Pac-Man instead of eye patch

eyegame imageBy Emily Caldwell
Ohio State Research Communications

Scientists have created video games that add an important element of fun to the repetitive training needed to improve vision in people – including adults – with a lazy eye and poor depth perception.

The training tools, including a Pac-Man-style “cat and mouse” game and a “search for oddball” game, have produced results in pilot testing: Weak-eye vision improved to 20/20 and 20/50 in two adult research participants with lazy eyes whose vision was 20/25 and 20/63, respectively, before the training began.

Unlike the common use of eye patches on dominant eyes to make lazy eyes stronger, this type of testing uses a “push-pull” method by making both eyes work during the training. Patching is push-only training because the dominant eye remains completely unused.

With push-pull, both eyes are stimulated but with the weaker eye exposed to more complex images that create a stronger stimulus. In this way, both eyes are encouraged to interact as they should, but the dominant eye’s power in the relationship is suppressed. This technique targets important pathways in the brain that must be active to produce balanced vision.

Read more at Ohio State’s research news site >>

Student’s Ghana experience led to creating a development foundation

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Hannah Bonacci is a graduate student with a big heart and an even bigger passion for sustainable solutions like health care and access to clean water.

Over the last four years, she has made multiple trips to Ghana to provide much needed aid resulting in the co-founding of The Akumanyi Foundation, which helps to fund development projects in Western Africa. Her heart for women and children in need has become a powerful instrument of change in Ghana.

Born in Akron, Bonacci attended Ohio State where she majored in social work. Now in her first year of graduate school, she is enrolled in both social work and public health master’s programs.

“I think through a system of different supports at Ohio State I found the confidence to take a risk and launch the foundation,” said Bonacci.

 

Prospective optometry students get a good look at Ohio State

NIH grant to study gall bladder salmonella infection

Ohio State’s John Gunn, PhD, vice chair and professor of Microbial Infection and Immunity in the College of Medicine, has received a bridge grant of $617,000 from the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to study of chronic infection of the gall bladder by salmonella. The grant could help millions of people in developing countries, as well as travelers.

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Color-enhanced scanning electron micrograph showing Salmonella typhimurium (red) bacteria invading cultured human cells. Photo credit: NIAID, public domain.

Salmonella is bacteria that cause many diseases in humans and animals, including typhoid fever and gastroenteritis. Typhoid fever alone infects an estimated 21 million people a year, causing about 600,000 deaths worldwide. Salmonella also is highly correlated with liver, gallbladder bile duct and pancreatic cancer.

Typhoid fever is typically treated with antibiotics, but salmonellae (S. Typhi) are often resistant. Even with treatment, 2–3 percent of those infected die. In addition, many people infected with typhoid fever have no symptoms but become carriers, with the infection settling in their gall bladders.

Read more at the College of Medicine website >>

College of Vet Med profiled in the Columbus Dispatch

Pharmacy college to serve more patients through medication reviews

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The Medication Management Program (MMP) at The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy is growing to serve more patients. With its larger staff, the program is projected to complete more than three hundred person-to-person comprehensive medication reviews weekly.

“We are excited about our growth and the opportunity to impact more patients,” said Ashley Sweaney, MMP pharmacy director. “Our full-time staff additions come with a variety of experience in managed care, community pharmacy and ambulatory care settings, and our student interns are getting an incredible opportunity to work directly with patients and apply what they are learning in the classroom.”

Since February, the MMP, a part of the Institute of Therapeutic Innovations and Outcomes (ITIO) at the College of Pharmacy, has expanded from a total staff of three to four full-time pharmacists, five full-time pharmacy technicians and 23 part-time pharmacy interns to meet the rising demand for medication therapy management services.

Read more at the College of Pharmacy website >>