Indo-Aryan Languages

My empirical focus is Indo-Aryan – the language family whose diachrony and synchrony I know most intimately. With a continuous and rich diachronic record of over 3000 years, it is also well-suited for carrying out research in diachronic semantics.  My work draws on data and patterns found in Sanskrit (Old Indo-Aryan), Prakrit/Apabhramsa (Middle Indo-Aryan) and Marathi, Hindi, and Gujarati (New Indo-Aryan).  My long-term research project is to  understand the evolution of tense/aspect/modality systems of the New Indo-Aryan languages from their Middle Indo-Aryan ancestor proto-system(s). In order to do this I am constructing morphologically analyzed corpora of Old Marathi and Middle Indo-Aryan. In addition to investigating the textual record, this requires looking at variation in the organization of synchronic systems. I am currently  documenting these systems within the understudied Bhili and Khandeshi  languages of the Central subgroup of Indo-Aryan.

Dialects in the Indo-Aryan landscape. In John Nerbonne, Dominic Watt, and Charles Boberg eds. Handbook of Dialectology, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell (to appear).

Aspect shifts in Indo-Aryan and trajectories of semantic change. (with Cleo Condoravdi) In  Chiara Gianollo, Agnes Jaeger, and Doris Penka (eds.) Language Change at the Syntax Semantics Interface. pp. 261-292. Berlin: De Gruyter. (in press)

The imperfective-perfective contrast in Middle Indic. In Journal of South Asian Linguistics 5. pp 3–33.

Poetries in contact: Arabic, Persian, and Urdu (with Paul Kiparsky). In Maria-Kristina Lotman and Mihhail Lotman ed.  Proceedings of International Conference on Frontiers in Comparative Metrics, Estonia, pp. 147–173.

Derivational morphology in inheritance–based lexica: Insights from Panini. In  Lingua 117, pp. 175–201.[preprint]

The metrical organization of Classical Sanskrit verse. In Journal of Linguistics 43.1, pp. 63–114.[preprint]

Typological variation in the ergative morphology of Indo-Aryan languages. (with Devyani Sharma). In  Linguistic Typology 10.3, pp. 369–418.