This belt, known in the local Quechua as chumpi or Spanish as faja, was made by local weaver Doña Julia and acquired in Cuzco, Peru. Doña Julia is originally from the community of Chinchero and weaves daily on the steps of Qanchipata in the San Blas neighborhood of Cuzco.
The belt’s patterns consist of repeating diamonds, joined spirals, arrows and heptagons. All of these shapes have meanings that come from pre-Columbian times and are associated with Andean cosmovision or worldview: their deities, worship of the Earth Mother or Pachamama, conceptualization of time and space. Some patterns also record historical events that persist in the collective memory of the community.
The large diamond symbols at the center represent a relationship to female fertility while the S-shaped spirals relate to the universe. Other woven representations that endure today depict the execution of indigenous rebel leader Tupac Amaru II and the foretelling of his millenarian return, with four horses quartering Tupac Amaru II and four condors pulling apart the horses.