Don’t Let your Fields (or even gardens) Go Naked this Winter

I used to tell my Ag Ed students that soil was like a human, a living breathing organism. Soil has air, water, nutrients and living organisms that compose its structure. Just like a human, it takes many years to grow and mature and soil cannot be replenished quickly. Keeping our soil in place is an important factor to soil health and improvement. Actively growing plants provide resources for microorganisms to live within our soils. Keep your soil in your field and actively thriving through the non-crop times of the year by keeping a blanket on it by using cover crops best suited for your fields. And yes, when I say fields that also mean garden areas too (raised or in ground). Oh, and with forage being at at premium due to our poor weather conditions for harvesting hay and pasture growth, some cover crops can be grazed by livestock! Read more about “Soil health at risk on fallow fields..”

Image result for cover crop garden extension

 

Market Ready Training

MarketReady is a day long training covering sale of locally produced foods to: Restaurants, Grocers, Wholesalers, and Direct to Consumers.

Who Should Attend the Training?
Individuals interested in selling their locally produced food through various market channels. Those who want to explore ways to improve their sales skills and business relationships, and those who are considering or are just developing a new food business.

For more information click here for the program flyer and registration information. Classes will be held in October in Cincinnati, Chillicothe and Athens.

CORN Newsletter week of September 30, 2019

CORN NEWSLETTER 2019-33

October Weather Prediction

Fire Safety During Harvest Season

Late Season Frost Effects on Corn

Fall Herbicide Treatment

Be Aware of Late Season Potential Forage Toxicities

Dry Matter When Making Summer Annual Silage and How to Measure its Dry Matter (or Moisture)

Don’t leave mycorrihizae stranded in your prevented planting acres

2020 Junior Fair Board Applications

Junior Fair Board (JFB) is currently accepting applications for 2020.  JFB members oversee many important tasks for the Clermont County Junior Fair.  Members solicit award sponsorships, organize the awards and supplies for all youth events (pre-fair week and during the week), assist in the execution of various Junior Fair events and activities, and assist in planning before the fair for facilities, judges, rules, etc. They work in a cooperative effort with the Senior Fair Board, Senior Superintendents, Extension Office staff and club/chapter advisors.

Youth ages 13-18 who are involved in a youth organization are eligible to apply.  Participation in the Junior Fair Board is a excellent opportunity for youth to development leadership and organizational skills; plus, it looks great on a resume!  Applications are online this year and are due by Friday, October 11.  Click the links below to apply.

Application

Reference Form

  • First time applicants must submit 1 personal reference; current members do NOT need to.
  • Reference form link should be emailed to their reference to fill out.
  • Questions: contact Pam Burns 513-265-3248, pamburns1985@gmail.com

Attention Dairy Farmers

The 2019 Ohio Dairy Quality Conference will be held on Tuesday, October 15, 2019, at the Ohio Department of Agriculture in Reynoldsburg, Ohio.    The conference starts at 9:00am (registration beginning at 8:30am).  The conference is free to attend, but you must RSVP.  View the agenda for the conference.

The Ohio Dairy Foods Association is sponsoring the lunch, so there is no cost to attend!

To RSVP, use the following link: https://forms.gle/mz1uBCCm27dNRKFB8

CLERMONT COUNTY YOUTH SUMMER LEADERSHIP AND CAREER PREP SUCCESS!

Ohio State University Extension Clermont County was proud to partner with OhioMeansJobs in the Summer Youth Employment Program.  Ninety-two Clermont County youth were employed for nine weeks with 16 employment partners at 28 different work sites.

In addition to their employment tenure, participants attended off-site, bi-weekly training through the LOOK to Ohio Summer Youth Experience facilitated by OSU Extension Clermont County. LOOK (Leadership Opportunities for Organizational Knowledge) is a teen leadership and workforce preparation program developed to meet the demand to prepare teens for leadership today and into the future.  Training covered topics such as identification of personality characteristics, career pathway research, resume writing, practicing personal communication skills and dining etiquette, helping ensure youth learned soft skills in addition to job skills.

The youth development program concluded with a half-day of goal setting and presentations followed by an awards ceremony to recognize participants’ success. Congratulations graduates!

Following are the Summer Employment partners who helped to create lasting memories and provided valuable training for Clermont County youth!

OSU Extension Beef Team News update week of 8/28/2019

Why Consider Backgrounding a Calf?

– Stan Smith, PA, Fairfield County OSU Extension

The recent packing house fire in Kansas has the potential to cause a backlog in feedyards that pressures feeder calf prices this fall. Backgrounding calves for later sale is an alternative.

Typically, when feed prices go down, we see feeder calf prices begin to climb as a corresponding move. That is, unless fed cattle prices are unstable or declining. A fire in a Kansas cattle packing plant just before a report detailing that the U.S. might have planted more acres of corn than earlier anticipated caused the perfect storm that allowed pressure on feeder calf prices at the same time as declining feed prices. With the time of year when the vast majority of U.S. feeder calves are weaned and marketed quickly approaching, there’s little time to develop a plan that might preserve or even enhance some of the value and profit in feeder calves that simply may not be in as strong of demand now as they might have been just a few weeks ago.

However, less expensive feed combined with the thought that calf prices can rebound in the coming months once we are past the seasonal tendency for lower prices and the damaged Kansas packing house comes back on-line offer incentive for developing a strategy to hold on to this fall’s feeder calves while also adding value to them.

To recap the path that’s brought us to this point, on Continue reading 

Management Considerations for Backgrounding Calves

– Steve Boyles, OSU Beef Extension Specialist

Consider a number of factors before retaining calves for backgrounding.

Backgrounding is the growing of steers and heifers from weaning until they enter the feedlot for finishing. Backgrounding and Stocker cattle are similar although backgrounding is sometimes associated with a drylot, and stockering cattle is thought of as pasture-based system.   However any system that takes advantage of economical feed sources can be investigated.

Why might someone consider backgrounding or growing cattle?

  • The producer has time and economical feed resources
  • The market at weaning is not as favorable and is investigating alternative marketing times
  • Some feedyards prefer buying/feeding yearlings. They can expect fewer health problems and can feed two turns of cattle in a year.
  • It could be a way of upgrading mismanaged cattle so as to add value.
  • Since the cattle can be on feed for several months, they can fit the preference by some feeders for preconditioned cattle

There are many Continue reading 

Investments for Animal Feeding: Fence vs Machinery

– Christine Gelley, Agriculture and Natural Resources Educator, Noble County OSU Extension

The more tools we have that maximize the days our animals graze while minimizing the days we feed hay, the better!

Years like 2019 can test farmers and ranchers to the brink of insanity. People in this profession have to be resilient to the unpredictability of the weather, the markets, and the general chaos of life. All year thus far, we have discussed many ways to adapt our animal feeding programs, pasture systems, and hay production to the far from ideal conditions we are facing.

By now, I hope you have read articles, listened to podcasts, watched videos, talked with your neighbors and your local ag educators about what to do next. Crop selection, site management, and soil health have been a huge topics addressed regarding cover crops for prevent plant acres, damaged pastures, weeds, poor quality hay, and feed shortages.

But, I’m going to take this article a different direction . . .

If you have Continue reading 

Reconnecting Cattle and Quail

– Jason Jones, Grassland & Grazing Coordinator, Quail Forever

Warm season grasses such as indiangrass and big bluestem can provide forage at a time when cool season grasses might be in a July/August summer slump.

The “Fescue Belt” is land dominated by non-native cool season grasses, primarily tall fescue. Cool season grasses, such as fescue and orchardgrass, thrive in April to early June and October to November. However, they have obvious drawbacks; and operations that rely exclusively on cool-season forages may find it increasingly difficult to stay above the bottom line.

When the summer is at its peak, cool season grasses can be very unproductive. In contrast, native warm season grasses peak during summer months (85 – 95 F). Warm season grasses are Continue reading 

Frequently Asked Questions about Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Farm Ponds used to Water Livestock

– Michelle Arnold, DVM-Ruminant Extension Veterinarian (UKVDL)

Water is the most essential nutrient in the diet of cattle and during hot and dry weather, it is especially important to monitor water quality if using farm ponds for livestock. What is a “harmful algae bloom” or “HAB”?

During periods of hot and dry weather, rapid growth of algae to extreme numbers may result in a “bloom”, which is a build-up of algae that creates a green, blue-green, white, or brown coloring on the surface of the water, like a floating layer of paint (see Figure 1). Blooms are designated “harmful” because some algal species produce toxins (poisons) when stressed or when they die. The majority of HABs are caused by blue-green algae, a type of bacteria called “cyanobacteria” that exist naturally in water and wet environments. These microorganisms prefer warm, stagnant, nutrient-rich water and are found most often in ponds, lakes, and slow moving creeks. Farm ponds contaminated with fertilizer run-off, septic tank overflow or direct manure and urine contamination are prime places for algae to thrive. Although blooms can occur at any time of year, they happen most often in the warmer months between June and September when temperatures reach 75 degrees or higher and ponds begin to stagnate. HABs can reduce water quality and intake, but more importantly, they can be deadly when ingested by livestock. Windy conditions can push algal blooms along water edges, increasing the risk for Continue reading 

Weekly Livestock Comments for August 23, 2019

– Dr. Andrew Griffith, Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Tennessee

FED CATTLE: Fed cattle traded $3 to $4 higher compared to last week on a live basis. Live prices were mainly $106 to $109 while dressed prices were mainly $175 to $176.

The 5-area weighted average prices thru Thursday were $108.81 live, up $3.41 from last week and $175.02 dressed, up $4.56 from a week ago. A year ago prices were $109.08 live and $172.82 dressed.

The finished cattle market experienced a soft rebound this week following last week’s precipitous decline. A few dollars were gained back by cattle feeders, but they are still below where they were prior to the news of the Tyson fire. The story in all of this is what is happening in futures. The August live cattle contract has regained half of its losses but all the deferred con-tracts continue to be bottom feeders. The deferred contracts have failed to Continue reading 

OSU Extension Sheep Team News week of 8/28/2019

2019 Ohio State Fair Carcass Lamb Results

2019 Lamb Carcasses Final
For those directly involved in the livestock business, exhibiting your animals at the county, state, or national level is always an exciting venture. In Ohio, the Ohio State Fair is a great opportunity to allow our youth to showcase their summers hard work by exhibiting their market lamb projects. While winning a purple banners is the goal for most, we must not loose sight of what the ultimate end product will be from our livestock projects. This year, our team was able to capture the carcass results from the Breed Champion Lambs at the Ohio State Fair in real time using this unique video. Remember, regardless of the species, your livestock project goes beyond ring appeal.  For those of you with questions regarding carcass quality and evaluation, feel free to contact us. Enjoy!

Find the Right Cool-season Annual Grass

Michaela King, Hay and Forage Grower summer editorial intern
(Previously published in Hay & Forage Grower: August 20, 2019)

They say that repetition is the key to learning. Over the past several months, Extension educators and researchers have discussed and provided many options for producers to increase the amount of high quality forage that can use to feed their livestock with for the upcoming year. Be sure to take a quick look at this short piece as it quickly outlines some of the important basics of some common forages options and soil health considerations.

When Southern warm-season grasses go dormant and become unproductive, there are a wide variety of cool-season annual grasses that can be used to extend grazing periods into the winter and spring months. Continue reading 

Water Quality Problems that Affect Livestock Production

Sandy Smith, OSU Extension Educator ANR, Carroll County
(Previously published in Farm & Dairy, August 22, 2019)

(Image Source: Farm & Dairy)

We have all been really concerned with the effects that the unpredictable weather has had on forage production this year.

First, we had so much rain and even flooding that delayed forage growth and quality haymaking. Now we are experiencing areas of semi-drought conditions in some areas.

We all have had places in our counties that it rained 3 inches in one area and three miles down the road, or less as the crow flies, they may only have received a half an inch. Continue reading 

Self subscribe to receive the OSU Sheep Team weekly news update by clicking here. 

A Day in the Woods Programming

Our next A DAY in the WOODS program “Timber Harvesting-Things to Consider” will be offered at the ODNR Complex at Zaleski State Forest on Friday, September 13.   Click on the following link to learn more about this program.  If you plan to attend please RSVP by September 9 so we can be sure to have a lunch for you. For our  2019 A DAY in the WOODS brochure  and maps at this link:   http://u.osu.edu/apsley.1/2019/08/15/timber-harvesting-things-to-consider-program-held-at-zaleski-state-forest-on-friday-september-13/

Image result for a day in the woods osu.eduPhoto from previous “Family Day in the Woods” event at Vinton Furnace State Forest as part of the Ohio Woodland Stewards program offered through OSU Extension. 

Once again we will be having a “Family Day in the Woods” at the Vinton Furnace State Forest.   This program is designed for kids of all ages and will take place on September 14 from 9 am to 3 pm.  For more information:http://u.osu.edu/apsley.1/2019/07/22/family-day-in-the-woods-offered-to-kids-of-all-ages-at-the-vinton-furnace-state-forest-on-saturday-september-14th/

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS CONFIRMED IN NORTHEAST OHIO HORSE

Image result for horse vet

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS CONFIRMED IN NORTHEAST OHIO HORSE

Disease spread by mosquitoes is preventable in horses with proper vaccination

REYNOLDSBURG, OH (Aug. 29, 2019) – Ohio Department of Agriculture State Veterinarian Dr. Tony Forshey today confirmed one case of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) in a horse in Ashtabula County and is urging horse owners to contact their veterinarian to ensure the animal’s EEE vaccine and boosters are up to date.

“This is a serious disease and the most effective way to prevent your horses from getting EEE is to have the animals vaccinated by a licensed veterinarian,” said Dr. Forshey. “It is spread through mosquitoes and can also affect people, so taking steps to manage the mosquito population, such as eliminating standing water, will also help prevent EEE and other vector-borne viruses, like West Nile virus.”

The virus responsible for EEE is transmitted to horses by mosquitoes and attacks the animal’s central nervous system. In horses, onset is abrupt and usually fatal. Symptoms include unsteadiness, erratic behavior, a marked loss of coordination and seizures. Horses are particularly susceptible but the virus can also cause serious illness in people as well as other animals such as poultry and deer.

Because EEE can also be transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes, animals sick from EEE are a sign that people should also take steps to guard themselves against mosquitoes by applying repellent and wearing protective clothing. The disease is very rare in humans, and only a few cases are reported in the United States each year. There are no confirmed human cases associated with this outbreak in Ohio.

The Ohio Department of Agriculture is working with the Ohio Department of Health and local health officials to monitor the outbreak. Suspect horse cases should be reported to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Citizens who are concerned about an illness should contact their physician.

For more information on EEE, visit: http://www.cdc.gov/EasternEquineEncephalitis/gen/qa.html

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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Shelby Croft, (614) 752-9817, shelby.croft@agri.ohio.gov