Yesterday afternoon I was allowed the opportunity to do crop scouting and staging in Hardin County through University exemptions for food, agriculture, and water quality. I was able to find corn in V3 growth stage, soybean in V2 growth stage, wheat flowering, and red clover in bloom. Some fields were being replanted while others were being planted for the first time. Several fields needed herbicide applications and a couple farmers were side dressing nitrogen in corn. For a the statewide update on crops and weather, see the attached June 1 Ohio Crop Weather report released by USDA.
Cressleaf Groundsel is in full flower currently in forage and unplanted fields across the state. While this is not a new weed, prevalence has been increasing causing concern for many livestock producers. This weed is toxic to livestock and should not be fed as mentioned in the attached news release. I am sure you have seen the weed growing throughout Hardin County as pictured below. Making hay or ensiling forage with it will not remove the potential for possibly poisoning livestock.
The Hardin County Fair Board is seeking the input of exhibitors, buyers, potential guests, campers, and community members. A survey has been designed to gauge stakeholders’ opinions on holding a modified fair in varying degrees. “The fair is for the youth and for the community,” said Corey Ledley, Hardin County Fair Board President. “We are using this survey to get an accurate read on what the community is feeling.” While the decision to hold or not hold a fair will not be made solely on this data, it will play a role. All members of the Hardin County community and anyone who engages in the Hardin County Fair is encouraged to take the survey that can be found at http://go.osu.edu/hcfsurvey.
COVID-19 has hit the agricultural industry pretty hard. Market prices for major commodities have fallen sharply since COVID-19 reached the United States back in early January. Milk and cattle prices have declined over 25 percent and corn and hog prices are down 19%. At one time during the pandemic, these prices had dropped over 40 percent. Early projections suggest total net farm income could be down 20% or more over in 2020. The Farm Service Agency office staff have a lot on their plates juggling all the federal farm programs. Complete details about the CFAP program can be found at the FSA’s website at: https://www.farmers.gov/cfap. The OSU Extension Farm Office team has also authored a bulletin discussing the CFAP program more in depth. It can be found at: https://go.osu.edu/CFAP-2020. See the attached article for information about how producers may benefit from this program. I plan to have information available about CFAP at tomorrow morning’s Ag Council Virtual Coffee Hour. Feel free to join us for our roundtable discussion about county agriculture at 8:00 am by clicking on https://osu.zoom.us/j/98391164003?pwd=bUNHbXBuOFpoa0UzVXVSTHRBR05Wdz09 or call in by dialing (312) 626 6799 and then providing the Meeting ID: 983 9116 4003 and Password: 530475 if asked. If you are not familiar with Zoom, I have attached some additional instructions.
Since many people have been busy planting vegetable gardens and we have commercial fruit and vegetable growers in the county, I have also included a fact sheet from North Carolina State and Ohio State Extension regarding food safety of fresh produce as it relates to Coronavirus. Other events you might be interested in participating include OSU Extension webinars on “Utility-Scale Solar Construction and Leases for Land Use”, “Negotiating Leases for Oil & Natural Gas Development”, and “Mineral Rights and the Dormant Mineral Act” that are being held in June. There is no cost to view them, so see the attached flyer for registration details if you are interested. I have also included the mid-June Ohio No-Till News which includes information about August Field Events.
The Ohio Department of Agriculture resumed testing for pesticide and fertilizer applicators on Tuesday, June 2nd. Exam sessions will meet Ohio’s current standards for both meeting size and social distancing. Exams will be held in the Bromfield Administration Building on ODA’s campus in Reynoldsburg. Testing sessions will initially be scheduled on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays at 9 AM and 1 PM. Preregistration is required and no walk-in test takers will be permitted. Masks and photo IDs are required; pencils and calculators will be provided. For additional information, please call the Pesticide & Fertilizer Regulation Section at 614-728-6987, option 1. I have also included an information sheet called “Recognizing and Managing Stress” put together by OSU as well as included ag crop articles below that you may be interested in reading.
Recommendations for Soybeans Planted in June – Laura Lindsey
While progress is way ahead of last year, soybean planting is spilling into June. (According to USDA NASS, 53% of soybean acreage was planted by May 24, 2020. Last year, at the same time, only 11% of soybean acreage was planted.) As planting continues into June, farmers may want to consider adjusting their cultural practices such as row spacing, seeding rate, and relative maturity as described at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-16/recommendations-soybeans-planted-june.
Use the Field Guide to find answers for your crop problems – Harold Watters
Judging from the calls I have been getting over the past week, we have some issues out there. One good source of information – with pictures and often accompanied by a remedy is the OSU/PSU Corn, Soybean, Wheat, and Forages Field Guide. We have two versions – the bound copy, which I love, and a pdf version that is digital and can be downloaded now. The hard copy will have to be mailed to you because Extension offices are still closed or offering limited services. Find out more about this bulletin at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-16/use-field-guide-find-answers-your-crop-problems.
Good Time to Scout Wheat and Barley Fields – Laura Lindsey, Eric Richer, Eric Stockinger
It has been a little over two weeks since overnight low temperatures were <32°F throughout the state. These low temperatures can be cause for concern, but this concern may have been a bit premature. Now is a good time to scout wheat and barley fields to assess whether cold temperatures simply set back grain development, or whether they caused permanent damage. Read more at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-15/good-time-scout-wheat-and-barley-fields.
Alfalfa Continues to Mature – Angela Arnold, Mark Sulc, Jeff Stachler, Dean Kreager, Jason Hartschuh
The alfalfa crop over the past week has continued to advance in maturity. Pure alfalfa stands across Ohio are ready to be harvested for high quality forage. Producers in dryer regions were able to start harvesting alfalfa fields over the weekend. Western Ohio has had larger rainfall totals than Eastern Ohio over the last two weeks. Keep in mind that harvesting when the soil is too wet and soft will do non-reversible compaction damage to the stand and will lower the productivity the rest of this year and into future years. Finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-15/alfalfa-continues-mature.
Using the Forecasting System to Assess the Risk of Head Scab – Pierce Paul
The head scab risk tool can be used to assess the risk of head scab and to help guide fungicide application decisions. Here are a few guidelines for using the system and interpret the output: Go to the website at www.wheatscab.psu.edu. Continue to use the tool to monitor the risk of head scab over the next several days as more fields in the northern half of the state approach anthesis. If the risk is moderate-high (the map is yellow or red) at the time of flowering, you should consider applying Prosaro, Caramba, or Miravis Ace, at anthesis (flowering) or within the first 4-6 days after flowering. Learn more about this forecasting system at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2020-15/using-forecasting-system-assess-risk-head-scab.
Mark A. Badertscher
Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator
OSU Extension Hardin County
1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326