Harvest is progressing as field conditions permit. There have been many corn acres shelled when soybeans are temporarily put on hold due to weather. Yield reports are coming in with both soybeans and corn yielding higher than normal. This past week we were able to harvest both of our corn trials and I also was able to supervise a National Corn Growers Association Yield Contest entry. See the attached USDA Crop and Weather Reports for October 9, 15 and 22 for more information. Although crop yields are very good, crop prices continue to be low. This combined with high input prices has caused cash rents for 2018 to be lower. I have attached a copy of the Western Ohio Cropland Values and Cash Rents 2017-18. Make sure you look at Northwest Ohio average cropland numbers for 2018 when you read this OSU fact sheet. It is put together after surveying individuals so the rates may vary compared to what actually is being paid in your area.
During the month of September, Extension volunteer rainfall reporters received an average of 3.71 inches of rain. The most rain for this month, 4.71 inches, fell in McDonald Township, as measured by Jerry Stout. The least rain reported during the month, 2.10 inches, was reported in Blanchard Township by Nutrien Ag Solutions. During the same month last year, an average of 1.77 inches of rain fell. The rainfall recorded in September over the past ten years averaged 3.28 inches. Read more about how the rainfall affected area crops in the attached September 2018 Rainfall Summary. I have also included an article about our Hardin County OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteers who won a couple state awards at this year’s Ohio Master Gardener Volunteers Conference held in Cincinnati.
OSU Extension has planned its 55th Annual Income Tax School for Tax Professionals with the closest location being Lima on November 15-16. December 17 there is an Ag Issues webinar planned that can be watched online or at locations as close as Auglaize and Wyandot counties. See the attached brochure for registration details for both the schools and webinar if you are interested. In closing, I would like to remind you of the ag crops articles below that I have included from the CORN Newsletter.
Harvest Delays Impact Corn Performance – Peter Thomison, Allen Geyer, Rich Minyo
Leaving corn to dry in the field exposes a crop to unfavorable weather conditions, as well as wildlife damage. A crop with weak plant integrity is more vulnerable to yield losses from stalk lodging and ear drop when weathering conditions occur. Additional losses may occur when ear rots reduce grain quality and can lead to significant dockage when the grain is marketed. Some ear rots produce mycotoxins, which may cause major health problems if fed to livestock. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-35/harvest-delays-impact-corn-performance to read more.
Seed Quality Issues in Soybean – Anne Dorrance
Let’s face it – we’ve had historic rains in parts of Ohio during 2018 and we are now observing many late season issues that come with this. Seed quality is one of them and the symptoms or warning signs that there could be issues are on the stems. The stems in some fields are heavily colonized with a mix of disease pathogens that cause Anthracnose, Cercospora, and pod and stem blight. The bottom line is that all of these diseases can be better managed with higher levels of resistance but ultimately during 2018 – we had a perfect storm, lower levels of resistance combined with higher than normal rainfall conditions and add in the presence of a new insect pest, stink bugs. Finish reading about seed quality issues in soybean at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-34/seed-quality-issues-soybean.
Delayed Wheat Planting – Laura Lindsey, Pierce Paul
Wet weather has delayed wheat planting in many areas of the state. Generally, the best time to plant wheat is the 10-day period starting the day after the fly-free-safe date. When wheat is planted more than 10-days after the fly-free-safe date, there is an increased chance of reduced fall growth and reduced winter hardiness. The effect of planting date on wheat yield is shown in Figure 6-2 of the Ohio Agronomy Guide. (A free pdf of the guide is available here: https://stepupsoy.osu.edu/wheat-production/ohio-agronomy-guide-15th-edition) You can finish reading this article at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-35/delayed-wheat-planting.
Avoid Forage Toxicities After Frosts – Mark Sulc
As cold weather approaches this week, livestock owners need to keep in mind the few forage species that can be extremely toxic soon after a frost. Several species contain compounds called cyanogenic glucosides that are converted quickly to prussic acid (i.e. hydrogen cyanide) in freeze-damaged plant tissues. A few legumes species have an increased risk of causing bloat when grazed after a frost. Each of these risks is discussed in this article along with precautions to avoid them. Click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-35/avoid-forage-toxicities-after-frosts to find out more information.
Are Cover Crops for You? Podcast Available – Alan Sundermeier
This podcast is a series of short interviews with farmers and specialists and solving problems on the farm and how cover crops can be a part of the solutions. Episodes include discussion on issues including managing herbicide resistant weeds, improving soil health by reducing compaction and erosion, improving soil organic matter and water holding capacity, and cover crops as a forage. This is a podcast for farmers who may be considering using cover crops and are looking to solve problems on the farm. Episodes focus on practical on-farm solutions and include a variety of different farmers across the Midwest as guest speakers. See an overview of episodes, and listen to the podcast for free online at: http://mccc.msu.edu/podcast-cover-crops/.
Mark A. Badertscher
Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator
OSU Extension Hardin County
1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326