June 25, 2018

Good afternoon,

If you are looking for something to do, there are a lot of programs and events taking place in the next few weeks.  Most of the nitrogen has been applied to the corn in the county, first cutting of hay has been made, and herbicide applications continue in area fields.  According to the USDA, 100% of the corn is planted and 95% of the soybeans are planted in Ohio with 60% in good condition.  I have attached the latest Ohio Crop Weather report to this email.  Tonight (June 25) is ‘An Evening Garden Affair’ with Laura Akgerman discussing gardening with arthritis and disabilities.  It will begin with a tour of the Friendship Gardens of Hardin County at 6:30, followed by her presentation at 7:00 pm in Harco Industries.  See the attached news release and flyer for more information if you are planning to attend.  Tomorrow evening (June 26) is the Ag Law program with OSU Extension’s Peggy Kirk Hall.  She will discuss the ‘5 Property Laws that Farmers Need to Know.’  Her talk is scheduled to begin at 7:30 pm at the Burnison Barn, located at the Hardin County Fairgrounds.  It will follow the Farm Bureau Summer Social, which is set to begin at 6:30 pm at the same location.  For more details about this event, see the attached flyer.

An Evening Garden Affair News Flyer

Evening Garden Affair News Release Part 2

Ag Law Flyer

The 2018 Ohio State University Manure Science Review is scheduled for Wednesday, July 25 at the Watkins farm located at 18361 Township Road 90, Forest, OH 45843 in Hardin County. The program will begin at 8:45 am, while registration, coffee and donuts will be offered in the morning starting at 8:15 am before the field day kicks off with the afternoon activities ending by 3:30 pm.  There will be several guest speakers in the morning, lunch provided by Tim Holbrook, and field demonstrations in the afternoon.  Make sure you check out the news release and flyer for registration and other information so you don’t miss this local field day geared towards our livestock producers and manure applicators.  Registration is due by July 16 to take advantage of the $25 rate.

Manure Science Review News Release

Manure Science Review Flyer

The Ohio Sheep Day is taking place July 14 at the OARDC Eastern Research Station with several educational topics to be addressed during this field day.   See the attached flyer and contact Roger High, 614-246-8299, rhigh@ofbf.org if you are interested in attending this year’s event.  The Western Ohio Precision Ag Field Day will be held July 16 near Versailles.  Register by July 2 if you are interested in attending this year’s event.  For more information, see the attached flyer as you won’t want to miss out on the nutrient placement discussion and field demonstrations.  As you can see, there are several events planned for you to update your knowledge and skills, so make sure you take advantage of these opportunities.  I have also included some agronomy articles below for you to read if you are interested.  I hope to see you at one of these events in the near future.

June 18 Ohio Crop Weather Report

Sheep Day Flyer

Western Ohio Precision Ag Field Day Flyer


Rest of June warmer than normal with high rainfall variability – Jim Noel

Not much has changed since last week in terms of the outlook. The rest of June is likely to be warmer than normal with high variability of rainfall but tendency to above normal rainfall. It appears a heat dome will be centered in the south central U.S. this summer with periods where it shifts over the corn and soybean belt and Ohio Valley. The next surge of heat will come this weekend into early next week. With these surges come a ring of fire of storms around the heat dome leading to locally heavy rainfall. However, that rain will be scattered in nature.  To finish reading this article, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-17/rest-june-warmer-normal-high-rainfall-variability.

Corn leaf striping often temporary – Steve Culman, Peter Thomison

Leaf striping (interveinal chlorosis) in corn is appearing in many Ohio fields.  There are several nutrient deficiencies (including sulfur, zinc, magnesium, and manganese) that result in leaf striping and some of these look similar. The severity of the striping may vary considerably within a field and may be associated with differences in soil pH, organic matter, compaction, tillage, temperature and moisture. Bright yellow to white interveinal striping running the length of leaves may be the result of “genetic stripe”, but it’s usually limited to scattered plants within a field.  Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-16/corn-leaf-striping-often-temporary to read more about this issue.

Wheat and Barley: Cool, Wet Late-Season Conditions – Pierce Paul

Cool weather and moisture after flowering often means extended grain-fill and high yields, especially when disease levels are as low as they were at the time of pollination and early grain development in some fields. However, excessive rainfall associated with the cool temperatures could increase the severity of diseases that thrive under cool conditions. But with the crop now well into grain-fill and even turning in some locations, there is very little you can do about late-season diseases. The pre-harvest interval for some of the best fungicides is 30-45 days, which mean that they are now off-label in most areas, given that harvest will likely begin in less than 30 days. Click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-17/wheat-and-barley-cool-wet-late-season-conditions to finish reading this article.

Diagnosing Soybean Seedling Issues in 2018 – Anne Dorrance, Kelley Tilmon, Laura Lindsey, Mark Loux

It seemed to take forever this spring, but hopefully all of your soybeans are planted – for the first and only time.  Ohio’s biggest challenge is replanting; it is costly (new seed, cost of planting, lower yields due to delay in planting).  The first step is assessing overall stand health – do you have enough plants to obtain the best yields?  Based on a substantial amount of data, for soybeans planted in May, a harvest population of at least 100,000 plants/acre is generally adequate to maximize yield. Data from the Ag Crops Team on-farm trials indicate that a stand of 50,000 plants/acre only reduced yield by 15% compared to a stand of 116,000 plants/acre (when planting in May). Soybeans have the ability to compensate for low populations by increasing the number of branches, nodes, and pods per plant.   Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-17/diagnosing-soybean-seedling-issues-2018 to read more about diagnosing soybean seedling issues.

Using PEAQ to Estimate Alfalfa NDF for Multiple Cuttings – Rory Lewandowski, Mark Sulc

Much of the region’s alfalfa crop has been harvested over the past two weeks.  As cooler temperatures move into the area regrowth will likely slow down. Once regrowth reaches 16 inches tall again, the NDF (neutral detergent fiber crude protein) can rapidly be estimated in the field using the predictive equations for alfalfa quality (PEAQ). Instructions on how to rapidly measure NDF in the field can be found at https://forages.osu.edu/sites/forages/files/imce/Estimate%20Alfalfa%20NDF.pdf. This in-field estimate can be useful for timing each of your subsequent harvests in different fields, based on your forage quality goals. It’s important to remember PEAQ NDF estimates are to be only used in standing pure alfalfa stands. PEAQ will not provide growers with an accurate representation of quality once the alfalfa has been cut, cured, and stored. After the forage is stored, samples should be sent to a lab to determine nutritive values for fitting the forage into a ration.

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-674-2297 Office


June 15, 2018

Good afternoon,

This week our Hardin County OSU Extension summer intern Dillon Rall and I have been busy doing stand counts in the soybean populations plot and setting traps to monitor insect pests around the county.  Insects that we are currently trapping include common armyworm, black cutworm, European corn borer, and spotted wing drosophila.  These traps are located around the county where we are monitoring the presence of these pests of wheat, corn, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries, grapes, and peaches.  We plan to set up additional types of traps as the season progresses, inform farmers of possible issues, and provide management information if necessary.  Since my last newsletter, the crops have really progressed with the exception of some soybeans that have had issues.  According to this past week’s Ohio Crop Weather report that I have attached, Ohio is at 97% corn planted and 90% soybeans planted.  This is up from a week ago, which had corn at 90% and soybeans at 81% planted (see additional attached report).  It appears that only a few soybean fields need to be planted in Hardin County, and possibly some that might be candidates for replanting, at least in spots.  May rainfall in the county ended up at 3.40 inches with 4.96 inches for the growing season beginning April 15.  To see a township breakdown, check out the attached May 2018 Rainfall Summary.

June 11th Ohio Crop Weather Report

June 4th Ohio Crop Weather Report

May 2018 Rainfall Summary

There are some local garden programs coming up soon.  This Saturday, June 16 there is a program at the Friendship Gardens, 960 W Kohler Street in Kenton about how to design children’s gardens.  It is part of a monthly series and will begin at 9:00 am for an hour.  All children need to be accompanied by an adult.  I have attached a flyer with more information about this series and its location.  On June 25 you can learn about gardening with visual, physical or health limitations with Laura Akgerman, Disability Services Coordinator from the Ohio Agrability program.  Plan and practice good, safe habits while managing limits and preventing injury.  Design your garden to work the best for you, while using adaptive tools to keep your favorite hobby enjoyable.  These and other topics will be presented at ‘An Evening Garden Affair’ starting at 6:30 pm with a garden tour followed by the speaker and demonstrations at 7:00 pm.  See the attached flyer and news release written by OSU Extension Master Gardener Volunteer Carol McKinley for more information.

Friendship Gardens Workshop Flyer

An Evening Garden Affair Flyer

Evening Garden Affair News Release

On Tuesday, June 26 Peggy Kirk Hall, Assistant Professor and Director, Agricultural & Resource Law Program for OSU Extension will be at the Burnison Barn at the Hardin County Heritage Farm located next to the fairgrounds at 14380 County Road 140 in Kenton.  She is going to be discussing the “Five Property Laws that Farmers Need to Know.”  Her talk will begin at 7:30 pm and last about 30 minutes with questions.  All farmers and property owners are welcome to attend.  This program is being provided in cooperation with the Hardin County Farm Bureau and Hardin County OSU Extension.  The Farm Bureau is having an ice cream social at 6:30 pm at the site with doors opening at 6:00 pm.  Farm Bureau members attending the summer social event are asked to RSVP by contacting the Hardin County Farm Bureau at 419-447-3091 or hardin@ofbf.org.  People who are interested in the ag law presentation only do not need to pre-register.  More details are in the news release which is attached to this email.  I have also included some agronomy articles below that you may be interested in reading.

Ag Law News Release


Young Corn with Wet Feet: What Can We Expect? – Alexander Lindsey, Peter Thomison, Steve Culman

Around the state, there are many corn fields with young plants with standing water due to the intense storms that have passed through. But what are the long-term effects of standing water on emerged corn? Preliminary data from two locations in Ohio in 2017 suggests that as long as a sidedress N application can be made following the waterlogging, yield loss may be minimal if the waterlogged conditions lasted 4 days or less. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-15/young-corn-wet-feet-what-can-we-expect to read more.

Increasing Variability In Rainfall – Jim Noel

As summer nears, the weather pattern supports an increasing risk of big differences in rainfall totals from too wet to too dry. There is a growing risk of a heat dome developing off the drought area in the south central to southwest parts of the U.S. The heat dome will expand northeast into parts of the corn and soybean belt from time to time over the next several weeks. This means enjoy the cooler than normal weather this week. Storms will ride along the northern edge of the heat dome as it shifts north and south. This means locally heavy rain will be next to areas that get missed. The end result will be a wide variety of rainfall reports in June.  Read more about the June weather pattern at https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-16/increasing-variability-rainfall.

Weed of the Week: Cressleaf Groundsel – Sarah Noggle

Many questions come into the County Extension Office daily.  Many times those include a question about a weed identification.  During the month of June 2018, OSU Extension will be featuring a weed identification of the week.  This week’s weed is cressleaf groundsel, Senecio glabellus. Cressleaf groundsel is a member of the Aster/Composite family.  Cressleaf groundsel can go by many other common names like butterweed, yellowtop, golden ragwort, and yellow ragwort.  It can be identified by its small yellow daisy like flowers or its purplish hollow stem and leaves.  This plant is commonly found in no-till fields or low till fields.  Cressleaf groundsel is highly toxic to livestock and humans.  For any additional questions, you may contact your county extension office or go to you your county’s website at your county name.osu.edu for more information.  Source: https://cpb-us-w2.wpmucdn.com/u.osu.edu/dist/7/3461/files/2014/04/Cressleaf_groundsel_article_-_p-zna9t9.pdf, https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-14/cressleaf-groundsel-wheat-and-hay.

Early Corn Coloration – Green, Purple, or Yellow? – Alexander Lindsey, Steve Culman, Peter Thomison

Corn seedlings often turn yellow (due to low nitrogen uptake and/or limited chlorophyll synthesis) or purple (reduced root development and/or increased anthocyanin production) under cool, wet conditions. Some hybrids are more likely to increase anthocyanin (purple pigment) content when plants are cool. Yellowing or purpling of corn plants at this stage of development generally has little or no effect on later crop performance or yield potential. If it’s induced by environmental conditions, the yellow or purple appearance should change to a healthy green after a few sunny days with temperatures above 70 degrees F. If plants remain yellow, then closer inspection and assessment is needed to determine if yellowing is caused by nutrient deficiency or some other factor.  To finish reading this article, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-16/early-corn-coloration-%E2%80%93-green-purple-or-yellow.

Agronomic Field Day June 21 at OARDC Northwest Ag Research Station – Alan Sundermeier

The public is invited to attend at no cost the 2018 Agronomic Field Day.  It will be held on Thursday, June 21 starting at 9:00 am to 11:30 am.  The location is 4240 Range Line Road, Custar, Ohio, 43511.

The topics for the field day include:

•Fertilizer Placement Options for Different Management Systems  – John Fulton, Food, Agricultural, and Biological Engineering

•The Impacts of a Half Century of No-Till on Soil Health and Properties – Steve Culman, School of Environment and Natural Resources

•Identifying and Developing Winter Barley Adapted to the Great Lakes, Midwestern and Northeastern State Regions – Eric Stockinger, Horticulture and Crop Science

•Agronomic Management of Winter Malting Barley and Double Crop Soybean – Laura Lindsey, Horticulture and Crop Science

•Management of Seedling Diseases, Wise Choices for Seed Treatments, Potential Herbicide Interactions and Better Cultivar Selection – Anne Dorrance, Plant Pathology

Contact information: Matt Davis, 419-257-2060, or davis.1095@osu.edu

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-674-2297 Office



June 1, 2018

Good afternoon,

I hope this issue of the Hardin County Agriculture and Natural Resources Update finds you finished or close to being finished with this year’s planting season.  I have been gone on vacation lately, but have been monitoring local crop progress.  According to our online rainfall reporting system, CoCoRaHS (https://www.cocorahs.org), Hardin County received between 0.42 and 1.06 inches of rain in the past week.  The latest USDA Ohio Crop Weather report dated May 29 has the state 82% done planting corn and 67% done planting soybeans.  I would suspect our local Hardin County numbers to be higher than that from my own observations, what a couple local farmers mentioned at Ag Council breakfast this morning, and with the northern edge of Ohio still working to get this year’s crops planted.  The previous week’s Ohio Crop Weather report (May 21) listed Ohio 71% done with corn and 50% done with soybeans.  I have attached both of these reports so you can compare them with how your crop planting situation is.  This past weekend I checked a wheat field that was flowering.  This is the time that monitoring for head scab is so very important with regards to timing of possible fungicide application.  Although our area has been low to moderate risk for the past two weeks, those with wheat in the field should read the attached article about wheat head scab for information about how to manage this potential disease.

 Ohio Crop Weather May 29 Report

Ohio Crop Weather May 21 Report

Wheat Head Scab Article

If you are interested in commodity prices and outlook for Ohio, I have attached the Agriculture Across Ohio USDA report for May.  It gives a brief summary of prices as well as other information for agricultural commodities.  The March 2018 weighted average prices for corn was $3.79, soybean $10.10, and wheat $ 4.90 per bushel.  Milk averaged $15.80 per hundredweight, alfalfa was $190 per ton, and mixed hay $115 per ton.  See the attached report for more information about ag commodities, including livestock, poultry, and eggs.  This year OSU Extension is again partnering with the Soil and Water Conservation District to host a Pond Clinic.  It will be held on Tuesday, June 12, beginning at 6:30 pm.  Pond owners and perspective pond owners are invited to the clinic being held at the Wallace Pond, located at 13231 State Route 309, west of Kenton.  For more information about the clinic and speaker Dr. Eugene Braig, see the attached news release and flyer.  If you have a pond, we hope to see you there so that you can learn from the expert and get your pond questions answered.

 Agriculture Across Ohio Report

Pond Clinic News Release

Pond Clinic Flyer

Other upcoming events include a Farm Bureau meeting Tuesday, June 5 at 6:30 pm at the Christian Missionary Alliance Church in Kenton; a Fairboard meeting Wednesday, June 6 at 7:00 pm at the fair office; Lamb weigh-in and tagging is Saturday, June 9 for the Hardin County Fair at 8:00-10:00 am at the fairgrounds; and the Hardin County Men’s Garden Club is meeting Monday, June 11 at 6:30 pm at the home of Gordon Kline in Kenton.  For more information about the lamb weigh-in and tagging, go to https://hardin.osu.edu/news/market-lamb-weigh-intagging-0.  For more information about ag crops, see the articles below.





Diseases of Wheat and Barley and Their Management with Fungicides – Pierce Paul

It is wet and rainy outside and the forecast calls for more rain throughout this the second week of May (May 14–19). Therefore, growers’ concerns about diseases and the need for fungicides are understandable. However, although most of our common diseases of small grain crops are favored by wet, humid conditions, it does not automatically mean that you have to apply a fungicide this week. The timing has to be correct to get the best results with the fungicide you apply, to protect the crop when it is most susceptible to the disease in question, and to attack the fungus when it is most vulnerable. Unfortunately, there is no single timing that works best for every single disease, as the growth stage at which the crop is most susceptible and the conditions under which the greatest damage occurs vary with the disease. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-13/diseases-wheat-and-barley-and-their-management-fungicides to read more about diseases of wheat and barley.



Estimating Fiber Content of Alfalfa in the Field – Rory Lewandowski, Mark Sulc

Alfalfa stands in Ohio had a slow start this spring, but our recent change in weather is causing alfalfa development to move quickly. Stand growth is catching back up to where it would normally be at this time of year. As we approach the end of May many producers will be making harvest decisions. It is common for many growers to base harvest decisions primarily on alfalfa maturity; however, variable weather conditions affect the rate of bud and flower development in alfalfa and this method can be inaccurate. Estimating fiber content before harvest can be valuable to producers for making harvest timing and storage decisions. Traditional laboratory methods for estimating forage fiber content are often expensive and time consuming and are not practical as a tool for making harvest timing decisions in the field.  To finish reading this article, click on https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-13/estimating-fiber-content-alfalfa-field.



Kudzu Bug Monitoring Update – Amy Raudenbush, Andy Michel, Kelley Tilmon

The kudzu bug is an insect pest that is not currently known to exist in Ohio; however, since its introduction to the United States in 2009, the distribution has been rapidly expanding. It is now found in Kentucky, and the I-75 corridor connects Ohio to the Southeastern US where it is very prevalent.  The kudzu bug is a serious invasive pest of soybean causing a reduction to yield with heavy infestation. Both immature and adult kudzu bugs feed on soybean plants with piercing-sucking mouth parts. Adult kudzu bugs are globular and greenish-brown. In addition to soybean, the kudzu bug also feeds on the kudzu plant, an invasive weed. To read more about the Kudzu bug, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-12/kudzu-bug-monitoring-update.



Lady Landowners Leaving a Legacy – Amanda Douridas

Land is an important investment. One that is often passed down through generations. Farmland needs to be monitored and cared for to maintain the value and sustainability if it is to be enjoyed and profitable for future generations. Nearly 50% of landowners in Ohio are female. If you fall into this statistic and want to learn more about your land, farming and conservation practices and how to successfully pass it on to the next generation, this program is for you!  Farming has changed dramatically over the last several decades. The thought of trying to understand it all can be overwhelming, especially if not actively farming. This series is designed to help female landowners understand critical conservation and farm management issues related to owning land. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-12/lady-landowners-leaving-legacy for more information about this program.



Sidedressing Manure into Newly Planted and Emerged Corn – Glen Arnold

Ohio State University Extension has conducted manure research on growing crops for several years in an effort to make better use of the available nutrients. Incorporating manure into growing corn can boost crop yields, reduce nutrient losses, and give livestock producers or commercial manure applicators another window of time to apply manure to farm fields. Our research started with using manure tankers modified with narrow wheels and in recent years progressed to using drag hoses on emerged corn. We now feel confident that liquid livestock manure can be surface applied or incorporated into corn from the day of planting to the V4 stage of development. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2018-14/sidedressing-manure-newly-planted-and-emerged-corn to read more about the results of this research.


The Ohio State University

Mark A. Badertscher

Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator

OSU Extension Hardin County

1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326

419-674-2297 Office