My friend was recently treated for Chlamydia which got me to wondering. What are some symptoms of Chlamydia?
Good question. Chlamydia is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the US with more than 1.44 million cases reported to the CDC in 2014. More than half of these occurred in women aged 15-25 years.
The symptoms of Chlamydia may include abnormal vaginal discharge, vaginal irritation, pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal bleeding, dysuria, painful sex, and/or contact bleeding. OR there may be no symptoms at all. In fact, it is very common not to have any symptoms. That is why routine screening tests are important for sexually active women.
Annual screening is recommended for all sexually active women who are:
- less than 25 years of age
- 25 year or older and have a new sex partner, more than 1 sex partner, a sex partner with concurrent partners, a sex partner who has an STI, or if you have had a previous history of Chlamydia
Early detection of Chlamydia is important as serious consequences can result. These may include:
- pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- chronic pelvic pain
- ectopic pregnancy
The treatment of uncomplicated Chlamydia is easy enough with a single dose of antibiotics. However, this easy enough treatment will only be effective if your partner is Chlamydia free, so, and I CANNOT STRESS THIS ENOUGH, sexual partners must be evaluated and treated as soon as possible to prevent re-infection. Both partners must abstain from sexual activity (NO SEX OF ANY KIND) until 7 days after they have been treated.
The Ohio State University has various resources available for STI testing.
- An appointment can be scheduled with a provider at Student Health Services.
- An Order-it-Yourself (OIY) lab for detected Chlamydia can be completed at the Student Health Services Laboratory.
- Free STI testing is offered by the Student Wellness Center.
Ryo Choi-Pearson, M.D.