October 22, 2018

Good afternoon,

Harvest is progressing as field conditions permit.  There have been many corn acres shelled when soybeans are temporarily put on hold due to weather.  Yield reports are coming in with both soybeans and corn yielding higher than normal.  This past week we were able to harvest both of our corn trials and I also was able to supervise a National Corn Growers Association Yield Contest entry.  See the attached USDA Crop and Weather Reports for October 9, 15 and 22 for more information.  Although crop yields are very good, crop prices continue to be low.  This combined with high input prices has caused cash rents for 2018 to be lower.  I have attached a copy of the Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents 2017-18.  Make sure you look at Northwest Ohio average cropland numbers for 2018 when you read this OSU fact sheet.  It is put together after surveying individuals so the rates may vary compared to what actually is being paid in your area.

October 9 Crop and Weather Report

October 15 Crop and Weather Report

October 22 Crop and Weather Report

Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents 2017-18

During the month of September, Extension volunteer rainfall reporters received an average of 3.71 inches of rain.  The most rain for this month, 4.71 inches, fell in McDonald Township, as measured by Jerry Stout.  The least rain reported during the month, 2.10 inches, was reported in Blanchard Township by Nutrien Ag Solutions.  During the same month last year, an average of 1.77 inches of rain fell.  The rainfall recorded in September over the past ten years averaged 3.28 inches.  Read more about how the rainfall affected area crops in the attached September 2018 Rainfall Summary.  I have also included an article about our Hardin County OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteers who won a couple state awards at this year’s Ohio Master Gardener Volunteers Conference held in Cincinnati.

September 2018 Rainfall Summary

State Master Gardener Awards News Release

OSU Extension has planned its 55th Annual Income Tax School for Tax Professionals with the closest location being Lima on November 15-16.  December 17 there is an Ag Issues webinar planned that can be watched online or at locations as close as Auglaize and Wyandot counties.  See the attached brochure for registration details for both the schools and webinar if you are interested.  In closing, I would like to remind you of the ag crops articles below that I have included from the CORN Newsletter.

 2018 Tax School Brochure




Harvest Delays Impact Corn Performance – Peter Thomison, Allen Geyer, Rich Minyo

Leaving corn to dry in the field exposes a crop to unfavorable weather conditions, as well as wildlife damage. A crop with weak plant integrity is more vulnerable to yield losses from stalk lodging and ear drop when weathering conditions occur. Additional losses may occur when ear rots reduce grain quality and can lead to significant dockage when the grain is marketed. Some ear rots produce mycotoxins, which may cause major health problems if fed to livestock.  Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-35/harvest-delays-impact-corn-performance to read more.


Seed Quality Issues in Soybean – Anne Dorrance

Let’s face it – we’ve had historic rains in parts of Ohio during 2018 and we are now observing many late season issues that come with this.  Seed quality is one of them and the symptoms or warning signs that there could be issues are on the stems.  The stems in some fields are heavily colonized with a mix of disease pathogens that cause Anthracnose, Cercospora, and pod and stem blight.  The bottom line is that all of these diseases can be better managed with higher levels of resistance but ultimately during 2018 – we had a perfect storm, lower levels of resistance combined with higher than normal rainfall conditions and add in the presence of a new insect pest, stink bugs.  Finish reading about seed quality issues in soybean at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-34/seed-quality-issues-soybean.


Delayed Wheat Planting – Laura Lindsey, Pierce Paul

Wet weather has delayed wheat planting in many areas of the state. Generally, the best time to plant wheat is the 10-day period starting the day after the fly-free-safe date. When wheat is planted more than 10-days after the fly-free-safe date, there is an increased chance of reduced fall growth and reduced winter hardiness. The effect of planting date on wheat yield is shown in Figure 6-2 of the Ohio Agronomy Guide. (A free pdf of the guide is available here: https://stepupsoy.osu.edu/wheat-production/ohio-agronomy-guide-15th-edition)  You can finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-35/delayed-wheat-planting.


Avoid Forage Toxicities After Frosts – Mark Sulc

As cold weather approaches this week, livestock owners need to keep in mind the few forage species that can be extremely toxic soon after a frost. Several species contain compounds called cyanogenic glucosides that are converted quickly to prussic acid (i.e. hydrogen cyanide) in freeze-damaged plant tissues. A few legumes species have an increased risk of causing bloat when grazed after a frost. Each of these risks is discussed in this article along with precautions to avoid them.  Click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-35/avoid-forage-toxicities-after-frosts to find out more information.


Are Cover Crops for You? Podcast Available – Alan Sundermeier

This podcast is a series of short interviews with farmers and specialists and solving problems on the farm and how cover crops can be a part of the solutions. Episodes include discussion on issues including managing herbicide resistant weeds, improving soil health by reducing compaction and erosion, improving soil organic matter and water holding capacity, and cover crops as a forage. This is a podcast for farmers who may be considering using cover crops and are looking to solve problems on the farm. Episodes focus on practical on-farm solutions and include a variety of different farmers across the Midwest as guest speakers. See an overview of episodes, and listen to the podcast for free online at: http://mccc.msu.edu/podcast-cover-crops/.



The Ohio State University

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-674-2297 Office





October 9, 2018


It’s been awhile since I sent out a Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update so I have a lot of information to share.  I will try to keep this edition brief as I am sure many of you are busy with harvest.  The Hardin County Carcass Show of Champions was held on September 12 at Mt. Victory Meats.  I have attached an article and score sheet if you are interested in knowing how the results of the carcass show came out.  Thanks to all the sponsors who made this event possible.  The Dairy Service Unit is currently collecting orders for their fall cheese sale.  See the attached article and order form if you are interested in ordering cheese from this commodity group’s annual fundraiser by October 17 to support dairy youth in the county.

Carcass Show Results News Release

Hardin County Carcass Show 2018

Fall Cheese Sale News Release

Cheese Sale Flyer Fall 2018

I completed the county weed survey on September 14 in the southern part of the county and September 17 in the northern part of the county.  Read the attached article for information about which weeds were found in 175 soybean fields surveyed.  The good news is that 26% of the fields were weed free.  The bad news is that several weeds are becoming resistant and spreading.  Did you nominate anyone for the Agriculture Hall of Fame yet?  Nominations are due October 15 to the Extension office.  Please share the attached application with a family member of someone you think is deserving.  It’s that time of year for our annual Hardin County Sheep Management Tour.  This year our group is visiting sheep farms in the northwestern corner of the state.  I have included the letter sent out with more information about this event coming up the weekend of October 20-21.

County Weed Survey News Release

Ag Hall of Fame Purpose and Nomination Form

Sheep Tour Invitation Letter

We were able to harvest the soybean population test plot this past Monday.  Harvest across the county has progressed in between rains and as field conditions permitted.  See the attached Ohio Crop Weather Reports for September 17, 24, and October 1 for more details.  There are Ag Lender Seminars coming up this month in Urbana, Ottawa, and Wooster.  See that attached brochure for registration information for opportunities to participate.  Finally, the USDA has introduced the Market Facilitation Program in response to tariff retaliation for agricultural commodities.  Check out this brochure to get a summary of these programs that have a sign-up deadline of January 15 at the local FSA office.

Crop Weather 9/17

Crop Weather 9/24

Crop Weather 10/1

Ag Lender Trifold 2018

MFP Brochure

Upcoming events include a Fairboard meeting at the fair office Thursday (10/11) starting at 7:00 pm; and a Soil and Water Conservation District meeting at the SWCD office Thursday (10/18) starting at 7:30 am.  As usual, I have provided some ag crops articles below that you may interested in reading.





Syngenta Corn Seed Settlement Claims Due Oct.12th – Peggy Hall

Those post cards advising producers of a $1.51 billion settlement in the Syngenta corn seed lawsuits are legitimate, and corn producers seeking compensation from the settlement must file claims by 11:59 p.m. on October 12, 2018.  The settlement is the result of class action and individual lawsuits alleging that Syngenta failed to receive import approval from China before selling its genetically modified Viptera and Duracade seeds in the United States, which led to the rejection of U.S. corn shipments and a lowering of corn prices from 2013 to 2018.  To read more, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-34/syngenta-corn-seed-settlement-claims-due-oct12th.


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Sprouting Soybeans – Laura Lindsey

We’ve received a few pictures from around the state of green soybean pods splitting and also seed sprouting out of pods. While it is not uncommon to see pre-harvest pod shatter just prior to harvest due to re-wetting of dry pods, the pictures we’ve received have been of soybeans at the R6 growth stage.  Splitting of green pods may be related to the recent warm, wet (high intensity rainfall), and humid weather. (The Western Agricultural Research Station in Clark County had a high temperature of ≥93°F over a three day period in September followed by 3.5 inches of rain in a four day period.) Wet conditions at the R6 growth stage results in a large seed size that may split pods. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-31/sprouting-soybeans to read more of this article.



Stalk Quality Concerns – Peter Thomison, Pierce Paul

Poor stalk quality is being observed and reported in Ohio corn fields. One of the primary causes of this problem is stalk rot. Corn stalk rot, and consequently, lodging, are the results of several different but interrelated factors. The actual disease, stalk rot, is caused by one or more of several fungi capable of colonizing and disintegrating of the inner tissues of the stalk. The most common members of the stalk rot complex are Gibberella zeae, Colletotrichum graminicola, Stenocarpella maydis and members of the genus Fusarium. Read more about stalk quality at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-33/stalk-quality-concerns.



Preparation of Grain Bins for Storage of Corn and Soybeans – Curtis Young

(Empty Bin Treatments for Grain Bins for Storage of Corn, Popcorn and Soybeans) First – before using any product to treat grain bins, always read the most current label for the product to assure that the product is used correctly.  This is for the protection of the grain to be stored in the bin as well as for the protection of the applicator of the product.  Labels for products are subject to change from one year to the next, product registrations can be changed and/or canceled and rates may be changed.  Errors made because of not reading the most current label could result in injury to the applicator or contamination of the grain with a non-labeled product making it unsalable.  Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-31/preparation-grain-bins-storage-corn-and-soybeans to finish reading about grain bin preparation. 



It’s almost that time of year … Don’t forget to calibrate your yield monitor! – John Barker

Remember the old adage … Garbage in = Garbage out.  Many of us use our yield data to make additional management decisions on our farms such as hybrid or variety selection, fertilizer applications, marketing, etc.  Data from an uncalibrated yield monitor can haunt us for many years by leading us into improper decisions with lasting financial affects.  In today’s Ag economy we can ill afford any decision with adverse financial implications. To read more about calibrating yield monitors, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-31/it%E2%80%99s-almost-time-year-%E2%80%A6-don%E2%80%99t-forget-calibrate-your-yield-monitor.



The Ohio State University

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-674-2297 Office