Korean Immigrant Families in the United States:


Table 1


Sample Characteristics







   

Male

   

Female

   

Total

 
 

M


SD


n


M


SD


n


M


SD


n


Age


33.83


4.12


30


34.86


3.63


43


34.44


3.84


73


Years of education


14.20


1.99


30


13.81


1.68


43


13.97


1.81


73


Length of residence in the U.S.


12.13


3.65


30


13.53


4.34


43


12.96


4.10


73


Years of marriage


4.23


2.37


30


8.49


3.35


43


6.74


3.64


73


Table 2


Frequency by Income Level








Annual income level


Frequency (%)


Less than $20,000



0 ( 0.0%)


$20,000 to less than $40,000


28 (38.4%)


$40,000 to less than $60,000


35 (48.0%)


$60,000 to less than $80,000


9 (12.3%)


Over $80,000


1 ( 1.4%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 3



Means and Standard Deviations of Key Variables
















Variable


Male


Female


Total


M


SD


M


SD


M


SD


Family resources


103.90


3.97


104.44


5.84


104.22


5.13


Social support


37.66


3.00


36.35


3.89


36.89


3.59


Cultural adjustment

           

Acculturative distress


45.20


8.72


43.81


5.39


44.38


6.93


Intercultural competence


66.10


5.09


66.77


6.17


66.49


5.72


Family functioning style composite


93.77


7.44


92.10


8.21


92.78


7.90


Family value


15.97


1.71


16.19


2.28


16.10


2.06


Family interaction


41.93


2.45


42.74


5.80


42.41


4.71


Family commitment


12.93


1.66


12.53


1.83


12.70


1.76


Family coping strategy


15.23


1.98


13.98


1.88


14.49


2.01


Family resource mobilization


7.70


5.80


6.65


1.11


7.08


3.81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4



Correlation Coefficients of Variables












Variable


1.


2.


3.


4.


5.


6.


7.


1.Age


1.00

           

2.Years of marriage


.708***


1.00

         

3.Length of residence in the U.S.


.566***


.571***


1.00

       

4.Acculturative distress


-.013


-.059


-.217*


1.00

     

5.Intercultural competence


.089


.189


.391***


-.402***


1.00

   

6.Family resources


.078


.019


.089


-.109


.082


1.00

 

7.Social support


.003


-.052


-.064


.171


-.104


.104


1.00


8.Family functioning style

composite


.127


-.027


.028


-.241*


.180


.518***


.125

*p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001.



Table 5



Summary of Hierarchical Regression Analyses for Variables Predicting Family Functioning Style















Variable


Multiple R


R2


R2 change


df


F

change


Sig.p


b


Step 1:


.209


.044


.044


3,69


1.046


.378


Age

           

.295


Years of

Marriage

           

-.232


Length of

Residence

in the U.S.

           

-.006


Step 2:


.237


.056


.010


1,68


.910


.408

 

Social support

           

.113


Step 3:


.396


.157


.101


2,66


3.946


.071

 

Acculturative

Distress

           

-.243


Intercultural

Competence

           

.170


Step 4:


.607


.368


.211


1,65


21.697


.000

 

Family resources

           

.469***

Note.

Variables at step 1 were entered as a block. Also, variables at step 3 were entered as a block.

***p < .001.