Popular Memories of the Mao Era

New Publication
Popular Memories of the Mao Era: From Critical Debate to Reassessing History
Edited by Sebastian Veg
Hong Kong University Press, 2019

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The present volume provides an overview of new forms of popular memory, in particular critical memory, of the Mao era. Focusing on the processes of private production, public dissemination, and social sanctioning of narratives of the past in contemporary China, it examines the relation between popular memories and their social construction as historical knowledge. The three parts of the book are devoted to the shifting boundary between private and public in the press and media, the reconfiguration of elite and popular discourses in cultural productions (film, visual art, and literature), and the emergence of new discourses of knowledge through innovative readings of unofficial sources. Popular memories pose a challenge to the existing historiography of the first thirty years of the People’s Republic of China. Despite the recent backlash, these more critical reflections are beginning to transform the mainstream narrative of the Mao era in China.

Public discussions of key episodes in the history of the People’s Republic, in particular the Anti-Rightist Movement of 1957, the Great Famine of 1959–1961, and the Cultural Revolution, have proliferated in the last fifteen years. These discussions are qualitatively different from previous expressions of traumatic or nostalgic memories of Mao in the 1980s and the 1990s respectively. They reflect a growing dissatisfaction with the authoritarian control over history exercised by the Chinese state, and often they make use of the new spaces provided for counter-hegemonic narratives by social media and the growing private economy in the 2000s. Unofficial or independent journals, self-published books, social media groups, independent documentary films, private museums, oral history projects, and archival research by amateur historians, all of which analyzed in this collection, have contributed to these embryonic public or semi-public dialogues.

“An excellent guide to the independent journalism, cultural production, and amateur histories that are transforming the mainstream narrative of the Mao era in China. Rich in detail and sound in analysis, these studies document the emergence of critical memory in Chinese society. A valuable resource for students and scholars.” —Timothy Cheek, University of British Columbia; author of The Intellectual in Modern Chinese History

“Popular memories of the Mao era are signposts of contemporary politics and culture. This volume features exciting new research by distinguished scholars. Extremely rich and readable, the chapters in this collection illuminate both China’s past and present. A timely and important contribution.” —Guobin Yang, University of Pennsylvania; author of The Red Guard Generation and Political Activism in China

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: Trauma, Nostalgia, Public Debate
    By Sebastian Veg

Part I. Unofficial Memories in the Public Sphere: Journals, Internet, Museums

  1. Writing about the Past, an Act of Resistance: An Overview of Independent Journals and Publications about the Mao Era
    By Jean-Philippe Béja

  2. Annals of the Yellow Emperor: Reconstructing Public Memory of the Mao Era
    By Wu Si

  3. Contested Past: Social Media and the Production of Historical Knowledge of the Mao Era
    By Jun Liu

  4. Can Private Museums Offer Space for Alternative History? The Red Era Series at the Jianchuan Museum Cluster
    By Kirk A. Denton

Part II. Critical Memory and Cultural Practices: Reconfiguring Elite and Popular Discourse

  1. Literary and Documentary Accounts of the Great Famine: Challenging the Political System and the Social Hierarchies of Memory
    By Sebastian Veg

  2. Filmed Testimonies, Archives, and Memoirs of the Mao Era: Staging Unofficial History in Chinese Independent Documentaries
    By Judith Pernin

  3. Visual Memory, Personal Experience, and Public History: The Rediscovery of Cultural Revolution Underground Art
    By Aihe Wang

Part III. Unofficial Sources and Popular Historiography: New Discourses of Knowledge on the Mao Era

  1. The Second Society
    By Frank Dikötter

  2. Case Files as a Source of Alternative Memories from the Maoist Past
    By Daniel Leese

  3. Popular Memories and Popular History, Indispensable Tools for Understanding Contemporary Chinese History: The Case of the End of the Rustication Movement
    By Michel Bonnin

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