The Hardin County Carcass Show of Champions was held this past Thursday at Mt. Victory Meats. Thanks to Craig and Ed Powell at Mt. Victory Meats, the Hardin County Fair Sale Committee, Pork Producers, Sheep Improvement Association, and Cattle Producers for help sponsoring this event. The OSU meat judge evaluated the grand and reserve champion steers, barrows, gilts, lambs, and goats based on their carcass value. To find out how they did, see the attached carcass show results. The Dairy Service Unit has begun their fall cheese sale as a fundraiser to support their group’s activities. Make sure you open the attached news article and order form so you don’t miss out on this semi-annual cheese sale.
Have you picked up your Farm Science Review ticket yet? Today is the last day you can buy discounted pre-sale tickets at the Extension office for $7. After that you will need to get your ticket at the gate for this annual farm show sponsored by the OSU College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. The show runs Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday (September 19-21) of this week near London in Madison County. I will be working there at the Ag Crops Team tent, Pesticide Safety Education spray building, and the Water Quality booth in the Firebaugh Building in the afternoons, so make sure you stop by during your visit to the Farm Science Review and say hello. If you are still interested in participating in the Farm Bureau ATV Tour, the registration date has been extended to September 20 and the Burgess sheep farm has been added. See the attached flyer to contact Paul Ralston if you would like to be a part of this annual event in the northwest part of the county.
Now is also the time of year that we encourage people to nominate candidates for the Hardin County Agriculture Hall of Fame. I have attached a news article as well as a copy of the nomination form. Please consider nominating outstanding farmers and agribusiness people in your community. It is as simple as encouraging their family to fill out the nomination form, so please help out by sharing this form with those who you feel should be considered for this year’s class. The nominations are due October 16 and the annual Ag Hall of Fame Banquet is scheduled for Tuesday, December 5. In closing, if you are thinking about planting wheat this fall and have yet to select your variety, I have attached the Ohio Wheat Performance Test information for 2017. The fly-free date for Hardin County is September 26 in case you have a field of soybeans that will be coming off soon and plan to seed that field to wheat. See below for agronomy articles that you may be interested in reading.
Managing Corn Rust with Fungicides – Pierce Paul
Both southern and common rust have been confirmed in multiple corn fields across the state this season, but as is usually the case in Ohio, the latter is much more wide-spread than the former, and most of the affected fields were in the southern half of the state. Southern rust is characterized by the presence of small, circular, light orangish pustules predominantly on the upper surface of the leaves, whereas common rust produces larger, more elongated, and darker (cinnamon-brown) pustules on both leaf surfaces. Common rust in particular tends to become less severe as the season progresses as it prefers cooler conditions. By contrast, late-planted fields, are at greater risk for yield reduction due to rust. Southern rust can be very damaging if the hybrid is susceptible, symptoms develop early (before tassel), and the weather stays warm and wet during pollination and grain fill. To learn more about rust in corn, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2017-24/managing-corn-rust-fungicides.
Soybean Fields with Sudden Death Syndrome are Popping up Around the State – Anne Dorrance
I don’t think too many people in the state will deny that Ohio’s planting conditions were tough. We had a mix of saturated soils and cool temperatures. We have several soil borne pathogens that love these conditions, among them is Sudden death syndrome, which is caused by Fusarium virguliforme. In Ohio, this disease tends to occur with greater frequency in fields that have higher populations of soybean cyst nematode. With the environmental conditions we had earlier this spring, extensive flooding injury, I would not be surprised to see a much wider distribution of this disease in the state. Go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2017-25/soybean-fields-sudden-death-syndrome-are-popping-around-state to read more about SDS in soybean.
Wheat Management for Fall 2017 – Laura Lindsey, Pierce Paul, Ed Lentz, CCA
Wheat helps reduce problems associated with the continuous planting of soybean and corn and provides an ideal time to apply fertilizer in July/August after harvest. With soybean harvest around the corner, we would like to remind farmers of a few management decisions that are important for a successful crop. Optimum seeding rates are between 1.2 and 1.6 million seeds per acre. For drills with 7.5-inch row spacing this is about 18 to 24 seeds per foot of row with normal sized seed. When wheat is planted on time, actual seeding rate has little effect on yield, but high seeding rates (above 30 seeds per foot of row) increase lodging and the risk of severe powdery mildew development next spring. For more information about wheat management, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2017-29/wheat-management-fall-2017.
The Dicamba Situation – Assessment and Some Action Items – Mark Loux
We have had the opportunity to walk additional Ohio fields where soybeans were damaged by off-target movement of dicamba since our last C.O.R.N. newsletter article on this subject and we continue to hear about even more affected fields. This situation continues to develop across the Midwest and South, and everyone involved is trying to assess causes and what these mean for future use. A couple of action items here for anyone associated with an off-target dicamba movement and injury situation. Take the time to report the problem to Monsanto (XtendiMax), BASF (Engenia), or DuPont FeXapan) so that they create a record of it. The compilation of these records has to be reported by companies back to regulatory agencies, which provides the agencies with information on how extensive the issues are. Reporting to the companies does not result in specific information being provided to ODA, or any further regulatory action or investigation by ODA. To read more, go to https://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/2017-24/dicamba-situation-%E2%80%93-assessment-and-some-action-items.
Be on the Lookout for Soybean Aphids – Andy Michel, Kelley Tilmon
We have heard reports of growers spotting a few soybean aphids in their fields. Finding aphids at this time of year is consistent in the past—we have seen them arrive later and later. We do have a lot of late-planted soybean that are in R4 or R5 stage soybean. Remember that our economic threshold to treat soybean aphids is a rising population of 250 aphids per plant. But also remember that, at higher growth stages (>R6) the threshold increases dramatically. At this point it is important to note that none of the fields in Ohio have reached treatable levels. Given the aphids’ arrival, the growth stage of soybean and the oncoming onslaught of natural enemies, it may be unlikely that we see any significant impact from soybean aphids this year, but we should monitor our fields. An additional word of caution—many of you have heard that insecticide resistant soybean aphids have been found out West (especially Minnesota and Iowa). While we have not heard of any resistant aphids in Ohio, we certainly do not want to encourage their presence by applying insecticides when we don’t need to.
Mark A. Badertscher
Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator
OSU Extension Hardin County
1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103, Kenton, OH 43326