  H2Ohio funding for BMPs will begin in crop year 2021.  Soil & Water Conservation District staff will contact current H2Ohio applicants and work with producers to update all applications to reflect BMPs for crop years 2021, 2022, and 2023, with future year incentives contingent on the availability of funds.  See the attached H2Ohio Update from the Ohio Department of Agriculture for more details about this program.

H2Ohio Update

Do you have problems with wildlife getting into your garden or landscape?  This evening, Monday, June 22 The Hardin County OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteers are hosting a virtual program called “An Evening Garden Affair.”  The event is from 7 to 8:30 pm and will feature Marne Titchenell of The Ohio State University with a program about dealing with wildlife in the garden.  Since the pandemic has prevented face to face programs, this Zoom virtual event will be available at no cost for gardeners to participate on their computer, smartphone, tablet, or attendees can listen in on their telephone.  Gardeners interested in participating in this webinar must pre-register at https://go.osu.edu/eveninggardenaffair ahead of time for connection instructions.  The webinar will be recorded for later viewing in case you miss it.  I have included a news release with more information attached to this email.  The Allen County Ag Hall of Fame is moving forward with their 2020 Induction Banquet on July 16 in Lima.  If you are interested in attending, see the attached flyer for details of this event to honor Sam Blythe and Lloyd Smith.  In addition, I have included some articles below that you may be interested in reading about ag crops.

An Evening Garden Affair News Release

Allen County Ag Hall of Fame Banquet

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ohio Department of Agriculture: dicamba use in Ohio ends June 30, 2020 – Peggy Hall

The dicamba roller coaster ride continues today, with a statement issued by the Ohio Department of Agriculture clarifying that the use of XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan dicamba-based products in Ohio will end as of June 30, 2020.  Even though the US EPA has issued an order allowing continued use of the products until July 31, 2020, use in Ohio must end on June 30 because the Ohio registrations for the three dicamba-based products expire on that day.  Read more about this court order and the related information at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-18/ohio-department-agriculture-dicamba-use-ohio-ends-june-30-2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

True Armyworm Infestations – Andy Michel, Curtis Young, Kelley Tilmon

We received many reports of true armyworm infestations in wheat, barley, and corn. These are black or green caterpillars with stripes along the side and orange heads.  In the spring, true armyworm moths migrate from the south and lay eggs in grasses such as forage and weed grasses, winter wheat and barley, and rye cover crops.  When the eggs hatch, the larvae can significantly damage wheat and barley before then moving to young corn.  Read more about armyworm infestations at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-18/true-armyworm-infestations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in status of dicamba product labels for Xtend soybeans – a recap – Mark Loux

On June 3, the US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision in a case concerning the use of dicamba on Xtend soybeans.  This decision voided the labels for XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan that allows use on Xtend soybeans.  Tavium was not included in this decision, because it was not approved for use when the case was initially filed. Find out what this means for over the top use of dicamba on soybean at  https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-18/changes-status-dicamba-product-labels-xtend-soybeans-%E2%80%93-recap.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Time to Start Scouting for Potato Leafhoppers in Alfalfa – Kelley Tilmon, Mark Sulc, Andy Michel

We are receiving reports of near- or at-threshold levels of potato leafhopper in alfalfa.  As second cut alfalfa grows, farmers should scout for resurging numbers in their fields.  Younger alfalfa is more susceptible to damage at lower leafhopper numbers.  If alfalfa is more than seven days from a cut and plants are under normal stress, a good rule of thumb for a treatment threshold is:  when the number of leafhoppers in a 10-sweep set is equal to or greater than the height of the alfalfa.  For example, if the alfalfa is 8 inches tall, and the average number of leafhoppers per sample is eight or higher, treatment is warranted. If the average is seven or lower, the grower should come back within a few days to see if the population is higher or lower. Vigorous alfalfa can tolerate higher numbers, and stressed alfalfa can tolerate fewer. For more information, click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-17/time-start-scouting-potato-leafhoppers-alfalfa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Court Ruling on Dicamba Products for Xtend Soybeans – Mark Loux

Article Updated on June 9, 2020 at 8:15 AM due to EPA statement Monday night. As most readers are probably aware, last week, the US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision in a case concerning the use of dicamba on Xtend soybeans.  This decision essentially voided the labels for XtendiMax, Engenia, and FeXapan that allows use on soybeans.  Tavium was not included in this decision, because it was not approved for use when the case was initially filed. Read about dicamba alternatives for soybean post-emergence at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-17/court-ruling-dicamba-products-xtend-soybeans.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

June 4, 2020

Good evening,

Yesterday afternoon I was allowed the opportunity to do crop scouting and staging in Hardin County through University exemptions for food, agriculture, and water quality.  I was able to find corn in V3 growth stage, soybean in V2 growth stage, wheat flowering, and red clover in bloom.  Some fields were being replanted while others were being planted for the first time.  Several fields needed herbicide applications and a couple farmers were side dressing nitrogen in corn.  For a the statewide update on crops and weather, see the attached June 1 Ohio Crop Weather report released by USDA.

Ohio Crop Weather

Cressleaf Groundsel is in full flower currently in forage and unplanted fields across the state.  While this is not a new weed, prevalence has been increasing causing concern for many livestock producers.  This weed is toxic to livestock and should not be fed as mentioned in the attached news release.  I am sure you have seen the weed growing throughout Hardin County as pictured below.  Making hay or ensiling forage with it will not remove the potential for possibly poisoning livestock.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cressleaf Groundsel in Hay News Release

The Hardin County Fair Board is seeking the input of exhibitors, buyers, potential guests, campers, and community members. A survey has been designed to gauge stakeholders’ opinions on holding a modified fair in varying degrees.  “The fair is for the youth and for the community,” said Corey Ledley, Hardin County Fair Board President.  “We are using this survey to get an accurate read on what the community is feeling.”  While the decision to hold or not hold a fair will not be made solely on this data, it will play a role.  All members of the Hardin County community and anyone who engages in the Hardin County Fair is encouraged to take the survey that can be found at http://go.osu.edu/hcfsurvey.

COVID-19 has hit the agricultural industry pretty hard.  Market prices for major commodities have fallen sharply since COVID-19 reached the United States back in early January. Milk and cattle prices have declined over 25 percent and corn and hog prices are down 19%.  At one time during the pandemic, these prices had dropped over 40 percent.  Early projections suggest total net farm income could be down 20% or more over in 2020.  The Farm Service Agency office staff have a lot on their plates juggling all the federal farm programs.  Complete details about the CFAP program can be found at the FSA’s website at: https://www.farmers.gov/cfap.  The OSU Extension Farm Office team has also authored a bulletin discussing the CFAP program more in depth.  It can be found at: https://go.osu.edu/CFAP-2020.  See the attached article for information about how producers may benefit from this program.  I plan to have information available about CFAP at tomorrow morning’s Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour.  Feel free to join us for our roundtable discussion about county agriculture at 8:00 am by clicking on https://osu.zoom.us/j/98391164003?pwd=bUNHbXBuOFpoa0UzVXVSTHRBR05Wdz09 or call in by dialing (312) 626 6799 and then providing the Meeting ID: 983 9116 4003 and Password: 530475 if asked.  If you are not familiar with Zoom, I have attached some additional instructions.

CFAP Ag Relief News Release

Zoom Guidance – Attendees

Since many people have been busy planting vegetable gardens and we have commercial fruit and vegetable growers in the county, I have also included a fact sheet from North Carolina State and Ohio State Extension regarding food safety of fresh produce as it relates to Coronavirus.  Other events you might be interested in participating include OSU Extension webinars on “Utility-Scale Solar Construction and Leases for Land Use”, “Negotiating Leases for Oil & Natural Gas Development”, and “Mineral Rights and the Dormant Mineral Act” that are being held in June.  There is no cost to view them, so see the attached flyer for registration details if you are interested.  I have also included the mid-June Ohio No-Till News which includes information about August Field Events.

Fresh Produce Food Safety – COVID-19

Shale and Solar Flyer

Ohio No-till News June 2020

The Ohio Department of Agriculture resumed testing for pesticide and fertilizer applicators on Tuesday, June 2nd.  Exam sessions will meet Ohio’s current standards for both meeting size and social distancing.  Exams will be held in the Bromfield Administration Building on ODA’s campus in Reynoldsburg.  Testing sessions will initially be scheduled on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays at 9 AM and 1 PM.  Preregistration is required and no walk-in test takers will be permitted.  Masks and photo IDs are required; pencils and calculators will be provided.  For additional information, please call the Pesticide & Fertilizer Regulation Section at 614-728-6987, option 1.  I have also included an information sheet called “Recognizing and Managing Stress” put together by OSU as well as included ag crop articles below that you may be interested in reading.

Recognizing and Managing Stress

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recommendations for Soybeans Planted in June – Laura Lindsey

While progress is way ahead of last year, soybean planting is spilling into June. (According to USDA NASS, 53% of soybean acreage was planted by May 24, 2020. Last year, at the same time, only 11% of soybean acreage was planted.) As planting continues into June, farmers may want to consider adjusting their cultural practices such as row spacing, seeding rate, and relative maturity as described at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-16/recommendations-soybeans-planted-june.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the Field Guide to find answers for your crop problems – Harold Watters

Judging from the calls I have been getting over the past week, we have some issues out there. One good source of information – with pictures and often accompanied by a remedy is the OSU/PSU Corn, Soybean, Wheat, and Forages Field Guide. We have two versions – the bound copy, which I love, and a pdf version that is digital and can be downloaded now. The hard copy will have to be mailed to you because Extension offices are still closed or offering limited services.  Find out more about this bulletin at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-16/use-field-guide-find-answers-your-crop-problems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Good Time to Scout Wheat and Barley Fields – Laura Lindsey, Eric Richer, Eric Stockinger

It has been a little over two weeks since overnight low temperatures were <32°F throughout the state. These low temperatures can be cause for concern, but this concern may have been a bit premature. Now is a good time to scout wheat and barley fields to assess whether cold temperatures simply set back grain development, or whether they caused permanent damage. Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-15/good-time-scout-wheat-and-barley-fields.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfalfa Continues to Mature – Angela Arnold, Mark Sulc, Jeff Stachler, Dean Kreager, Jason Hartschuh

The alfalfa crop over the past week has continued to advance in maturity. Pure alfalfa stands across Ohio are ready to be harvested for high quality forage. Producers in dryer regions were able to start harvesting alfalfa fields over the weekend. Western Ohio has had larger rainfall totals than Eastern Ohio over the last two weeks. Keep in mind that harvesting when the soil is too wet and soft will do non-reversible compaction damage to the stand and will lower the productivity the rest of this year and into future years.  Finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-15/alfalfa-continues-mature.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using the Forecasting System to Assess the Risk of Head Scab – Pierce Paul

The head scab risk tool can be used to assess the risk of head scab and to help guide fungicide application decisions. Here are a few guidelines for using the system and interpret the output: Go to the website at www.wheatscab.psu.edu. Continue to use the tool to monitor the risk of head scab over the next several days as more fields in the northern half of the state approach anthesis. If the risk is moderate-high (the map is yellow or red) at the time of flowering, you should consider applying Prosaro, Caramba, or Miravis Ace, at anthesis (flowering) or within the first 4-6 days after flowering. Learn more about this forecasting system at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-15/using-forecasting-system-assess-risk-head-scab.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

May 22, 2020

Good evening,

While temperatures remained cool throughout the state, farmers made good planting progress, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office.  Some damage was reported to winter wheat from freezing temperatures early in the week while rain activity late in the week may have caused damage to crops not yet emerged.  Average temperatures for the week were below historical normals and the entire state averaged close to 1-inch precipitation.  There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 17.  Farmers continued tillage and spraying activities.  Large increases in corn and soybeans planting were reported in the Northwest portion of the state.  Corn planted progress was 57 percent, 8 percentage points ahead of the five-year average.  Soybeans planted progress was ahead of the five-year average while soybeans emerged was behind the five-year average due to recent cooler than normal temperatures slowing germination.  Sixty-six percent of pasture and range was considered good or excellent compared to 53 percent last year.  See the attached May 18 USDA Ohio Crop Weather report for further information.

Ohio Crop Weather

During the time period of April 15-30, Extension rainfall reporters recorded an average of 1.54 inches of rain in Hardin County.  Last year, the average rainfall for the same time period was 4.08 inches.  Rainfall for the April 15-30 time period is 0.83 inches less than the ten-year average rainfall during the same dates.  McDonald Township received 1.98 inches for the April 15-30 time period, followed closely by Pleasant Township at 1.95 inches for the most of any of the township sites.  Blanchard Township received 0.70 inches for the April 15-30 time period, the least of any of the township sites.  Limited field work occurred in April with regular rains and cool temperatures early keeping soils wet until late in the month for most of the county.  Early May brought warmer and drier weather allowing for the planting of corn and soybeans until the recent rains.  Wheat fields showed slow growth due to the cool temperatures in April and early May.  Spring forage planting was also delayed by wet field conditions.  Read more about current crop conditions and local township rainfall amounts in the attached Extension Rainfall Report for April 15-30.  I have also included an article I submitted to the local media titled “Cold Weather Impact on Corn and Soybean” that you may be interested in reading.

April Extension Rainfall Report

Cold Weather Corn Soybean News Release

Details have been released from USDA for direct assistance to farmers through the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program.  Covered commodities include: Non-specialty crops, Wool, Livestock, Dairy, and Specialty Crops.  See the attached Sign up for USDA-CFAP Direct Support information sheet for more details.  The application period is May 26 through August 28, 2020.  Payments are limited to $250,000 per person or entity for all commodities combined.  Applications can be made by appointment through your local Farm Service Agency office.  Please read and gather the needed information before you make an appointment.  A handy spreadsheet tool to enter your information will be made available once the sign-up begins.  More information about this program can be found at https://www.farmers.gov/cfap.

CFAP Payment Direct Support

A research team at The Ohio State University is currently working on a project that assesses the importance of soil health when facing variable weather, especially heavy precipitation.  As part of this study, they would like to collect soil samples and interview farmers across the state to understand how heavy precipitation is impacting soil management and soil health.  They would also like to understand which soil health indicators farmers find most valuable when making management decisions.  All participating farmers will receive two free soil health tests and $75 for their participation.  So far there are about 25 confirmed farmer participants, and they are looking for 5 more.  They are reaching out to ask if I know of any farmers who might be interested in participating in this study.  Please see attached the study description for more details and if you are an interested farmer, please share your name, email, phone number directly to Christine Sprunger at sprunger.29@osu.edu.

Soil Health – Precipitation Study

In closing, I realize this is a very stressful and trying time.  Not only is it planting season and the weather is continuing to make it a challenge, but the current COVID-19 pandemic has also added additional issues to the mix.  I have added the “Ohio Farmer Mental Well-Being COVID-19 Resources” information sheet to this edition of the Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update for those who are looking for help.  For those of you who are interested in reading Ag Crops information, I have included the usual CORN Newsletter highlighted articles below.  Have a nice Memorial Day weekend.

Farmer Mental Health Resources

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scab Risk Low, but Keep Your Eyes on Leaf Diseases – Pierce Paul

According to the FHB forecasting system, the risk for head scab continues to be low across the state of Ohio, for wheat flowering (or barley heading) today, May 18. In spite of the wet weather we have had, it has been very cold over the last week to 10 days. Cold temperatures between heading and flowering usually reduce the risk for scab, as the disease develops best under warm, wet, or humid conditions. However, you must continue to be vigilant as the crop in the northern half of the state approaches heading and anthesis. If it continues to rain and stays wet and humid over the next few weeks, the risk for scab and vomitoxin will increase as the temperature increases. Be prepared to treat fields with Prosaro, Caramba, or Miravis Ace.  Find out more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-14/scab-risk-low-keep-your-eyes-leaf-diseases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Estimations of Alfalfa Fiber Content – Angela Arnold, Mark Sulc, Jeff Stachler, Will Hamman, Dean Kreager

Ohio has seen its 5th warmest winter on record but spring temperatures across the state have consistently been 2-6° F below long-term averages. Climatic variations every year make it difficult to know the exact date to determine harvest of our first alfalfa crop. Research has shown % Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF) can vary up to 10 units on the same calendar day from one year to the next, therefore making harvest decisions based on calendar date is unreliable. Many producers also base harvest decisions primarily on alfalfa maturity. Variable weather conditions affect the rate of bud and flower development in alfalfa, thus relying solely on maturity can be misleading. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-14/field-estimations-alfalfa-fiber-content to read more and watch a video demonstrating measurement of alfalfa NDF.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ohio Corn, Soybean and Wheat Enterprise Budgets – Projected Returns for 2020 – Barry Ward

COVID-19 has created an unusual situation that has negatively affected crop prices and lowered certain crop input costs. Many inputs for the 2020 production year were purchased or the prices/costs were locked in prior to the spread of this novel coronavirus. Some costs have been recently affected or may yet be affected. Lower fuel costs may allow for lower costs for some compared to what current budgets indicate. Production costs for Ohio field crops are forecast to be largely unchanged from last year with lower fertilizer expenses offset by slight increases in some other costs.  Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-14/ohio-corn-soybean-and-wheat-enterprise-budgets-projected-returns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Burndown and Residual Herbicide Issues – Mark Loux

Depending upon where you are in the state, it’s possible right now to be experiencing delays in getting anything done, progress in planting but delays in herbicide application, weather too dry to activate residual herbicides, and/or reduced burndown herbicide effectiveness on big weeds due to cold weather.  What’s become a typical Ohio spring.  Residual herbicides and rainfall, Residual herbicides and crop injury, Cold weather and burndown herbicides, and a Reminder about the value of fall herbicides are some information relative to questions that OSU Extension educators have passed on to us that you can read about at: https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-13/burndown-and-residual-herbicide-issues.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why should you calibrate your sprayer, and how? – Erdal Ozkan

This is the time to check the accuracy of your sprayer. While applying too little pesticide may result in ineffective pest control, too much pesticide wastes money, may damage the crop and increases the potential risk of contaminating ground water and the environment. The primary goal with calibration is to determine the actual rate of application in gallons per acre, then to make adjustments if the difference between the actual rate and the intended rate is greater or less than 5% of the intended rate. This is a recommended guideline by USEPA and USDA. I get this question all the time: “Why should I calibrate my sprayer? I have a rate controller on the sprayer. I just enter the application rate I want, the controller does the rest.”  Find out the answer to this question and much more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-11/why-should-you-calibrate-your-sprayer-and-how.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

May 8, 2020

Good evening,

The May 4 Ohio Crop Weather Report showed about 2.5 days suitable for field work this past week with 10% of corn and 7% of soybeans planted statewide.  About 63% of wheat has jointed and 67% of oats have been planted according to this attached USDA report.  Locally in Hardin County field activity had been less according to reports from our Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour held May 1.  Although there was fertilizer spread and some burndowns completed, planting had been slower due to wetter soils but has picked up recently.  Further north in Hancock County where it is drier, farmers have been planting daily for over a week and a half.  If you have wheat growing in your fields, you might want to scout it for early season diseases such as Septoria leaf blotch and possibly Powdery Mildew as the news release that I have attached explains some fields may have the diseases pictured below as a result of the cool temperatures and wet conditions.  Read the attached news release about these possible timely issues.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

 

 

 

 

 

 

Septoria on wheat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Powdery Mildew on wheat

Early Season Wheat Diseases News Release

 The current pandemic has brought up a lot of uncommon issues to agriculture.  One of these issues is a result of some meat processing plants closing or not operating at full capacity due to labor issues brought about by COVID-19.  See the attached news article published in the Kenton Times that I contributed to about how Hardin County pork producers Mark Watkins and Doug Heilman are adapting to this situation.  The food supply chain issue has caused people to rely more on local foods in some areas so I have included “Talking Points: COVID-19’s Effect on the Meat Supply” and “Buying from a Local Meat Processor and Why it Matters” to this e-newsletter.  Still other families are considering on-farm processing of livestock so I have included an article entitled “What You Need to Know About Animal Processing on the Farm in Ohio.”  Several homeowners have increased vegetable production in their own gardens as well, including our own OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteers who you can read about their efforts to help with food insecurity in Hardin County with the Grow Ohio news release that I have attached.

Swine Producers COVID Article

Talking Points Impacts of COVID 19 on Meat Industry

Why Buying Local Matters

What You Need to Know About Food Animal Processing in Ohio

Grow Ohio News Release

Other information that you may find interesting that has been included with this email includes the mid-May edition of the Ohio No-Till News that includes no-till and cover crop tips along with instructions about how to access the free videos on the Conservation Tillage Conference website that can be found at ctc.osu.edu.  Marion County Extension has an upcoming online series on Growing Food Justice which I have attached a flyer for further information that begins on May 13.  Understanding Credit and Debt is the final fact sheet from a series that I have been providing over the past several weeks from Michigan State University Extension.  Be sure to check out the articles below from the CORN Newsletter and most of all, take a peak at the OSU Extension Ag Appreciation Video that we put together for you by clicking here, after all you might recognize someone you know.

Ohio No-till News

Growing Food Justice May Series

Understanding Credit And Debt

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Late Can I Plant Forages? – Mark Sulc

The Ohio Agronomy Guide states that most cool-season perennial forages should be planted by the first of May. While some of you reading this article were able to plant forages by now, many of us (myself included) once again were not able to meet that deadline due to wet weather. So how hard and fast is the May 1 deadline, especially in a cold spring like we have experienced? Don’t we have a little more time to plant forages? I hate to say this, but the answer is neither simple nor clear cut.  Finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-12/how-late-can-i-plant-forages.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Economic Assistance for Agriculture during COVID-19 – David Marrison, Ben Brown, Barry Ward, Peggy Hall, Dianne Shoemaker

The coronavirus pandemic has certainly altered all our lives. The impact is being felt by families, businesses, governmental agencies, and civic organizations. To help families and businesses alike, various levels of government have passed legislation to help lessen the economic blow of COVID-19. This article provides a brief overview of some of the assistance which has been made available. These include tax deadline provisions, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, Families First Coronavirus Response Act, Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation rebates, unemployment compensation, and Wind and Hurricane Indemnity Program, Plus (WHIP+).  Click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-11/economic-assistance-agriculture-during-covid-19 to read more.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Managing stored grain into summer – Jason Hartschuh, Elizabeth Hawkins

If you are storing more grain on farm this spring than usual, you are not alone. Over the last few weeks, we have heard from more producers who are considering holding grain longer into summer months than they normally would. We have also heard a few reports of spoiled grain as producers fill April contracts. Carrying graining into summer has been done for many years successfully but requires much more intensive management than winter grain storage.  Learn more about managing stored grain at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-10/managing-stored-grain-summer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfalfa Weevil Update – Kelley Tilmon, Aaron Wilson, Mark Sulc, Rory Lewandowski, Andy Michel

Peak alfalfa weevil feeding damage occurs between 325 and 575 heat units (based on accumulation of heat units from January 1 with a base of 48°F).  Locations in red are there, and locations in orange are getting close.  Now is the time for most alfalfa growers to step up their alfalfa weevil scouting.  For more details on alfalfa weevil scouting and thresholds please see our April 13 article https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-09/alfalfa-weevil-%E2%80%93-it%E2%80%99s-closer-you-think.

 

 

 

 

 

 

USDA Announces Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) – Ben Brown, David Marrison

On April 17, the preliminary details about the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) were released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) program aimed to assist farmers, ranchers, and consumers in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The CFAP provides $19 billion in funds authorized through the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES).  The $19 billion program includes two major elements. The first element is for Direct Support to Farmers and Ranchers. This program will provide $16 billion in direct support to farmers based on actual losses where prices and market supply chains have been impacted by COVID-19. The program will also assist producers with additional adjustment and marketing costs resulting from lost demand and short-term oversupply for the 2020 marketing year caused by COVID-19. It has been reported, although not confirmed by the USDA, that in the direct support program, $5.1 billion will be allocated to support cattle producers, $3.9 billion for row crop producers, $2.9 billion for dairy, $2.1 for specialty crops, $1.6 billion for hog producers and $500 million for other commodities. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-11/usda-announces-coronavirus-food-assistance-program-cfap for more.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu

April 29, 2020

Hello,

Farmers planted some of the first 2020 corn and soybean fields in Ohio last week, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office.  Temperatures averaged 5 degrees cooler than historical normal and the entire state averaged normal amounts of precipitation last week.  There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending April 26 according to the most recent Ohio Crop Weather report released April 27 that I have attached to this email.  According to an article written by Hancock County OSU Extension Educator Ed Lentz, farmers are anxious about this year’s corn planting after the disastrous spring they had last year, which left about 60% of the corn fields unplanted.  They have to focus on the possibility of good crop this year and force out thoughts of last year according to his article about Corn Planting that I have included.

Ohio Crop Weather Report

Corn Planting News Release

Spring Farm Safety should be at the top of everyone’s mind as we begin the 2020 planting season.  Because of that, I have included a news release about this topic put together by Union County OSU Extension Educator Wayne Dellinger.  The coronavirus continues to concern area farmers as to how they can keep their equipment and farms safe for their families and employees.  Information has been put together by OSU Extension Ag Safety and Health’s Lisa Pfeifer and Dee Jepsen on “Navigating COVID-19 on the Farm” that is attached.  Since my last e-newsletter, there have been questions asked about COVID-19 and animals.  OSU Extension and OSU Veterinary Science have put together a fact sheet about this topic to help answer these questions that I have made available in both English and Spanish in case you have workers on your farm who only speak Spanish.

Spring Farm Safety News Release

Navigating COVID-19 On The Farm

COVID-19 Livestock Handout – ENGLISH

COVID-19 Livestock Handout – SPANISH

The federal government has started to provide assistance to agriculture through USDA and other means.  I have attached a COVID-19 Federal Rural Resource Guide to help guide you through resources that have now become available.  You can also find out more information at farmoffice.osu.edu by checking out the resources available there including the weekly recorded presentations made available through Farm Office Live.  There have been many new issues arise that most people involved in agriculture have never had to experience.  One unfortunate consequence for many has been the loss of income.  I have included a fact sheet from Michigan State University to provide ideas called “Turning Personal Skills Into Income.”  I hope that things are going well for you and your family during this time of isolation and uncertainty.

USDA COVID-19 Federal Rural Resource Guide

Turning Personal Skills Into Income

If you are able to join us Friday morning, May 1 at 8:00 am, we are having our Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour.  You can join in by clicking on https://osu.zoom.us/j/93280677269 or calling in at (646) 876-9923 and entering the Meeting ID: 932 8067 7269 when asked.  You can connect to the roundtable discussion either on your computer, phone, smartphone, or tablet.  If you have never used Zoom before, I would encourage you to watch the 30 minute YouTube video put together by Paulding County OSU Extension Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator Sarah Noggle.  It will show you how to use Zoom from a phone, smartphone, tablet, and computer.  The YouTube instructional video can be found at  https://youtu.be/ndYBBEAz9x0.  We would enjoy having you join us for an update about your spring planting and preparations.  For those of you who enjoy reading the articles from the CORN newsletter, I have included them below.

 

Mark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Considerations for planting depth this year – Alexander Lindsey, K. Nemergut, Peter Thomison

Timing corn emergence is key to minimize yield reductions, and can be more important for preserving yield than even seed spacing. When setting planting depth for corn this year, be sure to consider not just first emergence seen, but also how uniform the emergence is. In work conducted from 2017-2019, we manipulated seeding depth to be approximately 1, 2, or 3” deep (current recommendations are for planting at 1.5-2 inches deep) in two conventionally tilled fields. One field had 2-3% organic matter, and the other had 4-5% organic matter. We tracked daily emergence in the plots, and measured stalk strength and yield at the end of the season. Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-09/considerations-planting-depth-year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management – Feekes 6.0 through 9.0 – Laura Lindsey, Ed Lentz, Pierce Paul

It’s important to correctly identify winter wheat growth stages to enhance management decisions, avoiding damage to the crop and unwarranted or ineffective applications. Remember, exact growth stage cannot be determined by just looking at the height of the crop or based on calendar dates. Feekes 6.0- Nodes are all formed but sandwiched together so that they are not readily distinguishable. At Feekes 6.0, the first node is swollen and appears above the soil surface. This stage is commonly referred to as “jointing.” To read more, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-09/wheat-growth-stages-and-associated-management-feekes-60-through.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PPE Shortage for Pesticide Applicators – Mary Ann Rose

This spring pesticide applicators are likely to encounter a new challenge getting the personal protective equipment (PPE) required to make their pesticide applications.  The emergency needs that our first responders and medical care providers have for PPE in the COVID-19 war have led to shortages of all types of PPE, even for types not typically worn by medical personnel.  By the time that PPE become more readily available, it will likely be too late for many spring (or even summer) pesticide applications. Every pesticide product label includes a list of the required personal protective equipment. So … what should farmers and pesticide applicators do in this situation? First, If you can’t acquire and properly use the label required PPE, don’t make the application of that pesticide. Finish reading about the PPE shortage at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-09/ppe-shortage-pesticide-applicators.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slight Frost Injury on Forages – Mark Sulc

I have observed and received reports of only very slight frost burn on the tips of leaves of alfalfa and winter annual forage crops after the two cold nights last week in Ohio. On Monday, the alfalfa at the Western Agricultural Research Station looked excellent, with just scattered stems showing slight frost burn on the upper leaves. The 2019 late summer seedings also looked excellent. Italian ryegrass and winter wheat on the station showed just a little purpling on the upper leaf tips. The situation could be a little more severe in certain pockets of the state, depending on the duration of the low night temperatures last week. However, reports from around the state indicate only slight damage to forage crops and they should grow right out of it with no significant effect on forage yields.  This complete article can be found at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-10/slight-frost-injury-forages.

 

 

 

 

 

Time to stock up on nozzles is now! But, do you know which ones to buy? – Erdal Ozkan

This is the time of the year you must complete shopping for nozzles because the spraying season is just around the corner. Although nozzles are some of the least expensive components of a sprayer, they hold a high value in their ability to influence sprayer performance. Nozzles help determine the gallon per acre. They also influence the droplet size, which plays a significant role in achieving improved penetration into crop canopy and better coverage on the target pest, both affect the efficacy we expect from pesticides applied. When I get a question like, “what is the best nozzle I can buy?”, my answer is: it depends on the job on hand. One nozzle may be best for a given application situation, but it may be the worst nozzle to use for another situation. Sometimes, the choice of nozzle may be determined by the requirements given on the pesticide label. Finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-10/time-stock-nozzles-now-do-you-know-which-ones-buy.

 

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-767-6037

hardin.osu.edu